Trends In Quantum Computing Research

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Trends In Quantum Computing Research

Author : Susan Shannon
ISBN : 1594548404
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.11 MB
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Quantum information processing is an exciting new emergent and interdisciplinary field. It combines questions of national security (When will today's public key cryptography be broken?) to questions of fundamental science (What are the fundamental limits to information processing?). It has thrived through the collaboration between the computer, engineering, mathematical and physical sciences. It is a field that is challenging our understanding of information, communication, computation, and of the fundamental laws of nature. This book brings together leading research in the field.
Category: Computers

Global Trends In Intelligent Computing Research And Development

Author : Tripathy, B.K.
ISBN : 9781466649378
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89.2 MB
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As the amount of accumulated data across a variety of fields becomes harder to maintain, it is essential for a new generation of computational theories and tools to assist humans in extracting knowledge from this rapidly growing digital data. Global Trends in Intelligent Computing Research and Development brings together recent advances and in depth knowledge in the fields of knowledge representation and computational intelligence. Highlighting the theoretical advances and their applications to real life problems, this book is an essential tool for researchers, lecturers, professors, students, and developers who have seek insight into knowledge representation and real life applications.
Category: Computers

Computer Science Research Trends

Author : Casey B. Yarnall
ISBN : 1600215181
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48.20 MB
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Like them or hate them, computers are here to stay. The books in this series present leading-edge research in the field of computer research, technology and applications. Each contribution has been carefully selected for inclusion based on the significance of the research to this fast-moving and diverse field.
Category: Computers

Future Trends Of Hpc In A Disruptive Scenario

Author : L. Grandinetti
ISBN : 9781614999997
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.53 MB
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The realization that the use of components off the shelf (COTS) could reduce costs sparked the evolution of the massive parallel computing systems available today. The main problem with such systems is the development of suitable operating systems, algorithms and application software that can utilise the potential processing power of large numbers of processors. As a result, systems comprising millions of processors are still limited in the applications they can efficiently solve. Two alternative paradigms that may offer a solution to this problem are Quantum Computers (QC) and Brain Inspired Computers (BIC). This book presents papers from the 14th edition of the biennial international conference on High Performance Computing - From Clouds and Big Data to Exascale and Beyond, held in Cetraro, Italy, from 2 - 6 July 2018. It is divided into 4 sections covering data science, quantum computing, high-performance computing, and applications. The papers presented during the workshop covered a wide spectrum of topics on new developments in the rapidly evolving supercomputing field – including QC and BIC – and a selection of contributions presented at the workshop are included in this volume. In addition, two papers presented at a workshop on Brain Inspired Computing in 2017 and an overview of work related to data science executed by a number of universities in the USA, parts of which were presented at the 2018 and previous workshops, are also included. The book will be of interest to all those whose work involves high-performance computing.
Category: Computers

Current Trends In Theoretical Computer Science

Author : Gheorghe P?un
ISBN : 9789812562494
Genre : Computer science
File Size : 35.79 MB
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This book is based on columns and tutorials published in the Bulletin of the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) during the period 2000OCo2003. It presents many of the most active current research lines in theoretical computer science. The material appears in two volumes, OC Algorithms and ComplexityOCO and OC Formal Models and SemanticsOCO, reflecting the traditional division of the field. The list of contributors includes many of the well-known researchers in theoretical computer science. Most of the articles are reader-friendly and do not presuppose much knowledge of the area in question. Therefore, the book constitutes very suitable supplementary reading material for various courses and seminars in computer science. Contents: Vol 1: Algorithms; Computational Complexity; Distributed Computing; Natural Computing; Vol 2: Formal Specification; Logic in Computer Science; Concurrency; Formal Language Theory. Readership: Upper level undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in theoretical computer science and biocomputing."
Category: Computer science

Computer Physics Research Trends

Author : Silvan J. Bianco
ISBN : 1600215955
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.54 MB
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This book includes within its scope: computational models in physics and physical chemistry; computer programs in physics and physical chemistry; computational models and programs associated with the design, control, and analysis of experiments; numerical methods and algorithms; algebraic computation; impact of advanced computer architecture and special purpose computers on computing in the physical sciences; software topics, including programming environments, languages, data bases, expert systems, and graphics packages related to physical sciences; and, analysis of computer systems performance.
Category: Computers

