Wellbeing In Developing Countries

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Wellbeing In Developing Countries

Author : Ian Gough
ISBN : 9781139464079
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82.30 MB
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In a world where many experience unprecedented levels of wellbeing, chronic poverty remains a major concern for many developing countries and the international community. Conventional frameworks for understanding development and poverty have focused on money, commodities and economic growth. This 2007 book challenges these conventional approaches and contributes to a new paradigm for development centred on human wellbeing. Poor people are not defined solely by their poverty and a wellbeing approach provides a better means of understanding how people become and stay poor. It examines three perspectives: ideas of human functioning, capabilities and needs; the analysis of livelihoods and resource use; and research on subjective wellbeing and happiness. A range of international experts from psychology, economics, anthropology, sociology, political science and development evaluate the state-of-the-art in understanding wellbeing from these perspectives. This book establishes a new strategy and methodology for researching wellbeing that can influence policy.
Category: Social Science

Measuring Poverty And Wellbeing In Developing Countries

Author : Channing Arndt
ISBN : 9780198744801
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 31.88 MB
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This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. Detailed analyses of poverty and wellbeing in developing countries, based on household surveys, have been ongoing for more than three decades. The large majority of developing countries now regularly conduct a variety of household surveys, and the information base in developing countries with respect to poverty and wellbeing has improved dramatically. Nevertheless, appropriate measurement of poverty remains complex and controversial. This is particularly true in developing countries where (i) the stakes with respect to poverty reduction are high; (ii) the determinants of living standards are often volatile; and (iii) related information bases, while much improved, are often characterized by significant non-sample error. It also remains, to a surprisingly high degree, an activity undertaken by technical assistance personnel and consultants based in developed countries. This book seeks to enhance the transparency, replicability, and comparability of existing practice. In so doing, it also aims to significantly lower the barriers to entry to the conduct of rigorous poverty measurement and increase the participation of analysts from developing countries in their own poverty assessments. The book focuses on two domains: the measurement of absolute consumption poverty and a first order dominance approach to multidimensional welfare analysis. In each domain, it provides a series of flexible computer codes designed to facilitate analysis by allowing the analyst to start from a flexible and known base. The book volume covers the theoretical grounding for the code streams provided, a chapter on 'estimation in practice', a series of 11 case studies where the code streams are operationalized, as well as a synthesis, an extension to inequality, and a look forward.
Category: Business & Economics

The Impact Of Population Growth On Well Being In Developing Countries

Author : Dennis A. Ahlburg
ISBN : 3540607099
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.63 MB
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This book examines the nature and significance of the impact of population growth on the weIl-being of developing countries-in particular, the effects on economic growth, education, health, food supply, housing, poverty, and the environment. In addition, because family planning programmes often significantly affect population growth, the study examines the impacts of family planning on fertility and health, and the human rights implications of family planning programmes. In considering the book's conclusions about the impact of population growth on development, four caveats should be noted. First, the effects of population growth vary from place to place and over time. Thus, blanket statements about overall effects often cannot be made. Where possible, the authors note the contexts in which population effects are strongest and weakest. Second, all of the outcomes examined in this book are influenced by factors other than population growth. Moreover, the impact of population growth may itself vary according to the presence or absence of other factors. This again makes bl anket statements about the effects of population growth difficult. Throughout the chapters, the authors try to identify other relevant factors that influence the outcomes we discuss or that influence the impact of population growth on those outcomes.
Category: Political Science

Communicable Diseases In Developing Countries

Author : John Malcolm Dowling
ISBN : 9781137354785
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.44 MB
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This books provides an essential study of communicable diseases, by integrating the diagnosis, treatment and cure of communicable diseases in developing countries with the practical aspects of delivery of these services to the public.
Category: Political Science

Local Governance And Poverty In Developing Nations

Author : Nicky Pouw
ISBN : 9781136480812
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.51 MB
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This volume examines the persistence of poverty - both rural and urban - in developing countries, and the response of local governments to the problem, exploring the roles of governments, NGOs, and CSOs in national and sub-national agenda-setting, policy-making, and poverty-reduction strategies. It brings together a rich variety of in-depth country and international studies, based on a combination of original data-collection and extensive research experience in developing countries. Taking a bottom-up and multi-dimensional perspective of poverty and well-being as the starting point, the authors develop a convincing set of arguments for putting the priorities of poor people first on any development agenda, thus carving out an undisputable role for local governance in interplay with higher-up governance actors and institutions.
Category: Social Science

