Wittgensteins Logical Atomism

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Wittgenstein S Logical Atomism

Author : James Griffin
ISBN : NWU:35556029964178
Genre : Philosophy
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Studies the central topics of Wittgenstein's philosophy prior to and within the first parts of the Tractatus, covering such subjects as objects, substance, states of affairs, elementary propositions, pictures, and thoughts. He concludes that analysis is reduction to what is basic not in experience but in reference, and argues that the Tractatus is concerned not with problems of knowledge but with problems of sense.
Category: Philosophy

There Is No Ladder

Author : Sandra Lynn Bannikoff
ISBN : OCLC:1159473516
Genre :
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This thesis is an investigation into the collapse of the doctrine in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Ludwig Wittgenstein's first book. Part I focuses on the problems that Wittgenstein's logical atomism encountered. In the Preface to the Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein credits his friend, Frank Ramsey, with convincing him that there were 'grave mistakes' in the Tractatus. If the arguments presented in Ramsey's "Critical Notice" of the Tractatus (1923) are representative of those he presented to Wittgenstein personally, then a review of the article will simultaneously accomplish the goals of introducing the Tractatus and outlining the reason for its collapse. Wittgenstein articulates the problem entailed by Ramsey's criticism precisely, in terms of the truth-functionality thesis, in his paper "Some Remarks on Logical Form" (1929). However, rather than go on to develop a rule of exclusion in defence of the truth-functionality thesis, as is called for in the paper, Wittgenstein abandons, not just the paper, but the Tractatus. The 'exclusion' problem raised against the truth-functionality thesis is indicative of deeper problem; this is the motivation for Part II. I argue that the Tractatus offers one solution to all the problems of philosophy.
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The Philosophy Of Logical Atomism

Author : Bertrand Russell
ISBN : 9781329786356
Genre : Education
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Bertrand Arthur William Russell,18 May 1872–2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic and political activist. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist. In the early 20th century, Russell led the British "revolt against idealism".He is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege, colleague G. E. Moore, and his protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. He is widely held to be one of the 20th century's premier logicians.With A. N. Whitehead he wrote Principia Mathematica, an attempt to create a logical basis for mathematics. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy". His work has had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, and philosophy, especially the philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics.
Category: Education

The Philosophy Of Logical Atomism

Author : Landon D. C. Elkind
ISBN : 9783319943640
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72.83 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive critical survey of issues of historical interpretation and evaluation in Bertrand Russell's 1918 logical atomism lectures and logical atomism itself. These lectures record the culmination of Russell's thought in response to discussions with Wittgenstein on the nature of judgement and philosophy of logic and with Moore and other philosophical realists about epistemology and ontological atomism, and to Whitehead and Russell’s novel extension of revolutionary nineteenth-century work in mathematics and logic. Russell's logical atomism lectures have had a lasting impact on analytic philosophy and on Russell's contemporaries including Carnap, Ramsey, Stebbing, and Wittgenstein. Comprised of 14 original essays, this book will demonstrate how the direct and indirect influence of these lectures thus runs deep and wide.
Category: Philosophy

Essays On Wittgenstein S Tractatus

Author : Irving M. Copi
ISBN : 9781317831389
Genre : Philosophy
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First published in 2005. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Philosophy

Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

Author : Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN : 0486404455
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 67.48 MB
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In his proposal of the solution to most philosophic problems by means of a critical method of linguistic analysis, Wittgenstein sets the stage for the development of logical positivism. Introduction by Bertrand Russell.
Category: Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook Of Wittgenstein

Author : Oskari Kuusela
ISBN : 9780199287505
Genre : Philosophy
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Since the middle of the 20th century Ludwig Wittgenstein has been an exceptionally influential and controversial figure wherever philosophy is studied. This is a comprehensive volume on Wittgenstein where 35 scholars explore the whole range of his thought, offering critical engagement and original interpretation.
Category: Philosophy

Ludwig Wittgenstein S Philosophical Investigations

Author : Joseph Agassi
ISBN : 9783030001179
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.80 MB
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This book collects 13 papers that explore Wittgenstein's philosophy throughout the different stages of his career. The author writes from the viewpoint of critical rationalism. The tone of his analysis is friendly and appreciative yet critical. Of these papers, seven are on the background to the philosophy of Wittgenstein. Five papers examine different aspects of it: one on the philosophy of young Wittgenstein, one on his transitional period, and the final three on the philosophy of mature Wittgenstein, chiefly his Philosophical Investigations. The last of these papers, which serves as the concluding chapter, concerns the analytical school of philosophy that grew chiefly under its influence. Wittgenstein’s posthumous Philosophical Investigations ignores formal languages while retaining the view of metaphysics as meaningless -- declaring that all languages are metaphysics-free. It was very popular in the middle of the twentieth century. Now it is passé. Wittgenstein had hoped to dissolve all philosophical disputes, yet he generated a new kind of dispute. His claim to have improved the philosophy of life is awkward just because he prevented philosophical discussion from the ability to achieve that: he cut the branch on which he was sitting. This, according to the author, is the most serious critique of Wittgenstein.
Category: Philosophy

