Word Order In Turkish

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Word Order In Turkish

Author : A. Sumru Özsoy
ISBN : 9783030113858
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 68.94 MB
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This volume is a collection of studies on various aspects of word order variation in Turkish. As a head-final, left-branching ‘free’ word order language, Turkish raises a number of significant theory-internal as well as language-particular questions regarding linearization in language. Each of the contributions in the present volume offers a fresh insight into a number of these questions, thus, while expanding our knowledge of the language-particular properties of the word order phenomena, also contribute individually to the theory of linearization in general. Turkish is a configurational language. It licenses constructions in which constituents can occur in non-canonical presubject as well as postverbal positions. Presented within the assumptions of the generative tradition, the discussion and analyses of the various aspects of the linearization facts of the language offer a novel treatment of the issues therein. The authors approach the word order phenomena from a variety of perspectives, ranging from purely syntactic treatments, to accounts as syntax-PF interface or syntax-discourse interface phenomena or as output of base generation.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines


Author : Aslı Göksel
ISBN : 0415114942
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 70.9 MB
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A complete reference guide to modern Turkish grammar, this work presents a full and accessible description of the language, concentrating on the real patterns of use.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Centering Theory In Discourse

Author : Joshi Prince Walker
ISBN : 0198236875
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71.34 MB
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This edited collection of previously unpublished papers focuses on Centering Theory, which has been developed in the context of computational linguistics and cognitive science. It concerns the principles by which sentences in a discourse are linked to one another. The authors' focus on naturally occurring data is part of a general trend towards empiricism in research on computational models of discourse. Centering Theory has attracted the attention of an international interdisciplinary audience and this book is a significant contribution to a fast-moving field.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Easy Turkish Grammar With Answers

Author : Halit Demir (English teacher)
ISBN : 1979035024
Genre : Turkish language
File Size : 61.54 MB
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What is easy Turkish Grammar ? easy Turkish Grammar is a self-study reference and practice book for learners who want to study Turkish for the first time but are not sure where to start. It teaches all the grammar and vocabulary they need for speaking and writing in Turkish. Not only does it explain the rules, it also shows how the language works and gives plenty of practice. It can also be used by lower-intermediate learners who want to revise their knowledge of Turkish. Which Turkish does easy Turkish Grammar teach? It teaches modern standard Turkish, the dialect you read in newspapers and hear on TV channels. How is easy Turkish Grammar organised? The grammar To help you have a feel for how Turkish works the book starts with a brief introduction about Turkish spelling, pronunciation, word order and parts of speech such as verbs, nouns and adjectives. After the introduction you will study 36 units presented in order of difficulty, and 11 supplementary lessons in the appendices. Each unit covers one part of grammar explained by making references to English so that you can compare relevant areas of grammar. Areas where you may have difficulty have been treated with particular care and attention. Each topic is illustrated by plenty of real-life examples written by using the equivalents of 2000 basic English words. And each and every example in the book is translated into English. In the book some unique conventions are used for spelling, pronunciation and grammar in order to help with the learning process. Each set of suffixes in Turkish, which might be mind-boggling for speakers of European languages such as English, is highlighted with a different colour throughout the book so that you can easily spot the order and function of every suffix. You can find the colour-legend at the bottom of the pages. Besides grammar, easy Turkish Grammar teaches lots of everyday phrases and expressions so that it may also make a useful handbook for daily Turkish. The exercises As practice makes perfect, the utmost care has been devoted to writing the exercises. At the end of the units you can find an extensive set of exercises. In the book there are 1433 exercises in total. The appendices The appendices include supplementary lessons, which you are referred to while you are studying the units. The key The key includes the answers to all the exercises. Sample answers to the open-ended questions are also provided. The index The index is unique in that the entries include only titles in English so that you can compare relevant areas of grammar. For example, if you want to know how to say must or express obligation in Turkish, all you need to do is refer to these titles. Here you will find information not only about how to say must in Turkish but also how Turkish suffix for must is also used to mean should. Or if you want to add -ness to an adjective or -ship to a noun, you will be referred to the relevant page where you will find that Turkish only has the suffix -lik for both. The bibliography Visit www.easyturkishgrammar.com for a well-organized preview.
Category: Turkish language

