Understanding Institutions

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Explaining Social Institutions

Author : Jack Knight
ISBN : 047208576X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63.14 MB
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Important scholars offer new perspectives on the formation and growth of social institutions
Category: Social Science

Understanding Institutional Diversity

Author : Elinor Ostrom
ISBN : 1400831733
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.63 MB
Format : PDF
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The analysis of how institutions are formed, how they operate and change, and how they influence behavior in society has become a major subject of inquiry in politics, sociology, and economics. A leader in applying game theory to the understanding of institutional analysis, Elinor Ostrom provides in this book a coherent method for undertaking the analysis of diverse economic, political, and social institutions. Understanding Institutional Diversity explains the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework, which enables a scholar to choose the most relevant level of interaction for a particular question. This framework examines the arena within which interactions occur, the rules employed by participants to order relationships, the attributes of a biophysical world that structures and is structured by interactions, and the attributes of a community in which a particular arena is placed. The book explains and illustrates how to use the IAD in the context of both field and experimental studies. Concentrating primarily on the rules aspect of the IAD framework, it provides empirical evidence about the diversity of rules, the calculation process used by participants in changing rules, and the design principles that characterize robust, self-organized resource governance institutions.
Category: Political Science

Understanding Minority Serving Institutions

Author : Marybeth Gasman
ISBN : 0791473600
Genre : Education
File Size : 27.42 MB
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Explores the particulars of minority-serving institutions while also highlighting their interconnectedness.
Category: Education

Understanding European Union Institutions

Author : Alex Warleigh
ISBN : 0415242142
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74.43 MB
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Understanding the institutions of the European Union is vital to understanding how it functions. This book provides students with a user-friendly introduction to the main institutions, and explains their different roles in the functioning and development of the European Union. Key features: * introduces and explains the functions of all the main institutions dividing them into those that have a policy-making role, those that oversee and regulate, and those that operate in an advisory capacity * provides students with an overview of the history of the European Union and the development of its institutions and considers their continuing importance to the success of the European Union * clearly written by experienced and knowledgeable teachers of the subject * presented in a student friendly format, providing boxed concepts and summaries, guides to further reading, figures and flowcharts, and a glossary of terms.
Category: Political Science

The Handbook Of Disaster And Emergency Policies And Institutions

Author : John W. Handmer
ISBN : 9781849773065
Genre : Law
File Size : 79.19 MB
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Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity to implement planning and prevention or to manage disasters. This book seeks to overcome this mismatch and to guide development of a policy and institutional framework. For the first time it brings together into a coherent framework the insights of public policy, institutional design and emergency and disaster management.
Category: Law

Understanding Ukrainian Politics Power Politics And Institutional Design

Author : Paul D'Anieri
ISBN : 9781317452997
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22.60 MB
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Ukraine made headlines around the world during the winter of 2004-05 as the colorful banners of the Orange Revolution unfurled against the snowy backdrop of Kyiv, signaling the bright promise of democratic rebirth. But is that what is really happening in Ukraine? In the early post-Soviet period, Ukraine appeared to be firmly on the path to democracy. The peaceful transfer of power from Leonid Kravchuk to Leonid Kuchma in the election of 1994, followed by the adoption of a western-style democratic constitution in 1996, seemed to complete the picture. But the Kuchma presidency was soon clouded by dark rumors of corruption and even political murder, and by 2004 the country was in full-blown political crisis. A three-stage presidential contest was ultimately won by Viktor Yushchenko, who took office in 2005 and appointed Yulia Tymoshenko as premier, but the turmoil was far from over. The new government quickly faltered and splintered. This introduction to Ukrainian politics looks beyond these dramatic events and compelling personalities to identify the actual play of power in Ukraine and the operation of its political system. The author seeks to explain how it is that, after each new beginning, power politics has trumped democratic institution-building in Ukraine, as in so many other post-Soviet states. What is really at work here, and how can Ukraine break the cycle of hope and disillusionment?
Category: Business & Economics