Challenges For Quality Of Life In The Contemporary World

Author : Wolfgang Dr. Glatzer
ISBN : 1402028903
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.6 MB
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Wolfgang Glatzer Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitiit Franlifurt am Main, Germany ABSTRACT Challenges for the quality of life in the contemporary world were the focus of the Fifth International Quality of Life-Conference in Frankfurt am Main in the year 2003, hosted and organized by the Interna tional Society for Quality of Life Studies. The first part of this introductory article is concerned with a general assessment of contemporary quality of life research. At present, the concept of quality of life is a kind of umbrella which keeps together a reasonable number of international social scientists who have similar research interests. The second part of the introduction describes the topics of this book: The five chapters are concerned with the societal goal discussion on quality of life, the scientific monitoring of quality of life, the economic challenges for quality of life, its cultural challenges, and finally the options and restrictions for improving quality of life. Altogether, the contributions are related to present interna tional investigations and discussions of basic questions of quality of life. ATTENTION FOR QUALITY OF LIFE Challenges for the quality of life in the contemporary world were the focus at the Fifth International Quality of Life-Conference in Frankfurt am Main in the year 2003, hosted and organized by the International Society for Quality of Life Studies. There are new threats and new prospects for the quality of life in each generation, and securing and improving quality of life is a never-ending task.
Category: Social Science

Wellbeing And Development In Peru

Author : James Copestake
ISBN : UOM:39015077136359
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.29 MB
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Development is something we all aspire to, but also readily criticize for failing to live up to our hopes of sustained improvement in human wellbeing. This book presents findings of systematic research into the contested meanings of development and wellbeing from a country, Peru, which has recently experienced both rapid economic growth and deep social conflict. A mix of ethnographic and questionnaire data from seven poor urban and rural communities straddling the Andes is used to describe and analyze local and global interpretations of their inhabitants’ pursuit of wellbeing.
Category: Business & Economics

Contemporary Issues In Development Economics

Author : B. N. Ghosh
ISBN : 9781134530083
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22.83 MB
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This new collection of articles puts the very latest issues in economic development under the microscope, exploring them from a variety of perspectives. Beginning with an assessment of the current state of play in development, the authors move forward to examine neglected issues such as human development, gender, brain drain, military expenditure and post-colonial theory. While analysing the problems of external debts, technology transfer and new theories of international trade, the relationship between developing and developed economies is fully explored. The book also examines the important topics of financial reform, structural adjustments and the role of the IMF in the new financial architecture. The highly respected contributors subject these critical issues to thorough analysis with suggestions towards resolving some of these problems, making this an indispensable book that researchers and students of development economics cannot afford to miss.
Category: Business & Economics

International Migration Development And Human Wellbeing

Author : Katie Wright
ISBN : 9781137284853
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.64 MB
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Katie Wright explores how human wellbeing is constructed and how it 'travels' across spatial boundaries. She draws on empirical research, undertaken with Peruvian migrants based in London and Madrid and their Peru-based relatives and close friends to explore how human wellbeing is constructed and how it 'travels' transnationally.
Category: Social Science

Encyclopedia Of The Developing World

Author : Thomas M. Leonard
ISBN : 0415976642
Genre : Developing countries
File Size : 53.90 MB
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These crochet jackets from Coats & Clark let you change your wardrobe whenever you change your mood. Is it a day for quick decisions and getting things done? Toss on Confident, a button-down coat with a hem that cruises below the hip. If being Serene is more your thing, then mix a playful puff stitch with shades of green to create a jacket as peaceful as a forest retreat. Hunting for a way to buck the trends? The Bold jacket is camo-inspired, but it won t let you get lost in a crowd. Romantic is a cropped hoodie that hugs your shoulders and frames your face with soft bobbles. 4 jackets to crochet: Confident by Angel Rhett (sizes 8, 10, 12) ; Serene and Romantic, both by Ann E. Smith (sizes S, M, L, XL) ; and Bold by Kathleen Sams (sizes S, M, L) .
Category: Developing countries

Happiness And Poverty In Developing Countries

Author : John Malcolm Dowling
ISBN : 9781137292292
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.61 MB
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This book analyzes the determinants of happiness for both the rich and the poor in the developing regions of Asia, Latin America and Africa. Explanatory variables include education, health and income as well as demographic and social variables. The book highlights the overwhelming importance of health in uplifting well-being in these regions.
Category: Political Science

Innovating For The Global South

Author : Dilip Soman
ISBN : 9781442666481
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87.90 MB
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Despite the vast wealth generated in the last half century, in today’s world inequality is worsening and poverty is becoming increasingly chronic. Hundreds of millions of people continue to live on less than $2 per day and lack basic human necessities such as nutritious food, shelter, clean water, primary health care, and education. Innovating for the Global South offers fresh solutions for reducing poverty in the developing world. Highlighting the multidisciplinary expertise of the University of Toronto’s Global Innovation Group, leading experts from the fields of engineering, medicine, management, and global public policy examine the causes and consequences of endemic poverty and the challenges of mitigating its effects from the perspective of the world’s poorest of the poor. Can we imagine ways to generate solar energy to run essential medical equipment in the countryside? Can we adapt information and communication technologies to provide up-to-the-minute agricultural market prices for remote farming villages? How do we create more inclusive innovation processes to hear the voices of those living in urban slums? Is it possible to reinvent a low-cost toilet that operates beyond the water and electricity grids? Motivated by the imperatives of developing, delivering, and harnessing innovation in the developing world, Innovating for the Global South is essential reading for managers, practitioners, and scholars of development, business, and policy.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook For Working With Children And Youth

