War Plans And Alliances In The Cold War

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War Plans And Alliances In The Cold War

Author : Vojtech Mastny
ISBN : 9781136011900
Genre : History
File Size : 24.95 MB
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This essential new volume reviews the threat perceptions, military doctrines, and war plans of both the NATO alliance and the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War, as well as the position of the neutrals, from the post-Cold War perspective. Based on previously unknown archival evidence from both East and West, the twelve essays in the book focus on the potential European battlefield rather than the strategic competition between the superpowers. They present conclusions about the nature of the Soviet threat that could previously only be speculated about and analyze the interaction between military matters and politics in the alliance management on both sides, with implications for the present crisis of the Western alliance. This new book will be of much interest for students of the Cold War, strategic history and international relations history, as well as all military colleges.
Category: History

Failed Alliances Of The Cold War

Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis
ISBN : 9780857721266
Genre : History
File Size : 54.58 MB
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The Cold War was a period of intense geopolitical rivalry, in which diplomacy and international relations in Asia and the Middle East acquired huge global significance. In this study, Panagiotis Dimitrakis explores British policy towards SEATO (South East Asia Treaty Organisation) and CENTO (Central Treaty Organisation). Designed in the 1950s to counter the Soviet Union's attempts to expand its global influence, these alliances with Asian and Middle Eastern powers were the focus of Western efforts to maintain their regional presence. Yet they failed to bring together the differing aims and ambitions of their regional members, and were dissolved in 1977 and 1979 respectively. This study, based on recently declassified documents, examines the Cold War policies of the United States, Iran and Turkey as well as Pakistan's relations with India and the effects of British diplomacy on the war in Vietnam. Charting the repeated failures of Britain and the United States to come to the defence of their allies in Asia and the Middle East, Failed Alliances of the Cold War will be a crucial point of reference for scholars of the Cold War.
Category: History

Transforming Nato In The Cold War

Author : Andreas Wenger
ISBN : 9781134152995
Genre : History
File Size : 84.88 MB
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The first comprehensive history of NATO in the 1960s, based on the systematic use of multinational archival evidence. This new book is the result of a gathering of leading Cold War historians from both sides of the Atlantic, including Jeremi Suri, Erin Mahan, and Leopoldo Nuti. It shows in great detail how the transformation of NATO since 1991 has opened up new perspectives on the alliance’s evolution during the Cold War. Viewed in retrospect, the 1960s were instrumental to the strengthening of NATO's political clout, which proved to be decisive in winning the Cold War – even more so than NATO's defense and deterrence capabilities. In addition, it shows that NATO increasingly served as a hub for state, institutional, transnational, and individual actors in that decade. Contributions to the book highlight the importance of NATO's ability to generate "soft power", the scope and limits of alliance consultation, the important role of common transatlantic values, and the growing influence of small allies. NATO's survival in the crucial 1960s provides valuable lessons for the current bargaining on the purpose and cohesion of the alliance. This book will be of much interest to students of international history, Cold War studies and strategic studies.
Category: History

Rivalry And Alliance Politics In Cold War Latin America

Author : Christopher Darnton
ISBN : 9781421413624
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44.47 MB
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Rivalry and Alliance Politics in Cold War Latin America, Christopher Darnton’s comparative study of the nature of conflict between Latin American states during the Cold War, provides a counterintuitive and shrewd explanation of why diplomacy does or doesn’t work. Specifically, he develops a theory that shows how the "parochial interests" of state bureaucracies can overwhelm national leaders’ foreign policy initiatives and complicate regional alliances. His thorough evaluation of several twentieth-century Latin American conflicts covers the gamut of diplomatic disputes from border clashes to economic provocations to regional power struggles. Darnton examines the domestic political and economic conditions that contribute either to rivalry (continued conflict) or rapprochement (diplomatic reconciliation) while assessing the impact of U.S. foreign policy. Detailed case studies provide not only a robust test of the theory but also a fascinating tour of Latin American history and Cold War politics, including a multilayered examination of Argentine-Brazilian strategic competition and presidential summits over four decades; three rivalries in Central America following Cuba’s 1959 revolution; and how the 1980s debt crisis entangled the diplomatic affairs of several Andean countries. These questions about international rivalry and rapprochement are of particular interest to security studies and international relations scholars, as they seek to understand what defuses regional conflicts, creates stronger incentives for improving diplomatic ties between states, and builds effective alliances. The analysis also bears fruit for contemporary studies of counterterrorism in its critique of parallels between the Cold War and the Global War on Terror, its examination of failed rapprochement efforts between Algeria and Morocco, and its assessment of obstacles to U.S. coalition-building efforts.
Category: Political Science

Berlin 1961 Kennedy Khruschev And The Most Dangerous Place On Earth

Author : Frederick Kempe
ISBN : 9780241961759
Genre : History
File Size : 63.66 MB
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'A mind-shaking work of investigative history' (Wall Street Journal) Checkpoint Charlie, 27 October 1961. At 9pm on a damp night, the Cold War reaches crisis point. US and Soviet tanks face off across the East-West divide, only yards apart. One mistake, one nervous soldier, could spring the tripwire for nuclear war... Frederick Kempe's gripping book tells the story of the Cold War's most dramatic year, when Berlin became what Khrushchev called 'the most dangerous place on earth'. Kempe re-creates the war of nerves between the young, untested President Kennedy and the bombastic Soviet leader as they squared off over the future of a divided city. He interweaves this with stories of the ordinary citizens whose lives were torn apart when the Berlin Wall went up - and the world came to the brink of disaster.
Category: History

Deterring Terrorism

Author : Andreas Wenger
ISBN : 9780804783477
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.41 MB
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During the Cold War, deterrence theory was the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, however, popular wisdom dictated that terrorist organizations and radical fanatics could not be deterred—and governments shifted their attention to combating terrorism rather than deterring it. This book challenges that prevailing assumption and offers insight as to when and where terrorism can be deterred. It first identifies how and where theories of deterrence apply to counterterrorism, highlighting how traditional and less-traditional notions of deterrence can be applied to evolving terrorist threats. It then applies these theoretical propositions to real-world threats to establish the role deterrence has within a dynamic counterterrorism strategy—and to identify how metrics can be created for measuring the success of terrorism deterrence strategies. In sum, it provides a foundation for developing effective counterterrorism policies to help states contain or curtail the terrorism challenges they face.
Category: Political Science

Unipolarity And The Evolution Of America S Cold War Alliances

Author : Nigel Thalakada
ISBN : 9781137010964
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.77 MB
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Thalakada argues that the principal purpose of US alliances have shifted since the end of the Cold War from containing communist expansionism (balance of power) to preserving and exercising US power (management of power).He also looks across all US alliances highlighting the trend from regionally-based to more globally-active alliances.
Category: Political Science

Geopolitics And Security In The Arctic

Author : Rolf Tamnes
ISBN : 9781317801580
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.17 MB
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Written by a group of leading experts on Artic affairs, this book offers a historically informed and comprehensive study of the geopolitics and security challenges of the Arctic. The key aim of the work is to identify the conditions for cooperation, stability and peace in the Arctic and to reach beyond simple description and expectation in order to explore in depth some of the main factors that will determine the future of international relations in the region. Furthermore, it addresses key topics such as the geopolitical significance of the Arctic and the importance of oil and gas resources in the Arctic. The book also investigates what the main characteristics of governance in the Arctic are, and how institutions and regimes can promote stability and security in the region. The volume maintains two layers of focus. The first relates to the dynamics within the Arctic and the second to developments outside the region, highlighting that we cannot understand the Arctic in isolation from global developments such as energy markets, security conflicts and NATO-Russian antagonism. This book will be of much interest to students of Arctic politics, security studies, geopolitics, Russian and Scandinavian politics, and international relations in general.
Category: Political Science

Encyclopedia Of The Cold War

Author : Spencer Tucker
ISBN : 1851097015
Genre : History
File Size : 43.94 MB
Format : PDF
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Offers alphabetical entries on the ideologies, organizations, events, and prominent people associated with the Cold War, along with essays, primary documents, a chronology, a bibliography, and a glossary.
Category: History

Central And Eastern Europe

Author : Associate Professor Graduate Programs in International Studies Regina Cowen Karp
ISBN : 0198291698
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51.68 MB
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The collapse of communist rule in the late 1980s set in motion a process of radical political, social and economic change in the former USSR and Central and Eastern Europe. Throughout the eastern half of Europe and beyond, among the member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) the early 1990s have been characterized by attempts to move away from the legacy of the communist era towards new democratic political structures, market economies and societies based on the rule of law. The challenges and dilemmas posed by these developments to the stability of the region are the central focus of Central and Eastern Europe: The Challenge of Transition. Recognizing the need to adopt an approach doing justice to what is unquestionably a momentous process of change, the book focuses on the security implications of continuing developments in the political, social, economic and military spheres. The heart of the book is a set of case studies examining in detail the situation in a number of Central and East European countries: Hungary, Poland, the Czech and Slovak republics, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, the Baltic states, the Balkan region and in the former Yugoslavia. By way of introduction to the case studies, a further section of essays assesses developments in Central and Eastern Europe from a broader thematic perspective, focusing on such important issues as the role of European organizations in the ethnic conflicts currently much in evidence throughout the region.
Category: Political Science

Cold War

Author : Spencer Tucker
ISBN : 185109847X
Genre : History
File Size : 85.38 MB
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Presents nearly 176 documents and over a thousand entries covering all aspects of the Cold War from its origins to its aftermath, including political, military, social, diplomatic, economic, and biographical entries.
Category: History

Stalin S Wars

Author : Geoffrey Roberts
ISBN : 0300112041
Genre : History
File Size : 42.16 MB
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Publisher description
Category: History

Command In Nato After The Cold War

Author : Thomas-Durell Young
ISBN : 0788176722
Genre :
File Size : 52.88 MB
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A series of essays on the changes in command and control (C&C) and the reorganization of a reduced NATO force structure at the end of the Cold War. Topics addressed include: reorganizing NATO C&C structures; the NATO CJTF C&C concept; command authorities and multinationality in NATO; Canadian forces in Europe; France's military command structures in the 1990s; centralizing German operational C&C structures; Italy's command structure; Portugal's defense structures and NATO; present and future command structure: a Danish view; and NATO restructuring and enlargement. Charts and maps.
Category:

The Patterns Of War Since The Eighteenth Century

Author : Larry H. Addington
ISBN : 9780253111098
Genre : History
File Size : 88.82 MB
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“This important work . . . synthesizes the evolution of warfare from 1775 to the present.” —Military Review A thorough revision of a highly successful text, the second edition of this classic work provides a comprehensive picture of the evolution of modern warfare. Addington discusses developments in strategies and tactics, logistics and weaponry, and provides detailed discussions of important battles and campaigns. His book is an excellent introduction for both students and the general reader. “There is nothing else in print that tells so much so concisely about how war has been conducted since the days of General George Washington.” —Russell F. Weigley, author of The American Way of War “A superior synthesis. Well written, nicely organized, remarkably comprehensive, and laced with facts.” —Military Affairs
Category: History

Cold War Fighters

Author : Randall Wakelam
ISBN : 9780774821513
Genre : History
File Size : 55.2 MB
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The cancellation of the CF-105 Arrow in 1959 holds such a grip on the Canadian imagination that earlier developments in defence procurement remain obscure. Randall Wakelam corrects this oversight � and offers fresh insight on the AVRO saga and contemporary procurement issues � by revealing how cabinet ministers, chiefs of staff, and air marshals negotiated competing pressures to arm the air force, please allies, and save money during a decade when Canada's air force was growing by leaps and bounds. The result was the CF-100 Canuck and the F-86 Sabre, Canada's front-line defensive aircraft in the coldest years of the Cold War.
Category: History

Reconstructing The Cold War

Author : Ted Hopf
ISBN : 9780199858484
Genre : History
File Size : 63.36 MB
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The early years of the Cold War were marked by contradictions and conflict. The turn from Stalin's discourse of danger to the discourse of difference under his successors explains the abrupt changes in relations with Eastern Europe, China, the decolonizing world, and the West. Societal constructivism provides the theoretical approach to make sense of this turbulent history
Category: History

Nato S Post Cold War Trajectory

Author : M. Webber
ISBN : 9781137271617
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.48 MB
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Two decades since the watershed of the Cold War, this book investigates NATO's staying power. This book investigates how the Alliance has adapted and managed to attend to new roles and purposes through the lens of International Relations theory. The Alliance will continue, but will remain subject to ongoing crises and challenges of change.
Category: Political Science

Jfk

Author : L. Fletcher Prouty
ISBN : 9781616082918
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 28.63 MB
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Reveals Kennedy's plans for Vietnam, Kennedy's intentions to "shatter the CIA," and President Johnson's reversal of Kennedy's orders concerning Vietnam immediately following the assassination, aruging that the assassination was a professionally executed coup d'etat.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Mind The Gap

Author : David C. Gompert
ISBN : 0788180894
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.95 MB
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Warns of the growing disparity in combat capability between European and U.S. forces over the exploitation of the revolution in military affairs (RMA). The consequences of this transatlantic rift could undermine NATO. This book dissects the problem of a growing disparity and rejects its inevitability. Instead, it lays out a multitiered strategy for its solution which is specific and practical, including processes and procedures for implementation. Chapters: assessing the problem; a shared strategic outlook; building compatible forces for RMA operations; creating a Transatlantic system of systems; creating a Transatlantic RMA market.
Category: Technology & Engineering