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Trees In Anglo Saxon England

Author : Della Hooke
ISBN : 9781843835653
Genre : History
File Size : 24.99 MB
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A powerful exploration of trees in both the real and the imagined Anglo-Saxon landscape.
Category: History

Trees And Timber In The Anglo Saxon World

Author : Michael D. J. Bintley
ISBN : 9780199680795
Genre : History
File Size : 54.14 MB
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The very first collection of essays written about the role of trees in early medieval England, bringing together established specialists and new voices to present an interdisciplinary insight into the complex relationship between the early English and their woodlands.
Category: History

Heaven And Earth In Anglo Saxon England

Author : Helen Foxhall Forbes
ISBN : 9781317123071
Genre : History
File Size : 38.17 MB
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Christian theology and religious belief were crucially important to Anglo-Saxon society, and are manifest in the surviving textual, visual and material evidence. This is the first full-length study investigating how Christian theology and religious beliefs permeated society and underpinned social values in early medieval England. The influence of the early medieval Church as an institution is widely acknowledged, but Christian theology itself is generally considered to have been accessible only to a small educated elite. This book shows that theology had a much greater and more significant impact than has been recognised. An examination of theology in its social context, and how it was bound up with local authorities and powers, reveals a much more subtle interpretation of secular processes, and shows how theological debate affected the ways that religious and lay individuals lived and died. This was not a one-way flow, however: this book also examines how social and cultural practices and interests affected the development of theology in Anglo-Saxon England, and how ’popular’ belief interacted with literary and academic traditions. Through case-studies, this book explores how theological debate and discussion affected the personal perspectives of Christian Anglo-Saxons, including where possible those who could not read. In all of these, it is clear that theology was not detached from society or from the experiences of lay people, but formed an essential constituent part.
Category: History

Anglo Saxon England

Author : Michael Lapidge
ISBN : 0521571472
Genre : History
File Size : 49.22 MB
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This volume brings to light material evidence to further our knowledge of Anglo-Saxon England.
Category: History

The Sacred Tree

Author : Carole M. Cusack
ISBN : 9781443830317
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34.19 MB
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The fundamental nature of the tree as a symbol for many communities reflects the historical reality that human beings have always interacted with and depended upon trees for their survival. Trees provided one of the earliest forms of shelter, along with caves, and the bounty of trees, nuts, fruits, and berries, gave sustenance to gatherer-hunter populations. This study has concentrated on the tree as sacred and significant for a particular group of societies, living in the ancient and medieval eras in the geographical confines of Europe, and sharing a common Indo-European inheritance, but sacred trees are found throughout the world, in vastly different cultures and historical periods. Sacred trees feature in the religious frameworks of the Ghanaian Akan, Arctic Altaic shamanic communities, and in China and Japan. The power of the sacred tree as a symbol is derived from the fact that trees function as homologues of both human beings and of the cosmos. This study concentrates the tree as axis mundi (hub or centre of the world) and the tree as imago mundi (picture of the world). The Greeks and Romans in the ancient world, and the Irish, Anglo-Saxons, continental Germans and Scandinavians in the medieval world, all understood the power of the tree, and its derivative the pillar, as markers of the centre. Sacred trees and pillars dotted their landscapes, and the territory around them derived its meaning from their presence. Unfamiliar or even hostile lands could be tamed and made meaningful by the erection of a monument that replicated the sacred centre. Such monuments also linked with boundaries, and by extension with law and order, custom and tradition. The sacred tree and pillar as centre symbolized the stability of the cosmos and of society. When the Pagan peoples of Europe adopted Christianity, the sacred trees and pillars, visible signs of the presence of the gods in the landscape, were popular targets for axe-wielding saints and missionaries who desired to force the conversion of the landscape as well as the people. Yet Christianity had its own tree monument, the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified, and which came to signify resurrected life and the conquest of eternal death for the devout. As European Pagans were converted to Christianity, their tree and pillar monuments were changed into Christian forms; the great standing crosses of Anglo-Saxon northern England played many of the same roles as Pagan sacred trees and pillars. Irish and Anglo-Saxons Christians often combined the image of the Tree of Life from the Garden of Eden with Christ on the cross, to produce a Christian version of the tree as imago mundi.
Category: Religion

Use Of The Woodlands In The Late Anglo Saxon Period

Author : R. D. Berryman
ISBN : UOM:39015043123226
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.87 MB
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A practical study of the ways in which woodlands were used in Anglo-Saxon England. It discusses woodland management and the crafts of wickerwork and basketry for making buildings and containers. There is a section on the crafts associated with large trees, such as pole lathe turning, coopering and carpentry; analysis of surviving examples of late Anglo-Saxon woodwork; and consideration of the use of tree parts - bark, twigs and fruit - in charms and medical recipes, wood ash in glass making and for use in leather tanning, the production of soap, charcoal and metal smelting.
Category: Social Science

Trees In The Religions Of Early Medieval England

Author : Michael D. J. Bintley
ISBN : 184383989X
Genre : History
File Size : 38.38 MB
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Drawing on sources from archaeology and written texts, the author brings out the full significance of trees in both pagan and Christian Anglo-Saxon religion.
Category: History

Old Names New Growth

Author : Peter Bierbaumer
ISBN : 3631583168
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.70 MB
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For the 2nd ASPNS conference the emphasis regarding the topics of the talks was placed on lexicographic and linguistic matters. In this volume the contributors assess the various problems of working with plant names like "foxes glofa" and "geormanleaf," " pulege" and "psyllium," "hlenortear" or "fornetes folm." A special study analyses the semantic aspects of Old English plant names. More generally plant related discussions deal with the mandrake legend in Anglo-Saxon England and continental Europe, the need for a new publication of the "Old English Herbarium" and of the "Medicina de Quadrupedibus," or the tree names in Anglo-Saxon charters. The conference also served as a platform to introduce the Graz-Munich online project "Dictionary of Old English Plant Names."
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Landscape Of Anglo Saxon England

Author : Della Hooke
ISBN : STANFORD:36105023159390
Genre : History
File Size : 45.88 MB
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This book concerns the landscape that surrounded early medieval man, often described as he saw and experienced it. The Anglo-Saxon period was one of considerable change in settlement and land use patterns but the landscape regions that emerge, documented for the first time in history, are still familiar to us today. The image conjured up, and for the present it can hardly be any more than an image, is tentative and incomplete, for many more threads have been embroidered upon it in the thousand succeeding years; but the early patterns often guided the latter and occasionally still show through. This book examines the Anglo-Saxon's view of his natural surroundings and how he utilized the resources available -- the cropland, woodland and marginal land of pasture and fen -- and how this is reflected in administrative patterns, how it influenced settlement, communications and trade and, moreover, influenced the landscape patterns of successive ages.
Category: History