When The Nerds Go Marching In

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When The Nerds Go Marching In

Author : Rachel K. Gibson
ISBN : 9780190949044
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.6 MB
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Digital technology has moved from the margins to the mainstream of campaign and election organization in contemporary democracies. Previously considered a mere novelty item, technology has become a basic necessity for any candidate or party contemplating a run for political office. While it is difficult to pinpoint exactly when the first digital campaign was officially launched, the general consensus is that the breakthrough moment, at least in terms of public awareness, came during the 1992 U.S. election cycle. At the presidential level, it was Democratic nominee Bill Clinton who laid claim to this virtual terra nova after his staff uploaded a series of basic text files with biographical information for voters to browse. Since that time, use of the internet in elections has expanded dramatically in the U.S. and elsewhere. When the Nerds Go Marching In examines the increasing role and centrality of the internet within election campaigns across established democracies since the 1990s. Combining an extensive review of existing literature and comparative data sources with original survey evidence and web content analysis of digital campaign content across four nations--the UK, Australia, France, and the U.S.--the book maps the key shifts in the role and centrality of the internet in election campaigns over a twenty year period. Specifically, Gibson sets out the case for four phases of development in digital campaigns, from early amateur experimentation and standardization, to more strategic mobilization of activists and voters. In addition to charting the way these developments changed external interactions with citizens, Gibson details how this evolution is transforming the internal structure of political campaigns. Despite some early signs that the internet would lead to the devolution of power to members and supporters, more recent developments have seen the emergence of a new digitally literate cohort of data analysts and software engineers in campaign organizations. This group exercises increasing influence over key decision-making tasks. Given the resource implications of this new "data-driven" mode of digital campaigning, the book asserts that smaller political players face an even greater challenge to compete with their bigger rivals. Based on her findings, Gibson also speculates on the future direction for political campaigns as they increasingly rely on digital tools and artificial intelligence for direction and decision-making during elections.
Category: Political Science

Presidential Campaigning In The Internet Age

Author : Jennifer Stromer-Galley
ISBN : 9780190694043
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71.74 MB
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As the plugged-in presidential campaign has arguably reached maturity, Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age challenges popular claims about the democratizing effect of Digital Communication Technologies (DCTs). Analyzing campaign strategies, structures, and tactics from the past six presidential election cycles, Stromer-Galley reveals how, for all their vaunted inclusivity and tantalizing promise of increased two-way communication between candidates and the individuals who support them, DCTs have done little to change the fundamental dynamics of campaigns. The expansion of new technologies has presented candidates with greater opportunities to micro-target potential voters, cheaper and easier ways to raise money, and faster and more innovative ways to respond to opponents. The need for communication control and management, however, has made campaigns slow and loathe to experiment with truly interactive internet communication technologies. Citizen involvement in the campaign historically has been and, as this book shows, continues to be a means to an end: winning the election for the candidate. For all the proliferation of apps to download, polls to click, videos to watch, and messages to forward, the decidedly undemocratic view of controlled interactivity is how most campaigns continue to operate. In the fully revised second edition, Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age examines election cycles from 1996, when the World Wide Web was first used for presidential campaigning, through 2016 when campaigns had the full power of advertising on social media sites. As the book charts changes in internet communication technologies, it shows how, even as campaigns have moved from a mass mediated to a networked paradigm, the possibilities these shifts in interactivity seem to promise for citizen input and empowerment remain farther than a click away.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Network Propaganda

Author : Yochai Benkler
ISBN : 9780190923648
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.90 MB
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This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Is social media destroying democracy? Are Russian propaganda or "Fake news" entrepreneurs on Facebook undermining our sense of a shared reality? A conventional wisdom has emerged since the election of Donald Trump in 2016 that new technologies and their manipulation by foreign actors played a decisive role in his victory and are responsible for the sense of a "post-truth" moment in which disinformation and propaganda thrives. Network Propaganda challenges that received wisdom through the most comprehensive study yet published on media coverage of American presidential politics from the start of the election cycle in April 2015 to the one year anniversary of the Trump presidency. Analysing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares, broadcast television and YouTube, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications. Through data analysis and detailed qualitative case studies of coverage of immigration, Clinton scandals, and the Trump Russia investigation, the book finds that the right-wing media ecosystem operates fundamentally differently than the rest of the media environment. The authors argue that longstanding institutional, political, and cultural patterns in American politics interacted with technological change since the 1970s to create a propaganda feedback loop in American conservative media. This dynamic has marginalized centre-right media and politicians, radicalized the right wing ecosystem, and rendered it susceptible to propaganda efforts, foreign and domestic. For readers outside the United States, the book offers a new perspective and methods for diagnosing the sources of, and potential solutions for, the perceived global crisis of democratic politics.
Category: Political Science

