Thermal Power Plants

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Thermal Power Plants

Author : Robin A. Chaplin
ISBN :
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.26 MB
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Thermal Power Plants theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. The Theme on Thermal Power Plants presents three main topics which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. The first topic covers the basic theory including fossil fuel combustion, nuclear fission, thermal fluids and thermodynamic cycles. It then deals with those aspects important to the maintenance of high efficiency and good reliability such as exergy analysis, material characteristics and life extension. The second topic deals with the production of steam. Although this is only the heat receiving part of the steam cycle it is consistent with the general layout of the power plant where the fossil fuel fired boiler or nuclear fission reactor is a separate and distinct part with its own ancilliary equipment. Fossil boilers and nuclear reactors both produce steam but are so different that each is covered separately in its respective series of chapters. The third topic deals with the generation of power utilizing the steam produced in the boiler or reactor. Several chapters cover steam turbine design and operation. Since power must be produced to exactly match the demand, consideration is given to operational constraints and protective devices. Heat rejection in cooling towers is important where no large body of water exists and is addressed in one chapter. Gas turbines are used for peak power generation and, with steam turbines, for combined cycle plants so are dealt with in two chapters. Conversion of mechanical power from the turbine to electrical power for distribution to the consumer is an important aspect and is covered by the last chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Condition Monitoring In Large Thermal Power Plants

Author : Shrikant Bhave
ISBN : 9781947697805
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.76 MB
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The technological developments in electrical power generation over the last decade have enabled creation of large pulverized coal fired and combined cycle power plants. These are required to run continuously without faults to assure highest reliability and availability of electrical power around the clock. Condition Monitoring in Large Thermal Power Plants deals with monitoring the operational integrity of boiler and turbine generator plants that includes pumps, fans etc - A most important step in achieving highest reliability and availability.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thermal Power Plant Simulation And Control

Author : Damian Flynn
ISBN : 9780852964194
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73.92 MB
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An exploration of how advances in computing technology and research can be combined to extend the capabilities and economics of modern power plants. The contributors, from academia as well as practising engineers, illustrate how the various methodologies can be applied to power plant operation.
Category: Computers

Design Of Solar Thermal Power Plants

Author : Zhifeng Wang
ISBN : 9780128162194
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.79 MB
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Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants introduces the basic design methods of solar thermal power plants for technicians engaged in solar thermal power generation engineering. This book includes the author’s theoretical investigation and study findings in solar heat concentrators, a performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, a numerical simulation of the heat transfer process between complex geometrics, heat transfer through radiation, and more. Containing theoretical descriptions of solar concentrators and receivers, practical engineering examples, and detailed descriptions of site selections for solar thermal power plants, this book has a strong theoretical and practical value for readers. Contains practical guidance and applications, making it more useful and user-friendly for CSP engineers Includes theoretical investigation in solar heat concentrators, performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, and the numerical simulation of heat transfer between complex geometrics with practical applications
Category: Science

Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis

Author : Gilberto Francisco Martha de Souza
ISBN : 9781447123095
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.99 MB
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The analysis of the reliability and availability of power plants is frequently based on simple indexes that do not take into account the criticality of some failures used for availability analysis. This criticality should be evaluated based on concepts of reliability which consider the effect of a component failure on the performance of the entire plant. System reliability analysis tools provide a root-cause analysis leading to the improvement of the plant maintenance plan. Taking in view that the power plant performance can be evaluated not only based on thermodynamic related indexes, such as heat-rate, Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis focuses on the presentation of reliability-based tools used to define performance of complex systems and introduces the basic concepts of reliability, maintainability and risk analysis aiming at their application as tools for power plant performance improvement, including: · selection of critical equipment and components, · definition of maintenance plans, mainly for auxiliary systems, and · execution of decision analysis based on risk concepts. The comprehensive presentation of each analysis allows future application of the methodology making Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students in mechanical and nuclear engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thermal Power Plants

