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Towards A Code Of Ethics For Artificial Intelligence

Author : Paula Boddington
ISBN : 9783319606484
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79.57 MB
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The author investigates how to produce realistic and workable ethical codes or regulations in this rapidly developing field to address the immediate and realistic longer-term issues facing us. She spells out the key ethical debates concisely, exposing all sides of the arguments, and addresses how codes of ethics or other regulations might feasibly be developed, looking for pitfalls and opportunities, drawing on lessons learned in other fields, and explaining key points of professional ethics. The book provides a useful resource for those aiming to address the ethical challenges of AI research in meaningful and practical ways.
Category: Computers

Professional Practice In Engineering And Computing

Author : Riadh Habash
ISBN : 9780429511349
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.2 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book has been developed with an intellectual framework to focus on the challenges and specific qualities applicable to graduates on the threshold of their careers. Young professionals have to establish their competence in complying with multifaceted sets of ethical, environmental, social, and technological parameters. This competence has a vital impact on the curricula of higher education programs, because professional bodies today rely on accredited degrees as the main route for membership. Consequently, this four-part book makes a suitable resource for a two-semester undergraduate course in professional practice and career development in universities and colleges. With its comprehensive coverage of a large variety of topics, each part of the book can be used as a reference for other related courses where sustainability, leadership, systems thinking and professional practice are evident and increasingly visible. Features Identifies the values that are unique to the engineering and computing professions, and promotes a general understanding of what it means to be a member of a profession Explains how ethical and legal considerations play a role in engineering practice Discusses the importance of professional communication and reflective practice to a range of audiences Presents the practices of leadership, innovation, entrepreneurship, safety and sustainability in engineering design Analyzes and discusses the contemporary practices of project management, artificial intelligence, and professional career development.
Category: Medical

A I The Path Towards Logical And Rational Agents

Author : alasdair gilchrist
ISBN : 9781386555339
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.51 MB
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This book is an introduction to the fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence its aim is to introduce A.I. through its history, its contemporary role in society and the economy. We then lift the hood to see how A.I. works and how we can create our very own rational A.I. agents The topics of interest are as follows: A.I. today in 2017 A.I role in society A.I. role in employment A.I. role in the economy Algorithms and types of A.I Modern Approaches to A.I What A.I. can do What A.I. can't do – for now Types of A.I. agents Understanding Environments Solving Problems with A.I Planning with A.I Building Rational and Logical Agents Applying A.I. through Bayesian and Decision Networks In early chapters of this book we will learn how AI has reemerged over the last couple of decades due to a rise in complimentary enabler technologies and some surprising successes that have brought A.I. to the mainstream media’s attention. Then we lift the hood to start our investigations into how AI systems work. We will learn that AI is powered by algorithms, which do the underlying heavy lifting but we will also get an understanding regards how the algorithms achieve their goals and we will glimpse the principles on which they are designed to function. For example, we will learn the importance as to whether an algorithm acts humanly or rationally Also we will introduce the concept and learn about AI agents what they are and how they relate to artificial intelligence as a technology. We will consider how we make agents intelligent and by what means. We will then consider and learn about the various types of AI agents and have a look at their individual architecture and learn more about each of their functions and purpose. Hence we will learn how to build reflex-based, model-based, goal-based, and utility-based agents by learning how they work. Finally we will introduce learning agents and a radical view of an alternative architecture based upon natures evolutional model. We will address how to use AI algorithms to solve problems. Hence we will learn how to construct our problem, by ensuring it is well-defined. We will also learn how a search tree works and its infrastructure and how to decompose a search algorithm to its four functional components. We will also learn how to understand the algorithm search performance and results by completeness, optimality, and space and time complexity. Then we will learn about knowledge-based agents, what they are, how they are built and how we imbue them with knowledge. Furthermore we will introduce and learn about Logical agents where we use representations based on logic statements to allow the agent to perform acts of reason. In addition we look at AI's role in Planning and why we require AI as a planning agent. We will see how a planning agent's infrastructure differs from problem solving agents in state, goals and actions. Furthermore we will learn the theory behind Bayesian networks and Conditional Probability Tables and how to build them and calculate probability. We will also learn how to use inference algorithms in Bayesian network. Finally we look at the principles behind rational agents and the 6 constraints known as the Axioms of Utility Theory that any preference model must consider when behaving rationally. Using the knowledge accrued over the previous chapters we will construct a decision network and learn how to use it to derive probabilities of events and calculate maximum expected utility (MEU).
Category: Business & Economics

Artificial Intelligence In Society

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264545199
Genre :
File Size : 47.15 MB
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The artificial intelligence (AI) landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. Today, AI is transforming societies and economies. It promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises.

Moral Machines

Author : Wendell Wallach
ISBN : 0199705968
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.29 MB
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Computers are already approving financial transactions, controlling electrical supplies, and driving trains. Soon, service robots will be taking care of the elderly in their homes, and military robots will have their own targeting and firing protocols. Colin Allen and Wendell Wallach argue that as robots take on more and more responsibility, they must be programmed with moral decision-making abilities, for our own safety. Taking a fast paced tour through the latest thinking about philosophical ethics and artificial intelligence, the authors argue that even if full moral agency for machines is a long way off, it is already necessary to start building a kind of functional morality, in which artificial moral agents have some basic ethical sensitivity. But the standard ethical theories don't seem adequate, and more socially engaged and engaging robots will be needed. As the authors show, the quest to build machines that are capable of telling right from wrong has begun. Moral Machines is the first book to examine the challenge of building artificial moral agents, probing deeply into the nature of human decision making and ethics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Robot Ethics 2 0

Author : Keith Abney
ISBN : 9780190652951
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 57.9 MB
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The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.
Category: Philosophy

Beyond Artificial Intelligence

Author : Jan Romportl
ISBN : 9783319096681
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63.48 MB
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This book is an edited collection of chapters based on the papers presented at the conference “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams” held in Pilsen in November 2012. The aim of the conference was to question deep-rooted ideas of artificial intelligence and cast critical reflection on methods standing at its foundations. Artificial Dreams epitomize our controversial quest for non-biological intelligence and therefore the contributors of this book tried to fully exploit such a controversy in their respective chapters, which resulted in an interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from engineering, natural sciences and humanities. While pursuing the Artificial Dreams, it has become clear that it is still more and more difficult to draw a clear divide between human and machine. And therefore this book tries to portrait such an image of what lies beyond artificial intelligence: we can see the disappearing human-machine divide, a very important phenomenon of nowadays technological society, the phenomenon which is often uncritically praised, or hypocritically condemned. And so this phenomenon found its place in the subtitle of the whole volume as well as in the title of the chapter of Kevin Warwick, one of the keynote speakers at “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams”.
Category: Computers


Author : Nick Bostrom
ISBN : 9780191666834
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.32 MB
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The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains. If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence. But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation? To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence. This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.
Category: Computers