The Syntax Morphology Interface

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The Syntax Morphology Interface

Author : Matthew Baerman
ISBN : 1139445537
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 81.83 MB
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Syncretism - where a single form serves two or more morphosyntactic functions - is a persistent problem at the syntax-morphology interface. It results from a 'mismatch' whereby the syntax of a language makes a particular distinction but the morphology does not. This pioneering book provides a full-length study of inflectional syncretism, presenting a typology of its occurrence across a wide range of languages. The implications of syncretism for the syntax-morphology interface have long been recognised: it argues either for an enriched model of feature structure (thereby preserving a direct link between function and form), or for the independence of morphological structure from syntactic structure. This book presents a compelling argument for the autonomy of morphology and the resulting analysis is illustrated in a series of formal case studies within Network Morphology. It will be welcomed by all linguists interested in the relation between words and the larger units of which they are a part.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Complex Predicates

Author : Leila Lomashvili
ISBN : 9789027255570
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71.45 MB
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Complex predicates present different levels of complexity at the syntactic and morphological levels crosslinguistically. The focus of this book is a subset of these constructions (causative and applicative) in three polysynthetic languages of the South Caucasian language family, in which the functional morphology associated with the argument structure of these constructions is unusually rich. Due to such focus, the syntax-morphology interface in causative and applicative constructions is subject to scrutiny in two main chapters of the book. The analysis includes the argument structure of causatives and applicatives along with the morpho-phonological instantiation of the functional heads involved in these constructions. The book is written very clearly and is accessible for a wide audience including undergraduate students in the introductory syntax and morphology courses as well as graduate students in basic syntax courses and seminars in linguistics. It naturally appeals to a general linguistic audience interested in theoretical linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Negative Concord In English And Romance

Author : Susagna Tubau Muntañá
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122584605
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 58.82 MB
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Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Theoretical Issues At The Morphology Syntax Interface

Author : Amaya Mendikoetxea
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121846369
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 64.36 MB
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Morphology-syntax interface. Generalized person-case constraint. Causation hierarchy, semantic control and eventivity in Nisgha. Deep unaccusativity and zero syntax in St'át'imcets. 'Out of control' in Salish and event (de)composition. Spanish event infinitives. Feature licensing, morphological words and phonological domains in Basque. The limits of argument structure. Verb incorporation and causation types. Parameter variation in determiner systems: Salish vs. English. Argument structure and animacy entailment. Nested paths in syntactically ergative languages. Disagreement between adults and children. Locative sentences and related constructions in Catalan.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Aspects Of The Morphology Syntax Interface In Four Nigerian Languages

Author : Gerald Heusing
ISBN : 3825839176
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.78 MB
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This study seeks to blend the rigorous description of four Nigerian languages with theoretical insights. Four main tasks are involved. First, constructions involving the interface of morphology and syntax in the four languages are presented with regard to the syntax of substantives and functional categories, the morphology of functional heads and the relation between functional heads and the syntactic level of language. Secondly, these constructions are described and analysed within the framework of the Principles and Parameters Theory. Thirdly, those theoretical approaches within the Principles and Parameters Theory that can serve as tools for the analysis of the four languages are refined and modified, thereby establishing a version of the theory which may also serve for the morpho-syntactic analysis of related languages. Finally the syntactic model of functional categories is combined with a strictly morpho-semantic model of functional categories.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Linguistic Interfaces

Author : Gillian Ramchand
ISBN : 0199247455
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70.11 MB
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This state-of-the-art guide to some of the most exciting work in current linguistics explores how the core components of the language faculty interact. It examines how these interactions are reflected in linguistic and cognitive theory, considers what they reveal about the operations of language within the mind, and looks at their reflections in expression and communication. Leading international scholars present cutting-edge accounts of developments in the interfaces between phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. All scholars and advanced students of language will value this book, whether they are in linguistics, cognitive science, philosophy, artificial intelligence, computational science, or informatics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phi Theory

Author : Daniel Harbour
ISBN : 9780199213764
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 46.1 MB
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This book brings together the different strands and styles of research on Phi-features, such as person, number, and gender. It presents the core questions, major results, and new directions of this area of linguistic theory and shows how Phi Theory casts light on the nature of interfaces and the structure of the grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Beyond Morphology

Author : Peter Ackema
ISBN : 0199267294
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.73 MB
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The phenomena discussed by the authors range from synthetic compounding in English to agreement alternations in Arabic and complementizer agreement in dialects of Dutch. Their exposition combines insights from lexicalism and distributed morphology, and is expressed in terms accessible to scholars and advanced students. - unique exploration of interfaces of morphology with syntax and phonology - wide empirical scope with many new observations - theoretically innovative and important - accessible to students with chapters designed for use in teaching
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Voice At The Interfaces

Author : Itamar Kastner
ISBN : 9783961102570
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48.24 MB
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This books presents the most comprehensive description and analysis to date of Hebrew morphology, with an emphasis on the verbal templates. Its aim is to develop a theory of argument structure alternations which is anchored in the syntax but has systematic interfaces with the phonology and the semantics. Concretely, the monograph argues for a specific formal system centered around possible values of the head Voice. The formal assumptions are as similar as possible to those made in work on non-Semitic languages. The first part of the book (four chapters) is devoted to Hebrew; the second part (two chapters) compares the current theory with other approaches to Voice and argument structure in the recent literature.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Syntax Of Italian Dialects

