Velvet Revolution At The Synchrotron Biology Physics And Change In Science Inside Technology

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Velvet Revolution At The Synchrotron

Author : Park Doing
ISBN : 9780262294072
Genre : Science
File Size : 76.71 MB
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Change in scientific practice and its implications for the status of scientific claims, examined through an analysis of three episodes at a synchrotron laboratory. After World War II, particle physics became a dominant research discipline in American academia. At many universities, alumni of the Manhattan Project and of Los Alamos were granted resources to start (or strengthen) programs of high-energy physics built around the promise of a new and more powerful particle accelerator, the synchrotron. The synchrotron was also a source of very intense X-rays, useful for research in solid states physics and in biology. As synchrotron X-ray science grew, the experimental practice of protein crystallography (used to determine the atomic structures of proteins and viruses), garnered funding, prestige, and acclaim. In Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron, Park Doing examines the change in scientific practice at a synchrotron laboratory as biology rose to dominance over physics. He draws on his own observations and experiences at the Cornell University synchrotron, and considers the implications of that change for the status of scientific claims. Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron is one of the few recent works in the sociology of science that engages specific scientific and technical claims through participant observation—recorded evocatively and engagingly—to address issues in the philosophy of science. Doing argues that bureaucratic change in science is neither “top-down” nor “bottom-up” but rather performed in and realized through recursively related forums of technical assertion and resistance. He considers the relationship of this change to the content of science, and the implications of this relationship for the project of laboratory studies begun in the late 1970s.
Category: Science
Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron
Language: en
Pages: 168
Authors: Park Doing
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-08-07 - Publisher: MIT Press

Change in scientific practice and its implications for the status of scientific claims, examined through an analysis of three episodes at a synchrotron laboratory. After World War II, particle physics became a dominant research discipline in American academia. At many universities, alumni of the Manhattan Project and of Los Alamos
The Global Biopolitics of the IUD
Language: en
Pages: 254
Authors: Chikako Takeshita
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-10-21 - Publisher: MIT Press

The biography of a multifaceted technological object, the IUD, illuminates how political contexts shaped contraceptive development, marketing, use, and users. The intrauterine device (IUD) is used by 150 million women around the world. It is the second most prevalent method of female fertility control in the global South and the
Producing Power
Language: en
Pages: 400
Authors: Sonja D. Schmid
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-02-13 - Publisher: MIT Press

An examination of how the technical choices, social hierarchies, economic structures, and political dynamics shaped the Soviet nuclear industry leading up to Chernobyl. The Chernobyl disaster has been variously ascribed to human error, reactor design flaws, and industry mismanagement. Six former Chernobyl employees were convicted of criminal negligence; they defended
Low Power to the People
Language: en
Pages: 298
Authors: Christina Dunbar-Hester
Categories: Technology & Engineering
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-11-14 - Publisher: MIT Press

An examination of how activists combine political advocacy and technical practice in their promotion of the emancipatory potential of local low-power FM radio. The United States ushered in a new era of small-scale broadcasting in 2000 when it began issuing low-power FM (LPFM) licenses for noncommercial radio stations around the
The Paradox of Scientific Authority
Language: en
Pages: 238
Authors: Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, Ruud Hendriks
Categories: Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009 - Publisher: MIT Press

Assessing the influence of scientific advice in societies that increasingly question scientific authority and expertise. Today, scientific advice is asked for (and given) on questions ranging from stem-cell research to genetically modified food. And yet it often seems that the more urgently scientific advice is solicited, the more vigorously scientific