Volcanology An Introduction

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Volcanology An Introduction

Author : Easton Nicholson
ISBN : 1635492866
Genre : Nature
File Size : 88.65 MB
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This book explores all the important aspects of volcanology in the present day scenario. It elucidates the different techniques and methods used in this subject matter. Volcanology is concerned with the detailed study of volcanoes, magma, lava and other geochemical, geological and geophysical elements related to volcanoes. It also includes the study of the formation, activity and eruptions of volcanoes. Most of the topics introduced in this text cover new techniques and the applications of volcanology. The various subfields of this discipline along with technological progress that have future implications are glanced at in it. This textbook is meant for students who are looking for an elaborate reference text on volcanology.
Category: Nature

Introducing Volcanology

Author : Dougal Jerram
ISBN : 9781903544778
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.42 MB
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Volcanoes have an endless fascination. Their eruptions are a regular reminder of the power of nature and our vulnerability to this raw geological phenomenon, however volcanic activity, and its plumbing from beneath, is an essential element of the forces that shaped and constantly reshape our planet. Dougal Jerram answers the questions: What are volcanoes? What other volcanic activity is there? How do volcanoes relate to plate tectonics and the movement of continents? What are eruptions and why do they occur? How have volcanoes affected the earth's climate? Can we predict eruptions? He also describes the most notable eruptions in history and their effect. Copiously illustrated throughout Introducing Volcanology is a concise and accessible introduction to the science of hot rocks for those with an adult curiosity and for those contemplating a course of formal study. As with sister volumes, technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided covering the whole subject from ash to zeolites.
Category: Science

Introducing Volcanology For Tablet Devices

Author : Dougal Jerram
ISBN : 9781903544655
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.36 MB
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Volcanoes have an endless fascination. Their eruptions are a regular reminder of the power of nature and our vulnerability to this raw geological phenomenon, however volcanic activity, and its plumbing from beneath, is an essential element of the forces that shaped and constantly reshape our planet. Dougal Jerram answers the questions: What are volcanoes? What other volcanic activity is there? How do volcanoes relate to plate tectonics and the movement of continents? What are eruptions and why do they occur? How have volcanoes affected the earth's climate? Can we predict eruptions? He also describes the most notable eruptions in history and their effect. Copiously illustrated throughout Introducing Volcanology is a concise and accessible introduction to the science of hot rocks for those with an adult curiosity and for those contemplating a course of formal study. As with sister volumes, technical terms are kept to a minimum and a glossary is provided covering the whole subject from ash to zeolites.
Category: Science

Volcanology

Author : Jacques-Marie Bardintzeff
ISBN : 076371318X
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.79 MB
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Physical Sciences
Category: Science

Land Remote Sensing And Global Environmental Change

Author : Bhaskar Ramachandran
ISBN : 1441967494
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.50 MB
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Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: The Science of ASTER and MODIS is an edited compendium of contributions dealing with ASTER and MODIS satellite sensors aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua platforms launched as part of the Earth Observing System fleet in 1999 and 2002 respectively. This volume is divided into six sections. The first three sections provide insights into the history, philosophy, and evolution of the EOS, ASTER and MODIS instrument designs and calibration mechanisms, and the data systems components used to manage and provide the science data and derived products. The latter three sections exclusively deal with ASTER and MODIS data products and their applications, and the future of these two classes of remotely sensed observations.
Category: Science

Introduction To Volcanic Seismology

Author : Vyacheslav M. Zobin
ISBN : 9780444563750
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.81 MB
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Volcanic seismology represents the main, and often the only, tool to forecast volcanic eruptions and to monitor the eruption process. This book describes the main types of seismic signals at volcanoes, their nature and spatial and temporal distributions at different stages of eruptive activity. Following from the success of the first edition, published in 2003, the second edition consists of 19 chapters including significant revision and five new chapters. Organized into four sections, the book begins with an introduction to the history and topic of volcanic seismology, discussing the theoretical and experimental models that were developed for the study of the origin of volcanic earthquakes. The second section is devoted to the study of volcano-tectonic earthquakes, giving the theoretical basis for their occurrence and swarms as well as case stories of volcano-tectonic activity associated with the eruptions at basaltic, andesitic, and dacitic volcanoes. There were 40 cases of volcanic eruptions at 20 volcanoes that occurred all over the world from 1910 to 2005, which are discussed. General regularities of volcano-tectonic earthquake swarms, their participation in the eruptive process, their source properties, and the hazard of strong volcano-tectonic earthquakes are also described. The third section describes the theoretical basis for the occurrence of eruption earthquakes together with the description of volcanic tremor, the seismic signals associated with pyroclastic flows, rockfalls and lahars, and volcanic explosions, long-period and very-long-period seismic signals at volcanoes, micro-earthquake swarms, and acoustic events. The final section discuss the mitigation of volcanic hazard and include the methodology of seismic monitoring of volcanic activity, the examples of forecasting of volcanic eruptions by seismic methods, and the description of seismic activity in the regions of dormant volcanoes. This book will be essential for students and practitioners of volcanic seismology to understand the essential elements of volcanic eruptions. Provides a comprehensive overview of seismic signals at different stages of volcano eruption. Discusses dozens of case histories from around the world to provide real-world applications. Illustrations accompany detailed descriptions of volcano eruptions alongside the theories involved.
Category: Science

Volcanoes

Author : John P. Lockwood
ISBN : 9781118687949
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.81 MB
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Volcanoes are essential elements in the delicate global balance ofelemental forces that govern both the dynamic evolution of theEarth and the nature of Life itself. Without volcanic activity,life as we know it would not exist on our planet. Althoughbeautiful to behold, volcanoes are also potentially destructive,and understanding their nature is critical to prevent major loss oflife in the future. Richly illustrated with over 300 original color photographs anddiagrams the book is written in an informal manner, with minimumuse of jargon, and relies heavily on first-person, eye-witnessaccounts of eruptive activity at both "red" (effusive) and "grey"(explosive) volcanoes to illustrate the full spectrum of volcanicprocesses and their products. Decades of teaching in universityclassrooms and fieldwork on active volcanoes throughout the worldhave provided the authors with unique experiences that they havedistilled into a highly readable textbook of lasting value.Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion, Suggestions forFurther Reading, and a comprehensive list of source references makethis work a major resource for further study of volcanology. Volcanoes maintains three core foci: Global perspectives explain volcanoes in terms of theirtectonic positions on Earth and their roles in earth history Environmental perspectives describe the essential roleof volcanism in the moderation of terrestrial climate andatmosphere Humanitarian perspectives discuss the major influencesof volcanoes on human societies. This latter is especiallyimportant as resource scarcities and environmental issues loom overour world, and as increasing numbers of people are threatened byvolcanic hazards Readership Volcanologists, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students inearth science and related degree courses, and volcano enthusiastsworldwide. A companion website is also available for this title at ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes"www.wiley.com/go/lockwood/volcanoes/a
Category: Science

Terra 1 Understanding The Terrestrial Environment

Author : Paul Mather
ISBN : 9780203221396
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.74 MB
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This text aims to offer information on research approaches to assessing global environment changes. It includes suggestions for the exchange of ideas between those studying land surface and remote sensing specialists, and advocates synthesizing the findings of different disciplines.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Fundamentals Of Physical Volcanology

Author : Liz Parfitt
ISBN : 9781444307566
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.28 MB
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Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is a comprehensive overview ofthe processes that control when and how volcanoes erupt.Understanding these processes involves bringing together ideas froma number of disciplines, including branches of geology, such aspetrology and geochemistry; and aspects of physics, such as fluiddynamics and thermodynamics. This book explains in accessible terms how different areas ofscience have been combined to reach our current level of knowledgeof volcanic systems. It includes an introduction to eruption types,an outline of the development of physical volcanology, acomprehensive overview of subsurface processes, eruptionmechanisms, the nature of volcanic eruptions and their products,and a review of how volcanoes affect the environment. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is essential reading forundergraduate students in earth science.
Category: Science

Physical Volcanology

Author : Antonio Rapolla
ISBN : UCSD:31822008702524
Genre : Geothermal resources
File Size : 82.88 MB
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Category: Geothermal resources

An Introduction To Fluid Mechanics

Author : Faith A. Morrison
ISBN : 9781139619318
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.52 MB
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This is a modern and elegant introduction to engineering fluid mechanics enriched with numerous examples, exercises and applications. A swollen creek tumbles over rocks and through crevasses, swirling and foaming. Taffy can be stretched, reshaped and twisted in various ways. Both the water and the taffy are fluids and their motions are governed by the laws of nature. The aim of this textbook is to introduce the reader to the analysis of flows using the laws of physics and the language of mathematics. We delve deeply into the mathematical analysis of flows; knowledge of the patterns fluids form and why they are formed and also the stresses fluids generate and why they are generated is essential to designing and optimising modern systems and devices. Inventions such as helicopters and lab-on-a-chip reactors would never have been designed without the insight provided by mathematical models.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Audiovisual Archives

Author : Peter Stockinger
ISBN : 9781118566206
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71.45 MB
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Today, audiovisual archives and libraries have become very popular especially in the field of collecting, preserving and transmitting cultural heritage. However, the data from these archives or libraries – videos, images, sound tracks, etc. – constitute as such only potential cognitive resources for a given public (or "target community"). They have to undergo more or less significant qualitative transformations in order to become user- or community-relevant intellectual goods. These qualitative transformations are performed through a series of concrete operations such as: audiovisual text segmentation, content description and indexing, pragmatic profiling, translation, etc. These and other operations constitute what we call the semiotic turn in dealing with digital (audiovisual) texts, corpora of texts or even entire (audiovisual) archives and libraries. They demonstrate practically and theoretically the well-known "from data to meta-data" or "from (simple) information to (relevant) knowledge" problem – a problem that obviously directly influences the effective use, the social impact and relevancy and therefore also the future of digital knowledge archives. It constitutes, indeed, the heart of a diversity of important R&D programs and projects all over the world.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Igneous Rocks And Processes

Author : Robin Gill
ISBN : 9781444362435
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.29 MB
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This book is for geoscience students taking introductory or intermediate-level courses in igneous petrology, to help develop key skills (and confidence) in identifying igneous minerals, interpreting and allocating appropriate names to unknown rocks presented to them. The book thus serves, uniquely, both as a conventional course text and as a practical laboratory manual. Following an introduction reviewing igneous nomenclature, each chapter addresses a specific compositional category of magmatic rocks, covering definition, mineralogy, eruption/ emplacement processes, textures and crystallization processes, geotectonic distribution, geochemistry, and aspects of magma genesis. One chapter is devoted to phase equilibrium experiments and magma evolution; another introduces pyroclastic volcanology. Each chapter concludes with exercises, with the answers being provided at the end of the book. Appendices provide a summary of techniques and optical data for microscope mineral identification, an introduction to petrographic calculations, a glossary of petrological terms, and a list of symbols and units. The book is richly illustrated with line drawings, monochrome pictures and colour plates. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/gill/igneous.
Category: Science

An Introduction To Word Grammar

Author : Richard Hudson
ISBN : 9781139491655
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72.84 MB
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Word grammar is a theory of language structure and is based on the assumption that language, and indeed the whole of knowledge, is a network, and that virtually all of knowledge is learned. It combines the psychological insights of cognitive linguistics with the rigour of more formal theories. This textbook spans a broad range of topics from prototypes, activation and default inheritance to the details of syntactic, morphological and semantic structure. It introduces elementary ideas from cognitive science and uses them to explain the structure of language including a survey of English grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Surviving Galeras

Author : Stanley Williams
ISBN : 9780547630625
Genre : Nature
File Size : 86.83 MB
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This true, up-close account of a volcano’s eruption “artfully blends science writing and history with pure, heart-pounding action” (Mark Bowden, bestselling author of Black Hawk Down). In 1993, Stanley Williams, an eminent volcanologist, was standing on top of a Colombian volcano called Galeras when it erupted, killing six of his colleagues instantly. As Williams tried to escape the blast, he was pelted with white-hot projectiles traveling faster than bullets. Within seconds he was cut down, his skull fractured, his right leg almost severed, his backpack aflame. Williams lay helpless and near death on Galeras’s flank until two brave women—friends and fellow volcanologists—mounted an astonishing rescue effort to carry him safely off the mountain. Surviving Galeras is both a harrowing first-person account of an eruption and its aftermath, and a look at the fascinating, high-risk world of volcanology, exploring the profound impact volcanoes have had on the earth’s landscapes and civilizations. Even with improved, highly-sensitive measuring tools and protective equipment, at least one volcanologist, on average, dies each year. This book reveals how Williams and his fellow scientist-adventurers continue to unveil the enigmatic and miraculous workings of volcanoes and piece together methods to predict their actions—potentially saving many human lives. “I thoroughly enjoyed this excellent book . . . [A] riveting story.” —Dava Sobel, author of The Glass Universe “Popular science at its best.” —The New York Times “[A] page-turner.” —Booklist
Category: Nature

Physical Volcanology And Stratigraphy Of The Confederation Lake Area

Author : P. C. Thurston
ISBN : STANFORD:36105017148979
Genre : Geology
File Size : 77.47 MB
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The Ontario Geological Survey began mapping in the Uchi-Confederation greenstone belt shortly after the discovery of theSelco Incorporated Cu-Zn-Ag orebody at Confederation Lake in1969. Detailed mapping of 14 townships and 100 square miles ofunsubdivided territory and 1:50,000 scale mapping of the BirchLake area to the north followed through to 1978. This reportdescribes a synoptic project covering 375 square miles in thesouthern part of the area. The report describes the stratigraphyof three cycles of mafic to felsic volcanism, includinggeochronological data, and a paleovolcanological reconstruction. Geochemical work done as part of this synoptic project isdescribed in a separate Ontario Geological Survey publication.
Category: Geology

Updates In Volcanology

Author : Karoly Nemeth
ISBN : 9789535126225
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.86 MB
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Updates in Volcanology - From Volcano Modeling to Volcano Geology is a new book that is based on book chapters offered by various authors to provide a snapshot of current trends in volcanological researches. Following a short Introduction, the book consists of three sections, namely, ''Understanding the Volcano System from Petrology, Geophysics to Large Scale Experiments,'' ''Volcanic Eruptions and Their Impact to the Environment,' and ''Volcanism in the Geological Record.'' These sections collect a total of 13 book chapters demonstrating clearly the research activity in volcanology from geophysical aspects of volcanic systems to their geological framework. Each chapter provides a comprehensive summary of their subject's current research directions. This book hence can equally be useful for students and researchers.
Category: Science