Unemployment In Britain Between The Wars

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Unemployment In Britain Between The Wars

Author : Stephen Constantine
ISBN : UOM:39015034798556
Genre : Science
File Size : 40.35 MB
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Drawing on a range of contemporary evidence, Stephen Constantine studies the nature and causes of unemployment in Britain during the 1920s and 1930s, and analyzes the failure of successive inter-war governments to make a constructive response.
Category: Science

British Unemployment 1919 1939

Author : W. R. Garside
ISBN : 0521892546
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.19 MB
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Despite the dominance of unemployment in the historiography of interwar Britain, there is as yet no comprehensive single volume study of government reactions to the problem over the entire period down to 1939. British Unemployment 1919-1939 aims to fill that gap. W.R. Garside draws upon an extensive range of primary and secondary sources to analyze official ameliorative policy toward unemployment and contemporary reactions to such intervention. He assesses the nature and scale of interwar unemployment assistance. Careful study is also made of the impact of unemployment on related areas of economic concerns such as monetary and fiscal policy, industrial change, overseas trade, colonial development, labor supply and the impact of collective bargaining. Comprehensive, informative and clearly written, this book is the fullest account of policy responses to unemployment in the interwar period. It will be invaluable to specialists in recent British economic history and public policy, as well as an essential reference work for students coming to the subject for the first time.
Category: Business & Economics

Unemployment And Government

Author : William Walters
ISBN : 0521643333
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.23 MB
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While joblessness is by no means a phenomenon specific to this century, the concept of 'unemployment' is. This book follows the invention and transformation of unemployment, understood as a historically specific site of regulation. Taking key aspects of the history of unemployment in Britain as its focus, it argues that the ways in which authorities have defined and sought to manage the jobless have been remarkably varied. In tracing some of the different constructions of unemployment over the last 100 years - as a problem of 'character', as a social 'risk', or today, as a problem of 'skills' - the study highlights the discursive dimension of social and economic policy problems. The book examines such institutionalized practices as the labour bureau, unemployment insurance, and the 'New Deal' as 'technologies' of power. The result is a challenge to our thinking about welfare states.
Category: Business & Economics

Interwar Unemployment In International Perspective

Author : Barry J. Eichengreen
ISBN : 9789400927964
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.28 MB
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High unemployment has been one of the most disturbing features of the economy of the 1980s. For a precedent, one must look to the interwar period and in particular to the Great Depression of the 1930s. It follows that recent years have been marked by a resurgence of interest amongst academics in interwar unemployment. The debate has been contentious. There is nothing like the analysis of a period which recorded rates of un employment approaching 25 per cent to highlight the differences between competing schools of thought on the operation of labour markets. Along with historians, economists whose objective is to better understand the causes, character and consequences of contemporary unemployment and sociologists seeking to understand contemporary society's perceptions and responses to joblessness have devoted increasing attention to this his torical episode. Like many issues in economic history, this one can be approached in a variety of ways using different theoretical approaches, tools of analysis and levels of disaggregation. Much of the recent literature on the func tioning of labour markets in the Depression has been macroeconomic in nature and has been limited to individual countries. Debates from the period itself have been revived and new questions stimulated by modem research have been opened. Many such studies have been narrowly fo cused and have failed to take into account the array of historical evidence collected and anal~sed by contemporaries or reconstructed and re- inter preted by historians.
Category: Business & Economics

Poverty In Britain 1900 1965

Author : Ian Gazeley
ISBN : 9780230802179
Genre : History
File Size : 36.4 MB
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How was poverty measured and defined, and how has this influenced our judgement of the change in poverty in Britain during the first sixty years of the twentieth century? During this period, a large number of poverty surveys were carried out, the methods of which altered after World War II. Commencing with Rowntree's social survey of York in 1899 and ending with Abel-Smith and Townsend's Poor and the Poorest in 1965, Ian Gazeley shows how the means of evaluation and the causes of poverty changed. Poverty in Britain, 1900-1965: - offers a comprehensive empirical assessment of all published poverty and nutritional enquiries in this era - reports the results of recent re-examinations of many of the more famous social surveys that took place - considers the results of these surveys within the context of changing real incomes, the occupational structure and social provision - evaluates the extent to which the reduction in poverty was due to the actions of the State or to increases in real income (including more continuous income from fuller employment) Detailed yet easy to follow, Ian Gazeley's book is an indispensable guide to the changing face of poverty in Britain during the first six decades of the last century.
Category: History

