War Strategy And Military Effectiveness

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War Strategy And Military Effectiveness

Author : Williamson Murray
ISBN : 9781139499040
Genre : History
File Size : 58.7 MB
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This collection of articles represents Professor Williamson Murray's efforts to elucidate the role that history should play in thinking about both the present and the future. They reflect three disparate themes in Professor Murray's work: his deep fascination with history and those who have acted in the past; his fascination with the similarities in human behavior between the past and the present; and his belief that the study of military and strategic history can be of real use to those who will confront the daunting problems of war and peace in the twenty-first century. The first group of essays addresses the relevance of history to an understanding of the present and to an understanding of the possibilities of the future. The second addresses the possible direct uses of history to think through the problems involved in the creation of effective military institutions. The final group represents historical case studies that serve to illuminate the present.
Category: History

Military Effectiveness

Author : Allan R. Millett
ISBN : 9780521425896
Genre : History
File Size : 59.50 MB
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Examines questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the US, Great Britain, Japan and Italy between 1914 and 1945.
Category: History

Finnish Military Effectiveness In The Winter War 1939 1940

Author : Pasi Tuunainen
ISBN : 9781137446060
Genre : History
File Size : 37.2 MB
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This book analyzes the multi-faceted phenomenon of Finnish military effectiveness in the Winter War (1939–40). Drawing on a wide array of primary and secondary sources, Pasi Tuunainen shows how by focusing on their own strengths and pitting these against the weaknesses of their adversary, the Finns were able to inflict heavy casualties on the Red Army whilst minimizing their own losses. The Finns were able to use their resources for effective operational purposes, and perform almost to their full potential. The Finnish small-unit tactics utilized the terrain and Arctic conditions for which they had prepared themselves, as well as forming cohesive units of well-motivated and qualitatively better professional leaders and citizen soldiers who could innovate and adapt. The Finnish Army had highly effective logistics, support and supply systems that kept the troops fighting.
Category: History

The Iraq War

Author : Anthony H. Cordesman
ISBN : 0892064323
Genre : History
File Size : 52.63 MB
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"In April of 2003, a stunned world looked on as the armed forces of the United States and Britain conducted a lightning-fast military campaign against Iraq. Confounding predictions of failure, the Anglo-American victory brought down not just the Iraqi regime, but also much of the conventional wisdom about modern war. But even as U.S. and British forces occupied Basra, Tikrit, and Mosul, the Iraqi nation slipped into anarchy - and new military and security challenges emerged." "In this book, respected military analyst Anthony Cordesman provides the first in-depth examination of the key issues swirling around the most significant U.S. war since Vietnam. Finding answers is essential if we are to understand the United States' awesome power and its place in a new age of international terror and regional conflict. Finding answers is also essential if we are to draw the proper lessons and understand the new challenges of conflict termination, peacemaking, and nation building."--BOOK JACKET.
Category: History

The Culture Of Military Organizations

Author : Peter R. Mansoor
ISBN : 9781108485739
Genre : History
File Size : 32.32 MB
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Examines how military culture forms and changes, as well as its impact on the effectiveness of military organizations.
Category: History

Why Stalin S Soldiers Fought

Author : Roger R. Reese
ISBN : 0700617760
Genre : History
File Size : 81.50 MB
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Looks at why so many Soviet soldiers were willing to fight during World War II, despite the fact that the repressive Soviet regime was willing to put them in the line of fire right after thousands of their comrades had been killed.
Category: History

Power And Military Effectiveness

Author : Michael C. Desch
ISBN : 9780801888014
Genre : History
File Size : 54.67 MB
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Since 1815 democratic states have emerged victorious from most wars, leading many scholars to conclude that democracies are better equipped to triumph in armed conflict with autocratic and other non-representative governments. Political scientist Michael C. Desch argues that the evidence and logic of that supposition, which he terms "democratic triumphalism," are as flawed as the arguments for the long-held and opposite belief that democracies are inherently disadvantaged in international relations. Through comprehensive statistical analysis, a thorough review of two millennia of international relations thought, and in-depth case studies of modern-era military conflicts, Desch finds that the problems that persist in prosecuting wars -- from building up and maintaining public support to holding the military and foreign policy elites in check -- remain constant regardless of any given state's form of government. In assessing the record, he finds that military effectiveness is almost wholly reliant on the material assets that a state possesses and is able to mobilize. Power and Military Effectiveness is an instructive reassessment of the increasingly popular belief that military success is one of democracy's many virtues. International relations scholars, policy makers, and military minds will be well served by its lessons. -- Alexander B. Downes
Category: History

Military Effectiveness Volume 2 The Interwar Period

Author : Allan R. Millett
ISBN : 1139502115
Genre : History
File Size : 33.42 MB
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This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 2 covers the interwar period. Volumes 1 and 3 address World War I and World War II, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.
Category: History

The Sword S Other Edge

Author : Dan Reiter
ISBN : 9781108416726
Genre : History
File Size : 64.75 MB
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Military effectiveness can only be fully understood by accounting for its political and military tradeoffs. This book explains those tradeoffs.
Category: History

The Canadian Way Of War

Author : Bernd Horn
ISBN : 1550026127
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73.86 MB
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This collection of essays underlines the reality that the "Canadian way of war" is a direct reflection of circumstances and political will.
Category: Political Science

