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The Theory And Practice Of Hell

Author : Eugen Kogon
ISBN : 9780374529925
Genre : History
File Size : 75.6 MB
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By the spring of 1945, the Second World War was drawing to a close in Europe. Allied troops were sweeping through Nazi Germany and discovering the atrocities of SS concentration camps. The first to be reached intact was Buchenwald, in central Germany. American soldiers struggled to make sense of the shocking scenes they witnessed inside. They asked a small group of former inmates to draft a report on the camp. It was led by Eugen Kogon, a German political prisoner who had been an inmate since 1939. The Theory and Practice of Hell is his classic account of life inside. Unlike many other books by survivors who published immediately after the war, The Theory and Practice of Hell is more than a personal account. It is a horrific examination of life and death inside a Nazi concentration camp, a brutal world of a state within state, and a society without law. But Kogon maintains a dispassionate and critical perspective. He tries to understand how the camp works, to uncover its structure and social organization. He knew that the book would shock some readers and provide others with gruesome fascination. But he firmly believed that he had to show the camp in honest, unflinching detail. The result is a unique historical document--a complete picture of the society, morality, and politics that fueled the systematic torture of six million human beings. For many years, The Theory and Practice of Hell remained the seminal work on the concentration camps, particularly in Germany. Reissued with an introduction by Nikolaus Waschmann, a leading Holocaust scholar and author of Hilter's Prisons, this important work now demands to be re-read.
Category: History

Bodies Sex And Desire From The Renaissance To The Present

Author : Kate Fisher
ISBN : 9780230354128
Genre : History
File Size : 48.6 MB
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An examination of how bodies and sexualities have been constructed, categorised, represented, diagnosed, experienced and subverted from the fifteenth to the early twenty-first century. It draws attention to continuities in thinking about bodies and sex: concept may have changed, but hey nevertheless draw on older ideas and language.
Category: History

Theory And Practice

Author : Ian Shapiro
ISBN : 0814780555
Genre : Law
File Size : 43.57 MB
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What are the relations between philosophical theories and everyday life? This question, as old as it is profound, is the central focus of Theory and Practice. The authors include some of the most influential thinkers of our generation, among them Cass Sunstein, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Martha Nussbaum, Jeremy Waldron, and Kent Greenawalt. In sixteen chapters--all published here for the first time--the authors examine major attempts to reconcile theory with practice in the Western tradition, from Herodotus, Plato, and Aristotle to Kant and Heidegger, and examine contemporary efforts to grapple with this problem.
Category: Law

Soul Self And Society

Author : Edward L. Rubin
ISBN : 9780199348671
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 25.71 MB
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Political and social commentators regularly bemoan the decline of morality in the modern world. They claim that the norms and values that held society together in the past are rapidly eroding, to be replaced by permissiveness and empty hedonism. But as Edward Rubin demonstrates in this powerful account of moral transformations, these prophets of doom are missing the point. Morality is not diminishing; instead, a new morality, centered on an ethos of human self-fulfillment, is arising to replace the old one. As Rubin explains, changes in morality have gone hand in hand with changes in the prevailing mode of governance throughout the course of Western history. During the Early Middle Ages, a moral system based on honor gradually developed. In a dangerous world where state power was declining, people relied on bonds of personal loyalty that were secured by generosity to their followers and violence against their enemies. That moral order, exemplified in the early feudal system and in sagas like The Song of Roland, The Song of the Cid, and the Arthurian legends has faded, but its remnants exist today in criminal organizations like the Mafia and in the rap music of the urban ghettos. When state power began to revive in the High Middle Ages through the efforts of the European monarchies, and Christianity became more institutionally effective and more spiritually intense, a new morality emerged. Described by Rubin as the morality of higher purposes, it demanded that people devote their personal efforts to achieving salvation and their social efforts to serving the emerging nation-states. It insisted on social hierarchy, confined women to subordinate roles, restricted sex to procreation, centered child-rearing on moral inculcation, and countenanced slavery and the marriage of pre-teenage girls to older men. Our modern era, which began in the late 18th century, has seen the gradual erosion of this morality of higher purposes and the rise of a new morality of self-fulfillment, one that encourages individuals to pursue the most meaningful and rewarding life-path. Far from being permissive or a moral abdication, it demands that people respect each other's choices, that sex be mutually enjoyable, that public positions be allocated according to merit, and that society provide all its members with their minimum needs so that they have the opportunity to fulfill themselves. Where people once served the state, the state now functions to serve the people. The clash between this ascending morality and the declining morality of higher purposes is the primary driver of contemporary political and cultural conflict. A sweeping, big-idea book in the vein of Francis Fukuyama's The End of History, Charles Taylor's The Secular Age, and Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man, Edward Rubin's new volume promises to reshape our understanding of morality, its relationship to government, and its role in shaping the emerging world of High Modernity.
Category: Political Science

