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Author : Kristen Petersen
ISBN : 9781502601360
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 54.58 MB
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Sir Isaac Newton formulated the laws of universal gravitation and the three laws of motion. These explain how forces act on matter, and on how matter responds to forces. This leads to an understanding of how things move.

Author : James B. Seaborn
ISBN : 0387982957
Genre : Education
File Size : 25.46 MB
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Intended for undergraduate non-science majors, satisfying a general education requirement or seeking an elective in natural science, this is a physics text, but with the emphasis on topics and applications in astronomy. The perspective is thus different from most undergraduate astronomy courses: rather than discussing what is known about the heavens, this text develops the principles of physics so as to illuminate what we see in the heavens. The fundamental principles governing the behaviour of matter and energy are thus used to study the solar system, the structure and evolution of stars, and the early universe. The first part of the book develops Newtonian mechanics towards an understanding of celestial mechanics, while chapters on electromagnetism and elementary quantum theory lay the foundation of the modern theory of the structure of matter and the role of radiation in the constitution of stars. Kinetic theory and nuclear physics provide the basis for a discussion of stellar structure and evolution, and an examination of red shifts and other observational data provide a basis for discussions of cosmology and cosmogony.

Author : Fred Bortz
ISBN : 9781477718155
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 60.77 MB
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One of the greatest scientific minds of the past 500 years, Sir Isaac Newton laid the groundwork for the theory of gravity and the laws of motion. This volume, dedicated to his life and work, goes beyond the biography of a great, and sometimes controversial, man. It also addresses the lives of others who influenced and were influenced by his findings. Additionally, it explores and explains the science at the heart of his work and how we continue to study it today.

Author : Betty Burnett
ISBN : 1404203354
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 25.97 MB
Format : PDF
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In simple language, these informative books offer explanations of the important concepts high school students encounter in science and physics classes. The series uses easy-to-understand examples throughout, to help students investigate and interpret scientific methodology, theories, and laws. Each title in the series covers a specific concept in physics, including the laws of motion and thermodynamics; kinetic and potential energy; gravity and magnetism; the characteristics of sound; and more. Colorful diagrams and photographs help to make this the perfect series for challenged high school students who might have trouble understanding required high school physics concepts. Written as a supplement to physics textbooks, this book uses diagrams and straightforward text to explain such fundamental points of physics as Newton's laws of motion, mechanics, and free-body diagrams. Easy-to-understand and broken into simple concepts, the laws of motion are clearly presented. The book offers helpful illustrations and clear examples to enhance students' understanding of a key concept in physics. Sidebars, extensive captions, reading suggestions, and a glossary help make this just the tool needed for reluctant readers.

Author : Prabhakar Gondhalekar
ISBN : 0521018676
Genre : Nature
File Size : 35.50 MB
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Gravity is the most enigmatic of all known forces of nature. It controls everything, from ocean tides to the expansion of the Universe. The search for the laws of motion and gravitation started over two thousand years ago. The reader is taken on an exciting journey through the subsequent centuries, identifying the blind alleys, the profound insights and flashes of inspiration that have punctuated this search. Despite the fantastic progress that has been made, the true nature of gravity is still a mystery and this book attempts to show how the current developments in string theory(s) (perhaps the 'Theory of Everything') may lead to a new and radical interpretation of gravity. This book describes the fundamental concepts, developments and experiments, both performed and planned, to increase our understanding of gravity and the natural phenomena in which gravity is the principal player.

