UNIVERSAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

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Universal Artificial Intelligence

Author : Marcus Hutter
ISBN : 9783540268772
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.73 MB
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Personal motivation. The dream of creating artificial devices that reach or outperform human inteUigence is an old one. It is also one of the dreams of my youth, which have never left me. What makes this challenge so interesting? A solution would have enormous implications on our society, and there are reasons to believe that the AI problem can be solved in my expected lifetime. So, it's worth sticking to it for a lifetime, even if it takes 30 years or so to reap the benefits. The AI problem. The science of artificial intelligence (AI) may be defined as the construction of intelligent systems and their analysis. A natural definition of a system is anything that has an input and an output stream. Intelligence is more complicated. It can have many faces like creativity, solving prob lems, pattern recognition, classification, learning, induction, deduction, build ing analogies, optimization, surviving in an environment, language processing, and knowledge. A formal definition incorporating every aspect of intelligence, however, seems difficult. Most, if not all known facets of intelligence can be formulated as goal driven or, more precisely, as maximizing some utility func tion. It is, therefore, sufficient to study goal-driven AI; e. g. the (biological) goal of animals and humans is to survive and spread. The goal of AI systems should be to be useful to humans.
Category: Computers

Artificial General Intelligence

Author : Jürgen Schmidhuber
ISBN : 9783642228872
Genre : Computers
File Size : 84.28 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2011, held in Mountain View, CA, USA, in August 2011. The 28 revised full papers and 26 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 103 submissions. The papers are written by leading academic and industry researchers involved in scientific and engineering work and focus on the creation of AI systems possessing general intelligence at the human level and beyond.
Category: Computers

50 Years Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Max Lungarella
ISBN : 9783540772965
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58.97 MB
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This Festschrift volume, published in celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence, includes 34 refereed papers written by leading researchers in the field of Artificial Intelligence. The papers were carefully selected from the invited lectures given at the 50th Anniversary Summit of AI, held at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006. The summit provided a venue for discussions on a broad range of topics.
Category: Computers

Artificial General Intelligence

Author : Joscha Bach
ISBN : 9783642355066
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35.44 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2012, held in Oxford, UK, in December 2012. The 34 revised full papers presented together with 4 invited keynote lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. The papers are written by leading scientists involved in research and development of AI systems possessing general intelligence at the human level and beyond; with a special focus on humanoid robotics and AGI, cognitive robotics, creativity and AGI, the future evolution of advanced AGIs, and the dynamics of AGI goal systems.
Category: Computers

Theoretical Foundations Of Artificial General Intelligence

Author : Pei Wang
ISBN : 9789491216626
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27.32 MB
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This book is a collection of writings by active researchers in the field of Artificial General Intelligence, on topics of central importance in the field. Each chapter focuses on one theoretical problem, proposes a novel solution, and is written in sufficiently non-technical language to be understandable by advanced undergraduates or scientists in allied fields. This book is the very first collection in the field of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) focusing on theoretical, conceptual, and philosophical issues in the creation of thinking machines. All the authors are researchers actively developing AGI projects, thus distinguishing the book from much of the theoretical cognitive science and AI literature, which is generally quite divorced from practical AGI system building issues. And the discussions are presented in a way that makes the problems and proposed solutions understandable to a wide readership of non-specialists, providing a distinction from the journal and conference-proceedings literature. The book will benefit AGI researchers and students by giving them a solid orientation in the conceptual foundations of the field (which is not currently available anywhere); and it would benefit researchers in allied fields by giving them a high-level view of the current state of thinking in the AGI field. Furthermore, by addressing key topics in the field in a coherent way, the collection as a whole may play an important role in guiding future research in both theoretical and practical AGI, and in linking AGI research with work in allied disciplines
Category: Computers

Ki 2009 Advances In Artificial Intelligence

Author : Bärbel Mertsching
ISBN : 9783642046162
Genre : Computers
File Size : 26.68 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2009, held in Paderborn, Germany, in September 2009. The 76 revised full papers presented together with 15 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 126 submissions. The papers are divided in topical sections on planning and scheduling; vision and perception; machine learning and data mining; evolutionary computing; natural language processing; knowledge representation and reasoning; cognition; history and philosophical foundations; AI and engineering; automated reasoning; spatial and temporal reasoning; agents and intelligent virtual environments; experience adn knowledge management; and robotics.
Category: Computers

Artificial General Intelligence

Author : Ben Goertzel
ISBN : 9783319092744
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.27 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence, AGI 2014, held in Quebec City, QC, Canada, in August 2014. The 22 papers and 8 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 65 submissions. Researchers have recognized the necessity of returning to the original goals of the field by treating intelligence as a whole. Increasingly, there is a call for a transition back to confronting the more difficult issues of "human-level intelligence" and more broadly artificial general intelligence. AGI research differs from the ordinary AI research by stressing on the versatility and wholeness of intelligence and by carrying out the engineering practice according to an outline of a system comparable to the human mind in a certain sense. The AGI conference series has played and continues to play, a significant role in this resurgence of research on artificial intelligence in the deeper, original sense of the term of "artificial intelligence". The conferences encourage interdisciplinary research based on different understandings of intelligence and exploring different approaches.
Category: Computers

Argumentation Methods For Artificial Intelligence In Law

Author : Douglas Walton
ISBN : 3540278818
Genre : Law
File Size : 40.93 MB
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Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. The book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced.
Category: Law

Artificial Intelligence In Wireless Communications

Author : Thomas Warren Rondeau
ISBN : 9781607832355
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62.51 MB
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This cutting-edge resource offers practical overview of cognitive radio, a paradigm for wireless communications in which a network or a wireless node changes its transmission or reception parameters. The alteration of parameters is based on the active monitoring of several factors in the external and internal radio environment. This book offers a detailed description of cognitive radio and its individual parts. Practitioners learn how the basic processing elements and their capabilities are implemented as modular components. Moreover, the book explains how each component can be developed and tested independently, before integration with the rest of the engine. Practitioners discover how cognitive radio uses artificial intelligence to achieve radio optimization. The book also provides an in-depth working example of the developed cognitive engine and an experimental scenario to help engineers understand its performance and behavior.
Category: Computers

Philosophy Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Rajakishore Nath
ISBN : 9781599429052
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63.38 MB
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This book deals with the major philosophical issues in the theoretical framework of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in particular and cognitive science in general. The researchers in AI are concerned with the issues of consciousness, human subjectivity, creativity, etc. Cognitive Science and AI argue that consciousness can be artificially created and comprehended in the function of robots. The robotic activities explain the mechanism involved in computation, language processing, sensing the information, etc. Contrary to this thesis, the philosophical study tries to show that human consciousness, thinking, imagination, etc. are much larger concepts and need to be delved into in the broad theoretical framework. This book is a critique of the mechanistic theory of mind. It shows the basic foundation of AI and its limitations in explaining the activities of the human mental life. Machine-functionalism fails to account for the subjective nature of consciousness and the creativity involved in the conscious acts. There are two aspects of this thesis-- the epistemological and the metaphysical. Epistemologically, the subject of consciousness intimately knows the raw feelings or the qualia. Metaphysically speaking, however, the raw feelings are real in the sense that they are part of the furniture of the mental world. Therefore, we can hardly deny that the mental world is real.
Category: Computers