Christian Social Thought In Great Britain Between The Wars

Author : Bruce Wollenberg
ISBN : 076180496X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 46.76 MB
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After the devastation of the Great War, thinkers in Great Britain engaged in a process of agonized reappraisal of the moral and political directions the country was to take. This book accounts for the contribution of Christian thinkers, emphasizing the ethical socialism to which they were heir, particularly the Christian tradition of social commentary and political action from the nineteenth century. This was, broadly speaking, the Christian socialism championed by F.D. Maurice and others, carried into the twentieth century by men like Charles Gore and famously embodied in William Temple. Christian Social Thought in Great Britain Between the Wars pays special attention to the League of the Kingdom of God and the Christendom Group in the Church of England; and it argues that, given the confusion and anxiety of the age, Christian theorists for the most part neither rose above nor sunk beneath its standards of discourse.
Category: Religion

British Industrial Capitalism Since The Industrial Revolution

Author : Roger Lloyd-Jones
ISBN : 9781134221851
Genre : History
File Size : 78.99 MB
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The authors use a long-wave framework to examine the historical evolution of British industrial capitalism since the late-18th century, and present a challenging and distinctive economic history of modern and contemporary Britain. The book is intended for undergraduate courses on the economic history of modern Britain within history, economic and social history, economic history and economic degree schemes, and economic theory courses.
Category: History

The Financial History Of Cambridge University

Author : Robert Neild
ISBN : 9780857285157
Genre : Education
File Size : 58.37 MB
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Robert Neild traces how Cambridge – having since 1945 received money, public and private, that carried it to the top of the world rankings of universities – is suffering at the hand of cuts in government funding and a tide of political intervention.
Category: Education

The First Teenagers

Author : David Fowler
ISBN : 9781136896866
Genre : History
File Size : 49.94 MB
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First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: History

Working Class Housing In England Between The Wars

Author : Andrzej Olechnowicz
ISBN : 019820650X
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 61.17 MB
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This book presents an important episode in the twentieth-century history of the United Kingdom: the largest public housing scheme ever undertaken in Britain (and at the time of its planning, in the world). Built between 1921 and 1934, the London County council's Becontree Estate housed over110.000 people in 25,000 dwellings. Andrzej Olechnowicz discusses the early years of the estate, looking in detail at the philosophy behind its construction and management policies, and showing how it eventually came to be denigrated as a social concentration camp exemplifying all the politicaldangers of a mass culture. He investigates life on the estate, both through an appraisal of the facilities provided and , as far as possible, through the eyes of the inhabitants, using interviews with surviving tenants from the inter-war period. Thus he is able to show how high rents excluded manyfamilies in greatest housing need, and how tenants found it difficult to adjust to the costs of suburban living. This is a wide ranging study that deals with both the `nuts and bolts' of mass housing, with ideas on citizenship and the creation of communities.
Category: Architecture

Bread And Work

Author : Matt Perry
ISBN : 0745314864
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.31 MB
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Between the world wars, unemployment spread throughout the industrialised world like a disease. In Bread and Work, Matt Perry places this global unemployment crisis in its proper international context. Focusing on Britain, Europe and the United States, he compares and contrasts popular attitudes and the government response toward unemployment.Looking beyond statistics and economic cycles, Perry investigates the human impact of unemployment. He uncovers the experience of being jobless from the perspective of those who lived through it, their employers and their communities. He uses oral history, memoirs, literary accounts, and newspaper articles to reveal the reality of unemployment.Perry argues that the scale of the crisis has been minimised by historians who have tended to emphasise that prolonged unemployment was the problem of the distressed fringe.Finally, Perry argues that the lessons of the 1930s have direct relevance today since the structural problems of industrial capitalism remain inherent.
Category: Business & Economics