The Free Word Order Phenomenon

Author : Joachim Sabel
ISBN : 9783110197266
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 21.86 MB
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This book deals with the syntax of the free word order phenomenon (scrambling) in a wide range of languages - in particular, German, Japanese, Kannada, Malayalam, Serbo-Croatian, Tagalog, Tongan, and Turkish - in some of which the phenomenon was previously unstudied. In the past, the syntax of free word order phenomena has been studied intensively with respect to its A- and A'-movement properties and in connection with its semantic (undoing) effects. The different articles in this volume offer new ways of analyzing free word order under (i) minimalist assumptions, (ii) concerning the typology of scrambling languages, (iii) with respect to the question of how it is acquired by children, (iv) in connection with its relatedness to information structural factors, and (v) with respect to its consequences for a highly elaborated sentence structure of the IP/VP domain. The articles that focus mainly on the emprical aspects of free word order phenomena deal with the properties and proper analysis of rightwards scrambling in Turkish, with the A-/A'-nature and triggers for VSO-VOS alternations in Tongan, as well as with left-branch extractions and NP-Split in Slavic and its consequences for a typology of scrambling languages. The articles that focus on theoretical aspects of scrambling deal with questions concerning the motivatation of a derivation with scrambling in a free word order language, such as whether scrambling has to be analyzed as topicalization or focus movement. Or assuming that scrambling is feature-driven, how the technical details of this analysis are implemented in the grammar to avoid unwarranted derivations, for example, derivations with string-vacuous scrambling. A further important question that is addressed is when scrambling is acquired in the development of the grammar, and what the consequences are for the timing of the acquisition of A- and A'-movement properties. This volume will be most relevant to researchers and advanced students interested in generative syntax, as well as typologists working on German, Japanese, Slavic, Turkish, Dravidian and Austronesian languages. We regret that due to a layout error the title of Miyagawa's article on "EPP and semantically vacuous scrambling" is misrepresented in the printed version of the book. You can download the article with the corrected title here.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Student Grammar Of Turkish

Author : F. Nihan Ketrez
ISBN : 9780521149648
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 75.46 MB
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A concise introduction to Turkish grammar, designed specifically for English-speaking students and professionals.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Turkish An Essential Grammar

Author : Celia Kerslake
ISBN : 9781134042180
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 57.64 MB
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First published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Third Language Acquisition

Author : Wilhelm Griehaber, Jochen Rehbein, S Çiğdem Sağin Şimşek, S Cigdem
ISBN : 3830966040
Genre :
File Size : 74.66 MB
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Competing Structures In The Bilingual Mind

Author : Elif Bamyacı
ISBN : 9783319229911
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.56 MB
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This volume combines psycholinguistic experiments with typological investigations in order to provide a comprehensive exploration of the linguistic structure of verb-number agreement in bilingual speakers, with a particular focus on the Turkish language. It takes as its starting point the question of which linguistic structures pose difficulties for bilingual speakers, and then proceeds to evaluate the question by using the interface phenomenon of optional verb number agreement. In doing so, this volume investigates how the bilingual mind handles grammatical structures that demand high processing sources, working towards a processing-based linguistic framework for the bilingual mind. Beginning with a thorough survey of the current research of the interface phenomenon in the bilingual mind, the volume then proceeds to present two separate studies on each linguistic interface type, namely semantics-syntax interface and syntax-pragmatics interface, thus filling a number of gaps in the bilingualism research with regards to the interface phenomenon The results and conclusions of these studies are then integrated with current knowledge and research from the field within a theoretical and processing-based framework in order to explore new psycholinguistic insights for the bilingual mind, specifically the conclusion that the grammar of bilingual speakers is shaped according to cross linguistic tendencies. Ultimately, it provides a unified account and a comprehensive conclu sion regarding the non-native-like patterns in grammar of bilingual speakers. Serving as a fascinating and timely resource, Competing Structures in the Bilingual Mind: An Investigation of Optional Verb Number Agreement will appeal to bilingualism researchers, clinical linguists, cognitive scientists, experimental linguists, and any linguist specializing in Turkic or Altaic languages.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook Of Orthography And Literacy

Author : R. Malatesha Joshi
ISBN : 9781136781353
Genre : Education
File Size : 55.35 MB
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Until about two decades ago, the study of writing systems and their relationship to literacy acquisition was sparse and generally modeled after studies of English language learners. This situation is now changing. As the worldwide demand for literacy continues to grow, researchers from different countries with different language backgrounds have begun examining the connection between their writing systems and literacy acquisition. This text, which derives from a NATO sponsored conference on orthography and literacy, brings together the research of 70 scholars from across the world--the largest assemblage of such experts to date. Their findings are grouped into three parts, as follows: Part I, Literacy Acquisition in Different Writing Systems, describes the relationship between orthography and literacy in twenty-five orthographic systems. This section serves as a handy reference source for understanding the orthographies of languages as diverse as Arabic, Chinese, English, Icelandic, Kannada, and Kishwahili. Part II, Literacy Acquisition From a Cross-Linguistic Perspective, makes direct comparisons of literacy acquisition in English and other orthographic systems. The overall conclusion that emerges from these eight chapters is that the depth of an orthographic system does influence literacy acquisition primarily by slowing down the acquisition of reading skills. Even so, studies show that dyslexic readers can be found across all orthographic systems whether shallow or deep, which shows that dyslexia also has internal cognitive and biological components. Part III, Literacy Acquisition: Instructional Perspectives, explores literacy acquisition from developmental and instructional perspectives and ends with a look into the future of literacy research. This Handbook is appropriate for scholars, researchers, and graduate students in such diverse fields as cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, literacy education, English as a second language, and communication disorders.
Category: Education