Critical Models

Author : Theodor W. Adorno
ISBN : 9780231510424
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22.31 MB
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Critical Models combines into a single volume two of Adorno's most important postwar works — Interventions: Nine Critical Models (1963) and Catchwords: Critical Models II (1969). Written after his return to Germany in 1949, the articles, essays, and radio talks included in this volume speak to the pressing political, cultural, and philosophical concerns of the postwar era. The pieces in Critical Models reflect the intellectually provocative as well as the practical Adorno as he addresses such issues as the dangers of ideological conformity, the fragility of democracy, educational reform, the influence of television and radio, and the aftermath of fascism. This new edition includes an introduction by Lydia Goehr, a renowned scholar in philosophy, aesthetic theory, and musicology. Goehr illuminates Adorno's ideas as well as the intellectual, historical, and critical contexts that shaped his postwar thinking.
Category: Philosophy

Teaching About The Holocaust In The 21st Century

Author : Jean-Michel Lecomte
ISBN : 9789287145376
Genre : Education
File Size : 86.60 MB
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Given the rise of anti-Semitism in parts of Europe, the accessibility of "denial" Internet sites and the isolationist stand taken by certain European political leaders today, Holocaust teaching was given an important place in Council of Europe's history project. Although some countries have high standards for Holocaust teaching, others are lacking in material. This teaching resource is based on the work of such widely recognised authors as Raul Hilberg, Sir Martin Gilbert, Saul Friedlander and Christopher Browning, plus first-hand accounts, including those of Primo Levi, Hermann Langbein and Claude Lanzmann's interviewees. It offers teachers a body of knowledge for use in course planning and brings to the forefront facts and figures on victims often "overlooked", Roma/Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses. What emerges from the succinct descriptions of how and where this genocide was carried out is the comprehensiveness of the Nazi enterprise.
Category: Education

The Law Under The Swastika

Author : Michael Stolleis
ISBN : 9780226075327
Genre : Law
File Size : 30.20 MB
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In the Law under the Swastika, Michael Stolleis examines the evolution of legal history, theory, and practice in Nazi Germany, paying close attention to its impact on the Federal Republic and on the German legal profession. Until the late 1960s, historians of the Nazi judicial system were mostly judges and administrators from the Nazi era. According to Stolleis, they were reluctant to investigate this legal history and maintained the ideal that law could not be affected by politics. Michael Stolleis is part of a younger generation and is determined to honestly confront the past in hopes of preventing the same injustices from happening in the future. Stolleis studies a wide range of legal fields—constitutional, judicial, agrarian, administrative, civil, and business—arguing that all types of law were affected by the political realities of National Socialism. Moreover, he shows that legal traditions were not relinquished immediately with the onset of a new regime. For the first time we can see clearly the continuities between the Nazi period and the postwar period. The law under National Socialism did not make a complete break with the law during the Weimar Republic, nor did the law of the Federal Republic nullify all of the laws under National Socialism. Through a rich and subtle investigation, Stolleis shows how the legal profession and the political regime both reacted to the conditions of the period and molded the judicial system accordingly. Breaking the conspiracy of silence held by the justices in the postwar period, Stolleis stresses the importance of researching Nazi law in order to confront ethical problems in today's legal profession.
Category: Law

The Liberation Of The Camps

Author : Dan Stone
ISBN : 9780300216035
Genre : History
File Size : 73.14 MB
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Seventy years have passed since the tortured inmates of Hitler’s concentration and extermination camps were liberated. When the horror of the atrocities came fully to light, it was easy for others to imagine the joyful relief of freed prisoners. Yet for those who had survived the unimaginable, the experience of liberation was a slow, grueling journey back to life. In this unprecedented inquiry into the days, months, and years following the arrival of Allied forces at the Nazi camps, a foremost historian of the Holocaust draws on archival sources and especially on eyewitness testimonies to reveal the complex challenges liberated victims faced and the daunting tasks their liberators undertook to help them reclaim their shattered lives. Historian Dan Stone focuses on the survivors—their feelings of guilt, exhaustion, fear, shame for having survived, and devastating grief for lost family members; their immense medical problems; and their later demands to be released from Displaced Persons camps and resettled in countries of their own choosing. Stone also tracks the efforts of British, American, Canadian, and Russian liberators as they contended with survivors’ immediate needs, then grappled with longer-term issues that shaped the postwar world and ushered in the first chill of the Cold War years ahead.
Category: History

