Where Wizards Stay Up Late The Origins Of The Internet

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Where Wizards Stay Up Late

Author : Matthew Lyon
ISBN : 9780684872162
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.75 MB
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Twenty five years ago, it didn't exist. Today, twenty million people worldwide are surfing the Net. Where Wizards Stay Up Late is the exciting story of the pioneers responsible for creating the most talked about, most influential, and most far-reaching communications breakthrough since the invention of the telephone. In the 1960's, when computers where regarded as mere giant calculators, J.C.R. Licklider at MIT saw them as the ultimate communications devices. With Defense Department funds, he and a band of visionary computer whizzes began work on a nationwide, interlocking network of computers. Taking readers behind the scenes, Where Wizards Stay Up Late captures the hard work, genius, and happy accidents of their daring, stunningly successful venture.
Category: Social Science

Where Wizards Stay Up Late

Author : Katie Hafner
ISBN : 0756792215
Genre : Internet
File Size : 44.58 MB
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In 1990, the ARPANET itself was shut down, fully merged by then with the Internet it had spawned.
Category: Internet

The Internet Is Not The Answer

Author : Andrew Keen
ISBN : 9781782393429
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46.53 MB
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In this sharp and witty book, long-time Silicon Valley observer and author Andrew Keen argues that, on balance, the Internet has had a disastrous impact on all our lives. By tracing the history of the Internet, from its founding in the 1960s to the creation of the World Wide Web in 1989, through the waves of start-ups and the rise of the big data companies to the increasing attempts to monetize almost every human activity, Keen shows how the Web has had a deeply negative effect on our culture, economy and society. Informed by Keen's own research and interviews, as well as the work of other writers, reporters and academics, The Internet is Not the Answer is an urgent investigation into the tech world - from the threat to privacy posed by social media and online surveillance by government agencies, to the impact of the Internet on unemployment and economic inequality. Keen concludes by outlining the changes that he believes must be made, before it's too late. If we do nothing, he warns, this new technology and the companies that control it will continue to impoverish us all.
Category: Business & Economics

The Computing Universe

Author : Tony Hey
ISBN : 9780521766456
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64.50 MB
Format : PDF
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This exciting and accessible book takes us on a journey from the early days of computers to the cutting-edge research of the present day that will shape computing in the coming decades. It introduces a fascinating cast of dreamers and inventors who brought these great technological developments into every corner of the modern world, and will open up the universe of computing to anyone who has ever wondered where his or her smartphone came from.
Category: Computers

Prometheus Wired

Author : Darin Barney
ISBN : 9780774842167
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 34.35 MB
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In Prometheus Wired, Darin Barney debunks claims that a networked society will provide the infrastructure for a political revolution and shows that the resources we need for understanding and making sound judgments about this new technology are surprisingly close at hand. By looking to thinkers who grappled with the relationship of society and technology, such as Plato, Aristotle, Marx, and Heidegger, Barney critically examines such assertions about the character of digital networks.
Category: Philosophy

The Well

Author : Katie Hafner
ISBN : 0786708468
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.81 MB
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Presents the story of the pioneering virtual community that began operations in the late 1980s and which allowed "Wellbeings" to participate in on-line discussions on a myriad of topics.
Category: Social Science

Leonardo To The Internet

Author : Thomas J. Misa
ISBN : 9781421404783
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.26 MB
Format : PDF
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"Misa brings his acclaimed text up to date by examining how today's unsustainable energy systems, insecure information networks, and vulnerable global shipping have helped foster geopolitical risks and instability. A masterful analysis of how technology and culture have influenced each other over five centuries, Leonardo to the Internet frames a history that illuminates modern-day problems and prospects faced by our technology-dependent world
Category: Science