Author : Charles L. Adler
ISBN : 9781400848362
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.36 MB
Format : PDF
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From teleportation and space elevators to alien contact and interstellar travel, science fiction and fantasy writers have come up with some brilliant and innovative ideas. Yet how plausible are these ideas--for instance, could Mr. Weasley's flying car in the Harry Potter books really exist? Which concepts might actually happen, and which ones wouldn’t work at all? Wizards, Aliens, and Starships delves into the most extraordinary details in science fiction and fantasy--such as time warps, shape changing, rocket launches, and illumination by floating candle--and shows readers the physics and math behind the phenomena. With simple mathematical models, and in most cases using no more than high school algebra, Charles Adler ranges across a plethora of remarkable imaginings, from the works of Ursula K. Le Guin to Star Trek and Avatar, to explore what might become reality. Adler explains why fantasy in the Harry Potter and Dresden Files novels cannot adhere strictly to scientific laws, and when magic might make scientific sense in the muggle world. He examines space travel and wonders why it isn’t cheaper and more common today. Adler also discusses exoplanets and how the search for alien life has shifted from radio communications to space-based telescopes. He concludes by investigating the future survival of humanity and other intelligent races. Throughout, he cites an abundance of science fiction and fantasy authors, and includes concise descriptions of stories as well as an appendix on Newton's laws of motion. Wizards, Aliens, and Starships will speak to anyone wanting to know about the correct--and incorrect--science of science fiction and fantasy.

You'll launch excitement in the classroom with these fascinating facts and motivational activities based on rocketry. Blast Off! provides everything you need to create a thematic unit on rocketry - background information, explanations of scientific principles of rocket flight, scientific experiments for students, language activities, even a school assembly based on the science of rocketry. With a variety of projects that are easy to implement and will appeal to students, this book offers educators a complete teaching package. Grades 4-8.

Author : Michael Mansfield
ISBN : 9781118437827
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.93 MB
Format : PDF
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Understanding Physics – Second edition is acomprehensive, yet compact, introductory physics textbook aimed atphysics undergraduates and also at engineers and other scientiststaking a general physics course. Written with today's students inmind, this text covers the core material required by anintroductory course in a clear and refreshing way. A second colouris used throughout to enhance learning and understanding. Eachtopic is introduced from first principles so that the text issuitable for students without a prior background in physics. At thesame time the book is designed to enable students to proceed easilyto subsequent courses in physics and may be used to support suchcourses. Mathematical methods (in particular, calculus and vectoranalysis) are introduced within the text as the need arises and arepresented in the context of the physical problems which they areused to analyse. Particular aims of the book are to demonstrate tostudents that the easiest, most concise and least ambiguous way toexpress and describe phenomena in physics is by using the languageof mathematics and that, at this level, the total amount ofmathematics required is neither large nor particularlydemanding. 'Modern physics' topics (relativity and quantum mechanics) areintroduced at an earlier stage than is usually found inintroductory textbooks and are integrated with the more 'classical'material from which they have evolved. This book encouragesstudents to develop an intuition for relativistic and quantumconcepts at as early a stage as is practicable. The text takes a reflective approach towards the scientificmethod at all stages and, in keeping with the title of the text,emphasis is placed on understanding of, and insight into, thematerial presented.

Author : Thomas M. Nordlund
ISBN : 9781439891131
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.33 MB
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Quantitative Understanding of Biosystems: An Introduction to Biophysics focuses on the behavior and properties of microscopic structures that underlie living systems. It clearly describes the biological physics of macromolecules, subcellular structures, and whole cells, including interactions with light. Providing broad coverage of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics, this color text features: Mathematical and computational tools—graphing, calculus, simple differential equations, diagrammatic analysis, and visualization tools Randomness, variation, statistical mechanics, distributions, and spectra The biological micro- and nanoworld—structures, processes, and the physical laws Quantum effects—photosynthesis, UV damage, electron and energy transfer, and spectroscopic characterization of biological structures Through its active learning approach, the text encourages practical comprehension of the behavior of biosystems, rather than knowledge of the latest research. The author includes graph- and diagram-centered physics and mathematics, simple software, frequent checks of understanding, and a repetition of important ideas at higher levels or from different points of view. After completing this book, students will gain significant computational and project experience and become competent at quantitatively characterizing biosystems. CD-ROM Resource The accompanying CD contains multimedia learning tools, such as video clips and animations, that illustrate intrinsically dynamic processes. For students inexperienced in the application of mathematics and physical principles to naturally occurring phenomena, this multimedia component emphasizes what is most obvious about biological systems: living things move. Students can also manipulate and re-program the included Excel graphs.