Institutions And The Environment

Author : Arild Vatn
ISBN : 9781845425746
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41.52 MB
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Vatn has prepared a vast feast for his readers. Hopefully, this book will become one of the core textbooks both in institutional economics and in resource economics. As a political scientist, I can recommend it to social scientists more generally. I must confess, I enjoyed it all. Elinor Ostrom, 2009 Nobel Laureate, Land Economics Institutions and the Environment indeed serves as a first-rate starting point for students and researchers regardless of whether they are mainly interested in institutions in general or environmental governance and ecological economics in particular. Charlotta Söderberg, Environmental Politics This timely book is about institutions: how they develop, how they function and how they solve problems. . . This book exemplifies the fine institutionalist tradition of using knowledge to solve pressing problems; in fact, institutionalists will find little here to criticize. The scope of this book is wide: policy makers, government officials, institutionalists, environmentalists and the general public will all benefit from reading this book. . . Keep this book handy: you ll want to make frequent references as the global warming policy debate unfolds. Jack Reardon, Journal of Economic Issues Vatn s book addresses the urgent question of environmental policy and shows that an understanding of the role of institutions is vital in this area. It incorporates insights on institutions from both mainstream and heterodox traditions of thought. Magisterial and comprehensive, it is both a textbook and an inspiring, pioneering monograph. Geoffrey M. Hodgson, University of Hertfordshire, UK This is an excellent book, which can be read at different levels. . . I very much enjoyed reading this book and would recommend it to anyone interested in these issues. I feel it is likely to become one of the core text books on the topic. Neil Powe, Newcastle University, UK We have here an encompassing work of remarkable clarity and coherence demonstrating the enduring pertinence of classical institutional economics to the vexing issues of our time. While most of the illustrative examples come from the realm of environmental problems, the reach of this fine book goes far beyond this particular issue and informs how we ought to think about all aspects of public policy. Daniel W. Bromley, University of Wisconsin, Madison, US This is a superb book on institutional economics and environmental policy. Vatn has written the definitive exposition of the theory and policy approaches of modern institutional economics. It not only builds on the work of the best institutional economists, from Veblen to Bromley and Hodgson it also incorporates the extremely relevant and exciting research now being done in contemporary mainstream economics. With the demise of Walrasian economics and the current drive for the unification of the behavioral sciences, the time is ripe for institutional economics to once again become a dominant school of economic thought. Vatn s book shows the way. John Gowdy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, US This important text develops an institutional response to the core issues raised in public policy making and develops a distinct understanding of the role of institutions, not least in the study of environmental problems. It questions: how are conflicting interests shaped and taken into account in policy making? How should they be accounted for? What motivates the behaviour of firms and individuals, and how is it possible to change these motivations to produce the favoured common outcomes? The author addresses these questions by integrating elements from classical institutional economics, neoclassical economics, sociology and ecological economics. He argues that public policy in general, and environmental policy in particular, are best examined from an institutional perspective. In this way the author presents a distinct and consistent alternative to standard neoclassical economics for students and scholars who
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Institutional Shareholder Activism

Author : Bo Gong
ISBN : 9781136015762
Genre : Law
File Size : 89.14 MB
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Institutional shareholder participation has long been considered as vital to good corporate governance yet its potential does not seem to have been realized. The recent banking crisis exposed the passivity of some institutional shareholders, many of whom appear to have chosen to sell their stakes in the banks rather than intervene or challenge the board when they realized the strategies followed by the banks were excessively risky. Institutional shareholders’ role to scrutinize and monitor the decisions of boards and executive management in the banking sector in the UK is considered by many to be a failure, resulting in the phenomenon of ‘ownerless corporations’, as described by Lord Myners. In China, despite the fast rising of institutional investment in the securities market, institutional shareholders have not yet played a contributory role in monitoring corporate managers in listed companies. Drawing on empirical evidence this book seeks to systematically analyses institutional shareholders’ incentives to activism to explain when and why shareholder activism will occur. The book puts forward a model which explains the factors that determine institutional shareholders’ propensity for activism. The model both elaborates the collective benefits of activism as a means of achieving managerial accountability asks whether and when shareholder activism is rational for any individual shareholder. The book then goes to on to apply these finding to both the UK and China in order to explain the varying levels of shareholder activism in each jurisdiction. The book is the first to take an in-depth look at institutional share-holder activism in China providing prescriptions to promote greater shareholder engagement and exploring the potential it holds for improving corporate governance in the region.
Category: Law

Reforming Institutions In Water Resource Management

Author : Lin Crase
ISBN : 9781136573934
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.12 MB
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As water scarcities increase, nations throughout the world are in search of better institutions to manage water resources. India has been making substantial efforts to develop its water management systems since independence and significant increases in irrigated agriculture have taken place through both public and private initiatives. However, scarcities are increasing and major problems presently confront the management of water resources and irrigated agriculture. Resolving these problems is crucial for the future. The main purpose of this book is to provide a new approach for the analysis and design of water institutions that govern the use and development of water resources, particularly for agriculture which is the largest user. Drawing on the theory of New Institutional Economics and comparisons with Australia (as a developed country) and other less developed nations in Africa and Asia, the authors present original empirical data from three Indian states. Detailed analysis of these data is used to identify and recommend attributes and features of water management institutions that are conducive to effective resource management, its long-term success, and its best contribution to development.
Category: Business & Economics

Rationality Institutions And Economic Methodology

Author : Uskali Mäki
ISBN : 0415092086
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.3 MB
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Looks at ways to increase the scope and power of institutional economics. Different approaches to economic methodology are considered and the broader notions of rationality offered by institutional economics are discussed.
Category: Business & Economics

Institutions In Modern Society

Author : Jeffrey E. Nash
ISBN : 0930390067
Genre : Education
File Size : 71.78 MB
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To find more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
Category: Education