Information Visualization

Author : Chaomei Chen
ISBN : 1852337893
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39.30 MB
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Information visualization is not only about creating graphical displays of complex and latent information structures. It also contributes to a broader range of cognitive, social, and collaborative activities. This is the first book to examine information visualization from this perspective. This 2nd edition continues the unique and ambitious quest for setting information visualization and virtual environments in a unifying framework. It pays special attention to the advances made over the last 5 years and potentially fruitful directions to pursue. It is particularly updated to meet the need for practitioners. The book is a valuable source for researchers and graduate students.
Category: Computers

Critical Infrastructure Protection In Homeland Security

Author : Ted G. Lewis, PhD
ISBN : 9781118817667
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.3 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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"...excellent for use as a text in information assurance orcyber-security courses...I strongly advocate thatprofessors...examine this book with the intention of using it intheir programs." (Computing Reviews.com, March 22, 2007) "The book is written as a student textbook, but it should beequally valuable for current practitioners...this book is a veryworthwhile investment." (Homeland Security Watch, August 17,2006) While the emphasis is on the development of policies that lead tosuccessful prevention of terrorist attacks on the nation’sinfrastructure, this book is the first scientific study of criticalinfrastructures and their protection. The book models thenation’s most valuable physical assets and infrastructuresectors as networks of nodes and links. It then analyzes thenetwork to identify vulnerabilities and risks in the sectorcombining network science, complexity theory, modeling andsimulation, and risk analysis. The most critical components become the focus of deeper analysisand protection. This approach reduces the complex problem ofprotecting water supplies, energy pipelines, telecommunicationstations, Internet and Web networks, and power grids to a muchsimpler problem of protecting a few critical nodes. The new editionincorporates a broader selection of ideas and sectors and moves themathematical topics into several appendices.
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Global Studies

Author : Patricia J. Campbell
ISBN : 9781444329582
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.27 MB
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Taking an interdisciplinary approach, An Introduction to Global Studies presents readers with a solid introduction to the complex, interconnected forces and issues confronting today's globalized world. Introduces readers to major theories, key terms, concepts, and notable theorists Equips readers with the basic knowledge and conceptual tools necessary for thinking critically about the complex issues facing the global community Includes a variety of supplemental features to facilitate learning and enhance readers' understanding of the material
Category: Political Science

Terrible Beauty A Cultural History Of The Twentieth Century

Author : Peter Watson
ISBN : 9781780226736
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60.13 MB
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A history of the twentieth century which covers all the ideas, people, great events, literary and artistic movements, scientific discoveries which have shaped the twentieth century. Terrible Beauty presents a unique narrative of the twentieth century. Unlike more conventional histories, where the focus is on political events and personalities, on wars, treaties and elections, this book concentrates on the ideas that made the century so rich, rewarding and provocative. Beginning with four seminal ideas which were introduced in 1900 - the unconscious, the gene, the quantum and Picasso's first paintings in Paris - the book brings together the main areas of thought and juxtaposes the most original and influential ideas of our time in an immensely readable narrative. From the creation of plastic to Norman Mailer, from the discovery of the 'Big Bang' to the Counterculture, from Relativity to Susan Sontag, from Proust to Salman Rushdie, and Henri Bergson to Saul Bellow, the book's range is encyclopedic. We meet in these pages the other twentieth century, the writers, the artists, the scientists and philosophers who were not cowed by the political and military disasters raging around them, and produced some of the most amazing and rewarding ideas by which we live. Terrible Beauty, endlessly stimulating and provocative, affirms that there was much more to the twentieth century than war and genocide.
Category: Philosophy

Protocol

Author : Alexander R. Galloway
ISBN : 0262072475
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.2 MB
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A critical analysis of the protocols that control theInternet and the resistance to them.
Category: Computers

