Tourism And Poverty Reduction

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Tourism Poverty And Development

Author : Andrew Holden
ISBN : 9781135175658
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.59 MB
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Poverty alleviation is high on the global policy agenda, its importance being emphasised by its place as the first of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. As a potentially significant source of economic growth in developing countries, tourism may also play a major role in poverty reduction and alleviation under the right circumstances. The incorporation of tourism into development policy and Poverty Reduction Strategies has special poignancy for those Least Developed Countries where natural resources exist to support a tourism industry and there are limited development alternatives. This book offers a holistic, explicit and detailed introduction to the relationship of poverty and tourism within the context of developing countries. The book is divided into distinct sections, progressing from an evaluation of the key concepts of poverty, tourism and development; to the causal factors of poverty; to the mechanisms of how tourism is being implemented in policy and practice to reduce poverty and finally to an analysis of the relationship between tourism to poverty alleviation in the future. The adopted analytical approach of the key themes is multi-disciplinary, incorporating tourism studies, human geography, political economy, economics, development and environmental studies. It integrates examples and original case studies from varying geographical developing regions including Africa, South Asian and East Asia and the Pacific, to lend practical insights into tourism’s role in poverty alleviation. The text will be of particular interest to higher education students from tourism studies, geography, political economy, environmental and development studies, and sociology backgrounds. It will also be of relevance to government and policy makers, alongside those who have a more general interest in poverty alleviation.
Category: Business & Economics

Pro Poor Tourism

Author : Colin Michael Hall
ISBN : 9781845410759
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85.29 MB
Format : PDF
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Pro-poor tourism is currently receiving enormous attention from the World Tourism Organization, government, industry, and NGOs. Through a series of cases and reviews this book provides one of the first assessments of the effectiveness of pro-poor tourism as a development strategy and tackles the issue of who benefits from tourisms potential role in poverty reduction.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Jonathan Mitchell
ISBN : 9781844078882
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.67 MB
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"Tourism can reduce poverty in developing countries. But tourism growth is not universally inclusive of the poor. Moreover our understanding of how tourism affects the poor is largely based on partial and superficial analysis. Researchers from different disciplines and practitioners with different objectives generally work in splendid isolation from each other and from the mainstream of development economics. Detailed economic analysis remains buried and is rarely challenged for policy implications, let alone poverty implications. This book provides an overview of a broad array of analyses of how tourism affects poor people. First, it pulls these together to identify three main pathways by which impacts on poverty can be delivered. Second, it reviews theempirical evidence on the scale and significance of impacts within each pathway, exploring where comparisons can be made and where they cannot. Finally, it considers the different methods used to gather and collect data, and implications for how we should work in the future. Tourism and Poverty Reduction draws on international evidence throughout, but provides particular insights into Africa and other less developed countries. It makes a major contribution to a more coherent, cross-disciplinary and sensitive approach to the tourism-poverty debate."--Back cover.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty Alleviation

Author : World Tourism Organization
ISBN : IND:30000107477501
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.31 MB
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Tourism is a key export for many developing countries, and this industry can play a significant role in promoting balanced sustainable development which generates benefits for poorer communities. This report reflects this concern by examining the contribution which tourism development can make to the elimination of poverty in developing countries, as well as making recommendations for action by governments, the industry, development agencies and local communities.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Anna Spenceley
ISBN : 9781317387022
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64.48 MB
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Over the past decade, there have been an increasing number of publications that have analysed and critiqued the potential of tourism to be a mechanism for poverty reduction in less economically developed countries (LEDCs). This book showcases work by established and emerging researchers that provides new thinking and tests previously made assumptions, providing an essential guide for students, practitioners and academics. This book advances our understanding of the changes and ways forward in the field of sustainable tourism development. Five main themes are illustrated throughout the book: (1) measuring impacts of tourism on poverty; (2) the need to evaluate whether interventions that aim to reduce poverty are effective; (3) how unbalanced power relations and weak governance can undermine efforts; (4) the importance of the private sector’s use of pro-poor business practices; and (5) the value of using multidisciplinary and multi-method research approaches. Furthermore, the book shows that academic research findings can be used practically in destinations, and how practitioners can benefit from sharing their experiences with academic scholars. This book was based on a special issue and various articles from the Journal of Sustainable Tourism.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty

Author : Regina Scheyvens
ISBN : 9781136830426
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.11 MB
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Tourism and Poverty addresses a critical question facing many academics, governments, aid agencies, tourism organizations, and conservation bodies around the world: can tourism work as a tool to overcome poverty? This book is the first to present a focused description and critique of the issues surrounding poverty and tourism. Relying on a wealth of primary data on tourism, Regina Scheyvens supports her findings with novel case studies such as innovative partnerships between resorts and fledgling indigenous businesses in Fiji, Oxfam’s work to connect the agriculture and tourism sectors in the Caribbean, and difficulties in alleviating poverty in the Maldives despite the growth of luxury tourism. This book will challenge the way academics and tourism professionals understand the current and potential role of tourism in alleviating poverty.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Jonathan Mitchell
ISBN : 1844078892
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Encouraging tourism in poor countries is, surprisingly often, an effective way of achieving poverty reduction through inclusive economic growth. But not always. Sometimes international tourism development does little for the local economy and the livelihoods of the poor. Our understanding of how tourism affects the poor is often based on partial and shallow analysis. Researchers from different disciplines and practitioners with different objectives generally work in splendid isolation from each other and from the mainstream of development economics. Rhetoric, based on unsubstantiated facts, abounds. Detailed economic analysis remains buried and is rarely challenged for policy implications, let alone poverty implications. This book provides an overview and synthesis of a broad array of analyses of how tourism affects poverty. First, it pulls these together to identify three main pathways by which impacts on poverty can be delivered. Second, it reviews the empirical evidence on the scale and significance of impact of each pathway, exploring where comparisons can be made and where they cannot. Finally, it considers the different methods used to gather and collect data. 'Tourism and Poverty Reduction' draws on international evidence throughout, but provides particular insights into Africa and other less developed countries. The key aims are to enhance understanding of how tourism can affect poverty; the conditions under which poverty reduction can be achieved and the type of data and analysis policy-makers need in order to do this. It makes a major contribution to a more coherent, cross-disciplinary and sensitive approach to the tourism-poverty debate.
Category: Business & Economics

Poverty Alleviation Through Tourism Development

Author : Robertico Croes
ISBN : 9781498732710
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book offers a comprehensive and integrated approach to the topic of tourism development and its contribution to the fight against poverty. Tourism development is credited to be a powerful source of regional development and improvement in developing countries, and the focus of the book is on the world’s poorest areas and how tourism connects to the poor and unlocks opportunities to escape the poverty trap. This book takes a comprehensive and unique approach by combining a decade of research on the effects of tourism development on poverty reduction in Latin America. The book explores poverty and its impact on development at the macro and micro levels. Then, it goes on to focus on tourism development and its effects on growth, inequality, and poverty reduction and how these dynamic relationships affect the most vulnerable groups of society. The research also documents on how the poor perceive tourism development on their lives and if they see it as an important vehicle to help them escape from poverty. Lastly, the authors map the conditions under which tourism can reach the poor and how tourism can offer opportunities for impoverished areas and their residents. Combining tourism dynamics, development economics, poverty reduction, business practices, and a sustainable perspective, the book takes a broad look at this important issue. The book will be informative and valuable to a higher educational audience, including academia and researchers, as well as practitioners, policymakers, and international organizations, and graduate students.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And Poverty Reduction

Author : Luciano Riccioli
ISBN : 1773614363
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Tourism and Poverty Reduction examines the importance of tourism and its relationship with poverty reduction. It includes the basic description of tourism with respect to local economic development, its benefits for the poor and planning involved in reducing poverty. Provide the readers with the insights into the development of tourism industry of various developing countries, so as to define that how tourism acts as a main factor contributing towards the elimination of poverty.
Category: Business & Economics

