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Author : C.B.P. Finn
ISBN : 0748743790
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.98 MB
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Concise yet thorough, accessible, authoritative, and affordable. These are the hallmarks of books in the remarkable Physics and its Applications series. Thermodynamics is an essential part of any physical sciences education, but it is so full of pitfalls and subtleties, that many students fail to appreciate its elegance and power. In Thermal Physics, the author emphasizes understanding the basic ideas and shows how the important thermodynamics results can be simply obtained from the fundamental relations without getting lost in a maze of partial differentials. In this second edition, Dr. Finn incorporated new sections on scales of temperature, availability, the degradation of energy, and lattice defects. The text contains ample illustrations and examples of applications of thermodynamics in physics, engineering, and chemistry.

Author : Joon Chang Lee
ISBN : 9789814340762
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.38 MB
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The book aims to explain the basic ideas of thermal physics intuitively and in the simplest possible way. It is aimed at making the reader feel comfortable with the ideas of entropy and free energy. Thermal physics is prone to misunderstanding, confusion and is often being overlooked. However, a good foundation is necessary to prepare the reader for advanced level studies.

Instructor Solutions Manual to accompany UNIVERSITY PHYSICS, Second Edition Table of Contents PART 1 MECHANICS OF POINT PARTICLES 1 Overview 1 2 Motion in a Straight Line 45 3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions 108 4 Force 163 5 Kinetic Energy, Work, and Power 223 6 Potential Energy and Energy Conservation 255 7 Momentum and Collisions 308 PART 2 EXTENDED OBJECTS, MATTER, AND CIRCULAR MOTION 8 Systems of Particles and Extended Objects 380 9 Circular Motion 430 10 Rotation 474 11 Static Equilibrium 521 12 Gravitation 574 13 Solids and Fluids 628 PART 3 OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES 14 Oscillations 673 15 Waves 713 16 Sound 747 PART 4 THERMAL PHYSICS 17 Temperature 783 18 Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics 806 19 Ideal Gases 835 20 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 870 PART 5 ELECTRICITY 21 Electrostatics 898 22 Electric Fields and Gauss’s Law 934 23 Electric Potential 973 24 Capacitors 1007 25 Current and Resistance 1046 26 Direct Current Circuits 1075 PART 6 MAGNETISM 27 Magnetism 1113 28 Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges 1141 29 Electromagnetic Induction 1171 30 Alternating Current Circuits 1197 31 Electromagnetic Waves 1224 PART 7 OPTICS 32 Geometric Optics 1248 33 Lenses and Optical Instruments 1270 34 Wave Optics 1304 PART 8 RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM PHYSICS 35 Relativity 1324 36 Quantum Physics 1354 37 Quantum Mechanics 1382 38 Atomic Physics 1419 39 Elementary Particle Physics 1444 40 Nuclear Physics 1464

The original work by M.D. Sturge has been updated and expanded to include new chapters covering non-equilibrium and biological systems. This second edition re-organizes the material in a more natural manner into four parts that continues to assume no previous knowledge of thermodynamics. The four divisions of the material introduce the subject inductively and rigorously, beginning with key concepts of equilibrium thermodynamics such as heat, temperature and entropy. The second division focuses on the fundamentals of modern thermodynamics: free energy, chemical potential and the partition function. The second half of the book is then designed with the flexibility to meet the needs of both the instructor and the students, with a third section focused on the different types of gases: ideal, Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, Black Body Radiation and the Photon gases. In the fourth and final division of the book, modern thermostatistical applications are addressed: semiconductors, phase transitions, transport processes, and finally the new chapters on non-equilibrium and biological systems. Key Features: Provides the most readable, thorough introduction to statistical physics and thermodynamics, with magnetic, atomic, and electrical systems addressed alongside development of fundamental topics at a non-rigorous mathematical level Includes brand-new chapters on biological and chemical systems and non-equilibrium thermodynamics, as well as extensive new examples from soft condensed matter and correction of typos from the prior edition Incorporates new numerical and simulation exercises throughout the book Adds more worked examples, problems, and exercises