Full Employment In A Free Society Works Of William H Beveridge

Author : William H. Beveridge
ISBN : 9781317569787
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.31 MB
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Beveridge defined full employment as a state where there are slightly more vacant jobs than there are available workers, or not more than 3% of the total workforce. This book discusses how this goal might be achieved, beginning with the thesis that because individual employers are not capable of creating full employment, it must be the responsibility of the state. Beveridge claimed that the upward pressure on wages, due to the increased bargaining strength of labour, would be eased by rising productivity, and kept in check by a system of wage arbitration. The cooperation of workers would be secured by the common interest in the ideal of full employment. Alternative measures for achieving full employment included Keynesian-style fiscal regulation, direct control of manpower, and state control of the means of production. The impetus behind Beveridge's thinking was social justice and the creation of an ideal new society after the war. The book was written in the context of an economy which would have to transfer from wartime direction to peace time. It was then updated in 1960, following a decade where the average unemployment rate in Britain was in fact nearly 1.5%.
Category: Business & Economics

Twentieth Century Britain

Author : Paul Johnson
ISBN : UOM:39015053752047
Genre : History
File Size : 55.49 MB
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Social conditions and expectations have significantly improved for the majority of British citizens since 1900; similarly, economic performance today compares favourably with our past (though less so with our European competitors). Yet we are burdened with a sense of failure and uncertainty, convinced that society has become more violent and less cohesive, that the economic situation has deteriorated, and that the quality of national life is in decline. What justification is there for this pervasive view? An impressive team of contributors (assembled in association with the Economic History Society) examines the historical record to provide objective answers in this vigorous and searching introduction - designed for students, teachers and general readers - to the economic, social and cultural development of Britain this century.
Category: History

Working For Women

Author : Celia Briar
ISBN : 9781135360665
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.77 MB
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First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Social Science

Aspects Of British Political History 1914 1995

Author : Stephen J. Lee
ISBN : 9781134790418
Genre : History
File Size : 23.63 MB
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Aspects of British Political History 1914-1995 examines all the major themes, personalities and issues of this important period in a clear and digestible form. It: * introduces fresh angles to long-studied topics * consolidates a great body of recent research * analyses views of different historians * offers an interpretive rather than narrative approach * gives concise treatment to complex issues * is directly relevant to student questions and courses * is carefully organised to reflect the way teachers tackle these courses * is illustrated with helpful maps, charts, illustrations and photographs.
Category: History

The Myth Of Decline

Author : George L Bernstein
ISBN : 9781446449493
Genre : History
File Size : 44.67 MB
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This history of Britain since 1945 confronts two themes that have dominated British consciousness during the post-war era: the myth of decline and the pervasiveness of American influence. The political narrative is about the struggle to maintain a power that was illusory and, from 1960 on, to reverse an economic decline that was nearly as illusory. The British economy had its problems, which are fully analyzed; however, they were counterbalanced by an unparalleled prosperity. At the same time, there was a social and cultural revolution which resulted in a more exciting, dynamic society. While there was much American influence, there was no Americanization. American influences were incorporated with many others into a new and less stodgy British culture. Contrary to conventional wisdom, this groundbreaking book finds that the story of Britain since the war is marked not by decline but by progress on almost all fronts.
Category: History

Forming Nation Framing Welfare

Author : Gail Lewis
ISBN : 9781134677009
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57.72 MB
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This book introduces a historical perspective on the emergence and development of social welfare. Starting from the familiar ground of 'the family', it traces some of the crucial historical roots and desires that fed the development of social policy in the 19th and 20th centuries around education, the family, unemployment and nationhood. By aiming to discover the link between past and present, it shows that social problems are socially constructed in specific contexts and that there are diverse and competing ways of telling history.
Category: Medical

Social Conditions In Britain 1918 1939

Author : Stephen Constantine
ISBN : 9781135835828
Genre : History
File Size : 53.91 MB
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One popular image of the interwar years portrays the period as a time of depression, deprivation and decay. However, much recent work has tended to take, on balance, a more optimistic view of social conditions. In this pamphlet Dr Constantine examines the basis for such conclusions by reviewing the changing employment porspects for manual and non-manual workers, levels of family expenditure on food, consumer goods and leisure activities, the extent and causes of poverty, the quality of interwar housing and the records of the nation's health. The effects on living standards of demographic change, economic growth, wage levels and government policies are considered. The period is seen as a time of transition, witnessing significant shifts away from older patterns of employment and social conditions towards those characteristic of an affulent mass consumer society. However, there were casualties from this process of accelerated change, and class and regional inequalities remained.
Category: History