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Towards A Code Of Ethics For Artificial Intelligence

Author : Paula Boddington
ISBN : 9783319606484
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61.91 MB
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The author investigates how to produce realistic and workable ethical codes or regulations in this rapidly developing field to address the immediate and realistic longer-term issues facing us. She spells out the key ethical debates concisely, exposing all sides of the arguments, and addresses how codes of ethics or other regulations might feasibly be developed, looking for pitfalls and opportunities, drawing on lessons learned in other fields, and explaining key points of professional ethics. The book provides a useful resource for those aiming to address the ethical challenges of AI research in meaningful and practical ways.
Category: Computers

Machine Ethics

Author : Michael Anderson
ISBN : 9781139497749
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.31 MB
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The new field of machine ethics is concerned with giving machines ethical principles, or a procedure for discovering a way to resolve the ethical dilemmas they might encounter, enabling them to function in an ethically responsible manner through their own ethical decision making. Developing ethics for machines, in contrast to developing ethics for human beings who use machines, is by its nature an interdisciplinary endeavor. The essays in this volume represent the first steps by philosophers and artificial intelligence researchers toward explaining why it is necessary to add an ethical dimension to machines that function autonomously, what is required in order to add this dimension, philosophical and practical challenges to the machine ethics project, various approaches that could be considered in attempting to add an ethical dimension to machines, work that has been done to date in implementing these approaches, and visions of the future of machine ethics research.
Category: Computers

A I The Path Towards Logical And Rational Agents

Author : alasdair gilchrist
ISBN : 9781386555339
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.32 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is an introduction to the fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence its aim is to introduce A.I. through its history, its contemporary role in society and the economy. We then lift the hood to see how A.I. works and how we can create our very own rational A.I. agents The topics of interest are as follows: A.I. today in 2017 A.I role in society A.I. role in employment A.I. role in the economy Algorithms and types of A.I Modern Approaches to A.I What A.I. can do What A.I. can't do – for now Types of A.I. agents Understanding Environments Solving Problems with A.I Planning with A.I Building Rational and Logical Agents Applying A.I. through Bayesian and Decision Networks In early chapters of this book we will learn how AI has reemerged over the last couple of decades due to a rise in complimentary enabler technologies and some surprising successes that have brought A.I. to the mainstream media’s attention. Then we lift the hood to start our investigations into how AI systems work. We will learn that AI is powered by algorithms, which do the underlying heavy lifting but we will also get an understanding regards how the algorithms achieve their goals and we will glimpse the principles on which they are designed to function. For example, we will learn the importance as to whether an algorithm acts humanly or rationally Also we will introduce the concept and learn about AI agents what they are and how they relate to artificial intelligence as a technology. We will consider how we make agents intelligent and by what means. We will then consider and learn about the various types of AI agents and have a look at their individual architecture and learn more about each of their functions and purpose. Hence we will learn how to build reflex-based, model-based, goal-based, and utility-based agents by learning how they work. Finally we will introduce learning agents and a radical view of an alternative architecture based upon natures evolutional model. We will address how to use AI algorithms to solve problems. Hence we will learn how to construct our problem, by ensuring it is well-defined. We will also learn how a search tree works and its infrastructure and how to decompose a search algorithm to its four functional components. We will also learn how to understand the algorithm search performance and results by completeness, optimality, and space and time complexity. Then we will learn about knowledge-based agents, what they are, how they are built and how we imbue them with knowledge. Furthermore we will introduce and learn about Logical agents where we use representations based on logic statements to allow the agent to perform acts of reason. In addition we look at AI's role in Planning and why we require AI as a planning agent. We will see how a planning agent's infrastructure differs from problem solving agents in state, goals and actions. Furthermore we will learn the theory behind Bayesian networks and Conditional Probability Tables and how to build them and calculate probability. We will also learn how to use inference algorithms in Bayesian network. Finally we look at the principles behind rational agents and the 6 constraints known as the Axioms of Utility Theory that any preference model must consider when behaving rationally. Using the knowledge accrued over the previous chapters we will construct a decision network and learn how to use it to derive probabilities of events and calculate maximum expected utility (MEU).
Category: Business & Economics