A General Theory Of Institutional Change

Author : Shiping Tang
ISBN : 9781136851476
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.74 MB
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Institutional change is a central driving force behind social changes, and thus a central topic in all major fields of social sciences. Yet, no general theory of institutional change exists. Drawing from a diverse literature, this book develops a general theory of institutional change, based on a social evolutionary synthesis of the conflict approach and the harmony approach. The book argues that because the whole process of institutional change can be understood as a process of selecting a few ideas and turning them into institutions, competition of ideas and struggle for power to make rules are often at the heart of institutional change. The general theory not only integrates more specific theories and insights on institutional change that have been scattered in different fields into a coherent general theory but also provides fundamental new insights and points to new directions for future research. This book makes a fundamental contribution to all major fields of social sciences: sociology (sociological theory), political sciences, institutional economics, and political theory. It should be of general interest to scholars and students in all major fields of social science.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Mental Retardation

Author : Edward Zigler
ISBN : 0521318785
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.56 MB
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Understanding Mental Retardation draws on our knowledge of normal development to inform their discussion of various aspects of retardation.
Category: Medical

Sufficient Reason

Author : Daniel W. Bromley
ISBN : 1400832632
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.81 MB
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In the standard analysis of economic institutions--which include social conventions, the working rules of an economy, and entitlement regimes (property relations)--economists invoke the same theories they use when analyzing individual behavior. In this profoundly innovative book, Daniel Bromley challenges these theories, arguing instead for "volitional pragmatism" as a plausible way of thinking about the evolution of economic institutions. Economies are always in the process of becoming. Here is a theory of how they become. Bromley argues that standard economic accounts see institutions as mere constraints on otherwise autonomous individual action. Some approaches to institutional economics--particularly the "new" institutional economics--suggest that economic institutions emerge spontaneously from the voluntary interaction of economic agents as they go about pursuing their best advantage. He suggests that this approach misses the central fact that economic institutions are the explicit and intended result of authoritative agents--legislators, judges, administrative officers, heads of states, village leaders--who volitionally decide upon working rules and entitlement regimes whose very purpose is to induce behaviors (and hence plausible outcomes) that constitute the sufficient reasons for the institutional arrangements they create. Bromley's approach avoids the prescriptive consequentialism of contemporary economics and asks, instead, that we see these emergent and evolving institutions as the reasons for the individual and aggregate behavior their very adoption anticipates. These hoped-for outcomes comprise sufficient reasons for new laws, judicial decrees, and administrative rulings, which then become instrumental to the realization of desired individual behaviors and thus aggregate outcomes.
Category: Business & Economics

Understanding Health And Social Care

Author : Julia Johnson
ISBN : 9781847870810
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.70 MB
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The new edition of the best-selling reader Understanding Health and Social Care (previously edited by Maragraet Allot and Martin Robb) combines classic works with newly-commissioned material, offering readers unparalleled coverage of the key issues in health and social care. The breadth of material encompasses voices of service users, professional and lay carers, as well as academics and researchers. This Second Edition is organised into four new sections, each with a part introduction pulling together the main themes: - People focuses on those who use and provide health and social care services. - Places looks at where care is given - Approaches considers different ways through which care takes places - Ideas focuses on the ideas and policies that underpin care provision Full of real practice scenarios and examples, the book successfully makes the links between theory and practice, and will be an essential resource for all students studying at undergraduate level across the wide spectrum of health and social care.
Category: Social Science

Understanding Health And Social Care

Author : Margaret Allott
ISBN : 0761956867
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51.71 MB
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This introductory text provides a wide-ranging collection of key readings in the field of health and social care. The book features classic readings alongside articles reflecting the most recent theoretical and empirical work. Cutting across the conventional divide between health care and social care, the Reader sets out to link policy to practice in a tangible way, juxtaposing the voices of a range of carers and service users with insights from academic debate and research. The Reader is divided into five sections focusing on: the experience of caring or being cared for; the environment in which care takes place; the ways in which care has been conceptualized; issues of abuse in care settings; and the pol
Category: Social Science

Understanding The Policy Process Second Edition

Author : Hudson, John
ISBN : 1847422675
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.81 MB
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The heart of the Beveridge welfare state is under severe pressure, as forces such as globalisation and technical progress call into question established beliefs about what governments can and should do. This title draws on the latest social science research to explain how and why such policy change occurs.
Category: Political Science

Understanding Korean Politics

Author : S?ng-h?m Kil
ISBN : 0791448894
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.91 MB
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Presents an indispensable survey of contemporary Korean politics.
Category: Political Science

Understanding Markets

Author : K. Bain
ISBN : UCAL:B4149140
Genre : Capital market
File Size : 72.37 MB
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Category: Capital market

The Institutional Approach To Labour And Development

Author : Klárá Fóti
ISBN : 9781135777791
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48.32 MB
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Bringing together the work of economists and sociologists in research programmes in a number of European institutions concerned with development, this collection analyses how social institutions contribute to an understanding of development. It shows how labour markets, labour relations and employment patterns respond to institutional forces, and thereby shape development paths and determine how different groups benefit from economic growth.
Category: Business & Economics