Woman And Chinese Modernity

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Women In China S Long Twentieth Century

Author : Gail Hershatter
ISBN : 0520916123
Genre : History
File Size : 77.47 MB
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This indispensable guide for students of both Chinese and women’s history synthesizes recent research on women in twentieth-century China. Written by a leading historian of China, it surveys more than 650 scholarly works, discussing Chinese women in the context of marriage, family, sexuality, labor, and national modernity. In the process, Hershatter offers keen analytic insights and judgments about the works themselves and the evolution of related academic fields. The result is both a practical bibliographic tool and a thoughtful reflection on how we approach the past.
Category: History

The Literature Of Leisure And Chinese Modernity

Author : Charles A. Laughlin
ISBN : 9780824831257
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 42.23 MB
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The Chinese essay is arguably China's distinctive contribution to modern world literature. This book examines the essay both as a practiced and influential genre of literary expression and as an important counter-discourse to the revolutionary tradition of New Literature (especially realistic fiction).
Category: Literary Criticism

Woman And Nihil

Author : Ping Zhu
ISBN : OCLC:697773654
Genre : China
File Size : 58.8 MB
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My dissertation examines how the feminine was invoked as a representational strategy to cope with the nihilism lying at the heart of Chinese modernity in the period from 1915 to 1936. As a revolution on both the individual level and the social level, Chinese modernity began with and continued in crisis. One imperative of Chinese modernity was to ceaselessly bring excitement and passion to the individual, urging and enticing the latter to join the nationalist project. However, this idealist endeavor demanded more power than the individual could summon within a coherent and rational consciousness. The individual was forced to confront decentering or shattering experiences of revolution, which were impossible to represent. Therefore, the nihil lied at the heart of modern Chinese subjectivity. In the West, nihilism emerged as a psychological effect to the decline of belief; but in May Fourth China, nihilism emerged a response to the belief in a heightened spirit that is incommensurate with any practical goals. However, the very nihilistic experience had to be disguised or shielded to ensure the purity and sublimity of the revolution. The trope of woman was employed as a metonymy for the nihil, which gave birth to a "shadow subject" (an unconscious agency of the subject) that was different from the ideal masculine and rational one. On the one hand, the projection of nihil onto woman further alienated and mystified the feminine; on the other hand, it empowered the feminine and incorporated woman into the mainstream of revolutionary discourse. Therefore, not only male writers used the representation of woman to overcome the traumatic nihilistic experience in their subjectivity, some female writers also integrated the nihil in their self-representation as a strategy to empower themselves. In my dissertation, I engage myself in a re-reading of selective modern Chinese literary works. Combining the theoretical strength of post-structuralism, existentialism, and feminism, my dissertation aims to deconstruct and reconstruct subjectivity, narrative, and revolutionary discourse in modern China. The discovery of the relation between woman and nihil provides a new perspective to reexamine the construction of modern subjectivity, as well as the gender relations in Chinese modernity.
Category: China

Modern Women In China And Japan

Author : Katrina Gulliver
ISBN : 9780857721358
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38.11 MB
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At the dawn of the 1930s a new empowered and liberated image of the female was taking root in popular culture in the West. This ‘modern woman’ archetype was also penetrating into Eastern cultures, challenging the Chinese and Japanese historical norm of the woman as homemaker, servant or geisha. Katrina Gulliver explores the creation of this disputed figure in China and Japan. Beginning with an exposition on the work of Pearl S. Buck, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for her best-selling novel Good Earth set in a quasi-mythical rural China, this study unravels the close interplay between Chinese, Japanese and Western gender stereotypes. While nominally the result of changing attitudes towards traditional gender roles, the modern woman was also a symbol of a new type of nationalism in the Far East, one which encompassed a threatening ‘Western’ modernity. Through the writings of eight indigenous and ‘foreign’ authors Gulliver analyses discourses of feminism, modernity and ‘otherness’ in the context of social and political change in the Pacific Region. By placing the women discussed within their contested contextual space, Gulliver is able to analytically dissect the contradictions and dichotomies at the heart of the ‘modern woman’ discourse in China, Japan and the West, as well as the relationships between social, gender-specific and historical trends. This volume includes close textual readings of the work of Pearl S. Buck, Sophia Chen Zen and Uno Chiyo amongst others, as well as perceptive analyses of the fashion, music and popular culture of the twenties and thirties in China and the Far East. The Modern Woman in China and Japan will appeal to historians and scholars of gender, as well as those studying Asian and American literature.
Category: Social Science

Women In The Chinese Enlightenment

Author : Zheng Wang
ISBN : 0520213505
Genre : History
File Size : 64.68 MB
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"Rarely does a reviewer or publisher encounter a milestone: this is it. It is the first major study of the development of Chinese feminism in what is arguably the most formative period in the history of modern China. In its women-centered approach, the book challenges the official women's history authored by the Chinese Communist Party and long accepted by Euro-American scholars. This book will set the agenda for future scholars researching the relationship between feminism and nationalism in China."--Dorothy Ko, author of Teachers of the Inner Chambers
Category: History

Tales Of Translation

Author : Ying Hu
ISBN : 0804737746
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 71.77 MB
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The figure of the New Woman, soon to become a major signpost of Chinese modernity, was in the process of being formed at the turn of the 20th century. This book shows how the construction of the New Woman was influenced by the fictional and translational representation of a range of Western female icons, including the French Revolutionary figure Madame Roland and Dumas's "Dame aux camelias.""
Category: Literary Collections

