TRANSPARENT AND REPRODUCIBLE SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH

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Transparent And Reproducible Social Science Research

Author : Garret Christensen
ISBN : 9780520296930
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.3 MB
Format : PDF
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Recently, social science has had numerous episodes of influential research that was found invalid when placed under rigorous scrutiny. The growing sense that many published results are potentially erroneous has made those conducting social science research more determined to ensure the underlying research is sound. Transparent and Reproducible Social Science Research is the first book to summarize and synthesize new approaches to combat false positives and non-reproducible findings in social science research, document the underlying problems in research practices, and teach a new generation of students and scholars how to overcome them. Understanding that social science research has real consequences for individuals when used by professionals in public policy, health, law enforcement, and other fields, the book crystallizes new insights, practices, and methods that help ensure greater research transparency, openness, and reproducibility. Readers are guided through well-known problems and are encouraged to work through new solutions and practices to improve the openness of their research. Created with both experienced and novice researchers in mind, Transparent and Reproducible Social Science Research serves as an indispensable resource for the production of high quality social science research.
Category: Social Science

Methods To Foster Transparency And Reproducibility Of Federal Statistics

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309486323
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.18 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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In 2014 the National Science Foundation (NSF) provided support to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for a series of Forums on Open Science in response to a government-wide directive to support increased public access to the results of research funded by the federal government. However, the breadth of the work resulting from the series precluded a focus on any specific topic or discussion about how to improve public access. Thus, the main goal of the Workshop on Transparency and Reproducibility in Federal Statistics was to develop some understanding of what principles and practices are, or would be, supportive of making federal statistics more understandable and reviewable, both by agency staff and the public. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
Category: Social Science

Quantitative Social Science Data With R

Author : Brian J. Fogarty
ISBN : 9781526459725
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.74 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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"A great, action-oriented book for novice data analysts. If you have no background in quantitative social science, Fogarty's book gives you a toolbox for starting statistical analysis and developing your skills" - Jamie Monogan, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Georgia Relevant, engaging, and packed with student-focused learning features, this book provides the step-by-step introduction to quantitative research and data every student needs. Gradually introducing applied statistics and R, it uses examples from across the social sciences to show you how to apply abstract statistical and methodological principles to your own work. At a student-friendly pace, it enables you to: - Understand and use quantitative data to answer questions - Approach surrounding ethical issues - Collect quantitative data - Manage, write about, and share the data effectively Supported by incredible digital resources with online tutorials, videos, datasets, and multiple choice questions, this book gives you not only the tools you need to understand statistics, quantitative data, and R software, but also the chance to practice and apply what you have learned. Brian J. Fogarty is a Lecturer in Quantitative Social Science on the Glasgow Q-Step Programme in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Glasgow.
Category: Social Science

Reproducibility And Replicability In Science

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
ISBN : 9780309486194
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.57 MB
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One of the pathways by which the scientific community confirms the validity of a new scientific discovery is by repeating the research that produced it. When a scientific effort fails to independently confirm the computations or results of a previous study, some fear that it may be a symptom of a lack of rigor in science, while others argue that such an observed inconsistency can be an important precursor to new discovery. Concerns about reproducibility and replicability have been expressed in both scientific and popular media. As these concerns came to light, Congress requested that the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine conduct a study to assess the extent of issues related to reproducibility and replicability and to offer recommendations for improving rigor and transparency in scientific research. Reproducibility and Replicability in Science defines reproducibility and replicability and examines the factors that may lead to non-reproducibility and non-replicability in research. Unlike the typical expectation of reproducibility between two computations, expectations about replicability are more nuanced, and in some cases a lack of replicability can aid the process of scientific discovery. This report provides recommendations to researchers, academic institutions, journals, and funders on steps they can take to improve reproducibility and replicability in science.
Category: Science

Historically Black

Author : Mieka Brand Polanco
ISBN : 9780814785928
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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In Historically Black, Mieka Brand Polanco examines the concept of community in the United States: how communities are experienced and understood, the complex relationship between human beings and their social and physical landscapes—and how the term “community” is sometimes conjured to feign a cohesiveness that may not actually exist. Drawing on ethnographic and historical materials from Union, Virginia, Historically Black offers a nuanced and sensitive portrait of a federally recognized Historic District under the category “Ethnic Heritage—Black.” Since Union has been home to a racially mixed population since at least the late 19th century, calling it “historically black” poses some curious existential questions to the black residents who currently live there. Union’s identity as a “historically black community” encourages a perception of the town as a monochromatic and monohistoric landscape, effectively erasing both old-timer white residents and newcomer black residents while allowing newer white residents to take on a proud role as preservers of history. Gestures to “community” gloss an oversimplified perspective of race, history and space that conceals much of the richness (and contention) of lived reality in Union, as well as in the larger United States. They allow Americans to avoid important conversations about the complex and unfolding nature by which groups of people and social/physical landscapes are conceptualized as a single unified whole. This multi-layered, multi-textured ethnography explores a key concept, inviting public conversation about the dynamic ways in which race, space, and history inform our experiences and understanding of community.
Category: Social Science

New Scientist

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015072641429
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.46 MB
Format : PDF
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Category: Science

The Handbook Of Social Work Research Methods

Author : Bruce Thyer
ISBN : 9781452278889
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.29 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.
Category: Social Science

Evidence Based Review In Policy And Practice An Issue Of Nursing Clinics

Author : Alan Pearson
ISBN : 9780323326636
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.39 MB
Format : PDF
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Evidence synthesis is the evaluation or analysis of research evidence and opinion on a specific topic to aid in decision-making in health care. Although the science of evidence synthesis has developed most rapidly in relation to the meta-analysis of numerical data linked to theories of cause and effect, the further development of theoretical understandings and propositions of the nature of evidence, its role in health care delivery, and the facilitation of improved global health have increased rapidly since 2000. The articles appearing in this issue examine the role of evidence synthesis in nursing and health care and are written by expert translational scientists from across the world. Three introductory articles overview evidence synthesis and its role in evidence-based health care; methods, issues, and trends in the systematic review of health care evidence; and the development of a robust evidence base for nursing. Subsequent articles explore the impact of systematic reviews on policy and practice in a variety of settings, including perioperative care, pediatrics, rehabilitation and long-term/continuing care, mental health, and public health. The final articles discuss the impact of evidence on health policy and practice and the complexities of translating evidence into policy and practice. These articles show the importance of synthesizing evidence and translating policy and practice into action in our quest to improve health care and health outcomes.
Category: Medical