Genius Unmasked

Author : Roberta Ness
ISBN : 9780199976614
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 64.15 MB
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Genius can seem incomprehensible even to seasoned researchers. Einstein's theory of special relativity, Rutherford's glimpse into the invisible heart of the atom--such astonishing breakthroughs seem almost magical--like bolts of insight arising from nowhere. Genius Unmasked reveals the true nature of genius, taking the reader on a journey through the lives and minds of more than a dozen brilliant scientists, ranging from Darwin, Einstein, Edison, and Pasteur, to such lesser known but important innovators as Maria Montessori. Their stories are truly compelling, and at time inspiring, but, more important, Roberta Ness uses these stories to highlight a cognitive tool box that anyone can employ. Ness, an authority on innovation, outlines eleven basic strategies--including finding the right question, observation, analogy, changing point of view, dissection, reorganization, the power of groups, and frame shifting. Beginning with Charles Darwin, who left behind a voluminous trail of writing that preserved his thinking process, Ness illuminates his use of all eleven tools. Indeed, for each genius, she combines a fascinating narrative of their creative work with an astute analysis of how they used particular tools to achieve their breakthroughs. We see how Ancel Keys, the father of the Mediterranean diet, used the "power of groups"--enlisting a team of statisticians, nutritionists, physiologists, and physicians--to track the health benefits of exercise and diet. How Paul Baran conceived packet switching--the idea that made the internet possible--through analogy with the neurological networks of the brain. And how Maria Montessori overturned the conventional frame of thinking about the role of children in education. Genius Unmasked shows how the most creative minds in science used tools that can help us improve our creative abilities. Geniuses are not omnipotent. They are just very skilled at employing the creativity toolbox highlighted in this book.
Category: Psychology

Does It Matter

Author : Nicholas G. Carr
ISBN : 9781422129524
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.92 MB
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Over the last decade, and even since the bursting of the technology bubble, pundits, consultants, and thought leaders have argued that information technology provides the edge necessary for business success. IT expert Nicholas G. Carr offers a radically different view in this eloquent and explosive book. As IT's power and presence have grown, he argues, its strategic relevance has actually decreased. IT has been transformed from a source of advantage into a commoditized "cost of doing business"--with huge implications for business management. Expanding on Carr's seminal Harvard Business Review article that generated a storm of controversy, Does IT Matter? provides a truly compelling--and unsettling--account of IT's changing business role and its leveling influence on competition. Through astute analysis of historical and contemporary examples, Carr shows that the evolution of IT closely parallels that of earlier technologies such as railroads and electric power. He goes on to lay out a new agenda for IT management, stressing cost control and risk management over innovation and investment. And he examines the broader implications for business strategy and organization as well as for the technology industry. A frame-changing statement on one of the most important business phenomena of our time, Does IT Matter? marks a crucial milepost in the debate about IT's future. An acclaimed business writer and thinker, Nicholas G. Carr is a former executive editor of the Harvard Business Review.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook Of Research On Computer Mediated Communication

Author : Kelsey, Sigrid
ISBN : 9781599048642
Genre : Education
File Size : 25.45 MB
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Technology has changed communication drastically in recent years, facilitating the speed and ease of communicating, and also redefining and shaping linguistics, etiquette, and social communication norms. The Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication provides academics and practitioners with an authoritative collection of research on the implications and social effects computers have had on communication. With 69 chapters of innovative research contributed by over 90 of the world's leading experts in computer mediated communication, the Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication is a must-have addition to every library collection.
Category: Education

Techgnosis

Author : Erik Davis
ISBN : 9781583949313
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.63 MB
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How does our fascination with technology intersect with the religious imagination? In TechGnosis—a cult classic now updated and reissued with a new afterword—Erik Davis argues that while the realms of the digital and the spiritual may seem worlds apart, esoteric and religious impulses have in fact always permeated (and sometimes inspired) technological communication. Davis uncovers startling connections between such seemingly disparate topics as electricity and alchemy; online roleplaying games and religious and occult practices; virtual reality and gnostic mythology; programming languages and Kabbalah. The final chapters address the apocalyptic dreams that haunt technology, providing vital historical context as well as new ways to think about a future defined by the mutant intermingling of mind and machine, nightmare and fantasy.
Category: Computers

