Understanding Earth Observation

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Understanding Earth Observation

Author : Domenico Solimini
ISBN : 9783319256337
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.3 MB
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This volume addresses the physical foundation of remote sensing. The basic grounds are presented in close association with the kinds of environmental targets to monitor and with the observing techniques. The book aims at plugging the quite large gap between the thorough and quantitative description of electromagnetic waves interacting with the Earth's environment and the user applications of Earth observation. It is intended for scientifically literate students and professionals who plan to gain a first understanding of remote sensing data and of their information content.
Category: Science

Earth Observation Open Science And Innovation

Author : Pierre-Philippe Mathieu
ISBN : 9783319656335
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.28 MB
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This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to monitor our planet and transforming the way we access, process and exploit Earth Observation data from satellites. This book reviews these megatrends and their implications for the Earth Observation community as well as the wider data economy. It provides insight into new paradigms of Open Science and Innovation applied to space data, which are characterized by openness, access to large volume of complex data, wide availability of new community tools, new techniques for big data analytics such as Artificial Intelligence, unprecedented level of computing power, and new types of collaboration among researchers, innovators, entrepreneurs and citizen scientists. In addition, this book aims to provide readers with some reflections on the future of Earth Observation, highlighting through a series of use cases not just the new opportunities created by the New Space revolution, but also the new challenges that must be addressed in order to make the most of the large volume of complex and diverse data delivered by the new generation of satellites.
Category: Science

Earth Observation Of Global Change

Author : Emilio Chuvieco
ISBN : 9781402063589
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.45 MB
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Global Change is increasingly considered a critical topic in environmental research. Remote sensing methods provide a useful tool to monitor global variables, since they provide a systematic coverage of the Earth’s surface, at different spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions. This book offers an analysis of the leading missions in global Earth observation, and reviews the main fields in which remote sensing methods are providing vital data for global change studies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Earth Observation Of Global Changes Eogc

Author : Jukka M. Krisp
ISBN : 9783642327148
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.7 MB
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This book provides a collection of selected articles that have been submitted to the Earth Observation and Global Changes (EOGC2011) Conference. All articles have been carefully reviewed by an international board of top-level experts. The book covers a wide variety of topics including Physical Geodesy, Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing, High-Resolution and Fast-Revisiting Remote Sensing Satellite Systems, Global Change & Change Detection, Spatial Modelling, GIS & Geovisualization. The articles document concrete results of current studies related to Earth Sciences. The book is intended for researchers and experts working in the area of Spatial Data Analysis, Environmental Monitoring/Analysis, Global Change Monitoring and related fields.
Category: Science

Thriving On Our Changing Planet

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309467575
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.13 MB
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We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities â€" social, economic, security, and more â€" that such knowledge can bring. By continuously monitoring and exploring Earth, developing a deep understanding of its evolving behavior, and characterizing the processes that shape and reshape the environment in which we live, we not only advance knowledge and basic discovery about our planet, but we further develop the foundation upon which benefits to society are built. Thriving on Our Changing Planet presents prioritized science, applications, and observations, along with related strategic and programmatic guidance, to support the U.S. civil space Earth observation program over the coming decade.
Category: Science

Evidence From Earth Observation Satellites

Author : Ray Purdy
ISBN : 9789004194434
Genre : Law
File Size : 80.99 MB
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Evidence from Earth Observation Satellites is an edited collection analysing emerging legal issues surrounding the use of satellite data as evidence. It considers whether data from satellite technologies can be a legally reliable, effective evidential tool in contemporary legal systems.
Category: Law