Computational Analysis Of The Syntax And Interpretation Of Free Word Order In Turkish

Author : Beryl Hoffmann
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023603157
Genre : Computational linguistics
File Size : 49.97 MB
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In this dissertation, I examine a language with "free" word order, specifically Turkish, in order to develop a formalism that can capture the syntax and the context-dependent interpretation of "free" word order within a computational framework. In "free" word order languages, word order is used to convey distinctions in meaning that are not captured by traditional truth-conditional semantics. The word order indicates the "information structure", e.g. what is the "topic" and the "focus" of the sentence. The context-appropriate use of "free" word order is of considerable importance in developing practical applications in natural language interpretation, generation, and machine translation.
Category: Computational linguistics

Studies In Turkish Linguistics

Author : Dan Isaac Slobin
ISBN : 9789027228765
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56.32 MB
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Turkish is a member of the Turkic family of languages, which extends over a vast area in southern and eastern Siberia and adjacent portions of Iran, Afganistan, and China. Turkic, in turn, belongs to the Altaic family of languages. This book deals with the morphological and syntactic, semantic and discourse-based, synchronic and diachronic aspects of the Turkish language. Although an interest in morphosyntactic issues pervades the entire collection, the contributions can be grouped in terms of relative attention to syntax, semantics and discourse, and acquisition.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Elementary Turkish

Author : Lewis Victor Thomas
ISBN : 0486250644
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 63.6 MB
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This superb grammar and exercise text, used successfully for years at Princeton University, enable English speaking students--in and out of the classroom to gain a quick and thorough understanding of Modern Turkish. In a carefully arranged sequence of 23 lessons, Lewis V. Thomas, late Professor of Oriental Studies at Princeton, presents thorough coverage that allows the student to begin to use the basic patterns of modern Turkish without time-consuming and expensive private instruction.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Word Order In Indian Languages

Author :
ISBN : 8185194424
Genre : Inda
File Size : 79.33 MB
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Papers presented at the National Seminar on "Word Order in Indian Languages" organized by the Centre of Advanced Study in Linguistics, Osmania University.
Category: Inda

About Turkey

Author : Rashid Ergener
ISBN : 0971060967
Genre : History
File Size : 54.65 MB
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Category: History

Essays On Turkish Linguistics

Author : Sıla Ay
ISBN : 344706059X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57.18 MB
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This book contains 48 papers presented at the Fourteenth International Conference on Turkish Linguistics, held by Ankara University in August 6-8, 2008. The contributions to this conference cover a wide range of topics in theoretical, descriptive and applied linguistics relating to Turkish and Turkic languages in discussing a great variety of issues related to phonology and phonetics, morphology, syntax and semantics, pragmatics and discourse, language acquisition, language contact, and applied linguistics, as they have been grouped in this volume. Although the main focus of the volume is on Turkish linguistic issues, there are also a number of articles in different modern linguistic frameworks dealing with Turkic languages and Turkish dialects. The book will be appealing to anyone interested in current issues in theoretical linguistics as well as those who are working on Turcology, linguistic typology, contact linguistics, and applied linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Limits Of Syntactic Variation

Author : Theresa Biberauer
ISBN : 9789027290663
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 86.77 MB
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Against the background of the past half century’s typological and generative work on comparative syntax, this volume brings together 16 papers considering what we have learned and may still be able to learn about the nature and extent of syntactic variation. More specifically, it offers a multi-perspective critique of the Principles and Parameters approach to syntactic variation, evaluating the merits and shortcomings of the pre-Minimalist phase of this enterprise and considering and illustrating the possibilities opened up by recent empirical and theoretical advances. Contributions focus on four central topics: firstly, the question of the locus of variation, whether the attested variation may plausibly be understood in parametric terms and, if so, what form such parameters might take; secondly, the fate of one of the most prominent early parameters, the Null Subject Parameter; thirdly, the matter of parametric clusters more generally; and finally, acquisition issues.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook Of Bilingualism And Multilingualism

Author : Tej K. Bhatia
ISBN : 9781118332412
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65.91 MB
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**Honored as a 2013 Choice Outstanding Academic Title** Comprising state-of-the-art research, this substantially expanded and revised Handbook discusses the latest global and interdisciplinary issues across bilingualism and multilingualism. Includes the addition of ten new authors to the contributor team, and coverage of seven new topics ranging from global media to heritage language learning Provides extensively revised coverage of bilingual and multilingual communities, polyglot aphasia, creolization, indigenization, linguistic ecology and endangered languages, multilingualism, and forensic linguistics Brings together a global team of internationally-renowned researchers from different disciplines Covers a wide variety of topics, ranging from neuro- and psycho-linguistic research to studies of media and psychological counseling Assesses the latest issues in worldwide linguistics, including the phenomena and the conceptualization of 'hyperglobalization', and emphasizes geographical centers of global conflict and commerce
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines