Vibration Control Of Active Structures

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Vibration Control Of Active Structures

Author : A. Preumont
ISBN : 9789400720336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.62 MB
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This text is an introduction to the dynamics of active structures and to the feedback control of lightly damped flexible structures; the emphasis is placed on basic issues and simple control strategies that work. Now in its third edition, more chapters have been added, and comments and feedback from readers have been taken into account, while at the same time the unique premise of bridging the gap between structure and control has remained. Many examples and problems bring the subject to life and take the audience from theory to practice. The book has chapters dealing with some concepts in structural dynamics; electromagnetic and piezoelectric transducers; piezoelectric beam, plate and truss; passive damping with piezoelectric transducers; collocated versus non-collocated control; active damping with collocated systems; vibration isolation; state space approach; analysis and synthesis in the frequency domain; optimal control; controllability and observability; stability; applications; tendon control of cable structures; active control of large telescopes; and semi-active control. The book concludes with an exhaustive bibliography and index. This book is intended for structural engineers who want to acquire some background in vibration control; it can be used as a textbook for a graduate course on vibration control or active structures. A solutions manual is available through the publisher to teachers using this book as a textbook.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Vibration Control Of Active Structures

Author : André Preumont
ISBN : 3319891685
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.68 MB
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This textbook is an introduction to the dynamics of active structures and to the feedback control of lightly damped flexible structures; the emphasis is placed on basic issues and simple control strategies that work. Now in its fourth edition, more chapters have been added, and comments and feedback from readers have been taken into account, while at the same time the unique premise of bridging the gap between structure and control has remained. Many examples, covering a broad field of applications from bridges to satellites and telescopes, and problems bring the subject to life and take the audience from theory to practice. The book has 19 chapters dealing with some concepts in structural dynamics; electromagnetic and piezoelectric transducers; piezoelectric beam, plate and truss; passive damping with piezoelectric transducers; collocated versus non-collocated control; active damping with collocated systems; vibration isolation; state space approach; analysis and synthesis in the frequency domain; optimal control; controllability and observability; stability; applications; tendon control of cable structures; active control of deformable mirrors for Adaptive Optics and large earth-based and space telescopes; and semi-active control. The book concludes with an exhaustive bibliography and index. This book is intended for structural engineers who want to acquire some background in vibration control, and for control engineers who are dealing with flexible structures. It can be used as a textbook for a graduate course on vibration control or active structures. A solutions manual is available through the publisher to teachers using this book as a textbook.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Passive And Active Structural Vibration Control In Civil Engineering

Author : T.T. Soong
ISBN : 9783709130124
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.49 MB
Format : PDF
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Base isolation, passive energy dissipation and active control represent three innovative technologies for protection of structures under environmental loads. Increasingly, they are being applied to the design of new structures or to the retrofit of existing structures against wind, earthquakes and other external loads. This book, with contributions from leading researchers from Japan, Europe, and the United States, presents a balanced view of current research and world-wide development in this exciting and fast expanding field. Basic principles as well as practical design and implementational issues associated with the application of base isolation systems and passive and active control devices to civil engineering structures are carefully addressed. Examples of structural applications are presented and extensively discussed.
Category: Computers

Responsive Systems For Active Vibration Control

Author : A. Preumont
ISBN : 1402008988
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.7 MB
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Structural vibrations have become the critical factor limiting the performance of many engineering systems, typical amplitudes ranging from meters to a few nanometers. Many acoustic nuisances in transportation systems and residential and office buildings are also related to structural vibrations. The active control of such vibrations involves nine orders of magnitude of vibration amplitude, which exerts a profound influence on the technology. Active vibration control is highly multidisciplinary, involving structural vibration, acoustics, signal processing, materials science, and actuator and sensor technology. Chapters 1-3 of this book provide a state-of-the-art introduction to active vibration control, active sound control, and active vibroacoustic control, respectively. Chapter 4 discusses actuator/sensor placement, Chapter 5 deals with robust control of vibrating structures, Chapter 6 discusses finite element modelling of piezoelectric continua and Chapter 7 addresses the latest trends in piezoelectric multiple-degree-of-freedom actuators/sensors. Chapters 8-12 deal with example applications, including semi-active joints, active isolation and health monitoring. Chapter 13 addresses MEMS technology, while Chapter 14 discusses the design of power amplifiers for piezoelectric actuators.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active And Passive Vibration Control Of Structures

Author : Peter Hagedorn
ISBN : 9783709118214
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.11 MB
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Active and Passive Vibration Control of Structures form an issue of very actual interest in many different fields of engineering, for example in the automotive and aerospace industry, in precision engineering (e.g. in large telescopes), and also in civil engineering. The papers in this volume bring together engineers of different background, and it fill gaps between structural mechanics, vibrations and modern control theory. Also links between the different applications in structural control are shown.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active Control Of Structures

Author : Andre Preumont
ISBN : 9780470715710
Genre : Science
File Size : 25.23 MB
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With Active Control of Structures, two global pioneers present the state-of-the-art in the theory, design and application of active vibration control. As the demand for high performance structural systems increases, so will the demand for information and innovation in structural vibration control; this book provides an effective treatise of the subject that will meet this requirement. The authors introduce active vibration control through the use of smart materials and structures, semi-active control devices and a variety of feedback options; they then discuss topics including methods and devices in civil structures, modal analysis, active control of high-rise buildings and bridge towers, active tendon control of cable structures, and active and semi-active isolation in mechanical structures. Active Control of Structures: Discusses new types of vibration control methods and devices, including the newly developed reduced-order physical modelling method for structural control; Introduces triple high-rise buildings connected by active control bridges as devised by Professor Seto; Offers a design strategy from modelling to controller design for flexible structures; Makes prolific use of practical examples and figures to describe the topics and technology in an intelligible manner.
Category: Science

Dynamics And Control Of Structures

Author : Leonard Meirovitch
ISBN : 0471628581
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.91 MB
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A text/reference on analysis of structures that deform in use. Presents a new, integrated approach to analytical dynamics, structural dynamics and control theory and goes beyond classical dynamics of rigid bodies to incorporate analysis of flexibility of structures. Includes real-world examples of applications such as robotics, precision machinery and aircraft structures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active Control Of Vibration

Author : Christopher C. Fuller
ISBN : 0080525911
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66.87 MB
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This book is a companion text to Active Control of Sound by P.A. Nelson and S.J. Elliott, also published by Academic Press. It summarizes the principles underlying active vibration control and its practical applications by combining material from vibrations, mechanics, signal processing, acoustics, and control theory. The emphasis of the book is on the active control of waves in structures, the active isolation of vibrations, the use of distributed strain actuators and sensors, and the active control of structurally radiated sound. The feedforward control of deterministic disturbances, the active control of structural waves and the active isolation of vibrations are covered in detail, as well as the more conventional work on modal feedback. The principles of the transducers used as actuateors and sensors for such control strategies are also given an in-depth description. The reader will find particularly interesting the two chapters on the active control of sound radiation from structures: active structural acoustic control. The reason for controlling high frequency vibration is often to prevent sound radiation, and the principles and practical application of such techniques are presented here for both plates and cylinders. The volume is written in textbook style and is aimed at students, practicing engineers, and researchers. Combines material from vibrations, signal processing, mechanics, and controls Summarizes new research in the field
Category: Technology & Engineering

Model Predictive Vibration Control

Author : Gergely Takács
ISBN : 9781447123330
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.33 MB
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Real-time model predictive controller (MPC) implementation in active vibration control (AVC) is often rendered difficult by fast sampling speeds and extensive actuator-deformation asymmetry. If the control of lightly damped mechanical structures is assumed, the region of attraction containing the set of allowable initial conditions requires a large prediction horizon, making the already computationally demanding on-line process even more complex. Model Predictive Vibration Control provides insight into the predictive control of lightly damped vibrating structures by exploring computationally efficient algorithms which are capable of low frequency vibration control with guaranteed stability and constraint feasibility. In addition to a theoretical primer on active vibration damping and model predictive control, Model Predictive Vibration Control provides a guide through the necessary steps in understanding the founding ideas of predictive control applied in AVC such as: · the implementation of computationally efficient algorithms · control strategies in simulation and experiment and · typical hardware requirements for piezoceramics actuated smart structures. The use of a simple laboratory model and inclusion of over 170 illustrations provides readers with clear and methodical explanations, making Model Predictive Vibration Control the ideal support material for graduates, researchers and industrial practitioners with an interest in efficient predictive control to be utilized in active vibration attenuation.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Iutam Symposium On Vibration Control Of Nonlinear Mechanisms And Structures