Earth Observing Platforms And Sensors

Author : Mark W. Jackson
ISBN : 1570830894
Genre : Earth sciences
File Size : 23.8 MB
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"This volume of the Manual of Remote Sensing series, Volume 1.1: Earth Observing Platforms & Sensors, updates the previous CD-ROM database of sensors and platforms and adds chapters of context for major families of sensors and platforms. The intent of this volume is to enable all who have an interest in remote sensing -- from student to researcher to practitioner -- to see what the possibilities are, how the field has developed and where it is going. The past several years have witnessed proliferation of the use and awareness of remotely sensed imagery in research fields not traditionally concerned with geospatial technologies and by the general public for an ever-expanding variety of tasks. The chapters of this volume do not seek to address all possible uses for remotely sensed data. The goal is to provide a starting point for anyone searching for a greater understanding of what has, can and may be done using remote sensors for Earth observation. Following a brief history of key developments in remote sensing and related technologies, the chapters introduce the reader to the basics of the broad sensor families and types and conclude with chapters on the related in situ sensors and a look at the future of spaceborne remote sensing."--Back cover.
Category: Earth sciences

Knowledge Discovery In Big Data From Astronomy And Earth Observation

Author : Petr Skoda
ISBN : 9780128191552
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.86 MB
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Knowledge Discovery in Big Data from Astronomy and Earth Observation: Astrogeoinformatics bridges the gap between astronomy and geoscience in the context of applications, techniques and key principles of big data. Machine learning and parallel computing are increasingly becoming cross-disciplinary as the phenomena of Big Data is becoming common place. This book provides insight into the common workflows and data science tools used for big data in astronomy and geoscience. After establishing similarity in data gathering, pre-processing and handling, the data science aspects are illustrated in the context of both fields. Software, hardware and algorithms of big data are addressed. Finally, the book offers insight into the emerging science which combines data and expertise from both fields in studying the effect of cosmos on the earth and its inhabitants. Addresses both astronomy and geosciences in parallel, from a big data perspective Includes introductory information, key principles, applications and the latest techniques Well-supported by computing and information science-oriented chapters to introduce the necessary knowledge in these fields
Category: Science

Earth Observation Of Ecosystem Services

Author : Domingo Alcaraz-Segura
ISBN : 9781466505889
Genre : Nature
File Size : 86.84 MB
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A balanced review of differing approaches based on remote sensing tools and methods to assess and monitor biodiversity, carbon and water cycles, and the energy balance of terrestrial ecosystem. Earth Observation of Ecosystem Services highlights the advantages Earth observation technologies offer for quantifying and monitoring multiple ecosystem functions and services. It provides a multidisciplinary reference that expressly covers the use of remote sensing for quantifying and monitoring multiple ecosystem services. Rather than exhaustively cover all possible ecosystem services, this book takes a global look at the most relevant remote sensing approaches to estimate key ecosystem services from satellite data. Structured in four main sections, it covers carbon cycle, biodiversity, water cycle, and energy balance. Each section contains a review of conceptual and empirical methods, techniques, and case studies linking remotely sensed data to the biophysical variables and ecosystem functions associated with key ecosystem services. The book identifies relevant issues and challenges of assessment, presents cutting-edge sensing techniques, uses globally implemented tools to quantify ecosystem functions, and presents examples of successful monitoring programs. Covering recent developments undertaken on the global and national stage from Earth observation satellite data, it includes valuable lessons and recommendations and novel ways to improve current global monitoring systems. The book delineates the use of Earth observation data so that it can be used to quantify, map, value, and manage the valuable goods and services that ecosystems provide to societies around the world.
Category: Nature

Small Satellites For Earth Observation

Author : Hans-Peter Röser
ISBN : 9783110919806
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.71 MB
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Der vorliegende Band präsentiert ausgewählte Beiträge des 5. IAA Symposium on Small Satellites for Earth Observation. Die von der International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) mit Sitz in Paris organisierte Tagung fand vom 4.-8. April 2005 in Berlin statt. Gastgeber war das Deutsche Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt , Berlin.
Category: Science

