UNDERSTANDING EXPERTISE

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Understanding Expertise

Author : Fernand Gobet
ISBN : 9781137571960
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63.77 MB
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What makes an expert? Do gifted children really exist? How do musicians differ from non-musicians? In exploring questions like these, Gobet provides a comprehensive overview of the field of expertise. With research from psychology, neuroscience, sociology, artificial intelligence and philosophy, this is the best possible guide to the subject.
Category: Psychology

Understanding Expertise In Teaching

Author : Amy Tsui
ISBN : 9780521632072
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 41.55 MB
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The author clarifies the nature of expertise in language teaching, its development, and how teachers employ it. This book is the first detailed study of what expertise in language teaching consists of and how it develops in language teachers. Exploring the classroom practices of her subjects in four illuminating case studies, Tsui succeeds in clarifying the nature of expertise in language teaching, the factors that shape and influence its development, and how teachers employ their expertise in teaching. In the process, the author critically examines an extensive literature on teacher cognition and shows how teachers' theories, knowledge, experience, and goals shape their classroom practices and their ability to move from novice to expert.
Category: Foreign Language Study

The Oxford Handbook Of Expertise

Author : Paul Ward
ISBN : 9780192515407
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 30.31 MB
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The study of expertise weaves its way through various communities of practice, across disciplines, and over millennia. To date, the study of expertise has been primarily concerned with how human beings perform at a superior level in complex environments and sociotechnical systems, and at the highest levels of proficiency. However, more recent research has continued the search for better descriptions, and causal mechanisms that explain the complexities of expertise in context, with a view to translating this understanding into useful predictions and interventions capable of improving the performance of human systems as efficiently as possible. The Oxford Handbook of Expertise provides a comprehensive picture of the field of Expertise Studies. It offers both traditional and contemporary perspectives, and importantly, a multidiscipline-multimethod view of the science and engineering research on expertise. The book presents different perspectives, theories, and methods of conducting expertise research, all of which have had an impact in helping us better understand expertise across a broad range of domains. The Handbook also describes how researchers and practitioners have addressed practical problems and societal challenges. Throughout, the authors have sought to demonstrate the heterogeneity of approaches and conceptions of expertise, to place current views of expertise in context, to show how these views can be used to address current issues, and to examine ways to advance the study of expertise. The Oxford Handbook of Expertise is an essential resource both to those wanting to gain an up-to-date knowledge of the science of expertise and those wishing to study experts.
Category: Psychology

Expertise And Decision Support

Author : F. Bolger
ISBN : 9780585342900
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24.51 MB
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This volume brings together a range of contributors from Europe and North America. All contributions were especially commissioned with a view to e- cidating a major multidisciplinary topic that is of concern to both academics and practitioners. The focus of the book is on expert judgment and its interaction with decision support systems. In the first part, the nature of expertise is discussed and characteristics of expert judges are described. Issues concemed with the eval- tion of judgment in the psychological laboratory are assessed and contrasted with studies of expert judgment in ecologically valid contexts. In addition, issues concerned with eliciting and validating expert knowledge are discussed. Dem- strations of good judgmental performance are linked to situational factors such as feedback cycles, and measurement of coherence and reliability in expert ju- ment is introduced as a baseline determinant of good judgmental performance. Issues concerned with the representation of elicited expert knowledge in kno- edge-based systems are evaluated and methods are described that have been shown to produce improvements in judgmental performance. Behavioral and mathematical ways of combining judgments from multiple experts are compared and contrasted. Finally, the issues developed in the preceding contributions are focused on current controversies in decision support. Expert judgment is utilized as a major input into decision analysis, forecasting with statistical models, and expert s- tems.
Category: Psychology