Ethics And Robotics

Author : Rafael Capurro
ISBN : 1607500086
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69.72 MB
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"Ethics and robotics are two academic disciplines, one dealing with the moral norms and values underlying implicitly or explicitly human behavior and the other aiming at the production of artificial agents, mostly as physical devices, with some degree of autonomy based on rules and programmes set up by their creators. Robotics is also one of the research fields where the convergence of nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive science is currently taking place with large societal and legal implications beyond traditional industrial applications. Robots are and will remain -in the foreseeable future- dependent on human ethical scrutiny as well as on the moral and legal responsibility of humans. Human-robot interaction raises serious ethical questions right now that are theoretically less ambitious, but practically more important than the possibility of the creation of moral machines that would be more than machines with an ethical code. The ethical perspective addressed in this volume is therefore the one we humans have when interacting with robots. Topics include the ethical challenges of healthcare and warfare applications of robotics, as well as fundamental questions concerning the moral dimension of human-robot-interaction including epistomological, ontological and psychoanalytic issues. It deals also with the intercultural dialogue between Western and Non-Western as well as between European and US-American ethicists."--P. [4] of cover.
Category: Computers

Robot Ethics 2 0

Author : Patrick Lin
ISBN : 9780190652975
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 52.58 MB
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The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.
Category: Philosophy

Artificial Intelligence

Author : Saswat Sarangi
ISBN : 9780429865404
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26.77 MB
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What will the future be? A dystopian landscape controlled by machines or a brave new world full of possibilities? Perhaps the answer lies with Artificial Intelligence (AI)—a phenomenon much beyond technology that has, continues to, and will shape lives in ways we do not understand yet. This book traces the evolution of AI in contemporary history. It analyses how AI is primarily being driven by "capital" as the only "factor of production" and its consequences for the global political economy. It further explores the dystopian prospect of mass unemployment by AI and takes up the ethical aspects of AI and its possible use in undermining natural and fundamental rights. A tract for the times, this volume will be a major intervention in an area that is heavily debated but rarely understood. It will be essential reading for researchers and students of digital humanities, politics, economics, science and technology studies, physics, and computer science. It will also be key reading for policy makers, cyber experts and bureaucrats.
Category: Political Science

Artificial Intelligence In Society

Author : OECD
ISBN : 9789264545199
Genre :
File Size : 60.66 MB
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The artificial intelligence (AI) landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. Today, AI is transforming societies and economies. It promises to generate productivity gains, improve wellbeing and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises.

Fundamental Issues Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Vincent C. Müller
ISBN : 9783319264851
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 43.82 MB
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This volume offers a look at the fundamental issues of present and future AI, especially from cognitive science, computer science, neuroscience and philosophy. This work examines the conditions for artificial intelligence, how these relate to the conditions for intelligence in humans and other natural agents, as well as ethical and societal problems that artificial intelligence raises or will raise. The key issues this volume investigates include the relation of AI and cognitive science, ethics of AI and robotics, brain emulation and simulation, hybrid systems and cyborgs, intelligence and intelligence testing, interactive systems, multi-agent systems, and super intelligence. Based on the 2nd conference on “Theory and Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence” held in Oxford, the volume includes prominent researchers within the field from around the world.
Category: Philosophy

The Algorithmic Code Of Ethics

Author : Jerome Beranger
ISBN : 9781786303066
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.50 MB
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The technical progress illustrated by the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big Data technologies, the Internet of Things (IoT), online platforms, NBICs, autonomous expert systems, and the Blockchain let appear the possibility of a new world and the emergence of a fourth industrial revolution centered around digital data. Therefore, the advent of digital and its omnipresence in our modern society create a growing need to lay ethical benchmarks against this new religion of data, the "dataisme".
Category: Social Science


Author : Spyros G. Tzafestas
ISBN : 9783319217147
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.83 MB
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This volume explores the ethical questions that arise in the development, creation and use of robots that are capable of semiautonomous or autonomous decision making and human-like action. It examines how ethical and moral theories can and must be applied to address the complex and critical issues of the application of these intelligent robots in society. Coverage first presents fundamental concepts and provides a general overview of ethics, artificial intelligence and robotics. Next, the book studies all principal ethical applications of robots, namely medical, assistive, socialized and war roboethics. It looks at such issues as robotic surgery, children-robot and elderly-robot therapeutical/social interactions and the use of robots, especially autonomous lethal ones, in warfare. In addition, a chapter also considers Japanese roboethics as well as key intercultural and robot legislation issues. Overall, readers are provided with a thorough investigation into the moral responsibility (if any) of autonomous robots when doing harm. This volume will serve as an ideal educational source in engineering and robotics courses as well as an introductory reference for researchers in the field.
Category: Technology & Engineering