Quantum Information Processing And Quantum Error Correction

Author : Ivan Djordjevic
ISBN : 9780123854926
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.40 MB
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Quantum Information Processing and Quantum Error Correction is a self-contained, tutorial-based introduction to quantum information, quantum computation, and quantum error-correction. Assuming no knowledge of quantum mechanics and written at an intuitive level suitable for the engineer, the book gives all the essential principles needed to design and implement quantum electronic and photonic circuits. Numerous examples from a wide area of application are given to show how the principles can be implemented in practice. This book is ideal for the electronics, photonics and computer engineer who requires an easy- to-understand foundation on the principles of quantum information processing and quantum error correction, together with insight into how to develop quantum electronic and photonic circuits. Readers of this book will be ready for further study in this area, and will be prepared to perform independent research. The reader completed the book will be able design the information processing circuits, stabilizer codes, Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) codes, subsystem codes, topological codes and entanglement-assisted quantum error correction codes; and propose corresponding physical implementation. The reader completed the book will be proficient in quantum fault-tolerant design as well. Unique Features Unique in covering both quantum information processing and quantum error correction – everything in one book that an engineer needs to understand and implement quantum-level circuits. Gives an intuitive understanding by not assuming knowledge of quantum mechanics, thereby avoiding heavy mathematics. In-depth coverage of the design and implementation of quantum information processing and quantum error correction circuits. Provides the right balance among the quantum mechanics, quantum error correction, quantum computing and quantum communication. Dr. Djordjevic is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of College of Engineering, University of Arizona, with a joint appointment in the College of Optical Sciences. Prior to this appointment in August 2006, he was with University of Arizona, Tucson, USA (as a Research Assistant Professor); University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; University of Bristol, Bristol, UK; Tyco Telecommunications, Eatontown, USA; and National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece. His current research interests include optical networks, error control coding, constrained coding, coded modulation, turbo equalization, OFDM applications, and quantum error correction. He presently directs the Optical Communications Systems Laboratory (OCSL) within the ECE Department at the University of Arizona. Provides everything an engineer needs in one tutorial-based introduction to understand and implement quantum-level circuits Avoids the heavy use of mathematics by not assuming the previous knowledge of quantum mechanics Provides in-depth coverage of the design and implementation of quantum information processing and quantum error correction circuits
Category: Science

Semiconductor Research Trends

Author : Kenneth G. Sachs
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124086948
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.6 MB
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This book includes within its scope studies of the structural, electrical, optical and acoustical properties of bulk, low-dimensional and amorphous semiconductors; computational semiconductor physics; interface properties, including the physics and chemistry of heterojunctions, metal-semiconductor and insulator-semiconductor junctions; all multi-layered structures involving semiconductor components. Dopant incorporation. Growth and preparation of materials, including both epitaxial (e.g. molecular beam and chemical vapour methods) and bulk techniques; in situ monitoring of epitaxial growth processes, also included are appropriate aspects of surface science such as the influence of growth kinetics and chemical processing on layer and device properties. The physics of semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices are examined , including theoretical modelling and experimental demonstration; all aspects of the technology of semiconductor device and circuit fabrication. Relevant areas of 'molecular electronics' and semiconductor structures incorporating Langmuir- Blodgett films; resists, lithography and metallisation where they are concerned with the definition of small geometry structure. The structural, electrical and optical characterisation of materials and device structures are also included. The scope encompasses materials and device reliability: reliability evaluation of technologies; failure analysis and advanced analysis techniques such as SEM, E-beam, optical emission microscopy, acoustic microscopy techniques; liquid crystal techniques; noise measurement, reliability prediction and simulation; reliability indicators; failure mechanisms, including charge migration, trapping, oxide breakdown, hot carrier effects, electro-migration, stress migration; package- related failure mechanisms; effects of operational and environmental stresses on reliability.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Quantum Chemistry Research Trends

Author : Mikas P. Kaisas
ISBN : UVA:X030257190
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.97 MB
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Quantum chemistry is a branch of theoretical chemistry, which applies quantum mechanics and quantum field theory to address issues and problems in chemistry. The description of the electronic behaviour of atoms and molecules as pertaining to their reactivity is one of the applications of quantum chemistry. Quantum chemistry lies on the border between chemistry and physics, and significant contributions have been made by scientists from both fields. It has a strong and active overlap with the field of atomic physics and molecular physics, as well as physical chemistry. This book presents leading research in the field.
Category: Science

Quantum Computing And Quantum Communications

Author : Qcqs 98
ISBN : 9783540655145
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20.95 MB
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This book contains selected papers presented at the First NASA International Conference on Quantum Computing and Quantum Communications, QCQC'98, held in Palm Springs, California, USA in February 1998. As the record of the first large-scale meeting entirely devoted to quantum computing and communications, this book is a unique survey of the state-of-the-art in the area. The 43 carefully reviewed papers are organized in topical sections on entanglement and quantum algorithms, quantum cryptography, quantum copying and quantum information theory, quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computing, and embodiments of quantum computers.
Category: Computers

Trends And Perspectives In Modern Computational Science

Author : George Maroulis
ISBN : 9789004155411
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.15 MB
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This volume contains a collection of the lectures of the invited speakers and symposium organizers presented at the International Conference of Computational methods in Science and Engineering (ICCMSE 2006), held in Chania, Greece, October 2006. The content of the papers bears upon new developments of Computational Science pertinent to Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Mathematics and Engineering. Molecular Science is a privileged ground for the application and evaluation of new mathematical tools and computational methods. In recent years, novelty and progress with greatest conceivable speed is common experience. This flavor of research findings carrying many consequences for distant fields is easily evidenced in the lectures collected in this volume.
Category: Mathematics

