Wealth Poverty And Politics

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Wealth Poverty And Politics

Author : Thomas Sowell
ISBN : 9780465096770
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64.85 MB
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A revised and enlarged edition of Thomas Sowell's essential examination of differences of wealth and income between nations and within nations Wealth, Poverty and Politics challenges the assumptions, the definitions, the evidence and the reasoning of most of what is said about differences of income and wealth by people in the media, in academia and in politics. After an extensive examination of factors behind the economic differences between nations and within nations -- including geographic, demographic, cultural and political factors -- the last section of the book is a searching critique of leading income redistributionists, from John Rawls to Thomas Piketty and Nobel laureates in economics Paul Krugman, Angus Deaton and Joseph Stiglitz. Among the more heartening findings from history are the individuals, groups and nations that have risen from poverty and backwardness to prosperity and achievements on the frontiers of human progress. Among the more painful findings are counterproductive creeds and policies that have needlessly prolonged poverty and dependency among lagging groups in countries around the world, and whipped up resentments -- and sometimes violence -- against more productive and successful minorities in many places and times. Although Wealth, Poverty and Politics offers many new analyses and insights, it is essentially a fact-based study which subjects many beliefs, from various parts of the ideological spectrum, to the ultimate test of empirical evidence. These challenged beliefs about the causes of economic differences range from genetic determinism to exploitation and discrimination. In each case, the analysis follows where the facts lead, whether that is verification, refutation or some combination of the two. Its guiding principle is expressed in a quotation from the late Daniel Patrick Moynihan that opens the final section of the book: "You're entitled to your own opinions, but you're not entitled to your own facts."
Category: Business & Economics

Oil Wealth And The Poverty Of Politics

Author : Miriam R. Lowi
ISBN : 9780521113182
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.4 MB
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How can we make sense of Algeria's post-colonial experience - the tragedy of unfulfilled expectations, the descent into violence, the resurgence of the state? Oil Wealth and the Poverty of Politics explains why Algeria's domestic political economy unravelled from the mid-1980s, and how the regime eventually managed to regain power and hegemony. Miriam Lowi argues the importance of leadership decisions for political outcomes, and extends the argument to explain the variation in stability in oil-exporting states following economic shocks. Comparing Algeria with Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, she asks why some states break down and undergo regime change, while others remain stable, or manage to re-stabilise after a period of instability. In contrast with exclusively structuralist accounts of the rentier state, this book demonstrates, in a unique and accessible study, that political stability is a function of the way in which structure and agency combine.
Category: Business & Economics

Wealth Poverty And Human Destiny

Author : Doug Bandow
ISBN : 9781497646803
Genre : History
File Size : 72.43 MB
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The rapid spread of the liberal market order across the globe poses a host of new and complex questions for religious believers—indeed, for anyone concerned with the intersection of ethics and economics. Is the market economy, particularly as it affects the poor, fundamentally compatible with Christian moral and social teaching? Or is it in substantial tension with that tradition? In Wealth, Poverty, and Human Destiny, editors Doug Bandow and David L. Schindler bring together some of today’s leading economists, theologians, and social critics to consider whether the triumph of capitalism is a cause for celebration or concern. Michael Novak, Richard John Neuhaus, Max Stackhouse, and other defenders of democratic capitalism marshal a number of arguments in an attempt to show that, among other things, capitalism is more Christian in its foundation and consequences than is conceded by its critics—that, as Stackhouse and Lawrence Stratton write, “the roots of the modern corporation lie in the religious institutions of the West,” and that, as Novak contends, “globalization is the natural ecology” of Christianity. The critics of liberal economics argue, on the other hand, that it is historically and theologically shortsighted to consider the global capitalist order and the liberalism that sustains it as the only available option. Any system which has as its implicit logic that “stable and preserving relationships among people, places, and things do not matter and are of no worth,” in the words of Wendell Berry, should be regarded with grave suspicion by religious believers and all men and women of goodwill. Bandow and Schindler take up these arguments and many others in their responses, which carefully consider the claims of the essayists and thus pave the way for a renewed dialogue on the moral status of capitalism, a dialogue only now re-emerging from under the Cold War rubble. The contributors’ fresh, insightful examinations of the intersection between religion and economics should provoke a healthy debate about the intertwined issues of the market, globalization, human freedom, the family, technology, and democracy.
Category: History

Unhappy Valley

Author : Bruce Berman
ISBN : 0852550995
Genre : Clans
File Size : 26.86 MB
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A considerable revision in the understanding of the history of colonial Kenya and, more widely, colonialism in Africa.
Category: Clans