Author : Xingrang Liu
ISBN : 9781498708234
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.41 MB
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Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement explains how to solve highly complex industry problems regarding identification, control, and optimization through integrating conventional technologies, such as modern control technology, computational intelligence-based multiobjective identification and optimization, distributed computing, and cloud computing with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology. Introducing innovative methods utilized in industrial applications, explored in scientific research, and taught at leading academic universities, this book: Discusses thermal power plant processes and process modeling, energy conservation, performance audits, efficiency improvement modeling, and efficiency optimization supported by high-performance computing integrated with cloud computing Shows how to simulate fossil fuel power plant real-time processes, including boiler, turbine, and generator systems Provides downloadable source codes for use in CORBA C++, MATLAB®, Simulink®, VisSim, Comsol, ANSYS, and ANSYS Fluent modeling software Although the projects in the text focus on industry automation in electrical power engineering, the methods can be applied in other industries, such as concrete and steel production for real-time process identification, control, and optimization.
Category: Science

Power Plant Instrumentation And Control Handbook

Author : Swapan Basu
ISBN : 9780081028056
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.13 MB
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Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants
Category: Technology & Engineering

Thermal Power Plants

Author : Paweł Madejski
ISBN : 9781789230789
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56.28 MB
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The demand for electricity and heat production is still largely covered by conventional thermal power plants based on fossil fuel combustion. Thermal power stations face a big challenge to meet the environmental requirements constantly keeping high process efficiency and avoiding lifetime shortening of critical components. In recent years, many activities have been observed to reduce pollutant emissions and optimize performance in thermal power plants. Increased share of renewable sources of energy in domestic markets enforces flexible operation and fast adjustment to actual demand. Gas power plants start to play a very important role in this process, allowing for rapid change of load and emission reduction. Operation under changing load together with keeping emissions at the accurate level requires constantly introducing new solutions and technologies as well as carrying out many research and development activities for optimization of the electricity and heat production process. The edited book is aimed to present new technologies, innovative solutions, measurement techniques, tools and computational methods dedicated to thermal power plants in the light of new trends and challenges.
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Thermal Power Plant Engineering And Operation

Author : P.K Das, A.K Das
ISBN : 9781643248639
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.41 MB
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This book is intended to meet the requirements of the fresh engineers on the field to endow them with indispensable information, technical know-how to work in the power plant industries and its associated plants. The book provides a thorough understanding and the operating principles to solve the elementary and the difficult problems faced by the modern young engineers while working in the industries. This book is written on the basis of ‘hands-on’ experience, sound and in-depth knowledge gained by the authors during their experiences faced while working in this field. The problem generally occurs in the power plants during operation and maintenance. It has been explained in a lucid language.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Energy Audit

Author : Y. P. Abbi
ISBN : 9788179933114
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42.48 MB
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The availability of fossil fuels required for power plants is reducing and their costs increasing rapidly. This gives rise to increase in the cost of generation of electricity. But electricity regulators have to control the price of electricity so that consumers are not stressed with high costs. In addition, environmental considerations are forcing power plants to reduce CO2 emissions. Under these circumstances, power plants are constantly under pressure to improve the efficiency of operating plants, and to reduce fuel consumption. In order to progress in this direction, it is important that power plants regularly audit their energy use in terms of the operating plant heat rate and auxiliary power consumption. Energy Audit of Thermal Power, Combined Cycle, and Cogeneration Plants attempts to refresh the fundamentals of the science and engineering of thermal power plants, and establishes its link with the real power plant performance data through case studies, and further developing techno-economics of the energy efficiency improvement measures. This book will rekindle interest in energy audits and analysis of the data for designing and implementation of energy conservation measures on a continuous basis.
Category: Business & Economics

Thermal Power Plant

Author : Dipak Sarkar
ISBN : 9780081012260
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.39 MB
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Thermal Power Plants: Pre-Operational Activities covers practical information that can be used as a handy reference by utility operators and professionals working in new and existing plants, including those that are undergoing refurbishments and those that have been shut for long periods of time. It is fully comprehensive, including chapters on flushing boiler systems, various methods of testing steam generators, and the drying out of generators. This book will be invaluable for anyone working on the startup, commissioning, and operation of thermal power plants. It is also a great companion book to Sarkar’s Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation. Sarkar has worked with thermal power plants for over 40 years, bringing his experience in design and operations to help new and experienced practicing engineers perform effective pre-operational activities. Consolidates all pre-operational aspects of thermal power plants Explains how to handle equipment safely and work efficiently Provides guidance for new and existing power plants to help reduce outage time and save on budgets
Category: Science