The Wonder Of Their Voices

Author : Alan Rosen
ISBN : 9780199889563
Genre : History
File Size : 34.44 MB
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Over the last several decades, video testimony with aging Holocaust survivors has brought these witnesses into the limelight. Yet the success of these projects has made it seem that little survivor testimony took place in earlier years. In truth, thousands of survivors began to recount their experience at the earliest opportunity. This book provides the first full-length case study of early postwar Holocaust testimony, focusing on David Boder's 1946 displaced persons interview project. In July 1946, Boder, a psychologist, traveled to Europe to interview victims of the Holocaust who were in the Displaced Persons (DP) camps and what he called "shelter houses." During his nine weeks in Europe, Boder carried out approximately 130 interviews in nine languages and recorded them on a wire recorder. Likely the earliest audio recorded testimony of Holocaust survivors, the interviews are valuable today for the spoken word (that of the DP narrators and of Boder himself) and also for the song sessions and religious services that Boder recorded. Eighty sessions were eventually transcribed into English, most of which were included in a self-published manuscript. Alan Rosen sets Boder's project in the context of the postwar response to displaced persons, sketches the dramatic background of his previous life and work, chronicles in detail the evolving process of interviewing both Jewish and non-Jewish DPs, and examines from several angles the implications for the history of Holocaust testimony. Such early postwar testimony, Rosen avers, deserves to be taken on its own terms rather than to be enfolded into earlier or later schemas of testimony. Moreover, Boder's efforts and the support he was given for them demonstrate that American postwar response to the Holocaust was not universally indifferent but rather often engaged, concerned, and resourceful.
Category: History

The Language Of Silence

Author : Ernestine Schlant
ISBN : 9781135961824
Genre : Art
File Size : 74.16 MB
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Focusing on individual authors from Heinrich Boll to Gunther Grass, Hermann Lenz to Peter Schneider, The Language of Silence offers an analysis of West German literature as it tries to come to terms with the Holocaust and its impact on postwar West German society. Exploring postwar literature as the barometer of Germany's unconsciously held values as well as of its professed conscience, Ernestine Schlant demonstrates that the confrontation with the Holocaust has shifted over the decades from repression, circumvention, and omission to an open acknowledgement of the crimes. Yet even today a 'language of silence' remains since the victims and their suffering are still overlooked and ignored. Learned and exacting, Schlant's study makes an important contribution to our understanding of postwar German culture.
Category: Art

Tapsoft 97 Theory And Practice Of Software Development

Author : Michel Bidoit
ISBN : 3540627812
Genre : Computers
File Size : 61.90 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Joint Conference CAAP/FASE on Theory and Practice of Software Development (TAPSOFT'97), held in Lille, France, in April 1997. The volume is organized in three parts: The first presents invited contributions, the second is devoted to trees in algebra in programming (CAAP) and the third to formal approaches in software engineering (FASE). The 30 revised full papers presented in the CAAP section were selected from 77 submissions; the 23 revised full papers presented in the FASE section were selected from 79 submissions.
Category: Computers

A Theory For Practice

Author : Bill Hubbard
ISBN : 0262082357
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 25.55 MB
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This study looks at groups with an interest in a work of architecture - owners, inhabitants, customers, critics and historians, architecture schools - presents a conceptual framework in which those disparate interests are honoured for providing different perspectives on the building.
Category: Architecture

Poetic Language Theory And Practice From The Renaissance To The Present

Author : Tom Jones
ISBN : 9780748656189
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 49.39 MB
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The first study of poetic language from a historical and philosophical perspectiveIn a series of 12 chapters, exemplary poems - by Walter Ralegh, John Milton,William Cowper, William Wordsworth, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Wallace Stevens, Ezra Pound, Frank O'Hara, Robert Creeley, W. S. Graham, Tom Raworth, Denise Riley and Thomas A. Clark - are read alongside theoretical discussions of poetic language. The discussions provide a jargon-free account of a wide range of historical and contemporary schools of thought about poetic language, and an organised, coherent critique of those schools (including analytical philosophy, cognitive poetics, structuralism and post-structuralism). Via close readings of poems from 1600 to the present readers are taken through a wide range of styles including modernist, experimental and innovative poetries. Paired chapters within a chronological structure allow lecturers and students to approach the material in a variety of ways (by individual chapters, paired historical periods) that are appropriate to different courses.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Open Society In Theory And Practice