Pacs

Author : Keith J. Dreyer
ISBN : 0387952918
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.73 MB
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This textbook reviews the technological developments associated with the transition of radiology departments to filmless environments. Each chapter addresses the key topics in current literature with regard to the generation, transfer, interpretation and distribution of images to the medical enterprise. As leaders in the field of computerized medical imaging, the editors and contributors will provide insight into emerging technologies for physicians, administrators, and other interested groups. As health care organizations throughout the world begin to generate filmless implementation strategies, this exhaustive review has proven to be a vital aid to leaders in the development of health care.
Category: Medical

Morality And Machines

Author : Stacey L. Edgar
ISBN : 0763717673
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 86.20 MB
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Morality and Machines, Second Edition examines the moral issues that emerge from the influence of computers and technology on society today. The text provides an ethical foundation upon which readers can develop informed opinions about software piracy, computer crimes, artificial intelligence and more. With in-depth analysis of current moral and social problems, this text is an ideal resource for readers interested in philosophy, technological sciences, and computer ethics. This book is unique in that it takes seriously the need to lay a sound ethical basis for dealing with the technology of computers. The first two chapters of the book take on various positions that challenge the possibility of ethics and meet them head-on with counterarguments. The possibility of a viable ethics having been defended, Chapter 3 examines the most promising approaches to ethics, so that the explorer in the new realm with have appropriate tools and, if necessary, weapons at hand. At the end of the chapter, suggestions are given for approaching any ethical problem. Once armed, the adventurer is ready to investigate the various parts of the new country, described in the remaining chapters of the book.
Category: Business & Economics

Visions

Author : Michio Kaku
ISBN : 9780191647338
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.29 MB
Format : PDF
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New in paperback, from the bestselling author of Hyperspace, this spellbinding book brings together the cutting-edge research of today's foremost scientists to explore the science of tomorrow. Michio Kaku describes the development of computers and artificial intelligence, reveals how the decoding of the genetic structure of DNA will allow us to alter and reshape our genetic inheritance, and observes how quantum physicists are perfecting new ways of harnessing the matter and energy of the Universe. Visions is an exhilarating adventure into the future of our planet and ourselves.
Category: Science

The Newmediareader

Author : Associate Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of California Santa Cruz Noah Wardrip-Fruin
ISBN : 0262232278
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.43 MB
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A sourcebook of historical written texts, video documentation, and working programs that form the foundation of new media. This reader collects the texts, videos, and computer programs--many of them now almost impossible to find--that chronicle the history and form the foundation of the still-emerging field of new media. General introductions by Janet Murray and Lev Manovich, along with short introductions to each of the texts, place the works in their historical context and explain their significance. The texts were originally published between World War II--when digital computing, cybernetic feedback, and early notions of hypertext and the Internet first appeared--and the emergence of the World Wide Web--when they entered the mainstream of public life. The texts are by computer scientists, artists, architects, literary writers, interface designers, cultural critics, and individuals working across disciplines. The contributors include (chronologically) Jorge Luis Borges, Vannevar Bush, Alan Turing, Ivan Sutherland, William S. Burroughs, Ted Nelson, Italo Calvino, Marshall McLuhan, Jean Baudrillard, Nicholas Negroponte, Alan Kay, Bill Viola, Sherry Turkle, Richard Stallman, Brenda Laurel, Langdon Winner, Robert Coover, and Tim Berners-Lee. The CD accompanying the book contains examples of early games, digital art, independent literary efforts, software created at universities, and home-computer commercial software. Also on the CD is digitized video, documenting new media programs and artwork for which no operational version exists. One example is a video record of Douglas Engelbart's first presentation of the mouse, word processor, hyperlink, computer-supported cooperative work, video conferencing, and the dividing up of the screen we now call non-overlapping windows; another is documentation of Lynn Hershman's Lorna, the first interactive video art installation.
Category: Social Science