The Terrorist Argument

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The Terrorist Argument

Author : Christopher C. Harmon
ISBN : 9780815732198
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24.15 MB
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From chants and pamphlets to the Internet, terrorist propaganda can be deadly effective Propaganda used by terrorists and armed groups might not always be the most sophisticated or nuanced form of rhetoric, but with the right mix of emotion and logic it can be extremely effective in motivating supporters and frightening opponents. This book examines how terrorist groups in recent history have used propaganda, and how they had adapted to new communications technologies while retaining useful techniques from the past. Harmon and Bowdish trace how armed groups and terrorists around the globe have honed their messages for maximum impact, both on the communities they hope to persuade to support them and on the official state organs they hope to overthrow. Sometimes both the messages and the techniques are crude; others are highly refined, carefully crafted appeals to intellect or emotion, embracing the latest forms of communications technology. Whatever the ideas or methodology, all are intended to use the power of ideas, along with force, to project an image and to communicate—not merely intimidate. The Terrorist Argument uses nine case studies of how armed groups have used communications techniques with varying degrees of success: radio, newspapers, song, television, books, e-magazines, advertising, the Internet, and social media. It is fascinating reading for anyone interested in civil conflict, terrorism, communications theory and practice, or world affairs in general.
Category: Political Science

Epz Terrorism

Author : Nicholas Fotion
ISBN : 9781441157577
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50.2 MB
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Terrorism poses an undeniable threat to societies throughout the world today. Martyr terrorism, the fastest growing form of terrorist activity, and arguably the most effective, has become a regular occurrence. But how has terrorist activity evolved in the last 100 years, and what are the ethical costs of terrorism? In this informative book, three philosophers, all experts on the ethics of conflict, examine the various definitions of terrorism and the nature of martyr terrorism. Through accounts of terrorist campaigns, from 19th century Russian terrorism, to the 20th century campaigns in Ireland, Israel and Greece, and contemporary campaigns in Chechnya, Afghanistan and Iraq, this fascinating book explores the ethical implications of terrorism from a philosophical perspective. Setting out the social, psychological and political causes of terrorism, the book interrogates the cases for and against terrorist activity in terms of just war theory. Articulate, provocative and stimulating, this timely book is an ideal introduction to an important contemporary social issue.
Category: Philosophy

The Roots Of Terrorism

Author : Louise Richardson
ISBN : 9781135448479
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.4 MB
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The Roots of Terrorism is the first volume in the new Democracy and Terrorism series, a three volume project intended to explore one of the most pressing issues of our time: how to reconcile the need to fight terrorism with our desire to protect and enhance democratic values.
Category: Political Science

Responding To Terrorism

Author : Robert Imre
ISBN : 0754672778
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.72 MB
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Terrorism and political violence as a field is growing and expanding. This volume provides a cross-disciplinary analysis - political, philosophical and legal - in a single text and covers the full spectrum of issues, including torture, terrorism causes and cures, legal issues, globalization and counter-terrorism.
Category: Political Science

The Politics Of Terrorism Third Edition

Author : Stohl
ISBN : 0824778146
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.77 MB
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Placing terrorists and terrorist activities within their sociopolitical settings, this volume contains essays by 16 experts on the major theories, typologies, concepts, strategies, tactics, ideologies, practices, implications of, and responses to contemporary political terrorism. New to this edition are essays on typologies and state terrorism in international affairs, and terrorism within Latin America, the Middle East, the United States, Western Europe, and sub-Saharan Africa. The authors demystify the myths of contemporary political terrorism, and conclude with discussions of the interrelationship among political terrorism, the media and civil liberties; counterterrorism policies; the threat that terrorists will go nuclear; and the international terrorist network. ISBN 0-8247-7814-6: $45.00.
Category: Business & Economics

Terrorism

Author : Igor Primoratz
ISBN : 9780745663432
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.59 MB
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This is the first comprehensive study of the core philosophical questions posed by terrorism such as: How should we define it? Is it morally distinctive? Can it be morally justified? Igor Primoratz seeks to overcome relativism and double standards that often plague debates about terrorism. He investigates the main ethical approaches to terrorism: in terms of its consequences, rights and justice, “supreme emergency,” and the collective responsibility of citizens. The book provides a rigorous, yet accessible analysis of a range of moral positions, from the acceptance of terrorism when its consequences are good on balance to its absolute rejection. Primoratz argues that terrorism is almost absolutely wrong. It may be morally justified only when an entire people is facing a true moral disaster, and this should be understood in a highly restrictive way. Conceptual analysis and normative arguments about the practice of terrorism are complemented with case studies of terror-bombing of German cities in World War II and the role of terrorism in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Terrorism: A Philosophical Investigation will be essential reading for researchers and students of philosophy and politics, and the general reader seeking to understand and evaluate acts and campaigns of terrorism.
Category: Political Science