Contemporary Military Strategy And The Global War On Terror

Author : Alastair Finlan
ISBN : 9781628929621
Genre : History
File Size : 69.30 MB
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Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror offers an in-depth analysis of US/UK military strategy in Afghanistan and Iraq from 2001 to the present day. It explores the development of contemporary military strategy in the West in the modern age before interrogating its application in the Global War on Terror. The book provides detailed insights into the formulation of military plans by political and military elites in the United States and United Kingdom for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Alastair Finlan highlights the challenges posed by each of these unique theatres of operation, the nature of the diverse enemies faced by coalition forces, and the shortcomings in strategic thinking about these campaigns. This fresh perspective on strategy in the West and how it has been applied in recent military campaigns facilitates a deep understanding of how wars have been and will be fought. Including key terms, concepts and discussion questions for each chapter, Contemporary Military Strategy and the Global War on Terror is a crucial text in strategic studies, and required reading for anyone interested in the new realities of transnational terrorism and twenty-first century warfare.
Category: History

The Cambridge History Of Warfare

Author : Geoffrey Parker
ISBN : 9781107181595
Genre : History
File Size : 58.76 MB
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The new edition of The Cambridge History of Warfare, written and updated by a team of eight distinguished military historians, examines how war was waged by Western powers across a sweeping timeframe beginning with classical Greece and Rome, moving through the Middle Ages and the early modern period, down to the wars of the twenty-first century in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria. The book stresses five essential aspects of the Western way of war: a combination of technology, discipline, and an aggressive military tradition with an extraordinary capacity to respond rapidly to challenges and to use capital rather than manpower to win. Although the focus remains on the West, and on the role of violence in its rise, each chapter also examines the military effectiveness of its adversaries and the regions in which the West's military edge has been - and continues to be - challenged.
Category: History

The Lessons And Non Lessons Of The Air And Missile Campaign In Kosovo

Author : Anthony H. Cordesman
ISBN : 0275972305
Genre : History
File Size : 88.40 MB
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The conclusion of a war typically signals the beginning of a flood of memoirs and instant campaign histories, many presenting the purported, but often dubious, lessons of the recent conflict. Cordesman is careful to avoid such pitfalls in this detailed and closely reasoned analysis. He builds a thorough case for the actual lessons of NATO's first battle fought within Europe. Cordesman concludes, unflinchingly, that the air campaign over Kosovo exposed deep fault lines within and among the NATO countries, and fundamental flaws in the way the West wages war.
Category: History

Us Defence Strategy From Vietnam To Operation Iraqi Freedom

Author : Robert R. Tomes
ISBN : 9781135985615
Genre : History
File Size : 64.11 MB
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US Defence Strategy from Vietnam to Operation Iraqi Freedom examines the thirty-year transformation in American military thought and defence strategy that spanned from 1973 through 2003. During these three decades, new technology and operational practices helped form what observers dubbed a 'Revolution in Military Affairs' in the 1990s and a 'New American Way of War' in the 2000s. Robert R. Tomes tells for the first time the story of how innovative approaches to solving battlefield challenges gave rise to non-nuclear strategic strike, the quest to apply information technology to offset Soviet military advantages, and the rise of 'decisive operations' in American military strategy. He details an innovation process that began in the shadow of Vietnam, matured in the 1980s as Pentagon planners sought an integrated nuclear-conventional deterrent, and culminated with battles fought during blinding sandstorms on the road to Baghdad in 2003. An important contribution to military innovation studies, the book also presents an innovation framework applicable to current defence transformation efforts. This book will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, US defence policy and US politics in general.
Category: History

Chinese Military Strategy In The Third Indochina War

Author : Edward C. O'Dowd
ISBN : 9781134122677
Genre : History
File Size : 34.32 MB
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This well-researched volume examines the Sino-Vietnamese hostilities of the late 1970s and 1980s, attempting to understand them as strategic, operational and tactical events. The Sino-Vietnamese War was the third Indochina war, and contemporary Southeast Asia cannot be properly understood unless we acknowledge that the Vietnamese fought three, not two, wars to establish their current role in the region. The war was not about the Sino-Vietnamese border, as frequently claimed, but about China’s support for its Cambodian ally, the Khmer Rouge, and the book addresses US and ASEAN involvement in the effort to support the regime. Although the Chinese completed their troop withdrawal in March 1979, they retained their strategic goal of driving Vietnam out of Cambodia at least until 1988, but it was evident by 1984-85 that the PLA, held back by the drag of its ‘Maoist’ organization, doctrine, equipment, and personnel, was not an effective instrument of coercion. Chinese Military Strategy in the Third Indochina War will be of great interest to all students of the Third Indochina War, Asian political history, Chinese security and strategic studies in general.
Category: History

Ordered To Die

Author : Edward J. Erickson
ISBN : 0313315167
Genre : History
File Size : 61.83 MB
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Explanation of how the Turks sustained their combat effectiveness and fighting capability until November 1918, long after many other armies had quit the field.
Category: History

The Culture Of Military Innovation

Author : Dima Adamsky
ISBN : 9780804773805
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.81 MB
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This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.
Category: Political Science

Strategy For Chaos

Author : Colin S. Gray
ISBN : 071468483X
Genre : History
File Size : 44.53 MB
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The remit of this study is to encourage further studies that make an honest and successful effort to achieve synergy between social science and history when analysing the impact of revolutions in military affairs (RMAs).
Category: History