Unsteady Combustor Physics

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Unsteady Combustor Physics

Author : Tim C. Lieuwen
ISBN : 9781139576833
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.87 MB
Format : PDF
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Developing clean, sustainable energy systems is a pre-eminent issue of our time. Most projections indicate that combustion-based energy conversion systems will continue to be the predominant approach for the majority of our energy usage. Unsteady combustor issues present the key challenge associated with the development of clean, high-efficiency combustion systems such as those used for power generation, heating or propulsion applications. This comprehensive study is unique, treating the subject in a systematic manner. Although this book focuses on unsteady combusting flows, it places particular emphasis on the system dynamics that occur at the intersection of the combustion, fluid mechanics and acoustic disciplines. Individuals with a background in fluid mechanics and combustion will find this book to be an incomparable study that synthesises these fields into a coherent understanding of the intrinsically unsteady processes in combustors.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Stabilization And Dynamic Of Premixed Swirling Flames

Author : Paul Palies
ISBN : 9780128199978
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83.56 MB
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Stabilization and Dynamic of Premixed Swirling Flames: Prevaporized, Stratified, Partially, and Fully Premixed Regimes focuses on swirling flames in various premixed modes (stratified, partially, fully, prevaporized) for the combustor, and development and design of current and future swirl-stabilized combustion systems. This includes predicting capabilities, modeling of turbulent combustion, liquid fuel modeling, and a complete overview of stabilization of these flames in aeroengines. The book also discusses the effects of the operating envelope on upstream fresh gases and the subsequent impact of flame speed, combustion, and mixing, the theoretical framework for flame stabilization, and fully lean premixed injector design. Specific attention is paid to ground gas turbine applications, and a comprehensive review of stabilization mechanisms for premixed, partially-premixed, and stratified premixed flames. The last chapter covers the design of a fully premixed injector for future jet engine applications. Features a complete view of the challenges at the intersection of swirling flame combustors, their requirements, and the physics of fluids at work Addresses the challenges of turbulent combustion modeling with numerical simulations Includes the presentation of the very latest numerical results and analyses of flashback, lean blowout, and combustion instabilities Covers the design of a fully premixed injector for future jet engine applications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Lean Combustion

Author : Derek Dunn-Rankin
ISBN : 9780128005774
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.17 MB
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Lean Combustion: Technology and Control, Second Edition outlines and explains the latest advances in lean combustion technology and systems. Combustion under sufficiently fuel-lean conditions can have the desirable attributes of high efficiency and low emissions. The book offers readers both the fundamentals and latest developments in how lean burn (broadly defined) can increase fuel economy and decrease emissions, while still achieving desired power output and performance. This volume brings together research and design of lean combustion systems across the technology spectrum in order to explore the state-of-the-art in lean combustion. Readers will learn about advances in the understanding of ultra-lean fuel mixtures and how new types of burners and approaches to managing heat flow can reduce problems often found with lean combustion (such as slow, difficult ignition and frequent flame extinction). This book offers abundant references and examples of real-world applications. New to this edition are significantly revised chapters on IC engines and stability/oscillations, and new case studies and examples. Written by a team of experts, this contributed reference book aims to teach its reader to maximize efficiency and minimize both economic and environmental costs. Presents a comprehensive collection of lean burn technology across potential applications, allowing readers to compare and contrast similarities and differences Provides an extensive update on IC engines including compression ignition (diesel), spark ignition, and homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) Includes an extensive revision to the Stability/Oscillations chapter Includes use of alternative fuels such as biogas and hydrogen for relevant technologies Covers new developments in lean combustion using high levels of pre-heat and heat recirculating burners, as well as the active control of lean combustion instabilities
Category: Technology & Engineering

Combustion For Power Generation And Transportation

Author : Avinash Kumar Agarwal
ISBN : 9789811037856
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.45 MB
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This research monograph presents both fundamental science and applied innovations on several key and emerging technologies involving fossil and alternate fuel utilization in power and transport sectors from renowned experts in the field. Some of the topics covered include: autoignition in laminar and turbulent nonpremixed flames; Langevin simulation of turbulent combustion; lean blowout (LBO) prediction through symbolic time series analysis; lasers and optical diagnostics for next generation IC engine development; exergy destruction study on small DI diesel engine; and gasoline direct injection. The book includes a chapter on carbon sequestration and optimization of enhanced oil and gas recovery. The contents of this book will be useful to researchers and professionals working on all aspects on combustion.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Gas Turbine Emissions