Tangled Roots Social And Psychological Factors In The Genesis Of Terrorism

Author : J. Victoroff
ISBN : 9781607502043
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 35.31 MB
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The book is organized to assist readers in finding the topics that interest them the most. What do we really know about the contributing causes of terrorism? Are all forms of terrorism created equal, or are there important differences in terrorisms that one must know about to customize effective counter-strategies? Does poverty cause terrorism? Are terrorists typically crazy, vengeful, misled, or simply making an entirely sensible choice? Why would people blow themselves (and others) up? Is the “war on terrorism” even a useful idea? Is it being fought wisely, or are much better ideas staring policy makers in the face? Do leaders of targeted nations wilfully neglect the best solutions? Most of the lessons in this book concern the basic human ingredients that combust to produce violent extremism. Thus – regardless of the mutations that occur in substate terrorism – the timeless scholarship here will hopefully be somewhat helpful even to our grandchildren.
Category: Political Science

The Psychology Of Terrorism Fears

Author : Samuel Justin Sinclair
ISBN : 9780195388114
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85.86 MB
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The psychology of terrorism, in its most basic form, is about fear. Although academics continue to debate the meaning of terrorism, the end result for victims of terrorism is very often fear and terror. The purposes of this book are to unpack the complexity of terrorism fears and to present a new paradigm for understanding the psychology of terrorism. As such, this book presents empirical and theoretical frameworks for understanding fear as a dynamic process that motivates and affects people on a myriad of levels.
Category: Psychology

The Terrorist S Dilemma

Author : Jacob N. Shapiro
ISBN : 9781400848645
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47.58 MB
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How do terrorist groups control their members? Do the tools groups use to monitor their operatives and enforce discipline create security vulnerabilities that governments can exploit? The Terrorist's Dilemma is the first book to systematically examine the great variation in how terrorist groups are structured. Employing a broad range of agency theory, historical case studies, and terrorists' own internal documents, Jacob Shapiro provocatively discusses the core managerial challenges that terrorists face and illustrates how their political goals interact with the operational environment to push them to organize in particular ways. Shapiro provides a historically informed explanation for why some groups have little hierarchy, while others resemble miniature firms, complete with line charts and written disciplinary codes. Looking at groups in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America, he highlights how consistent and widespread the terrorist's dilemma--balancing the desire to maintain control with the need for secrecy--has been since the 1880s. Through an analysis of more than a hundred terrorist autobiographies he shows how prevalent bureaucracy has been, and he utilizes a cache of internal documents from al-Qa'ida in Iraq to outline why this deadly group used so much paperwork to handle its people. Tracing the strategic interaction between terrorist leaders and their operatives, Shapiro closes with a series of comparative case studies, indicating that the differences in how groups in the same conflict approach their dilemmas are consistent with an agency theory perspective. The Terrorist's Dilemma demonstrates the management constraints inherent to terrorist groups and sheds light on specific organizational details that can be exploited to more efficiently combat terrorist activity.
Category: Political Science

Terrorism Security And Nationality

Author : Paul Gilbert
ISBN : 9781134873708
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46.7 MB
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Terrorism, Security and Nationality shows how the ideas and techniques of political philosophy can be applied to the practical problems of terrorism, State violence and national identity. In doing so it clarifies a wide range of issues in applied political philosophy including ethics of war; theories of state and nation; the relationship between communities and nationalisms; human rightss and national security. Paul Gilbert identifies conflicting conceptiona of civil strife by different political communities and investigates notions of terrorism both as unjust war and as political crime. He concludes by considering the proper response of the State to political violence.
Category: Philosophy