Author : Q Ho-Kim
ISBN : 9789814486484
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.37 MB
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This completely revised second edition of our hugely popular book invites the reader to explore ten of the most important areas of modern physics: Symmetry, Lasers, Superconductivity, Bose–Einstein Condensation, Nanoscience, Quantum Computation, Chaos and Fractals, Stellar Evolution, Particles, and Cosmology. The new edition adds three new chapters in about a third of the book, covering the latest, hottest topics in contemporary physics: Bose–Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get There: Bose Statistics: Counting of the Indistinguishables; Bose–Einstein Condensation (BEC): The Over-Population Crisis; Cooling and Trapping of Atoms: Towards BEC; Doppler Limit and its Break Down; Trapping of Cold Atoms: Magnetic and Magneto-Optic Trap; Evaporative Cooling; BEC Finally: But How do We Know?; BEC: What Good is it? Exploring Nanostructures: Towards the Bottom; The Rise of Nanoscience; Confined Systems; Quantum Devices; The Genius of Carbon; Spintronics; Nanos at Large. Quantum Computation and Information: Classical Computer; Quantum Computer; Quantum Gates; Deutsch's Algorithm; Finding the Period of a Function; Shor's Factorization Algorithm; Grover's Search Algorithm; Hardware and Error Correction; Cryptography; Quantum Teleportation. The authors give a fascinating, up-to-date account of the exciting advances in these fast-moving fields. Their emphasis is as much on describing natural phenomena as on attempting to explain them in terms of basic principles, replacing equations with physical insight. General readers and university undergraduates alike will find this unique book a useful guide to the worlds of modern physics, while the mature scientist will get an insightful survey of neighboring fields of research. For the teacher who takes a thematic approach to teaching physics, this book will be a complete source of current topics at the frontiers of research; and for the student, a valuable tool of study, made even more useful by numerous pertinent problems (with complete solutions) and references found at the end of each chapter. Contents:Symmetry of Nature and Nature of SymmetryLasers and PhysicsSuperconductivityBose-Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get ThereExploring NanostructuresQuantum Computation and InformationChaos: Chance Out of NecessityBright Stars and Black HolesElementary Particles and ForcesCosmology Readership: Students, researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, science writers and general readers. Keywords:Symmetry;Lasers;Superconductivity;Bose-Einstein Condensate;Chaos;Fractals;Nanostructures;Spintronics;Fullerenes;Quantum Computation;Quantum Information;Elementary Particles;Cosmology;White Dwarfs;Neutron Stars;Black HolesReviews:“I am quite impressed both with the choice of highly interesting topics and the pedagogical presentation. This book will provide those with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics, and an urge to learn more about Nature, with a precious source of information. I commend World Scientific for publishing this book. There is a need for this type of presentation, which lies in between non-technical, popular discussions and professional articles.”Professor Paul Hoyer University of Helsinki “This book invites readers to an up-to-date account of the ever changing world of modern physics from the smallest of elementary particles and strings to the vast of the whole cosmos. The authors have done an excellent job of explaining in simple language the physical principles and the complex phenomena. The book is a delightful reading to everyone who is interested in understanding the physical world around us. I especially enjoy the exposition of the fascinating subject of quantum computing.”Professor Tung-Mow Yan Cornell University “This is a very entertaining book — much like an extended banquet with a choice of intellectual delicacies. Not to be consumed in one sitting, but savored over many readings. The book addresses many of the most exciting topics of the day: quantum computation, Bose–Einstein condensation, cosmology, and nanotechnology. The presentation is engaging and smooth, and the book is very enlightening and informative.”Professor S “Sri” Sridhar Northeastern University “It is an impressive feat by the authors to cover such a wide panorama of physics from particles to cosmos and at a consistently high scientific level of information and explanation. This level is excellent and is at the frontier of current research … the great strength of this book, and the main reason why it is worth reading by anyone interested in modern science, lies in the text itself, which provides a fascinating and lively guide to the world of contemporary physics. And, as with any guide, this is truly an invitation to go beyond.”European Journal of Physics “This book is a must-read for those wanting to put their finger back on the pulse of physics research today … Ho-Kim, Kumar, and Lam successfully create a relaxed learning atmosphere, teach difficult topics, and generate reader excitement and interest in important research areas. Many guests will accept this invitation to contemporary physics.”The Industrial Physicist