Poverty Reduction The Private Sector And Tourism In Mainland Southeast Asia

Author : Scott Hipsher
ISBN : 9789811059483
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45.87 MB
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This book explores the issue of poverty reduction within mainland Southeast Asia with a specific focus on the impact of the private sector and tourism. Covering Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and Yunnan, the book discusses how success in poverty reduction has come about largely through innovation in the private sector, foreign investment and the move toward more market based economic policies as opposed to foreign aid, or interventions by international development programs, to reduce poverty in the region.
Category: Business & Economics

Contribution Of Tourism To Poverty Alleviation

Author : Walter Jamieson
ISBN : OCLC:1013688458
Genre : Economic development
File Size : 36.46 MB
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The paper summarizes some of the key ideas and issues in tourism related poverty reduction before addressing the measurement of poverty reduction initiatives and the development of indicators. There is a growing literature and experience in the field and the paper attempts to summarize some of the key ideas and approaches.
Category: Economic development

The Role Of Tourism In Poverty Reduction In Elmina Ghana

Author : Joel Sonne
ISBN : OCLC:847540785
Genre :
File Size : 37.91 MB
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Governments and donor agencies are increasingly advocating tourism as a viable poverty reduction option in developing countries. However, the debate surrounding tourism development mechanisms and benefits to local people is based upon limited empirical evidence. Much of the literature has focused on the socio-economic impacts of tourism in developing countries, but there is comparatively limited investment of the relationship between tourism and poverty reduction from the perspectives of the stakeholders, particularly local people. To build knowledge about this relationship, this research study examines the role of tourism in poverty reduction in Elmina, Ghana. The core aim of the research is to analyse the inter-relationship between poverty reduction and tourism from the perspective of local people and stakeholders. The research focuses upon the importance of tourism as a developmental strategy to tackle poverty. The research methodology was formulated within an interpretive paradigm utilising qualitative techniques to investigate tourism and poverty in Elmina. Stakeholders who participated in the study included: Government; Donor Agencies; Local People; Tourists; and the Private Sector. The data was analysed using thematic data analysis methods. Researcher reflexivity is also integrated into the study in view of the researcher's experience of employment in a public sector tourism organisation in Ghana. The thematic findings contribute to knowledge about the relationship between tourism and poverty reduction in Elmina and are categorised into three main themes. Firstly, local people in Elmina define and understand poverty and tourism opportunities in multiple ways, which differ from other stakeholders; however, differences in meanings and understandings exist between and within individuals and groups in Elmina. The attributes accounting for the differences in views include: level of education; access to the tourism market; participation in decision-making; and type of businesses. Secondly, local people participate in tourism mainly as owners of informal tourism businesses and employees. ii However, a group of marginalised people, the 'Castle Boys', also benefit from the support received from philanthropic tourists through the activities of begging and informal tour guiding as ways of earning income to escape from poverty. Finally, several barriers to participation for local people in tourism exist in the Elmina community, which marginalises and excludes a cross-section of the locals from the advantages of socio-economic opportunities. These barriers include: a low level of education attainment; a lack of availability of and access to credit facilities; and a lack of 'voice' in the decision-making process, indicating a general need for capacity building. Government and donor agencies' neoliberal policy objectives of utilising cultural tourism for development has failed to achieve poverty reduction in Elmina. This issue has given rise to evolving questions of the use of tourism as a developmental tool to reduce poverty and how to empower local people to actively participate in emerging socio-economic opportunities. This research subsequently contributes to furthering the understanding of the role of tourism in poverty reduction, and theoretically comprehending the role of tourism as a development strategy to combat poverty in local communities.
Category:

Potentials Of Tourism To Poverty Reduction

Author : Conrad-Joseph Wuleka Kuuder
ISBN : 3848449617
Genre :
File Size : 46.97 MB
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Tourism in the developing world has great potentials in raising living standards in rural areas because the customer comes to the product creating opportunities for direct sell, social interaction including other benefits like donations to the community with the attractions. No wonder the MDG's identified tourism development as a significant contributor to poverty alleviation. In this regard also, the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy I & II documents equally identified tourism as key to livelihood enhancement particularly in rural areas where poverty is more severe. In this book, hotel facilities in Wa Municipality were assessed to examine their pro-poor impact. Furthermore, three communities with tourism attractions located in three different districts were equally surveyed to assess tourism's contribution to livelihood enhancement in the study area. The book finally recommended that making tourism rural-oriented was a sure way to giving the visitor a new experience and efforts must be made not to depart from this norm.
Category:

The Contribution Of Tourism To Poverty Alleviation

Author : United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ISBN : 9211204453
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.87 MB
Format : PDF
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Sustainable tourism can act as a catalyst for socio-economic development and poverty reduction, through job creation and productive employment, preservation of the natural environment and cultural traditions, and investment of tax revenues derived from tourism activities in education, health and infrastructure development. This publication contains papers presented at a seminar, held in Kathmandu in August 2003, which discuss experiences from selected Asian countries on the economic impact of tourism; and specific case studies of tourism development programmes, including from India, Indonesia, Nepal and Vietnam.
Category: Business & Economics

Cultural Tourism And Poverty Alleviation

Author : World Tourism Organization
ISBN : UCSD:31822035159490
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70.46 MB
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Cultural tourism forms an important component of international tourism in today's world. It has a high potential for contributing to the reduction of poverty in poor and remote destinations, which are rich in intangible cultural resources, such as customs and folklore. This publication is the result of the WTO seminar on Cultural Tourism and Poverty Alleviation, Siem Reap, Cambodia, 8 June 2004 , and the Ministerial Conference on the same subject, held in Hue, Vietnam, 11-12 June 2004. They were organized with the aim of capitalizing on Asia's rich cultural resources to support the UN Millennium Development Goal: the eradication of extreme poverty.
Category: Business & Economics

Poverty Alleviation Through Tourism Development

Author : Robertico Croes
ISBN : 1771881410
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46.87 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 478
Read : 1081

The book offers a comprehensive and integrated approach to the topic of tourism development and its contribution to the fight against poverty. Tourism development is credited to be a powerful source of regional development and improvement in developing countries, and the focus of the book is on the world’s poorest areas and how tourism connects to the poor and unlocks opportunities to escape the poverty trap. This book takes a comprehensive and unique approach by combining a decade of research on the effects of tourism development on poverty reduction in Latin America. The book explores poverty and its impact on development at the macro and micro levels. Then, it goes on to focus on tourism development and its effects on growth, inequality, and poverty reduction and how these dynamic relationships affect the most vulnerable groups of society. The research also documents on how the poor perceive tourism development on their lives and if they see it as an important vehicle to help them escape from poverty. Lastly, the authors map the conditions under which tourism can reach the poor and how tourism can offer opportunities for impoverished areas and their residents. Combining tourism dynamics, development economics, poverty reduction, business practices, and a sustainable perspective, the book takes a broad look at this important issue. The book will be informative and valuable to a higher educational audience, including academia and researchers, as well as practitioners, policymakers, and international organizations, and graduate students.
Category: Business & Economics

Tourism And The Millennium Development Goals

Author : Jarkko Saarinen
ISBN : 9781317966982
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42.69 MB
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In 2000 United Nations adopted the Millennium Development Goals (UN MDGs), committing the member nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of specific targets with a deadline of 2015. Related to the UN MDGs, tourism is increasingly seen as a promising tool for poverty reduction, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development, for example. Thus, the industry has become an important policy tool for community and regional development in many developing countries and the expectations for tourism and its social and economic outcomes have evolved to a high level. However, there are still many challenges to overcome in the relationship between tourism industry, development and poverty reduction. This book aims to discuss the promises, challenges and outcomes of tourism in development with a specific aim of drawing together research related to tourism and UN MDGs. The papers discuss what lessons can be learnt and conclusions drawn from the utilisation of tourism for development and poverty reduction. What emerges from this collection is a set of interesting results and notions which both support and challenge the connections between tourism and development and the new role of tourism in global development. This book is an extended version of a special issue published in Current Issues in Tourism.
Category: Political Science