Computational Neuroscience Trends In Research 2000

Author : J.M. Bower
ISBN : UCLA:L0081218521
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44.9 MB
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This volume includes papers originally presented at the 8th annual Computational Neuroscience meeting (CNS'99) held in July of 1999 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The CNS meetings bring together computational neuroscientists representing many different fields and backgrounds as well as experimental preparations and theoretical approaches. The papers published here range across vast levels of scale from cellular mechanisms to cognitive brain studies. The subjects of the research include many different preparations from invertebrates to humans. In all cases the work described in this volume is focused on understanding how nervous systems compute. The research described includes subjects like neural coding and neuronal dendrites and reflects a trend towards forging links between cognitive research and neurobiology. Accordingly, this volume reflects the breadth and depth of current research in computational neuroscience taking place throughout the world.
Category: Medical

Soft Computing

Author :
ISBN : 817764632X
Genre : Soft computing
File Size : 58.83 MB
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Category: Soft computing

Trends In Quantum Dots Research

Author : Peter A. Ling
ISBN : 1594544077
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.98 MB
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A quantum dot is a particle of matter so small that the addition or removal of an electron changes its properties in some useful way. All atoms are quantum dots, but multi-molecular combinations can have this characteristic. In biochemistry, quantum dots are called redox groups. In nanotechnology, they are called quantum bits or qubits. Quantum dots typically have dimensions measured in nanometres, where one nanometre is 10-9 meter or a millionth of a millimetre. The fields of biology, chemistry, computer science, and electronics are all of interest to researchers in nanotechnology. Other applications of quantum dots include nanomachines, neural networks, and high-density memory or storage media. Research is being carried out on nano-crystals, self-assembled dots, and gated structures. This book presents leading-edge research from around the world.
Category: Science

Brain Computer Interfacing For Assistive Robotics

Author : Vaibhav Gandhi
ISBN : 9780128015872
Genre : Medical
File Size : 37.76 MB
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Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology provides a means of communication that allows individuals with severely impaired movement to communicate with assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The practicality of a BCI has been possible due to advances in multi-disciplinary areas of research related to cognitive neuroscience, brain-imaging techniques and human-computer interfaces. However, two major challenges remain in making BCI for assistive robotics practical for day-to-day use: the inherent lower bandwidth of BCI, and how to best handle the unknown embedded noise within the raw EEG. Brain-Computer Interfacing for Assistive Robotics is a result of research focusing on these important aspects of BCI for real-time assistive robotic application. It details the fundamental issues related to non-stationary EEG signal processing (filtering) and the need of an alternative approach for the same. Additionally, the book also discusses techniques for overcoming lower bandwidth of BCIs by designing novel use-centric graphical user interfaces. A detailed investigation into both these approaches is discussed. An innovative reference on the brain-computer interface (BCI) and its utility in computational neuroscience and assistive robotics Written for mature and early stage researchers, postgraduate and doctoral students, and computational neuroscientists, this book is a novel guide to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics for BCI Full-colour text that focuses on brain-computer interfacing for real-time assistive robotic application and details the fundamental issues related with signal processing and the need for alternative approaches A detailed introduction as well as an in-depth analysis of challenges and issues in developing practical brain-computer interfaces.
Category: Medical

Quantum Information Processing And Communication In Europe

Author : Antonella Karlson
ISBN : UVA:X030015240
Genre : Communication in information science
File Size : 42.6 MB
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"FET is the IST Programme nursery of novel and emerging scientific ideas. Its mission is to promote research that is of a long-term nature or involves particularly high risks, compensated by the potential of a significant societal or industrial impact. " -- ISTweb, Directorate F, Future and Emerging Technologies home page.
Category: Communication in information science

Trends In Catalysis Research

Author : Lawrence P. Bevy
ISBN : 1594546592
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.89 MB
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Catalysis is the chemical or biological process whereby the presence of an external compound, a catalyst, serves as an agent to cause a chemical reaction to occur or to improve reaction performance without altering the external compound. Catalysis is a very important process from an industrial point of view since the production of most industrially important chemicals involve catalysis. Research into catalysis is a major field in applied science, and involves many fields of chemistry and physics. The book brings together leading research in this vibrant field.
Category: Science

Quantum Computer Architecture

Author : Umar Farooq
ISBN : 9783656826521
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.77 MB
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Computer Science - Applied, grade: A, , course: Advance Computer Architecture, language: English, abstract: Quantum Computers are evolving for more than a decade and they are closer to reality. The field of quantum computing is too big to be described in one paper, but the real motivation for the quantum computers is its architecture. Firstly it is believed that classical computers can’t use the quantum algorithms and operations secondly the programs running on the quantum computers can’t run on traditional computer which is due to architecture and system. The quantum computer architecture is the key to build a quantum computer. The quantum computers are more complex than traditional computers. This research paper will discuss the quantum computer architecture.
Category: Computers