Reflective Teaching In Schools

Author : Andrew Pollard
ISBN : 9781441175397
Genre : Education
File Size : 82.94 MB
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Building on best-selling texts over three decades, this thoroughly revised new edition is essential reading for both primary and secondary school teachers in training and in practice, supporting both initial school-based training and extended career-long professionalism. Considering a wide range of professionally relevant topics, Reflective Teaching in Schools presents key issues and research insights, suggests activities for classroom enquiry and offers guidance on key readings. Uniquely, two levels of support are offered: · practical, evidence-based guidance on key classroom issues – including relationships, behaviour, curriculum planning, teaching strategies and assessment processes; · routes to deeper forms of expertise, including evidence-informed 'principles' and 'concepts' to support in-depth understanding of teacher expertise. Andrew Pollard, former Director of the UK's Teaching and Learning Research Programme, led development of the book, with support from primary and secondary specialists from the University of Cambridge, UK. Reflective Teaching in Schools is part of a fully integrated set of resources for primary and secondary education. Readings for Reflective Teaching in Schools directly complements and extends the chapters in this book. Providing a compact and portable library, it is particularly helpful in school-based teacher education. The website, reflectiveteaching.co.uk, offers supplementary resources including reflective activities, research briefings, advice on further reading and additional chapters. It also features a glossary, links to useful websites, and a conceptual framework for deepening expertise. This book is one of the Reflective Teaching Series – inspiring education through innovation in early years, schools, further, higher and adult education.
Category: Education

Health Risk And News

Author : Tammy Boyce
ISBN : 0820488380
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72.8 MB
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The controversy surrounding the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism has raised unprecedented questions about the communication of health and science. Health, Risk and News: The MMR Vaccine and the Media examines how this story came to be so influential and asks if the media are to blame for unduly panicking the public. Drawing on comprehensive research – on media coverage, interviews with a range of journalists and sources, and analysis of audience opinion – this book explores how medical controversies are covered, with attention to issues of balance and objectivity, expertise, news values, risk and media effects. It will be of interest to students and scholars of media studies, journalists and health professionals.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Model Of Domain Learning

Author : Helenrose Fives
ISBN : 9781315457994
Genre : Education
File Size : 60.64 MB
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The Model of Domain Learning is the first edited volume to provide a comprehensive overview of the Model of Domain Learning (MDL). Unique in its emphasis on development, this model examines both the cognitive and motivational forces behind expertise in academic domains. Chapters written by a variety of scholars, including those responsible for the model’s evolution, are tied together by commentaries that synthesize these varied perspectives. With dedicated sections focused on the foundations, current applications, and future potential of the MDL, this book is indispensable as an introduction to the theory and research associated with this topic and as a cutting-edge resource for established scholars.
Category: Education

Object Process Methodology

Author : Dov Dori
ISBN : 3540654712
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.15 MB
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Object-Process Methodology (OPM) is an intuitive approach to systems engineering. This book presents the theory and practice of OPM with examples from various industry segments and engineering disciplines, as well as daily life. It includes a CD-ROM demo version of OPCAT, the award-winning OPM-supporting Object-Process CASE Tool. It enables readers to practice systems development using the numerous exercises (with answers) in the book. OPM is a generic, domain independent approach that is applicable almost anywhere in systems engineering.
Category: Computers

Education And Expertise

Author : Mark Addis
ISBN : 9781119527169
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87.72 MB
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The relevance of expertise to professional education and practice is explored in this collection of original contributions from educationalists, philosophers and psychologists. Discusses the increasingly prominent debates about the nature of know-how in mainstream analytical epistemology Illuminates what is involved in professional expertise and the implications of a sound understanding of professional expertise for professional education practice, curriculum design and assessment All contributions are philosophically grounded and reflect interdisciplinary advances in understanding expertise
Category: Philosophy

Handbook Of Research On Adult Learning And Development

Author : M Cecil Smith
ISBN : 9781135597399
Genre : Education
File Size : 21.22 MB
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The time is right for this comprehensive, state-of-the-art Handbook that analyzes, integrates, and summarizes theoretical advances and research findings on adult development and learning - a rapidly growing field reflecting demographic shifts toward an aging population in Western societies. Featuring contributions from prominent scholars across diverse disciplinary fields (education, developmental psychology, public policy, gerontology, neurology, public health, sociology, family studies, and adult education), the volume is organized around six themes: theoretical perspectives on adult development and learning research methods in adult development research on adult development research on adult learning aging and gerontological research policy perspectives on aging. The Handbook is an essential reference for researchers, faculty, graduate students and practitioners whose work pertains to adult and lifespan development and learning.
Category: Education