Author : Michael Ungar
ISBN : 9781452214658
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67.24 MB
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The Handbook For Working With Children & Youth: Pathways To Resilience Across Cultures and Contexts examines lives lived well despite adversity. Calling upon some of the most progressive thinkers in the field, it presents a groundbreaking collection of original writing on the theories, methods of study, and interventions to promote resilience. Unlike other works that have left largely unquestioned their own culture-bound interpretations of the ways children and youth survive and thrive, this volume explores the multiple paths children follow to health and well-being in diverse national and international settings. It demonstrates the connection between social and political health resources and addresses the more immediate concerns of how those who care for children create the physical, emotional, and spiritual environments in which resilience is nurtured.
Category: Psychology

Adaptation Poverty And Development

Author : D. Clark
ISBN : 9781137002778
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.41 MB
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The first book to examine in detail the ways in which people adapt their understanding and behaviours towards poverty as a direct result to their experiences of poverty in developing countries, including world-leading academics and case studies from China, India, Ethiopia and South Africa.
Category: Political Science

Female Well Being

Author : Janet Mancini
ISBN : 1842770098
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.1 MB
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This global survey starts from the assumption that the significant transformations in women's lives deserve to be fully documented and interpreted. Janet Mancini Billson and Carlyn Fluehr-Lobban tackle the complexities of social change by using data from countries in every world region to illustrate the most critical challenges that women faced during the last century - challenges that are also likely to shape the 21st century.Global knowledge and feminism dovetailed in the 20th century, fed by international air travel, telecommunications, the internet, and a growing awareness that solving female oppression would improve the lot of all humankind. The authors therefore adopt a strong international, comparative, cross-cultural, and feminist framework that uncovers the fundamental processes that promote, sustain, or degrade the female condition.At the heart of Female Well-Being are case studies written by country teams of scholars, educators, and policy analysts, in Canada, The United States, Colombia, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Croatia, Japan, Bangladesh, Thailand, South Africa, and Sudan. Female well-being is measured by analysing trends in infant mortality, maternal mortality, literacy, life expectancy, education, work, income, family structure, and political power. These trends are contextualised in the light of the century's major events, legislative initiatives, social policies, and leadership, to illustrate the processes that enhance, sustain, or detract from the female condition. This book will be a critical resource for academics, development experts and policy analysts.
Category: Social Science

Insights Into Inclusive Growth Employment And Wellbeing In India

Author : Arup Mitra
ISBN : 9788132206569
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57.65 MB
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What changes are occurring at the macro and the sectoral levels, how the labour market changes are taking place and what impact is felt on the low income households are some of the questions that the present volume focuses on. It begins by examining the sectoral composition of growth, revisiting the issues related to industry-services balance, and also brings out the spatial dimension of growth. On the one hand the industry does not seem to have played a major role in the context of employment generation as imported technology is by and large capital intensive in nature. On the other hand, the services-led growth is seen to have reduced the pace of poverty reduction. Given the services-led growth the possible impact of trade in services on employment both in the formal and informal sectors have been worked out, indicating limited positive spill-over effects. The labour market outcomes are brought out with great details suggesting that rapid economic growth in India could not result in productive employment generation on a large scale. The gender dimensions of employment are brought out to verify if reduction in labour market inequality can result in improving the position of women in other spheres encompassing the decision making process both within the household and outside the household. Issues relating to urbanisation and rural-urban migration are also covered to understand the dynamics of urban poverty and to bring out the challenges of population transfer given the spatial concentration of growth. The job search practices pursued by the low income households are often pursued in terms of informal networks. What problems are associated with such mechanisms in experiencing improvements in wellbeing levels are covered in the present volume. On the whole, the volume offers an explanation of limited poverty reduction in a situation of rapid economic growth on the basis of an inter-disciplinary framework though efforts are being made to keep the methodology quantitatively rigorous. ​
Category: Business & Economics

Health Nutrition And Economic Crises

Author : David E. Bell
ISBN : 0865691703
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 53.2 MB
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Distinguished international experts evaluate in this volume how health and nutrition in poor countries have been affected by economic adjustments made in response to external shocks. They explore the origins, magnitude, and future outlook of the adjustments required of developing countries; discuss the impact on health and nutritional services; consider what policies would be most effective in minimizing the adverse effects on food and nutrition; and examine what can be done to achieve the best possible health services in the face of economic constraints and crisis.
Category: Health & Fitness