The Tenseless Theory Of Time

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The Tenseless Theory Of Time

Author : W.L. Craig
ISBN : 9789401734738
Genre : Science
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he present book and its companion volume The Tensed Theory of Time: a T Critical Examination are an attempt to adjudicate what one recent discussant has called "the most fundamental question in the philosophy of time," namely, "whether a static or a dynamic conception ofthe world is correct. "] I had originally intended to treat this question in the space of a single volume; but the study swelled into two. I found that an adequate appraisal of these two competing theories of time requires a wide-ranging discussion of issues in metaphysics, philosophy of language, phenomenology, philosophy of science, philosophy of space and time, and even philosophy of religion, and that this simply could not be done in one volume. If these volumes succeed in making a contribution to the debate, it will be precisely because of the synoptic nature of the discussion therein. Too often the question of the nature of time has been prematurely answered by some philosopher or physicist simply because he is largely ignorant of relevant discussions outside his chosen field of expertise. In these two complementary but independent volumes I have attempted to appraise what I take to be the most important arguments drawn from a variety of fields for and against each theory of time.
Category: Science

The Tensed Theory Of Time

Author : W.L. Craig
ISBN : 9789401593458
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.48 MB
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he present book and its companion volume The Tenseless Theory of Time: a T Critical Examination are an attempt to adjudicate what one recent discussant has called "the most fundamental question in the philosophy of time," namely, "whether a static or a dynamic conception of the world is correct. "! I had originally intended to treat this question in the space of a single volume; but the study swelled into two. I found that an adequate appraisal of these two of time requires a wide-ranging discussion of issues in competing theories metaphysics, philosophy of language, phenomenology, philosophy of science, philosophy of space and time, and even philosophy of religion, and that this simply could not be done in one volume. If these volumes succeed in making a contribution to the debate, it will be precisely because of the synoptic nature of the discussion therein. Too often the question of the nature of time has been prematurely answered by some philosopher or physicist simply because he is largely ignorant of relevant discussions outside his chosen field of expertise. In these two complementary but independent volumes I have attempted to appraise what I take to be the most important arguments drawn from a variety of fields for and against each theory of time.
Category: Science

The New Theory Of Time

Author : Professor L Nathan Oaklander
ISBN : 0300057962
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73.48 MB
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"The most important debate among twentieth-century philosophers of time has been whether events that have happened, are happening, or will happen are equally real (the tenseless theory of time) or whether there is a fundamental distinction between past, present, and future, with only present events possessing full existence (the tensed theory). In the 1980s a new version of the tenseless theory of time emerged. While advocates still posit that all events are equally real, they depart from the old tenseless theory by conceding that tensed expressions cannot be translated into tenseless ones, and support their view of time using other arguments." "This anthology offers the latest turns in the debate over the new theory of time, with essays written by many of the most prominent contemporary thinkers in the philosophy of time. There are discussions on the role - or nonrole - of language in determining which theory is true; McTaggart's paradox and the logical difficulties that defenders of the tenseless theory say are inherent in tensed theory; and the nature of our experience of time, which proponents of both theories claim can now be explained. The Preface and the General Introduction to the book set the debate within the wider philosophical context and show why the subject of temporal becoming is a perennial concern of science, religion, language, logic, and the philosophy of mind."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Category: Philosophy

Time And The Metaphysics Of Relativity

Author : W.L. Craig
ISBN : 0792366689
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50.94 MB
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The larger project of which this volume forms part is an attempt to craft a coherent doctrine of divine eternity and God's relationship to time. Central to this project is the integration of the concerns of theology with the concept of time in relativity theory. This volume provides an accessible and philosophically informed examination of the concept of time in relativity, the ultimate aim being the achievement of a tenable theological synthesis.
Category: Philosophy