Author : H. Ulbrich
ISBN : 9781402041617
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.6 MB
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During the last decades, the growth of micro-electronics has reduced the cost of computing power to a level acceptable to industry and has made possible sophisticated control strategies suitable for many applications. Vibration c- trol is applied to all kinds of engineering systems to obtain the desired dynamic behavior, improved accuracy and increased reliability during operation. In this context, one can think of applications related to the control of structures’ vib- tion isolation, control of vehicle dynamics, noise control, control of machines and mechanisms and control of ?uid-structure-interaction. One could continue with this list for a long time. Research in the ?eld of vibration control is extremely comprehensive. Pr- lems that are typical for vibration control of nonlinear mechanisms and str- tures arise in the ?elds of modeling systems in such a way that the model is suitable for control design, to choose appropriate actuator and sensor locations and to select the actuators and sensors. Theobjective of the Symposium was to present anddiscuss methodsthat contribute to thesolution of such problems and to demonstrate the state of the art inthe ?eld shown by typical examples. The intention was to evaluate the limits of performance that can beachievedby controlling the dynamics, and to point out gaps in present research and give links for areas offuture research.Mainly, it brought together leading experts from quite different areas presenting theirpoints of view.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active Control Of Bidirectional Structural Vibration

Author : Wen Yu
ISBN : 9783030466503
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.18 MB
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This book focuses on safeguarding civil structures and residents from natural hazards such as earthquakes through the use of active control. It proposes novel proportional-derivative (PD) and proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers, as well as discrete-time sliding mode controllers (DSMCs) for the vibration control of structures involving nonlinearities. Fuzzy logic techniques are used to compensate for nonlinearities. The first part of the book addresses modelling and feedback control in inelastic structures and presents a design for PD/PID controllers. In the second part, classical PD/PID and type-2 fuzzy control techniques are combined to compensate for uncertainties in the structures of buildings. The methodology for tuning the gains of PD/PID is obtained using Lyapunov stability theory, and the system’s stability is verified. Lastly, the book puts forward a DSMC design that does not require system parameters, allowing it to be more flexibly applied. All program codes used in the paper are presented in a MATLAB®/Simulink® environment. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to mechanical and civil engineers, and to advanced undergraduate and graduate engineering students in the areas of structural engineering, structural vibration, and advanced control.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active Passive Vibration Control And Nonlinear Dynamics Of Structures

Author : American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Design Engineering Division
ISBN : UOM:39015041737076
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.78 MB
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The results of two symposia. The first, represented by 11 papers, present current analytical, numerical, and experimental results in all aspects of passive, active, hybrid, and semi-active damping methods applied to controlling structural vibrations in engineering applications.
Category: Science

Smart Materials In Structural Health Monitoring Control And Biomechanics

Author : Chee-Kiong Soh
ISBN : 9783642244636
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.99 MB
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"Smart Materials in Structural Health Monitoring, Control and Biomechanics" presents the latest developments in structural health monitoring, vibration control and biomechanics using smart materials. The book mainly focuses on piezoelectric, fibre optic and ionic polymer metal composite materials. It introduces concepts from the very basics and leads to advanced modelling (analytical/ numerical), practical aspects (including software/ hardware issues) and case studies spanning civil, mechanical and aerospace structures, including bridges, rocks and underground structures. This book is intended for practicing engineers, researchers from academic and R&D institutions and postgraduate students in the fields of smart materials and structures, structural health monitoring, vibration control and biomedical engineering. Professor Chee-Kiong Soh and Associate Professor Yaowen Yang both work at the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Dr. Suresh Bhalla is an Associate Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India.
Category: Science

Iccm 12

Author : Woodhead Publishing, Limited
ISBN : 1855733560
Genre :
File Size : 20.80 MB
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Category:

Control Of Noise And Structural Vibration

Author : Qibo Mao
ISBN : 9781447150916
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32.51 MB
Format : PDF
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Control of Noise and Structural Vibration presents a MATLAB®-based approach to solving the problems of undesirable noise generation and transmission by structures and of undesirable vibration within structures in response to environmental or operational forces. The fundamentals of acoustics, vibration and coupling between vibrating structures and the sound fields they generate are introduced including a discussion of the finite element method for vibration analysis. Following this, the treatment of sound and vibration control begins, illustrated by example systems such as beams, plates and double walls. Sensor and actuator placement is explained as is the idea of modal sensor–actuators. The design of appropriate feedback systems includes consideration of basic stability criteria and robust active structural acoustic control. Positive position feedback (PPF) and multimode control are also described in the context of loudspeaker–duct and loudspeaker–microphone models. The design of various components is detailed including the analog circuit for PPF, adaptive (semi-active) Helmholtz resonators and shunt piezoelectric circuits for noise and vibration suppression. The text makes extensive use of MATLAB® examples and these can be simulated using files available for download from the book’s webpage at springer.com. End-of-chapter exercises will help readers to assimilate the material as they progress through the book. Control of Noise and Structural Vibration will be of considerable interest to the student of vibration and noise control and also to academic researchers working in the field. It’s tutorial features will help practitioners who wish to update their knowledge with self-study.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Active Structural Control