Gender Politics In Modern China

Author : Tani E. Barlow
ISBN : 0822313898
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 62.4 MB
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Through the lens of modern Chinese literature, Gender Politics in Modern China explores the relationship between gender and modernity, notions of the feminine and masculine, and shifting arguments for gender equality in China. Ranging from interviews with contemporary writers, to historical accounts of gendered writing in Taiwan and semi-colonial China, to close feminist readings of individual authors, these essays confront the degree to which textual stategies construct notions of gender. Among the specific themes discussed are: how femininity is produced in texts by allocating women to domestic space; the extent to which textual production lies at the base of a changing, historically specific code of the feminine; the extent to which women in modern Chinese societies are products of literary canons; the ways in which the historical processes of gendering have operated in Chinese modernity vis à vis modernity in the West; the representation of feminists as avengers and as westernized women; and the meager recognition of feminism as a serious intellectual current and a large body of theory. Originally published as a special issue of Modern Chinese Literature (Spring & Fall 1988), this expanded book represents some of the most compelling new work in post-Mao feminist scholarship and will appeal to all those concerned with understanding a revitalized feminism in the Chinese context. Contributors. Carolyn Brown, Ching-kiu Stephen Chan, Sung-sheng Yvonne Chang, Yu-shih Chen, Rey Chow, Randy Kaplan, Richard King, Wolfgang Kubin, Wendy Larson, Lydia Liu, Seung-Yeun Daisy Ng, Jon Solomon, Meng Yue, Wang Zheng
Category: Literary Criticism

The New Woman In Early Twentieth Century Chinese Fiction

Author : Jin Feng
ISBN : 155753330X
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 85.74 MB
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In The New Woman in Early Twentieth-century Chinese Fiction, Jin Feng discusses representations of women in May Fourth fiction, issues of gender, modernity, individualism, subjectivity, and narrative strategy. In this thought-provoking book about a crucial period of Chinese literature, Feng argues that male writers such as Lu Xun, Yu Dafu, Ba Jin, and Mao Dun created fictional women as mirror images of their own political inadequacy, but that at the same time this was also an egocentric ploy to affirm and highlight the modernity of the male author. This gender-biased attitude was translated into reality when women writers emerged. Whereas unfair, gender-biased criticism all but stifled the creative output of Bing Xin, Fang Yuanjun, and Lu Yin, Ding Ling's dogged attention to narrative strategy allowed her to maintain subjectivity and independence in her writings; that is until all writers were forced to write for the collective.
Category: Literary Criticism

Modernity And National Identity In The United States And East Asia 1895 1919

Author : Carol C. Chin
ISBN : NWU:35556040905853
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 48.10 MB
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Offering analysis of US-East Asian relations, this text examines the connections between culture & nationhood, including the gendered nature of concepts like modernity & the role of women in the construction & projection of a nation's identity.
Category: Political Science

Encountering Modernity

Author : Meei-Hwa Chern
ISBN : IND:30000078389479
Genre : Buddhism
File Size : 33.54 MB
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Category: Buddhism

The Question Of Women In Chinese Feminism

Author : Tani E. Barlow
ISBN : 9780822385394
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.28 MB
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The Question of Women in Chinese Feminism is a history of thinking about the subject of women in twentieth-century China. Tani E. Barlow illustrates the theories and conceptual categories that Enlightenment Chinese intellectuals have developed to describe the collectivity of women. Demonstrating how generations of these theorists have engaged with international debates over eugenics, gender, sexuality, and the psyche, Barlow argues that as an Enlightenment project, feminist debate in China is at once Chinese and international. She reads social theory, psychoanalytic thought, literary criticism, ethics, and revolutionary political ideologies to illustrate the range and scope of Chinese feminist theory’s preoccupation with the problem of gender inequality. She reveals how, throughout the cataclysms of colonial modernity, revolutionary modernization, and market socialism, prominent Chinese feminists have gathered up the remainders of the past and formed them into social and ethical arguments, categories, and political positions, ceaselessly reshaping progressive Enlightenment sexual liberation theory.
Category: Social Science

Sex Culture And Modernity In China

Author : Frank Dikötter
ISBN : 1850651663
Genre : China
File Size : 80.34 MB
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Sex emerged as an independent field of study during the New Culture Movement (1915-21). The anatomy of the reproductive system, the physiology of internal secretions, the nature of sex, the determination of sexual differences, the mechanisms of reproduction, the genetic foundation of sexual differentiation and other related issues were investigated by a rapidly growing number of social thinkers. The result was a flood of pamphlets, booklets, surveys and studies, breaking what was called the conspiracy of silence around the mystery of sex or xingshenmi. New society, it was claimed, had the right to investigate human sexual life scientifically.
Category: China

Family Troubles

Author : Ming-Yan Lai
ISBN : WISC:89055118434
Genre :
File Size : 65.6 MB
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Postsocialist Modernity

Author : Jason McGrath
ISBN : UOM:39015079356492
Genre : History
File Size : 48.10 MB
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This book examines Chinese culture under the condition of postsocialist modernity, in which market reforms have fundamentally altered the fields of film, literature, and cultural debate.
Category: History

Uneven Modernity

Author : Haomin Gong
ISBN : UCSD:31822039586763
Genre : History
File Size : 40.10 MB
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This book makes a significant contribution to the burgeoning field of Chinese studies as well as the study of uneven development in general.
Category: History