Wittgenstein

Author : Anthony Kenny
ISBN : 9781405154499
Genre : Philosophy
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This revised edition of Sir Anthony Kenny’s classic work onWittgenstein contains a new introduction which covers developmentsin Wittgenstein scholarship since the book was first published. Widely praised for providing a lucid and historically informedaccount of Wittgenstein’s core philosophical concerns. Demonstrates the continuity between Wittgenstein’s earlyand later writings. Provides a persuasive argument for the unity ofWittgenstein’s thought. Kenny also assesses Wittgenstein’s influence in thelatter part of the twentieth century.
Category: Philosophy

Wittgenstein S Tractatus Logico Philosophicus

Author : Roger M. White
ISBN : 9780826486172
Genre : Philosophy
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Wittgenstein's Tractatus - the only book he actually published within his lifetime - was an immensely important work which changed the direction of philosophy in the first half of the twentieth century. Highlighting the importance of the nature of language in philosophy and the problematic nature of metaphysics, it strongly influenced the work of Russell, the Vienna Circle and A. J. Ayer. An understanding of the ideas in the Tractatus is essential to fully grasp Wittgenstein's remarkable thought. In Wittgenstein's 'Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus': A Reader's Guide, Roger White provides a thorough account of the philosophical and historical context of Wittgenstein's work. The book provides a detailed outline of the themes and structure of the text, guiding the reader towards a thorough understanding of this remarkable text. White goes on to explore the reception and influence of the work and offers a detailed guide to further reading. This is the ideal companion to study of this hugely important philosophical work.
Category: Philosophy

The A To Z Of Wittgenstein S Philosophy

Author : Duncan Richter
ISBN : 9780810876064
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
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Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) was undoubtedly one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century, and perhaps of any century. He was also a fascinating, charismatic, and irritating man. His philosophical ability was recognized almost immediately by Bertrand Russell, and during his lifetime his work influenced first logical positivism and then ordinary language philosophy. Since then it has also become central in post-analytical philosophical thought. Beyond the world of academic philosophy it has inspired playwrights, poets, novelists, architects, filmmakers, and biographers. The A to Z of Wittgenstein's Philosophy is intended for anyone who wants to know more about the philosophy and the life of this enigmatic thinker. The book contains an introductory overview of his life and work, a timeline of the major relevant events in and after his life, an extensive bibliography, and, above all, an A-Z of ideas, people, and places that have been involved in his philosophy and its reception. The dictionary is written with no particular agenda and includes entries on philosophers (and others) who influenced Wittgenstein, those he influenced in turn, and some of the main figures in contemporary Wittgenstein scholarship. Suggestions for further reading are also included, as well as a guide to the literature on Wittgenstein and a bibliography broken down by subject area.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Wittgenstein S Thought In Transition

Author : Dale Jacquette
ISBN : 1557531048
Genre : Philosophy
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Wittgenstein's Thought in Transition offers a detailed exposition of Wittgenstein's philosophy as a continuous engagement with a single set of problems. Dale Jacquette argues that the key to understanding the transition in Wittgenstein's thought is his 1929 essay "Some Remarks on Logical Form," which is reprinted in this book. Wittgenstein disowned the essay, then came to see its failure as refuting his early theory altogether and began to investigate the requirements of meaning with a new method that resulted in the characteristic innovations of his later period.
Category: Philosophy

Understanding Wittgenstein S Tractatus

Author : Pasquale Frascolla
ISBN : 9781134336395
Genre : Philosophy
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Understanding Wittgenstein's Tractatus provides an accessible and yet novel discussion of all the major themes of the Tractatus. The book starts by setting out the history and structure of the Tractatus. It then investigates the two main dimensions of the early Wittgenstein's thought, corresponding to the division between what language can say by means of its propositions and what language can only show. It goes on to discuss picture theory, logical atomism, extensionality, truth-functions and truth-operations, semantics, metalogic and mathematics, solipsism and value, metaphysics, and finally, Wittgenstein's idea of the duty of maintaining silence. Frascolla also proposes a new interpretation of the ontology of the Tractatus. Based on the identification of objects with qualia, the argument put forward in the book challenges the currently prevalent ideas of the ‘New Wittgenstein'. The paradoxical nature of the Tractatus itself, and the theme of "throwing away the ladder", are thus revisited in a new key. Understanding Wittgenstein's Tractatus is essential reading for anyone wishing to further their insight into one of the most influential works of twentieth-century philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Wittgenstein