The Ontology Of Time

Author : L. Nathan Oaklander
ISBN : 9781615923212
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23.16 MB
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Studies in Analytic PhilosophySeries Editor: Quentin Smith, Western Michigan University[T]his is an excellent book. It represents an exceptionally useful guide to nearly all aspects of the contemporary debate ... [and] is an excellent, insightful and powerful contribution to the debate and should be read by everyone working on the philosophy of time.-The Philosophical QuarterlyNathan Oaklander has for many years been the most indefatigable and effective developer and champion of the new - and true - tenseless theory of time. This book is an invaluable collection of his major papers on the topic, many of them not easily accessible elsewhere. It is a formidable armoury of arguments for the tenseless theory, and against its rivals, in both its ontological and its semantic aspects. Oaklander's detailed responses to his many allies and opponents down the years also make his book an indispensable guide to the recent history of work in the philosophy of time.-D. H. Mellor, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, Cambridge UniversityWhat emerges very strongly from these essays is a conviction that significant and exciting metaphysical results can be extracted by a careful and rigorous attention to the nature of temporal language, and a deep sense of the human relevance of the philosophy of time, as evidenced by the subtle connections drawn here between time, experience, identity and freedom. The collection as a whole is a testament to Nathan Oaklander's place at the forefront of contemporary metaphysics.-Robin Le Poidevin, Professor of Metaphysics, University of LeedsThis book is a carefully edited and cross-referenced compilation of some of Professor Oaklander's most significant work in the philosophy of time, and serves beautifully as both an up-to-date reference as well as an introduction to the ongoing debate between 'tenser' A-theorists and 'detenser' B-theorists. Not only does Professor Oaklander herein offer up the latest version of the 'new' B-theory of time, of which he is a chief architect, but he outlines a 'newer' B-theory of language that may well untangle the riddle of how tensed language may be essential to daily life, yet itself depend only upon tenseless facts for its ultimate significance.-Professor V. Alan White, University of Wisconsin--Manitowoc[A] sustained defense of the new B-theory of time and a penetrating critique of a range of A-theories of time. . . . an impressively coherent and unified work constituting one of the most complete and thorough defences of the new B-theory to appear in recent years.-Heather Dyke, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, University of Otago, New ZealandL. Nathan Oaklander is one of the leading philosophers of time defending the tenseless or B-Theory of time. He has remained at the forefront of this field since the early 1980s and today he is arguably the most formidable opponent of the tensed or A-theory of time. Much of the direction of the debate in this field for the past twenty years or so, especially in regards to the new tenseless theory of time, has been influenced by Oaklander's work. This book presents a carefully argued defense of the tenseless theory of time.The topics discussed include: the ontology of A- and B-theories of time; presentism; the open future theory; the A/B theory; defending the B-theory of time; temporal experience; temporal semantics; and time, identity, responsibility, and freedom.L. Nathan Oaklander (Flint, MI) is professor of philosophy and chair of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Michigan, Flint. He is the author or editor of numerous books on philosophy and the problem of time, including Time, Change and Freedom and The Importance of Time.
Category: Philosophy

Time Tense And Causation

Author : Michael Tooley
ISBN : 0198235798
Genre : Philosophy
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Finally, addressing the formidable difficulties posed for tensed accounts of time by the Special Theory of Relativity, he suggests that a modified version of the theory, compatible with the account of time in this book, is to be preferred to the standard version.
Category: Philosophy

Language And Time

Author : Quentin Smith
ISBN : 0195348184
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42.52 MB
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This book offers a defense of the tensed theory of time, a critique of the New Theory of Reference, and an argument that simultaneity is absolute. Although Smith rejects ordinary language philosophy, he shows how it is possible to argue from the nature of language to the nature of reality. Specifically, he argues that semantic properties of tensed sentences are best explained by the hypothesis that they ascribe to events temporal properties of futurity, presentness, or pastness and do not merely ascribe relations of earlier than or simultaneity. He criticizes the New Theory of Reference, which holds that "now" refers directly to a time and does not ascribe the property of presentness. Smith does not adopt the old or Fregean theory of reference but develops a third alternative, based on his detailed theory of de re and de dicto propositions and a theory of cognitive significance. He concludes the book with a lengthy critique of Einstein's theory of time. Smith offers a positive argument for absolute simultaneity based on his theory that all propositions exist in time. He shows how Einstein's relativist temporal concepts are reducible to a conjunction of absolutist temporal concepts and relativist nontemporal concepts of the observable behavior of light rays, rigid bodies, and the like.
Category: Philosophy

A Future For Presentism

Author : Craig Bourne
ISBN : 9780199212804
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 35.66 MB
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How can we talk meaningfully about the past if it does not exist to be talked about? What gives time its direction? Is time travel possible? Presentism, the view that only the present exists, was a much neglected position in the philosophy of time for a number of years. This book contributes to the debate on the future of presentism.
Category: Philosophy

Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Author : Donald M. Borchert
ISBN : 0028657896
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 77.84 MB
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This volume, covering entries from "Shaftesbury, Third Earl of" to "Zubiri, Xavier," presents articles on Eastern and Western philosophies, medical and scientific ethics, the Holocaust, terrorism, censorship, biographical entries, and much more.
Category: Electronic books

Time Tense And Mind

Author : David Ian Spencer
ISBN : 1109662246
Genre :
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An account of time given in purely tenseless terms seems intuitively incomplete in a number of different ways. It does not seem to do justice to our experience of time, it does not seem to explain our asymmetric attitudes towards past and future, and it fails to tell us which times are respectively past, present, or future. Chapters 1 through 3 are devoted to explaining the tensed-tenseless debate and how this apparent incompleteness, which I call the Gap, provides the grounds for many tensed theorists' arguments against the tenseless theory of time. As I show in Chapter 4, however, the tensed theorists' accounts of time appear to suffer from the Gap in the same or similar ways. And any way of undermining it that might be available to the tensed theorist is equally available to the tenseless theorist. Since no view of time can quite address the Gap in the way demanded by some tensed theorists, the root of the Gap is likely to be in the ways we encounter the world rather than in the metaphysical nature of time itself. To investigate this claim, in Chapter 5 I build the beginnings of a rough account of our perspectival outlook on time, based itself on an account of tense and why in fact we need tensed representations for action in the first place. As explained further in Chapter 6, such an account of our outlook, it turns out, may be compatible with either tenseless or tensed views of time. If so, then the Gap neither provides any evidence against the tenseless view, nor does it show the tensed view to be the default or common sense view as so many philosophers seem to think.
Category:

Metaphysics

Author : Ronald C. Hoy
ISBN : UOM:49015002971100
Genre : Philosophy
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One of the most acclaimed introductions to Metaphysics in recent history, Hoy and Oaklander's METAPHYSICS: CLASSIC AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS--now, by popular demand, in a second edition--continues to provide teachers and students with a balanced approach of both classic and contemporary voices. Using time as a unifying theme and constantly examining the interplay between scientific development and philosophical thinking, METAPHYSICS presents readings that have been especially chosen for their accessibility to undergraduates and provides them with exceptionally deep coverage of a crucial set of metaphysical topics.
Category: Philosophy

Rationality Time And Self

Author : Olley (F.O.C.H.) Pearson
ISBN : 9783319719733
Genre : Philosophy
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This book provides a new argument for the tensed theory of time and emergentism about the self. This argument derives in part from theories which establish our nature as rational and emotional beings whose behavior is responsive to reasons which are facts. It is argued that there must be reasons, hence facts, that can only be captured by tensed and/or first-personal language if our behavior is to be by and large rational and appropriate. This establishes the tensed theory of time and emergentism or dualism about the self, given the physical body can plausibly be fully described non-first-personally. In the course of this discussion the book also clarifies and defends a notion of fact and responds to McTaggart’s paradox and Wittgenstein’s private language argument.
Category: Philosophy

The Encyclopedia Of Philosophy

Author : Macmillan Publishing
ISBN : UOM:39015038611599
Genre : Philosophy
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This supplement accompanies the five volume edition of "The Encyclopedia of Philosophy". It updates the entries in the previously published encyclopedia, covering new subjects or updating entries that have undergone recent developments.
Category: Philosophy

God And Time

Author : John Delmas Lewis
ISBN : WISC:89011862299
Genre : Eternity
File Size : 85.6 MB
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Category: Eternity

Time Tense And Reference

Author : Professor of Philosophy at Portland State University and Director of the Center for Philosophical Education Aleksandar Jokic
ISBN : 0262600501
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 30.71 MB
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Original essays by philosophers of language and philosophers of time exploring the semantics and metaphysics of tense.
Category: Philosophy

Time And Eternity

Author : International Medieval Congress
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111932278
Genre : History
File Size : 52.70 MB
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These thirty-two papers from the 7th International Medieval Congress held in Leeds in 2000, wrestle with the complex and difficult subject of time and eternity in the medieval period. They reflect different scholarly approaches to the subject and reveal a variety of medieval concepts of time and its function.
Category: History