This textbook carefully develops the main ideas and techniques of statistical and thermal physics and is intended for upper-level undergraduate courses. The authors each have more than thirty years' experience in teaching, curriculum development, and research in statistical and computational physics. Statistical and Thermal Physics begins with a qualitative discussion of the relation between the macroscopic and microscopic worlds and incorporates computer simulations throughout the book to provide concrete examples of important conceptual ideas. Unlike many contemporary texts on thermal physics, this book presents thermodynamic reasoning as an independent way of thinking about macroscopic systems. Probability concepts and techniques are introduced, including topics that are useful for understanding how probability and statistics are used. Magnetism and the Ising model are considered in greater depth than in most undergraduate texts, and ideal quantum gases are treated within a uniform framework. Advanced chapters on fluids and critical phenomena are appropriate for motivated undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Integrates Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations as well as other numerical techniques throughout the text Provides self-contained introductions to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics Discusses probability concepts and methods in detail Contains ideas and methods from contemporary research Includes advanced chapters that provide a natural bridge to graduate study Features more than 400 problems Programs are open source and available in an executable cross-platform format Solutions manual (available only to teachers)

Author : Mike Crundell
ISBN : 9781471809224
Genre : Science
File Size : 67.2 MB
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Endorsed by Cambridge Assessment International Education for full syllabus coverage. Foster a deeper understanding of theoretical concepts through clear guidance and opportunities for self-assessment throughout; offers clear coverage of the entire Cambridge International AS & A Level Physics syllabus (9702). - Navigate the different routes through the course with ease with clearly divided sections for AS and A Level. - Focus learning with learning outcomes clearly defined at the beginning of each section - Test knowledge and understanding with past paper and exam-style questions - Address the Key Concepts in the syllabus, which are clearly highlighted throughout the course The Revision and Practice CD included with every Student's Book provides interactive tests, summaries of each topic and advice on examination techniques.

Author : Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps
ISBN : 9781466517820
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.45 MB
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Understand the Physics of the Solid State Updated and expanded with new topics, The Materials Physics Companion, 2nd Edition puts the physics of the solid state within the reach of students by offering an easy-to-navigate pathway from basic knowledge through to advanced concepts. This edition illustrates how electrical and magnetic properties of matter arise from the basic principles of quantum mechanics in a way that is accessible to science and engineering students. A Convenient, Student-Friendly Format Rich with Diagrams and Clear Explanations The book uses the unique signature style of the author’s other companion books, providing detailed graphics, simple and clear explanations of difficult concepts, and annotated mathematical treatments. It covers quantum mechanics, x-ray analysis, solid-state physics, the mechanical and thermal properties of solids, the electrical and magnetic properties of solids, and superconductivity, assuming no prior knowledge of these advanced areas. Suitable for undergraduate students in science and engineering, the book is also a handy refresher for professional scientists and educators. Be sure to check out the author’s other companion books: The Mathematics Companion: Mathematical Methods for Physicists and Engineers, 2nd Edition The Physics Companion, 2nd Edition The Electronics Companion: Devices and Circuits for Physicists and Engineers, 2nd Edition The Chemistry Companion

The first edition of Concise Chemical Thermodynamics proved to be a very popular introduction to a subject many undergraduate students perceive as a difficult topic, because it presented thermodynamics with practical chemical examples in a way that used little mathematics. In this second edition the text has been carefully revised to ensure the same approach is maintained. Students are led to an understanding of Gibbs free energy early on, and the concept is demonstrated in several different fields. The book includes discussions of experimental equilibrium data, an introduction to electrochemistry, a brief survey of Ellingham diagrams, and a treatment of entropy without reference to the Carnot cycle. A new chapter on computer-based methods in thermodynamics has been added to reflect current technological trends and practices. Thermodynamic data has been revised in light of information provided by the work of the Scientific Group Thermodata Europe, to ensure that the symbols and units reflect the latest IUPAC rules. In addition, the problems and examples have been updated, replaced, and amplified to reflect current understanding and concerns. Undergraduate students of chemistry will find this an ideal introduction to chemical thermodynamics.