A People S History Of Poverty In America

Author : Stephen Pimpare
ISBN : 9781595586964
Genre : History
File Size : 73.14 MB
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In this compulsively readable social history, political scientist Stephen Pimpare vividly describes poverty from the perspective of poor and welfare-reliant Americans from the big city to the rural countryside. He focuses on how the poor have created community, secured shelter, and found food and illuminates their battles for dignity and respect. Through prodigious archival research and lucid analysis, Pimpare details the ways in which charity and aid for the poor have been inseparable, more often than not, from the scorn and disapproval of those who would help them. In the rich and often surprising historical testimonies he has collected from the poor in America, Pimpare overturns any simple conclusions about how the poor see themselves or what it feels like to be poor—and he shows clearly that the poor are all too often aware that charity comes with a price. It is that price that Pimpare eloquently questions in this book, reminding us through powerful anecdotes, some heart-wrenching and some surprisingly humorous, that poverty is not simply a moral failure.
Category: History

Southern Economic Journal

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924055905859
Genre : Economics
File Size : 89.95 MB
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Contains section : Book reviews.
Category: Economics

Relational Poverty Politics

Author : Victoria Lawson
ISBN : 9780820353128
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.84 MB
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This collection examines the power and transformative potential of movements that fight against poverty and inequality. Broadly, poverty politics are struggles to define who is poor, what it means to be poor, what actions might be taken, and who should act. These movements shape the sociocultural and political economic structures that constitute poverty and privilege as material and social relations. Editors Victoria Lawson and Sarah Elwood focus on the politics of insurgent movements against poverty and inequality in seven countries (Argentina, India, Brazil, South Africa, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States). The contributors explore theory and practice in alliance politics, resistance movements, the militarized repression of justice movements, global counterpublics, and political theater. These movements reflect the diversity of poverty politics and the relations between bureaucracies and antipoverty movements. They discuss work done by mass and other types of mobilizations across multiple scales; forms of creative and political alliance across axes of difference; expressions and exercises of agency by people named as poor; and the kinds of rights and other claims that are made in different spaces and places. Relational Poverty Politics advocates for poverty knowledge grounded in relational perspectives that highlight the adversarial relationship of poverty to privilege, as well as the possibility for alliances across different groups. It incorporates current research in the field and demonstrates how relational poverty knowledge is best seen as a model for understanding how theory is derivative of action as much as the other way around. The book lays a foundation for realistic change that can directly attack poverty at its roots. Contributors: Antonádia Borges, Dia Da Costa, Sarah Elwood, David Boarder Giles, Jim Glassman, Victoria Lawson, Felipe Magalhães, Jeff Maskovsky, Richa Nagar, Genevieve Negrón-Gonzales, LaShawnDa Pittman, Frances Fox Piven, Preeti Sampat, Thomas Swerts, and Junjia Ye.
Category: Social Science

An Introduction To Political Science

Author : John A. Jacobsohn
ISBN : 0314205462
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59.82 MB
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... this book emphasizes the relationship between the society and the state, rather than between the individual and the state ... [It] draws on as much cross-cultural and even historical information as possible. -Pref.
Category: Political Science

Savage Economics

Author : David L. Blaney
ISBN : 9780203864951
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80.32 MB
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This innovative book challenges the most powerful and pervasive ideas concerning political economy, international relations, and ethics in the modern world. Rereading classical authors including Adam Smith, James Steuart, Adam Ferguson, Hegel, and Marx, it provides a systematic and fundamental cultural critique of political economy and critically describes the nature of the mainstream understanding of economics. Blaney and Inayatullah construct a powerful argument about how political economy and the capitalist market economy should be understood, demonstrating that poverty is a product of capitalism itself. They address the questions: Is wealth for some bought at the cost of impoverishing, colonizing, or eradicating others? What benefits of wealth might justify these human costs? What do we gain and lose by endorsing a system of wealth creation? Do even "savage cultures" contain values, critiques, and ways of life that the West still needs? Opening the way for radically different policies addressing poverty and demanding a rethink of the connections between political economy and international relations, this thought-provoking book is vital reading for students and scholars of politics, economics, IPE and international relations.
Category: Political Science

Beyond Politics

Author : William C. Mitchell
ISBN : STANFORD:36105010471535
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 38.56 MB
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Traditional welfare economics has held that “market failures” are fairly common and that they are best addressed through the intervention of governments. In Beyond Politics, Professors Mitchell and Simmons present the traditional view and compare it to the modern theory of public choice, which emphasizes the actual rather than the ideal workings of governments. By reuniting the insights of economics with those of political science, the authors have produced a unified and powerful statement about the market process, property rights, contracts, and government. Beyond Politics offers an accessible and reliable introduction to these matters while significantly advancing our understanding of them.
Category: Business & Economics