Author : Hans Sluga
ISBN : 9781444343298
Genre : Philosophy
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Wittgenstein presents a concise, comprehensive, and systematic treatment of Ludwig Wittgenstein's thought from his early work, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, to the posthumous publication of On Certainty, notes written just prior to his death. A substantial scholarly addition to our understanding of one of the most original and influential thinkers of the twentieth century, by renowned Wittgenstein scholar, Hans Sluga Proposes an original new interpretation of Wittgenstein's work Written to also be accessible to readers unfamiliar with Wittgenstein's thought Includes discussion of the social and political background and contemporary relevance of Wittgenstein's thoughts
Category: Philosophy

Representation And Reality In Wittgenstein S Tractatus

Author : José L. Zalabardo
ISBN : 9780198743941
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
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Jos� L. Zalabardo puts forward a new interpretation of central ideas in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus concerning the structure of reality and our representations of it in thought and language. He shows the origins of Wittgenstein's picture theory of propositional representation in Russell's theories of judgment, arguing that the picture theory is Wittgenstein's solution to some of the problems that he found in Russell's position. Zalabardo defends the view that, for Wittgenstein, facts in general, and the facts that play the role of propositions in particular, are not composite items, arising from the combination of their constituents. They are ultimate, irreducible units, and what we think of as their constituents are features that facts have in common with one another. These common features have built into them their possibilities of combination with other features into possible situations. This is the source of the Tractarian account of non-actual possibilities. It is also the source of the idea that it is not possible to produce propositions answering to certain descriptions, including those that would give rise to Russell's paradox. Zalabardo then considers Wittgenstein's view that every proposition is a truth function of elementary propositions. He argues that this view is motivated by Wittgenstein's epistemology of logic, according to which we should be able to see logical relations by inspecting the structures of propositions. Finally, Zalabardo considers the problems that we face if we try to extend the application of the picture theory from elementary propositions to truth functions of these.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Prototractatus

Author : Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN : 0415136679
Genre : Reference
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Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, first published in 1921, has had a profound influence on modern philosophic thought. Prototractatus is a facsimile reproduction of an early version of Tractatus, only discovered in 1965. The original text has a parallel English translation and the text is edited to indicate all relevant deviations from the final version.
Category: Reference

Inside The Great Mirror

Author : J.K. Feibleman
ISBN : 9789401023696
Genre : Philosophy
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physical realist heavily bverlaid with the interpretation afforded by linguistic analysis, so he changed, too. But at the time, which was approximately during the second decade of the twentieth century, they were no doubt very close in their views. Russell acknowledged the influence of Wittgenstein in several places in the 1918 lectures on logical atomism. Wittgenstein might not have written the Tractatus had Russell not given the lectures on logical atomism, or at least had he not maintained the views there expressed. Certainly it is true in a very large sense that the Tractatus may be interpreted as a commentary on the 1918 lectures of Russell. Wittgenstein certainly did not hear them but, as Russell said, the topics were discussed together; and the debt of the Tractatus to the views of the contents of the lectures is obvious. Since Wittgenstein was the pupil and Russell the teacher, we may assume, despite the mutual influence, that the greater effect was Russell's. There is no space in which to go into a thorough analysis of the predecessors of Wittgenstein and of the influences upon him. In addition, there is not sufficient data. One clue, however, we are given. One of his friends has informed us that Wittgenstein "did read and enjoy Plato" and "recognized congenial features" in his philosophical method 1, although, to be sure, Wittgenstein is not said to have been a great reader of philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

The World And Language In Wittgenstein S Philosophy

Author : Gordon Hunnings
ISBN : 0887065856
Genre : Philosophy
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This book explores the interrelated concepts of representation and grammar in the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. Throughout his life, Wittgenstein was obsessed with the problem of the nature of language and the relationship between language and the world. His intellectual journey, one of the most compelling in twentieth century thought, is the detailed adventure told by Gordon Hunnings in The World and Language in Wittgenstein's Philosophy. This book surveys Wittgenstein's elucidation of how the world is represented in language, including the posthumously published material of his middle period. Early in his career, Wittgenstein's answer to the problem explored the representational connection between language and the world through the analogy of propositions as logical pictures of facts. Later, his mature answer elucidated the concept of the world as a construction of logical grammar. Hunnings shows how these shifting images of reality reflected in language also mirror the changes in Wittgenstein's philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Wittgenstein S Tractatus

Author : Ludwig Wittgenstein
ISBN : NWU:35556035823210
Genre : Philosophy
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This text is a dynamic new translation of Wittgenstein’s most famous work — one of the most influential philosophy works of the Twentieth Century. Kolak’s translation is the first to read like an original work written in English and is the first to restore the poetical and lyrical qualities of the original Tractatus as intended by the author.
Category: Philosophy