Author : D. Germino
ISBN : 9789401020565
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.26 MB
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From June 28 until July 4, 1972, a group of scholars, all of them acade micians committed to the critical study of man and society which may be called political theory, met at The Rockefeller Foundation's VillaSerbelloni in Bellagio, Italy, to present papers on and discuss the subject of "The Open Society. " These papers, as revised, are published here, most of them for the first time. They reflect no consensus of view, nor were they intended to do so. That such a consensus did not emerge from the conference is not in our judgment a cause for regret; it may rather be regarded as a manifestation of a healthy and desirable plurality of approaches which itself indirectly tells us something important about the nature of the open society. All the papers deal in different contexts and from a variety of philosophi cal and theoretical perspectives with the interrelated themes of openness and the open society. Some of the panelists are skeptical of the capacity of modern industrial, or "post-industrial," society, with its heavy emphasis upon technological rationality to foster authentic openness under currently prevailing assumptions about man and nature.
Category: Social Science

Sofsem 2007 Theory And Practice Of Computer Science

Author : Jan van Leeuwen
ISBN : 9783540695066
Genre : Computers
File Size : 76.1 MB
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This volume contains the invited and the contributed papers selected for p- sentation at SOFSEM 2007, the 33rd Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, held January 20-26, 2007 in Hotel Skl ́ a? r, Harrachov, in the Czech Republic. SOFSEM (originally SOFtware SEMinar) aims to foster cooperation among professionals from academia and industry working in all modern areas of c- puterscience. Developingovertheyearsfromalocaleventtoafullyinternational and well-established conference, contemporary SOFSEM continues to maintain the best of its original Winter School aspects, such as a high number of invited talks and an in-depth coverage of novel research results in selected areas within computerscience. SOFSEM2007wasorganizedaroundthefollowingfourtracks: - Foundations of Computer Science (Track Chair: Giuseppe F. Italiano) - Multi-Agent Systems (Track Chair: Wiebe van der Hoek) - Emerging Web Technologies (Track Chairs: Christoph Meinel, Harald Sack) - Dependable Software and Systems (Track Chair: Franti? sek Pl ́ a? sil) TheSOFSEM2007ProgramCommitteeconsistedof69internationalexperts from 21 di'erent countries, representing the respective areas of the SOFSEM 2007 tracks with outstanding expertise and an eye for current developments. An integral part of SOFSEM 2007 was the traditional Student Research Forum (Chair: M ́ aria Bielikov ́ a), organized with the aim to present student projects in the theory and practice of computer science and to give students feedback on both the originality of their scienti'c results and on their work in progress. The papers presented at the Student Research Forum were published in a separate local proceedings.
Category: Computers

Republicanism In Theory And Practice

Author : Iseult Honohan
ISBN : 9781134247691
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.66 MB
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Recent claims that civic republicanism can better address contemporary political problems than either liberalism or communitarianism are generating an intense debate. This is a sharp insight into this debate, confronting normative theory with historical and comparative analysis. It examines whether republican theory can address contemporary political problems in ways that are both valuable and significantly different in practice from liberalism. These expert authors offer contrasting perspectives on issues raised by the contemporary revival of republicanism and adopt a variety of methodological approaches to address the practical implications of republican thought within a coherent thematic framework. This book also *clarifies core themes and contested areas of republican thought, especially the notion of liberty, the specific political institutions needed to realize it, and the nature of solidarity among citizens. * shows how republicanism continued to influence the development of liberal thought in nineteenth century Britain * examines the development of alternative republican discourses, including the established political practice and ideology of the French republican tradition * applies republican perspectives to contemporary political concerns such as the creation of social trust and the expansion of public accountability * explores the implications of republican theory for policy areas including houses, education and marriage in diverse multicultural societies This book will be of great interest to researchers and students studying republicanism in political science history, social policy and education. In addition, it is a valuable resource for those concerned with citizenship, democratic theory, multiculturalism, nationalism and patriotism, and politics beyond the nation-state.
Category: Philosophy