Author : T. T. Soong
ISBN : 0582017823
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.66 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

Structural Control For Civil And Infrastructure Engineering

Author : Fabio Casciati
ISBN : 9812811702
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.1 MB
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Structural control represents a high technology proposal for civil engineering innovation. This book collects the invited papers presented at the 3rd International Workshop on Structural Control. The geographical coverage and the high quality of the invited speaker's contributions make the book a unique update in the areas of intelligent structures, structural control and smart materials for civil and infrastructure engineers. Contents: An Identification Algorithm for Feedback Active Control (N D Anh); Application of Control Techniques to Masonry and Monumental Constructions (A Baratta et al.); Monitoring of Infrastructures in the Marine Environment (A Del Grosso); Health Monitoring and Optimum Maintenance Programs for Structures in Seismic Zones (L Esteva & E Heredia-Zavoni); Outline of Safety Evaluation of Structural Response-Control Buildings and Smart Structural Systems as Future Trends (K Yoshikazu & T Hiroyuki); Recent Developments in Smart Structures Research in India (S Narayanan & V Balamurugan); Perspective of Application of Active Damping of Cable Structures (A Preumont & F Bossens); Parametric and Nonparametric Adaptive Identification of Nonlinear Structural Systems (A W Smyth et al.); Active Control Requirements in Railway Projects (H Wenzel); and other papers. Readership: Civil engineers and scientists working in the areas of intelligent systems and smart materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Smart Materials And Structures

Author : Peter L. Reece
ISBN : 1600211070
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 83.36 MB
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"Smart" materials respond to environmental stimuli with particular changes in some variables. For that reason they are often also called responsive materials. Depending on changes in some external conditions, "smart" materials change either their properties (mechanical, electrical, appearance), their structure or composition, or their functions. Mostly, "smart" materials are embedded in systems whose inherent properties can be favourably changed to meet performance needs. Smart materials and structures have widespread applications in: 1. Materials science: composites, ceramics, processing science, interface science, sensor/actuator materials, chiral materials, conducting and chiral polymers, electrochromic materials, liquid crystals, molecular-level smart materials, biomaterials. 2. Sensing and actuation: electromagnetic, acoustic, chemical and mechanical sensing and actuation, single-measurand sensors, multiplexed multimeasurand distributed sensors and actuators, sensor/actuator signal processing, compatibility of sensors and actuators with conventional and advanced materials, smart sensors for materials and composites processing. 3. Optics and electromagnetics: optical fibre technology, active and adaptive optical systems and components, tunable high-dielectric phase shifters, tunable surface control. 4. Structures: smart skins for drag and turbulence control, other applications in aerospace/hydrospace structures, civil infrastructures, transportation vehicles, manufacturing equipment, repairability and maintainability. 5. Control: structural acoustic control, distributed control, analogue and digital feedback control, real-time implementation, adaptive structure stability, damage implications for structural control. 6. Information processing: neural networks, data processing, data visualisation and reliability. This book presents leading new research from around the globe in this field.
Category: Architecture

Active Control Of Noise And Vibration

Author : Colin Hansen
ISBN : 9781482234008
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49.81 MB
Format : PDF
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Since the publication of the first edition, considerable progress has been made in the development and application of active noise control (ANC) systems, particularly in the propeller aircraft and automotive industries. Treating the active control of both sound and vibration in a unified way, this second edition of Active Control of Noise and Vibra
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nehrp Commentary On The Gidelines For The Seismic Rehabilitation Of Buildings

Author : Eugene Zeller
ISBN : 0756706270
Genre :
File Size : 43.61 MB
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This document from the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) was prepared for the Building Seismic Safety Council (BSSC) with funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). It provides commentary on the NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings. It contains systematic guidance enabling design professionals to formulate effective & reliable rehabilitation approaches that will limit the expected earthquake damage to a specified range for a specified level of ground shaking. This kind of guidance applicable to all types of existing buildings & in all parts of the country has never existed before. Illustrated.
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