Author : Tim C. Lieuwen
ISBN : 9781107244245
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.83 MB
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The development of clean, sustainable energy systems is one of the pre-eminent issues of our time. Most projections indicate that combustion-based energy conversion systems will continue to be the predominant approach for the majority of our energy usage, and gas turbines will continue to be important combustion-based energy conversion devices for many decades to come, used for aircraft propulsion, ground-based power generation, and mechanical-drive applications. This book compiles the key scientific and technological knowledge associated with gas turbine emissions into a single authoritative source. The book has three sections: the first section reviews major issues with gas turbine combustion, including design approaches and constraints, within the context of emissions. The second section addresses fundamental issues associated with pollutant formation, modeling, and prediction. The third section features case studies from manufacturers and technology developers, emphasizing the system-level and practical issues that must be addressed in developing different types of gas turbines that emit pollutants at acceptable levels.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Unsteady Supersonic Combustion

Author : Mingbo Sun
ISBN : 9789811535956
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.59 MB
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This book describes the unsteady phenomena needed to understand supersonic combustion. Following an initial chapter that introduces readers to the basic concepts in and classical studies on unsteady supersonic combustion, the book highlights recent studies on unsteady phenomena, which offer insights on e.g. interactions between acoustic waves and flames, flow dominating instability, ignition instability, flame flashback, and near-blowout-limit combustion. In turn, the book discusses in detail the fundamental mechanisms of these phenomena, and puts forward practical suggestions for future scramjet design.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Physics Briefs

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105005190199
Genre : Physics
File Size : 62.55 MB
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Category: Physics

Design Principles And Methods For Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924084289580
Genre : Aircraft gas-turbines
File Size : 71.28 MB
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The symposium dealt with design approaches for military aircraft propulsion systems to provide enhanced operational flexibility, longer range, better fuel efficiency and improved affordability. All classes of gas turbines were addressed in nine sessions as follows: Engine Design and Analysis (Part 1) (5 papers); Mechanical Systems (6 papers); Controls (4 papers); Combustors/Augmentors (4 papers); Compressor Systems (Part I) (5 papers); Compressor Systems (Part II) (3 papers); Turbines (Part I) (5 papers); Turbines (Part II) (4 papers); Engine Design and Analysis (Part II) (4 papers) These proceedings also include a Technical Evaluation Report and a Keynote address published in French and English.
Category: Aircraft gas-turbines

Combustion Instabilities In Gas Turbine Engines

Author : Timothy C. Lieuwen
ISBN : UOM:39015062471126
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.97 MB
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This book offers gas turbine users and manufacturers a valuable resource to help them sort through issues associated with combustion instabilities. In the last ten years, substantial efforts have been made in the industrial, governmental, and academic communities to understand the unique issues associated with combustion instabilities in low-emission gas turbines. The objective of this book is to compile these results into a series of chapters that address the various facets of the problem. The Case Studies section speaks to specific manufacturer and user experiences with combustion instabilities in the development stage and in fielded turbine engines. The book then goes on to examine The Fundamental Mechanisms, The Combustor Modeling, and Control Approaches.
Category: Science

Instabilities Of Flows With And Without Heat Transfer And Chemical Reaction

Author : Tapan Sengupta
ISBN : 9783709101278
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.7 MB
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The articles in the book treat flow instability and transition starting with classical material dealt with in an innovative and rigorous way, some newer physical mechanisms explained for the first time and finally with the very complex topic of bombustion and two-phase flow instabilities.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Aerodynamics Of Heavy Vehicles Ii Trucks Buses And Trains

Author : Fred Browand
ISBN : 9783540850700
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.22 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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It is our pleasure to present these proceedings for “The Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles II: Trucks, Buses and Trains” International Conference held in Lake - hoe, California, August 26-31, 2007 by Engineering Conferences International (ECI). Brought together were the world’s leading scientists and engineers from industry, universities, and research laboratories, including truck and high-speed train manufacturers and operators. All were gathered to discuss computer simu- tion and experimental techniques to be applied for the design of the more efficient trucks, buses and high-speed trains required in future years. This was the second conference in the series. The focus of the first conference in 2002 was the interplay between computations and experiment in minimizing ae- dynamic drag. The present proceedings, from the 2007 conference, address the development and application of advanced aerodynamic simulation and experim- tal methods for state-of-the-art analysis and design, as well as the development of new ideas and trends holding promise for the coming 10-year time span. Also - cluded, are studies of heavy vehicle aerodynamic tractor and trailer add-on - vices, studies of schemes to delay undesirable flow separation, and studies of - derhood thermal management.
Category: Technology & Engineering