Dim Lee Lit And The Terrorist

Author : Murph Donnan
ISBN : 9781480917019
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 59.79 MB
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Once a rock star comes into his own, he could be as popular as he wanted with the women, right? Dim Lee Lit thought the same way, and skipped the fact he already had a girlfriend. Well, she thought differently, and once he let her go, she hired a terrorist to murder him. Revenge fueled the fire in her. She was his model while he painted, he kept her close, but tried to upset her in conversation. He softened some, but he couldn’t shake his band members’ volition of having their girlfriends pose nude while they painted. Pam wouldn’t let Dim do it. Throughout, the book puts nudity through an unnerving light. It turns out America could be better off not living on such high hogs.
Category: Fiction

Contending With Terrorism

Author : Michael E. Brown
ISBN : 9780262514644
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59.56 MB
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The essays in Contending with Terrorism address some of the central topics in the analysis of contemporary terrorism. They promise to guide future policy and inspire further research into one of the most important security issues of the twenty-first century.
Category: Political Science

If It Was Not For Terrorism

Author : Banu Baybars Hawks
ISBN : 9781443832335
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.73 MB
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If It Was Not for Terrorism: Crisis, Compromise, and Elite Discourse in the Age of “War on Terror” aims to investigate questions regarding the hegemonic power that is exercised by elites (and mass media) through the discourse of “War on Terror.” The chapters in the volume provide case studies from a wide variety of geographies to debate questions regarding the construction of the meaning of “terrorism,” communication of collective identities and otherness, and media frames regarding the “War on Terror,” civil liberties, and government restrictions. In bringing this collection together, it was the editors’ intention to provide a venue for discussion of expressions and diverse concerns around the themes of media and terrorism from international and interdisciplinary perspectives. The edited volume is divided into two parts. The first part focuses on elite discourse about the definition of “terrorism” and discursive strategies involved in construction of “us” vs. “others.” The second part of the volume investigates issues related to media framing of the compromises that are deemed necessary for success in the “War on Terror.” At the same time, several chapters of this part also identify opportunities for resistance to hegemonic discourse.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Psychology Of Terrorism

Author : John G. Horgan
ISBN : 9781134701568
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.72 MB
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This new edition of John Horgan's critically acclaimed book is fully revised and expanded. The book presents a critical analysis of our existing knowledge and understanding of terrorist psychology. Despite the on-going search for a terrorist pathology, the most insightful and evidence-based research to date not only illustrates the lack of any identifiable psychopathology in terrorists, but demonstrates how frighteningly 'normal' and unremarkable in psychological terms are those who engage in terrorist activity. By producing a clearer map of the processes that impinge upon the individual terrorist, a different type of terrorist psychology emerges, one which has clearer implications for efforts at countering and disrupting violent extremism in today's world. In this 2nd edition, Horgan further develops his approach to the arc of terrorism by delving deeper into his IED model of Involvement, Engagement and Disengagement – the three phases of terrorism experienced by every single terrorist. Drawing on new and exciting research from the past decade, with new details from interviews with terrorists ranging from al-Qaeda to left-wing revolutionaries, biographies and autobiographies of former terrorists, and insights from historic and contemporary terrorist attacks since 2005, Horgan presents a fully revised and expanded edition of his signature text. This new edition of The Psychology of Terrorism will be essential reading for students of terrorism and political violence, and counterterrorism studies, and recommended for forensic psychology, criminology, international security and IR in general.
Category: Political Science

Torture The Pros And Cons Of The Issue

Author : ViewCaps
ISBN : 9781621075509
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.4 MB
Format : PDF
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Torture. That single word is enough to spark a passionate debate from either side. It’s hard to form a view one way or another when there is so much heated opinion for or against it. The ViewCaps Pros and Cons series takes a step back and looks at the issue objectively. It lays out only the facts and let’s you decide what opinion to take. ViewCaps is an imprint of BookCaps™ Study Guides. With each book, a issue is objectively analyzed. We publish a wide array of topics (from baseball and music to science and philosophy), so check our growing catalogue regularly to see our newest books.
Category: Social Science