Solar Thermal Power Plants

Author : Federico G. Casal
ISBN : 9783642522819
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.37 MB
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1. 1 Historical Background and Relationship to the lEA One of the objectives of the energy research, development and demonstra tion program of the International Energy Agency (lEA) is to promote the development and application of new and improved energy technologies which could potentially help cover our energy needs. Early in 1976, a working party for Small Solar Power Systems (SSPS) was created with the approval and encouragement of the Committee for Research and Develop ment of the International Energy Agency (lEA) [1]. At that time the following countries showed interest in attending the formative meeting: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Great Britain, Greece, The Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States of America. In its first meetings the SSPS Working Party explored the technological possibilities of the exploitation of solar power at small levels (photovoltaics, wind, waves and thermal power conversion) and also reviewed what was being done at that time in the domain of solar power in each of the participating countries. At a meeting in mid 1976 in Vienna, a study performed by MBB was presented. It stated that as distributed systems (systems using a large number of parabolic trough collectors "DCS", see chapter 4) grow linearly in terms of power, the associated costs grow as a function of the size of the intended system. By comparison, the cost per unit output of the central receiver systems ("CRS" , see section 5.
Category: Science

Thermal Power Plants Volume Iii

Author : Robin A. Chaplin
ISBN : 9781905839285
Genre :
File Size : 61.81 MB
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Thermal Power Pants (Volume III) has been derived from the work of several professors in the nuclear and power industry all of whom have been directly involved with the industry as managers or consultants. The text has been written as educational material and many of the individual chapters have been written as course material for advanced university courses. Also several chapters include material related to plant operation which is prescribed for operator training. Hence it bridges the gap between academic study and practical training. While it is not intended to be comprehensive in all respects it does provide an overview of the topic with sufficient technical depth for a general understanding of power plant technology and a basis for further study in a particular area. When used as a reference in this way each chapter can stand alone and be read independently of the others. Overall it meets the general philosophy of EOLSS in providing a source of knowledge for sustainable development and technological progress for educators and decision makers
Category:

Practical Guide To Thermal Power Station Chemistry

Author : Soumitra Banerjee
ISBN :
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.53 MB
Format : PDF
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This book deals with the entire gamut of work which chemistry department of a power plant does. The book covers water chemistry, steam-water cycle chemistry, cooling water cycle chemistry, condensate polishing, stator water conditioning, coal analysis, water analysis procedures, all types of boilers like Drum/Once-through for subcritical and supercritical technologies in different operating conditions including layup. It has also covered nuances of different cycle chemistry treatments like All Volatile / Oxygenated. There is illustration and elucidation on this which will definitely make people more aware of the importance of adherence to strict quality parameters required for the adopted. The health analysis of Lubricants and hydraulic oil have also been adequately covered. There is a nice blending of theory and practice in such a way that the reader at the end will not only learn what to do and how to do, he will also know why to do.
Category: Science

Thermal Power Plants

Author : Mohammad Rasul
ISBN : 9789535110958
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.65 MB
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Thermal power plants are one of the most important process industries for engineering professionals. Over the past decades, the power sector is facing a number of critical issues; however, the most fundamental challenge is meeting the growing power demand in sustainable and efficient ways. Practicing power plant engineers not only look after operation and maintenance of the plant, but, also look after range of activities including research and development, starting from power generation to environmental aspects of power plants. The book Thermal Power Plants - Advanced Applications introduces analysis of plant performance, energy efficiency, combustion, heat transfer, renewable power generation, catalytic reduction of dissolved oxygen and environmental aspects of combustion residues. This book addresses issues related to both coal fired and steam power plants. The book is suitable for both undergraduate and research higher degree students, and of course for practicing power plant engineers.
Category: Science