Author : Christina Tortora
ISBN : 9780198031222
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.57 MB
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This volume collects original theoretical work on the syntax and morphology of Italian and a wide range of Italian dialects. It contains contributions by such leading figures as Cecilia Poletto, Guglielmo Cinque, and Richard Kayne, and examines topics such as the syntax of "ne", the internal structure of personal pronouns, the syntax/morphology interface, and functional projections at the clausal level.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Morphology And Its Interfaces

Author : Alexandra Galani
ISBN : 9789027255617
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 41.97 MB
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One of the most striking trends across linguistic research in recent years has been the examination of the interfaces between the various subcomponents of the language faculty. Yet, approaches to these interfaces across different theoretical frameworks differ substantially. This volume pulls together research into Morphology and its interfaces from researchers employing a variety of different theoretical and methodological perspectives: Morphology is a diverse field, and rather than aiming to collect works sharing a particular approach or framework of assumptions, this collection instead captures the diversity and provides an overview of the state of the research field while also addressing particular empirical phenomena with up-to-date analyses. The articles collected provide case studies from a diverse variety of languages revealing properties of the interfaces that morphology shares with syntax, semantics, phonology, and the lexicon, while the volume's inclusive cross-theoretical approach will serve to introduce readers to the findings of alternative frameworks and methodologies.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Syntax Of Roots And The Roots Of Syntax

Author : Artemis Alexiadou
ISBN : 9780191643071
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20.57 MB
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This book investigates the nature and properties of roots, the core elements of word meaning. In particular, chapters examine the interaction of roots with syntactic structure, and the role of their semantic and morpho-phonological properties in that interaction. Issues addressed in the book include the semantics and phonology of roots in isolation and in context; the categorial specification of roots; and the role of phases in word formation. Internationally recognized scholars approach these topics from a variety of theoretical backgrounds, drawing on data from languages including German, Hebrew, and Modern Greek. The book will be of interest to linguistics students and researchers of all theoretical persuasions from graduate level upwards.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Deverbal Adjectives At The Interface

Author : Isabel Oltra-Massuet
ISBN : 9781614510659
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63.38 MB
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This volume explores the syntax, semantics, and morphology of -ble adjectives within Distributed Morphology. It presents a decompositional analysis of -ble that captures intralinguistic variation and accounts for morphologically more complex languages. It contributes novel empirical data. First, the grammaticality of -ble formations derived from unergatives and unaccusatives in Spanish is argued to be a function of their exoskeletal properties in interaction with language-specific facts and features of the grammar of cognation, degrees, quantification and Aktionsart. A previously unnoticed correlation between the Spanish data and a cognate configuration with unaccusatives in English reinforces the proposal. Second, the grammaticality of denominal -ble adjectives in Romance and their absence in English relates aspects of the internal structure of -ble to issues pertaining to the eventive properties and syntactico-semantic status of the base nouns. This crosslinguistic proposal implicates central issues in the syntax-semantics-morphology interface, e.g. cross category derivations, locus of variation, or status of impossible words.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Complex Predicates In Nonderivational Syntax

Author : Erhard Hinrichs
ISBN : 9780585492223
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 61.28 MB
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Covers research in complex predicates within a variety of languages, such as German, Dutch, Italian, French, Korean and Urdu. This work focuses on diverse aspects of complex predicate phenomena, including order variation, constituency relations, interactions with other construction types, argument relations, and the syntax morphology interface.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Investigations Of The Syntax Semantics Pragmatics Interface

Author : Robert D. Van Valin
ISBN : 9789027205728
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.68 MB
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Investigations of the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface presents on-going research in Role and Reference Grammar in a number of critical areas of linguistic theory: verb semantics and argument structure, the nature of syntactic categories and syntactic representation, prosody and syntax, information structure and syntax, and the syntax and semantics of complex sentences. In each of these areas there are important results which not only advance the development of the theory, but also contribute to the broader theoretical discussion. In particular, there are analyses of grammatical phenomena such as transitivity in Kabardian, the verb-less numeral quantifier construction in Japanese, and an unusual kind of complex sentence in Wari' (Chapakuran, Brazil) which not only illustrate the descriptive and explanatory power of the theory, but also present interesting challenges to other approaches. In addition, there are papers looking at the implications and applications of Role and Reference Grammar for neurolinguistic research, parsing and automated text analysis.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prosody Morphology Interface

Author : René Kager
ISBN : 0521621089
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.41 MB
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Leading linguists address various issues in the interaction of word formation and prosody.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Development Of The Syntax Discourse Interface

Author : S. Avrutin
ISBN : 9789401712392
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 71.9 MB
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In this book, I address several issues of child linguistic development from the perspective of the syntax -discourse interface. Traditionally, language acquisition research has focused on the development of one of the linguistic modules, e.g. acquisition of syntax, morphology or phonology. While this approach can be viewed as fruitful in some cases, there is a number of linguistic phenomena whose explanation depends on the interaction of different modules and, therefore, different domains of linguistic knowledge. A typical example is pronominal anaphora: It can be shown that to correctly use pronominal elements, normal adult speakers must possess both syntactic and pragmatic knowledge, and that these kinds of knowledge must interact with each other. With regard to the language acquisition process, such phenomena suggest a somewhat different approach to the language acquisition research. Indeed, if some experimental studies show that children make errors in the construction under investigation, it will be necessary to consider these results from the point of view of the interaction of the different domains of linguistic knowledge involved in their interpretation. In other words, if this particular construction requires the integration of, for example, syntactic and discourse-based knowledge, children's errors may, in principle, be due to their lack of the former, the latter, or both kinds of knowledge, and cannot be taken as direct evidence for the "underdeveloped" status of just one of them.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines