Wallace Darwin And The Origin Of Species

Download Wallace Darwin And The Origin Of Species ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to Wallace Darwin And The Origin Of Species book pdf for free now.

Wallace Darwin And The Origin Of Species

Author : James T. Costa
ISBN : 9780674729698
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.12 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 494
Read : 1202

Darwin is credited with discovering evolution through natural selection, but Alfred Russel Wallace saw the same process at work in nature and elaborated the same theory. Dispelling misperceptions of Wallace as a secondary figure, James Costa reveals the two naturalists as equals in advancing one of the greatest scientific discoveries of all time.
Category: Science

Charles Darwin And The Origin Of Species

Author : Keith Francis
ISBN : 0313317488
Genre : History
File Size : 73.4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 146
Read : 1301

Looks at the life of Charles Darwin, covers the background of the book "On the Origin of Species," presents Darwin's theories and concepts of evolution, and discusses the impact of the book.
Category: History

Dispelling The Darkness

Author : John Van Wyhe
ISBN : 9789814458818
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 57.35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 913
Read : 456

The facts of variability, of the struggle for existence, of adaptation to conditions, were notorious enough; but none of us had suspected that the road to the heart of the species problem lay through them, until Darwin and Wallace dispelled the darkness.T H Huxley (1887). Darwin is one of the most famous scientists in history. But he was not alone. Comparatively forgotten, Wallace independently discovered evolution by natural selection in Southeast Asia. This book is based on the most thorough research ever conducted on Wallace's voyage. Closely connected, but worlds apart, Darwin and Wallace's stories hold many surprises. Did Darwin really keep his theory a secret for twenty years? Did he plagiarise Wallace? Were their theories really the same? How did Wallace hit on the solution, and on which island? This book reveals for the first time the true story of Darwin, Wallace and the discovery that would change our understanding of life on Earth forever.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

An Elusive Victorian

Author : Martin Fichman
ISBN : 0226246159
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.18 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 252
Read : 1040

Codiscoverer of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace should be recognized as one of the titans of Victorian science. Instead he has long been relegated to a secondary place behind Darwin. Worse, many scholars have overlooked or even mocked his significant contributions to other aspects of Victorian culture. With An Elusive Victorian, Martin Fichman provides the first comprehensive analytical study of Wallace's life and controversial intellectual career. Fichman examines not only Wallace's scientific work as an evolutionary theorist and field naturalist but also his philosophical concerns, his involvement with theism, and his commitment to land nationalization and other sociopolitical reforms such as women's rights. As Fichman shows, Wallace worked throughout his life to integrate these humanistic and scientific interests. His goal: the development of an evolutionary cosmology, a unified vision of humanity's place in nature and society that he hoped would ensure the dignity of all individuals. To reveal the many aspects of this compelling figure, Fichman not only reexamines Wallace's published works, but also probes the contents of his lesser known writings, unpublished correspondence, and copious annotations in books from his personal library. Rather than consider Wallace's science as distinct from his sociopolitical commitments, An Elusive Victorian assumes a mutually beneficial relationship between the two, one which shaped Wallace into one of the most memorable characters of his time. Fully situating Wallace's wide-ranging work in its historical and cultural context, Fichman's innovative and insightful account will interest historians of science, religion, and Victorian culture as well as biologists.
Category: Science

Charles Darwin S The Origin Of Species

Author : David Amigoni
ISBN : 0719040256
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.3 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 318
Read : 249

This volume marks a new approach to a seminal work of the new modern scientific imagination. Darwin's central theory of natural selection neither originated nor could be contained within the natural sciences, but continues to shape and challenge our most basic assumptions about human social and political life. Seven readings, crossing the fields of history, literature, sociology, anthropology and the history of science, demonstate the complex position of the text within the cultural debates past and present.
Category: Science

The Heretic In Darwin S Court

Author : Ross A. Slotten
ISBN : 0231130112
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 72.44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 826
Read : 666

During their lifetimes, Wallace and Darwin shared credit and fame for the independent and near-simultaneous discovery of natural selection. Their rivalry, usually amicable but occasionally acrimonious, forged modern evolutionary theory. Yet today, few people today know much about Wallace. This book explores the controversial life and scientific contributions of the Victorian traveler, scientist and spiritualist. His twelve years of often harrowing travels in the western and eastern tropics place him in the pantheon of the greatest explorer-naturalists of the nineteenth century. Tracing his discovery of natural selection, the book then follows the remaining fifty years of Wallace's eccentric and entertaining life. In addition to his divergence from Darwin on two fundamental issues--sexual selection and the origin of the human mind--he pursued topics that most scientific figures of his day conspicuously avoided, including spiritualism, phrenology, mesmerism, environmentalism, and life on Mars.--From publisher description.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

In Darwin S Shadow

Author : Michael Shermer
ISBN : 0198033818
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.3 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 818
Read : 321

Virtually unknown today, Alfred Russel Wallace was the co-discoverer of natural selection with Charles Darwin and an eminent scientist who stood out among his Victorian peers as a man of formidable mind and equally outsized personality. Now Michael Shermer rescues Wallace from the shadow of Darwin in this landmark biography. Here we see Wallace as perhaps the greatest naturalist of his age--spending years in remote jungles, collecting astounding quantities of specimens, writing thoughtfully and with bemused detachment at his reception in places where no white man had ever gone. Here, too, is his supple and forceful intelligence at work, grappling with such arcane problems as the bright coloration of caterpillars, or shaping his 1858 paper on natural selection that prompted Darwin to publish (with Wallace) the first paper outlining the theory of evolution. Shermer also shows that Wallace's self-trained intellect, while powerful, also embraced surprisingly naive ideas, such as his deep interest in the study of spiritual manifestations and seances. Shermer shows that the same iconoclastic outlook that led him to overturn scientific orthodoxy as he worked in relative isolation also led him to embrace irrational beliefs, and thus tarnish his reputation. As author of Why People Believe Weird Things and founding publisher of Skeptic magazine, Shermer is an authority on why people embrace the irrational. Now he turns his keen judgment and incisive analysis to Wallace's life and his contradictory beliefs, restoring a leading figure in the rise of modern science to his rightful place.
Category: Science

Scientists And Their Discoveries

Author : Christine Hatt
ISBN : 023753195X
Genre : Discoveries in science
File Size : 22.71 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 773
Read : 1312

Astronomers including Henry Russell, Edwin Hubble, Stephen Hawking - Chemists including John Dalton, Dmitri Mendeleev, Marie Curie, Dorothy Hodgkin - Physicists including Michael Faraday, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford and Albert Einstein - Geologists including Charles Lyell, Alfred Wegner and Harry Hess - Biologists including Charles Darwin, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Alexander Fleming, Crick and Watson.
Category: Discoveries in science

Just Before The Origin

Author : John Langdon Brooks
ISBN : 9781583481110
Genre : Science
File Size : 21.87 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 168
Read : 1132

Just Before the Origin presents the theory of evolution through natural selection as it was developed by Russel Wallace and published in several essays written from 1848 through 1858, before Darwin’s Origin of the Species in 1889. And yet, Russel Wallace is almost unknown. John Langdon Brooks acts as a scientific detective as he reveals Wallace’s theories and compares the insights of both men in this fascinating study.
Category: Science

The Origin Of Species

Author : Nino Ricci
ISBN : 9781590513712
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 25.64 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 584
Read : 976

Winner of the 2008 Governor General’s Award for Fiction Montreal during the turbulent mid-1980s: Chernobyl has set Geiger counters thrumming across the globe, HIV/AIDS is cutting a deadly swath through the gay population worldwide, and locally, tempers are flaring over the recent codification of French as the official language of Quebec. Hiding out in a seedy apartment near campus, Alex Fratarcangeli (“Don’t worry. . . . I can’t even pronounce it myself”), an awkward, thirty-something grad student, is plagued by the sensation that his entire life is a fraud. Scarred by a distant father and a dangerous relationship with his ex Liz, and consumed by a floundering dissertation linking Darwin’s theory of evolution with the history of human narrative, Alex has come to view love and other human emotions as “evolutionary surplus, haphazard neural responses that nature had latched onto for its own insidious purposes.” When Alex receives a letter from Ingrid, the beautiful woman he knew years ago in Sweden, notifying him of the existence of his five-year-old son, he is gripped by a paralytic terror. Whenever Alex’s thoughts grow darkest, he recalls Desmond, the British professor with dubious credentials whom he met years ago in the Galapagos. Treacherous and despicable, wearing his ignominy like his rumpled jacket, Desmond nonetheless caught Alex in his thrall and led him to some life-altering truths during their weeks exploring Darwin’s islands together. It is only now that Alex can begin to comprehend these unlikely life lessons, and see a glimmer of hope shining through what he had thought was meaninglessness.
Category: Fiction

Nineteenth Century Science

Author : A.S. Weber
ISBN : 1551111659
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.10 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 242
Read : 293

Nineteenth-Century Science is a science anthology which provides over 30 selections from original 19th-century scientific monographs, textbooks and articles written by such authors as Charles Darwin, Mary Somerville, J.W. Goethe, John Dalton, Charles Lyell and Hermann von Helmholtz. The volume surveys scientific discovery and thought from Jean-Baptiste Lamarck’s theory of evolution of 1809 to the isolation of radium by Marie and Pierre Curie in 1898. Each selection opens with a biographical introduction, situating each scientist and discovery within the context of history and culture of the period. Each entry is also followed by a list of further suggested reading on the topic. A broad range of technical and popular material has been included, from Mendeleev’s detailed description of the periodic table to Faraday’s highly accessible lecture for young people on the chemistry of a burning candle. The anthology will be of interest to the general reader who would like to explore in detail the scientific, cultural, and intellectual development of the nineteenth-century, as well as to students and teachers who specialize in the science, literature, history, or sociology of the period. The book provides examples from all the disciplines of western science-chemistry, physics, medicine, astronomy, biology, evolutionary theory, etc. The majority of the entries consist of complete, unabridged journal articles or book chapters from original 19th-century scientific texts.
Category: Science

Nelson Modular Science

Author : Paul Collison
ISBN : 0748768564
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.17 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 839
Read : 961

Book 1 covers Six Single Award + one Coursework Modules. Each module is covered in self-contained units with one module in Book 1 fully devoted to Sc1 Investigation Skills. Ideas and Evidence in Science is fully covered with ICT links throughout to supplementary reading materials and activities in a dedicated website. A Teacher's Resource pack complements this textbook offering comprehensive support and guidence. It also contains a dedicated website.
Category: Science

Body Psychotherapy History Concepts And Methods

Author : Michael C. Heller
ISBN : 9780393707663
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20.31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 486
Read : 165

From yoga to neuroscience, a tour of major ideas about the body and mind. Body psychotherapy, which examines the relationship of bodily and physical experiences to emotional and psychological experiences, seems at first glance to be a relatively new area and on the cutting edge of psychotherapeutic theory and practice. It is, but the major concepts of body/mind treatment are actually drawn from a wide range of historical material, material that spans centuries and continents. Here, in a massively comprehensive book, Michael Heller summarizes all the major concepts, thinkers, and movements whose work has led to the creation of the field we now know as body/mind psychotherapy. The book covers everything from Eastern and Western thought—beginning with yoga and Taosim and moving to Plato and Descartes. It also discusses major developments in biology—how organisms are defined—and neuroscience. This is truly a comprehensive reference for anyone interested in the origins of the idea that the mind and body are not separate and that both must be understood together in order to understand people and their behavior.
Category: Psychology

Why Gould Was Wrong

Author : Nils K. Oeijord
ISBN : 9780595301560
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45.46 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 612
Read : 1075

Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) was a leading critic of human behavioral genetics, human sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, and the modern evolutionary synthesis. "Why Gould Was Wrong" explains why Gould's claims were horribly wrong.
Category: Psychology

On The Origin Of Species

Author : Charles Darwin
ISBN : 9780191607677
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.37 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 607
Read : 1329

'can we doubt ... that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of procreating their kind?' In the Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply held beliefs of the Western world. His insistence on the immense length of the past and on the abundance of life-forms, present and extinct, dislodged man from his central position in creation and called into question the role of the Creator. He showed that new species are achieved by natural selection, and that absence of plan is an inherent part of the evolutionary process. Darwin's prodigious reading, experimentation, and observations on his travels fed into his great work, which draws on material from the Galapagos Islands to rural Staffordshire, from English back gardens to colonial encounters. The present edition provides a detailed and accessible discussion of his theories and adds an account of the immediate responses to the book on publication. The resistances as well as the enthusiasms of the first readers cast light on recent controversies, particularly concerning questions of design and descent. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
Category: Science

Literature And Science

Author : John H. Cartwright
ISBN : 9781851094585
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 77.24 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 590
Read : 706

A survey of the interaction between science and Anglo-American literature from the late medieval period to the 20th century, examining how authors, thinkers, and philosophers have viewed science in literary texts, and used science as a window to the future. * Gives clear explanations of scientific ideas ranging from medieval cosmology to modern concepts in astronomy * Organizes the material in chronological order with a chronology and bibliographic essay accompanying each chapter
Category: Literary Criticism

From Darwin To Behaviourism

Author : Robert Boakes
ISBN : 0521280125
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.87 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 393
Read : 267

This volume surveys the way that understanding of the minds of animals and ideas about the relationship between animal and human behaviour developed from around 1870 to 1930. In describing the research and theories which contributed to these developments, this book looks at the people who undertook such studies and the reasons why they did so. Its main purpose is to examine the different ways in which the outcome of this work affected their ideas about the human mind and exerted such a formative influence on psychology in general. This book will be used by first and second year undergraduates studying psychology, and will also appeal to students of the history of science and philosophy. In addition, the lucid, non-technical style of this book will provide an excellent introduction to the general reader who would like to know more about this interesting subject.
Category: Psychology

Race Racism And Science

Author : John P. Jackson
ISBN : 0813537363
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 375
Read : 1034

Since the eighteenth century when natural historians created the idea of distinct racial categories, scientific findings on race have been a double-edged sword. For some antiracists, science holds the promise of one day providing indisputable evidence to help eradicate racism. On the other hand, science has been enlisted to promote racist beliefs ranging from a justification of slavery in the eighteenth century to the infamous twentieth-century book, The Bell Curve, whose authors argued that racial differences in intelligence resulted in lower test scores for African Americans. This well-organized, readable textbook takes the reader through a chronological account of how and why racial categories were created and how the study of “race” evolved in multiple academic disciplines, including genetics, psychology, sociology, and anthropology. In a bibliographic essay at the conclusion of each of the book's seven sections, the authors recommend primary texts that will further the reader's understanding of each topic. Heavily illustrated and enlivened with sidebar biographies, this text is ideal for classroom use.
Category: Science

Darwinian Dynamics

Author : Richard E. Michod
ISBN : 0691050112
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.1 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 473
Read : 576

In this book, Richard Michod offers a fresh, dynamical interpretation of evolution and fitness concepts. He argues that evolution has no enduring products; what matters is the process of genetic change. Whereas many biologists have focused on competition and aggression as determining factors in survival, Michod, by concentrating on the emergence of individuality at new and more complex levels, finds that cooperation plays an even greater role.
Category: Science

Evolution And Belief

Author : Robert J. Asher
ISBN : 9780521193832
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64.61 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 326
Read : 709

Asher draws on his experiences as a paleontologist and a religious believer, arguing that science does not contradict religious belief.
Category: Religion