Building Earth Observation Cameras

Author : George Joseph
ISBN : 9781466566484
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.76 MB
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A System Engineer’s Guide to Building an Earth Observation Camera Building Earth Observation Cameras discusses the science and technology of building an electro-optical imaging system for a space platform from concept to space qualification and in-orbit evaluation. The book provides a broad overview of various Earth imaging systems with specific examples illustrating the design and development issues that impacted the Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) cameras, and is based on the actual experience of the author, who was intimately involved with the development of cameras for the IRS program. It equips imaging system project managers, scholars, and researchers with the ability to look deeper into the systems that they are developing, and arms application scientists who use satellite imagery with a greater understanding of the technical aspects and terminology used in defining the performance of the image system. The text traces the historical development of imaging systems, reviews the evolution of Earth observation systems from a global perspective, and examines future trends. This interdisciplinary work: Presents technical issues associated with the design, fabrication, and characterization of the camera Provides a narrow focus and end-to-end solutions to all components involved in a successful camera-on-Earth observation system Covers various stages including image formation, optics, opto-mechanics, material choice, design tradeoffs, fabrication, evaluation, and finally qualifying the system for space use Building Earth Observation Cameras provides the tools needed to enable readers to better understand the concepts and challenges involved in building space-based Earth observation systems.
Category: Science

Nasa Earth Observations

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015075629579
Genre : Earth sciences
File Size : 56.53 MB
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Category: Earth sciences

Thriving On Our Changing Planet A Decadal Strategy For Earth Observation From Space

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309492430
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.83 MB
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We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities â€" social, economic, security, and more â€" that such knowledge can bring. By continuously monitoring and exploring Earth, developing a deep understanding of its evolving behavior, and characterizing the processes that shape and reshape the environment in which we live, we not only advance knowledge and basic discovery about our planet, but we further develop the foundation upon which benefits to society are built. Thriving on Our Changing Planet: A Decadal Strategy for Earth Observation from Space (National Academies Press, 2018) provides detailed guidance on how relevant federal agencies can ensure that the United States receives the maximum benefit from its investments in Earth observations from space, while operating within realistic cost constraints. This short booklet, designed to be accessible to the general public, provides a summary of the key ideas and recommendations from the full decadal survey report.
Category: Science

Standard Based Data And Information Systems For Earth Observation

Author : Liping Di
ISBN : 3540882642
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.81 MB
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CEOS was established under the auspices of the Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations in 1984 in response to a recommendation from a panel of experts in remote sensing within the Working Group on Growth, Technology and Employment (CEOS, 2009). The panel recognized the collective value of the world’s Earth remote sensing capabilities and the advantages that would be gained by the coordination of civil Earth observing satellite missions. By cooperating in mission planning and the development of compatible data products, applications, services and policies, the national space programs would maximize the bene?ts of their individual inve- ments and be able to better address the environmental challenges of the entire international community. CEOS was to serve as the focal point for this inter- tional coordination and to provide the forum for the change of policy and technical information. The members of CEOS are governmental organizations that are international or national in nature and are responsible for a civil space-borne Earth observation program that is currently in operation or in an advanced stage of system devel- ment. CEOS also has established Associate Members that are similar governmental organizations with a civil space-segment activity in an early stage of system dev- opment or those with a signi?cant ground-segment activity that supports CEOS objectives. Associate Members may also be existing satellite coordination group and scienti?c or governmental bodies that are international in nature and have a signi?cant programmatic activity that likewise is aligned with the goals of CEOS.
Category: Science

Earth Science And Applications From Space

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309096720
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.79 MB
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The Earth is a dynamic planet whose changes and variations affect our communications, energy, health, food, housing, and transportation infrastructure. Understanding these changes requires a range of observations acquired from a variety of land-, sea-, air-, and space-based platforms. To assist NASA, NOAA, and the USGS develop these tools, the NRC was asked by these agencies to carry out a decadal strategy survey of Earth science and applications from space. In particular, the study is to develop the key scientific questions on which to focus Earth and environmental observations in the period 2005-2015, and a prioritized list of space programs, missions, and supporting activities to address these questions. This interim report outlines a key element of the studyâ€"the rationale for tying Earth observations to societal needâ€"and identifies urgent near-term actions needed to achieve this goal. A final report, due in late 2006, will provide the list of recommended space missions, programs, and supporting.
Category: Science