Core Themes In Social Work Power Poverty Politics And Values

Author : Sheedy, Martin
ISBN : 9780335244553
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.84 MB
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"This book sheds a very bright light on poverty as a central experience of the people social workers work with. Research and theories of power, politics and values are thoroughly discussed and provide the basis for a sustained commitment to social justice. The book is a supportive read as it skilfully appreciates the personal challenges that critical and assertive practice entails. It is a book for students, professionals and service leads to keep, re-read and savour." Dr Tillie Curran, Senior Lecturer in Social Work, University of the West of England, UK "By identifying power, poverty, politics and values as core themes in social work, this text offers us a refreshing perspective which will challenge students and practitioners alike to re-evaluate their practice in the light of its wider social, political and philosophical contexts. Through an exploration of issues of power and an interrogation of the real meaning of social work ethics and values, Sheedy motivates and encourages us to reflect on our practice and to ensure that it is truly person-centred." Dr Sue Taplin, University of Nottingham, UK "This book offers a concise and coherent discussion of what should be core themes in thoughtful and careful social work practice. It offers a journey towards rethinking and embracing effective critical practice, which engages with human rights and social justice as much as with empowerment and with individual and interpersonal change. Occasional student accounts, coupled with use of key points and questions for discussion make for accessibility. The book synthesises, summarises and critiques ideas about how to understand and resolve social issues, enabling readers to question how they might work creatively alongside service users. It is a book which invites reflection on policy and practice." Professor Michael Preston-Shoot, Dean, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of Bedfordshire, UK "This excellent text is essential reading for all social workers and students, and a key resource for academics. It highlights - with concern and conviction - the importance of developing an effective critical practice that 'challenges, enhances and broadens the task of conventional social work' in ways that have 'the potential to improve outcomes for service users'. It calls for a social work practice based on an understanding of the issues of power, politics and ideology - and the values and 'world view' held by the worker - linked with concerns raised by the people that social workers regularly encounter and work with. The issues of 'poverty and disadvantage' and their structural causes run throughout this text - issues that have been too long neglected in social work. In this text, Martin Sheedy corrects that neglect by outlining in some detail the impact of poverty on people's lives and life chances whilst at the same time describing how critical practice can be used by social workers to promote social justice and empowerment practices." Dr Pamela Trevithick, Visiting Professor in Social Work, Buckinghamshire New University, UK This engaging book introduces the core themes in social work, and encourages students and practitioners to connect with the important debates surrounding these themes and challenges them to revisit the direction social work is and should be going in. The key contexts of social work are explored using knowledge from the disciplines of social theory, politics, sociology, psychology and ethics. The content is enlivened by: The voices of students, service users and practitioners Current and topical content on social work, poverty, politics, power and values A discussion style format to help readers engage with the topics An extensive range of sources of knowledge and theory Key summary points at the end of each chapter Group discussion questions at the end of each chapter This book will contribute to social work students' and practitioners' thinking about the world in which they live and operate as professionals.
Category: Social Science

Choice

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015064547600
Genre : Academic libraries
File Size : 55.21 MB
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Category: Academic libraries

The Political Economy Of Rural Poverty

Author : M. Riad El-Ghonemy
ISBN : 9781134953370
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87.21 MB
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With the use of wide-ranging case studies the author clearly illustrates the impact of schemes intended to re-allocate land in developing countries. Concluding that land reform can play a major part in stimulating rural economies this book explores the extent to which such policies can successfully reduce poverty and increase agricultural growth.
Category: Business & Economics

Policy Regimes And The Political Economy Of Poverty Reduction In Malaysia

Author : B. Khoo
ISBN : 9781137267016
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88.92 MB
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Malaysia's 40-year strategy of 'poverty eradication' has met with a great deal of success, yet has caused controversy for its links to ethnically-oriented social restructuring. This book is a critical evaluation of changing policy regimes affecting Malaysia's development, record of industrialization, and efficacy in adapting social policies.
Category: Business & Economics

The Politics Of Poverty

Author : D K Rangnekar
ISBN : 9788132111061
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.58 MB
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Dr D. K. Rangnekar was a leading public intellectual noted for his editorship at the Economic Times and later the Business Standard. This collection brings together a careful selection of his writings that are organized across four themes: social and political dimensions of development, international context to India's experiment, planning and budgets, and industrial and economic policy. The writings begin in the early 1960s and end in 1984-at the cusp when India's economic policies and political fabric were being radically transformed-thus, providing an important handbook of the times. Dr Rangnekar often placed India's unique experiment in an international context, revealing his critical allegiances to the 'dependency' school. Apart from a commentary on PL480 and the accompanying devaluation, the collection also includes reflections on the 1970s call for a New International Economic Order and the problems of development in an unequal world. Given his well-known areas of expertise in planning, budgets (what he characteristically called the 'annual Indian rope-trick'), and black money, the collection includes his commentary on the transition from Nehruism and planned development, to the genesis of the contemporary marvel of India's economic performance. Evident here are prescient observations on the need for changes to industrial policy and gentle reminders to the social perils of an 'export-led strategy'. The selection is accompanied by essays from TN Ninan, Pratap Bhanu Mehta and Sanjaya Baru.
Category: Business & Economics