The War Against The Terror Masters

Author : Michael A. Ledeen
ISBN : 9781429976855
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.35 MB
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The War Against the Terror Masters is a must-read guide to the terrorist crisis. Michael A. Ledeen explains in startling detail how and why the United States was so unprepared for the September 11th catastrophe; the nature of the terror network we are fighting--including the state sponsors of that network; the role of radical Islam; and the enemy collaboration of some of our traditional Middle Eastern "allies";--and, most convincingly, what we must do to win the war. The War Against the Terror Masters examines the two sides of the war: the rise of the international terror network, and the past and current efforts of our intelligence services to destroy the terror masters in the U.S. and overseas. Ledeen's new book also visits every country in the Near East and describes the terrorist cancers in each. Among many revelations that will attract wide attention: *How the terror network survived the loss of its main sponsor, the Soviet Union. *How the FBI learned from a KGB defector--twenty years before Osama's bin Laden's murderous assault--of the existance of Arab terrorist sleeper networks inside the United States. *How moralistic guidelines straight-jacketed the FBI from even collecting a file of newspaper clippings on known terror groups operating in America. *How the internal culture of the CIA, and severe limitations on its ability to operate, blinded us to the growth of terror networks. And much more.
Category: Political Science

Origins Of Terrorism

Author : Walter Reich
ISBN : 0943875897
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63.57 MB
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Offers a study of the beliefs, goals, and other factors that cause groups and individuals to resort to violence to gain their political objectives.
Category: Political Science

Terrorism

Author : Richard Jackson
ISBN : 9780230364325
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.75 MB
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In the years since 9/11, terrorism has been transformed into an issue of global significance. Terrorism and the war on terror has affected virtually every aspect of modern life, and a precise understanding of terrorism is now more important – and contentious – than ever. This innovative text provides a much-needed critical introduction to terrorism. Cutting-edge research on contemporary issues is combined with new insights into long-debated issues such as the definition of terrorism, the nature of the terrorist threat and counter-terrorism strategies. Showing that the methods we adopt as well as the material we study are vital for a clear understanding of the subject, this text goes beyond traditional IR approaches to rethink popular beliefs and assumptions about terrorism. Taking a genuinely global and integrated approach, this book is an ideal entry into the study of terrorism. The text is supported by: • International case studies from around the world • A detailed glossary introducing key actors, events and concepts relating to terrorism • Learning aids to stimulate critical thinking, including discussion questions, further readings and selected web resources
Category: Political Science

The Terrorism Acts In 2012

Author : David Anderson
ISBN : 0108512622
Genre : Law
File Size : 67.20 MB
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This report covers the operation of the Terrorism Acts in 2012. It summarises the independent reviewer's observations of the use of the powers during the year. Although the report makes no far-reaching recommendations (unlike in previous years), it does provide a much more detailed picture of the threat to the UK from terrorism and the role of this legislation. The independent reviewer in particular presents a fuller picture of the terrorist threat to the United Kingdom and its nationals, drawing particularly on the period 2010-2012; reviews the operation of all aspects of the Acts during 2012; requests views on possible changes to the definition of terrorism, with a view to making future recommendations; records progress made in relation to previous recommendations (e.g. in relation to proscription); and identifies other important issues (e.g. in relation to Schedule 7, currently subject to parliamentary as well as judicial attention). The Independent Reviewer considers the results of a programme of cautious and selective liberalisation of UK laws for dealing with terrorism are to be positive ones but that the threat from terrorism remains a substantial one. Amongst recommendations made were those relating to the rules relating to proscription (and in particular deproscription), some aspects of schedule 8 detention and the operation of schedule 7 power to stop and examine those travelling through ports
Category: Law

The Psychology Of Terrorism A Public Understanding

Author : Chris E. Stout
ISBN : 0275978656
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 69.64 MB
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Responding directly to 9/11, an outstanding interdisciplinary group of academics, clinicians, and activists from around the world united to produce this clear exploration of terrorism. Contributors, including Pulitzer Prize-winner Dr. John E. Mack, present an enormous range of terror-related factors in this important multivolume set. Following a foreword by Professor Klaus Schwab, president and founder of the World Economic Forum, chapters address terror and violence perpetrated by children, compare terrorists to cultists, and separate the fact, fiction, and hysteria surrounding bioterrorism. Other topics include: Historical contexts Group dynamics Social and behavioral issues Psychological and psychopathological issues Evolutionary issues Forensics Also presented are global perspectives on issues such as: Understanding and empathy Bias, prejudice, and racism Hate Sexism Additional subjects include state terrorism, countering international terrorism using perspectives from international psychology, and the role of resilience in terror's aftermath. Forged with a combination of talents and viewpoints rarely seen in the worlds of academia and activism, these volumes advance knowledge and understanding as a framework for considering responses to terrorism."
Category: Psychology