TRAM-ATLAS-BRITAIN-IRELAND

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Rails In The Road

Author : Oliver Green
ISBN : 9781473869417
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 29.59 MB
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There have been passenger tramways in Britain for 150 years, but it is a rollercoaster story of rise, decline and a steady return. Trams have come and gone, been loved and hated, popular and derided, considered both wildly futuristic and hopelessly outdated by politicians, planners and the public alike. Horse trams, introduced from the USA in the 1860s, were the first cheap form of public transport on city streets. Electric systems were developed in nearly every urban area from the 1890s and revolutionised town travel in the Edwardian era. A century ago, trams were at their peak, used by everyone all over the country and a mark of civic pride in towns and cities from Dover to Dublin. But by the 1930s they were in decline and giving way to cheaper and more flexible buses and trolleybuses. By the 1950s all the major systems were being replaced. London’s last tram ran in 1952 and ten years later Glasgow, the city most firmly linked with trams, closed its network down. Only Blackpool, famous for its decorated cars, kept a public service running and trams seemed destined only for scrapyards and museums. A gradual renaissance took place from the 1980s, with growing interest in what are now described as light rail systems in Europe and North America. In the UK and Ireland modern trams were on the streets of Manchester from 1992, followed successively by Sheffield, Croydon, the West Midlands, Nottingham, Dublin and Edinburgh (2014). Trams are now set to be a familiar and significant feature of twenty-first century urban life, with more development on the way.
Category: Transportation

Trams And Trolleybuses

Author : Oliver Green
ISBN : 9781784422493
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 41.5 MB
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From the horse-drawn trams of the nineteenth century to the larger electric models of the early twentieth, this reliable form of public transport revolutionised town travel by making it affordable enough for working people to use. From the 1930s, the rise of the trolleybus, which also picked up power from overhead cables but ran without expensive tracks, looked set to supersede the tram – but ultimately, by the 1950s, both fell victim to motor buses and private cars. However, since the 1980s the environmental benefits of light rail have encouraged a growing comeback for trams on our crowded and polluted city streets. Using beautiful contemporary photographs, this is the fascinating story of the rise, fall and revival of this everyday, yet sometimes controversial, mode of urban transport.
Category: Transportation

Atlas Of Industrializing Britain 1780 1914

Author : John Langton
ISBN : 9781135836450
Genre : History
File Size : 43.62 MB
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First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: History

An Atlas Of Irish History

Author : Ruth Dudley Edwards
ISBN : 0415278597
Genre : History
File Size : 90.50 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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"The history of Ireland and its people is one of extraordinary richness and variety. Combining more than a hundred ... maps, charts and graphs with a narrative packed with key facts and ... analysis, An Atlas of Irish History provides comprehensive coverage of the main political, military, economic, religious and social changes that have occurred in Ireland and among the Irish abroad over the past two millennia. This third edition has been comprehensively revised, updated and significantly expanded to include an account of the startling changes that have occurred in Ireland and among its emigrants in the last few decades - from the impact of the Celtic Tiger to the peace process."--Back cover.
Category: History