Controlling The Message

Author : Victoria A. Farrar-Myers
ISBN : 9781479886630
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 28.30 MB
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Choice Outstanding Academic Title of 2016 From the presidential race to the battle for the office of New York City mayor, American political candidates’ approach to new media strategy is increasingly what makes or breaks their campaign. Targeted outreach on Facebook and Twitter, placement of a well-timed viral ad, and the ability to roll with the memes, flame wars, and downvotes that might spring from ordinary citizens’ engagement with the issues—these skills are heralded as crucial for anyone hoping to get their views heard in a chaotic election cycle. But just how effective are the kinds of media strategies that American politicians employ? And what effect, if any, do citizen-created political media have on the tide of public opinion? In Controlling the Message, Farrar-Myers and Vaughn curate a series of case studies that use real-time original research from the 2012 election season to explore how politicians and ordinary citizens use and consume new media during political campaigns. Broken down into sections that examine new media strategy from the highest echelons of campaign management all the way down to passive citizen engagement with campaign issues in places like online comment forums, the book ultimately reveals that political messaging in today’s diverse new media landscape is a fragile, unpredictable, and sometimes futile process. The result is a collection that both interprets important historical data from a watershed campaign season and also explains myriad approaches to political campaign media scholarship—an ideal volume for students, scholars, and political analysts alike.
Category: Political Science

Leonard Maltin S Movie And Video Guide 1995

Author : Leonard Maltin
ISBN : 0452273277
Genre : Motion picture actors and actresses
File Size : 67.82 MB
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This blockbuster 25th anniversary edition of the movie bible is bigger, better, and more authoritative than ever, with some 300 new entries--for a grand total of more than 19,000. Includes laserdisc indicator symbols, expanded indices of stars and directors, and an updated resource list. Simultaneously published as an interactive software product.
Category: Motion picture actors and actresses

The Guardian Index

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066404099
Genre : Guardian (Manchester, England)
File Size : 61.23 MB
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Category: Guardian (Manchester, England)

Friends Review

Author : Enoch Lewis
Genre : Society of Friends
File Size : 71.63 MB
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Category: Society of Friends

How Far Can A Piano Fly

Author :
ISBN : 1883792746
Genre : Journalism
File Size : 71.53 MB
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"In How Far Can a Piano Fly? And Other Tales From Column One in the Los Angeles Times, editors of the paper have selected nearly 50 of articles to showcase the range of stories that have appeared in this space. Included are profiles, of people both well known and unknown, that offer insight into human nature and motivation. Reporters write from abroad-and from nearby-of special people, places and events that often escape immediate notice. And you'll find quite a few wild and wacky yarns-including one about men whose dreams are of making pianos fly" --
Category: Journalism

Understanding The Riots

Author : Los Angeles Times (Firm)
ISBN : STANFORD:36105044584501
Genre : African Americans
File Size : 70.58 MB
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The causes and the aftermath of the 1992 riots.
Category: African Americans

Leonard Maltin S Movie And Video Guide 1997

Author : Leonard Maltin
ISBN : 0451188888
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 80.92 MB
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A comprehensive film guide includes capsule movie reviews, identification of movies available in video, cross-references, and ratings
Category: Performing Arts


Author : University of California, Berkeley. College of Engineering
ISBN : UCBK:C101836186
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 66.82 MB
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Category: Engineering

Crime And The Politics Of Hysteria

Author : David C. Anderson
ISBN : STANFORD:36105012364084
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51.12 MB
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Provides a behind-the-scenes look at the Willie Horton case and its political, penal, and judicial implications
Category: Social Science

Vanity Fair

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105002435621
Genre :
File Size : 69.39 MB
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The Film Journal

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000066473190
Genre : Motion picture industry
File Size : 62.6 MB
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Category: Motion picture industry

Travels In A Gay Nation

Author : Philip Gambone
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215456414
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 27.58 MB
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Collects candid interviews from members of the LGBTQ community in the United States, including David Sedaris, George Takei, and Tammy Baldwin.
Category: Biography & Autobiography


Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015040458039
Genre : Music
File Size : 69.49 MB
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Category: Music

Nintendo Power

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000059632856
Genre : Computer games
File Size : 34.47 MB
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Category: Computer games

A Passionate Illusion

Author : Tory Cates
ISBN : 0373093101
Genre : New Mexico
File Size : 40.59 MB
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Category: New Mexico