The Sweatshop Regime

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Sweatshop Regimes In The Indian Garment Industry

Author : Alessandra Mezzadri
ISBN : 9781107116962
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.60 MB
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"Analyses the politics of production and labour control characterizing the Indian readymade garment industry since its entry into the global arena"--
Category: Business & Economics

Unmaking The Global Sweatshop

Author : Rebecca Prentice
ISBN : 9780812249392
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60.30 MB
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The 2013 collapse of Rana Plaza, an eight-story garment factory in Savar, Bangladesh, killed over a thousand workers and injured hundreds more. This disaster exposed the brutal labor conditions of the global garment industry and revealed its failures as a competitive and self-regulating industry. Over the past thirty years, corporations have widely adopted labor codes on health and safety, yet too often in their working lives, garment workers across the globe encounter death, work-related injuries, and unhealthy factory environments. Disasters such as Rana Plaza notwithstanding, garment workers routinely work under conditions that not only escape public notice but also undermine workers' long-term physical health, mental well-being, and the very sustainability of their employment. Unmaking the Global Sweatshop gathers the work of leading anthropologists and ethnographers studying the global garment industry to examine the relationship between the politics of labor and initiatives to protect workers' health and safety. Contributors analyze both the labor processes required of garment workers as well as the global dynamics of outsourcing and subcontracting that produce such demands on workers' health. The accounts contained in Unmaking the Global Sweatshop trace the histories of labor standards for garment workers in the global South; explore recent partnerships between corporate, state, and civil society actors in pursuit of accountable corporate governance; analyze a breadth of initiatives that seek to improve workers' health standards, from ethical trade projects to human rights movements; and focus on the ways in which risk, health, and safety might be differently conceptualized and regulated. Unmaking the Global Sweatshop argues for an expansive understanding of garment workers' lived experiences that recognizes the politics of labor, human rights, the privatization and individualization of health-related responsibilities as well as the complexity of health and well-being. Contributors: Mark Anner, Hasan Ashraf, Jennifer Bair, Jeremy Blasi, Geert De Neve, Saydia Gulrukh, Ingrid Hagen-Keith, Sandya Hewamanne, Caitrin Lynch, Alessandra Mezzadri, Patrick Neveling, Florence Palpacuer, Rebecca Prentice, Kanchana N. Ruwanpura, Nazneen Shifa, Dina M. Siddiqi, Mahmudul H. Sumon.
Category: Political Science

Class Dynamics Of Development

Author : Jonathan Pattenden
ISBN : 9781351740296
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.28 MB
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This book argues that class relations are constitutive of development processes and central to understanding inequality within and between countries. It does so via a transdisciplinary approach that draws on case studies from Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. Contributors illustrate and explain the diversity of forms of class relations, and the ways in which they interplay with other social relations of dominance and subordination, such as gender and ethnicity as part of a wider project to revitalise class analysis in the study of development problems and experiences. Class is conceived as arising out of exploitative social relations of production, but is formulated through and expressed by multiple determinations. By illuminating the diversity of social formations, this book illustrates the depth and complexity present in Marx’s method. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
Category: Social Science

Critical Reflections On Economy And Politics In India

Author : Raju J. Das
ISBN : 9789004415560
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.43 MB
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In this book, Das deploys class theory to decipher India’s economic and political situation. It deals with the specificities of India’s capitalism and neoliberalism, and their economic consequences. It critically examines lower-class struggles led by the Left, and the fascistic politics of the Right.
Category: Social Science

The Cultural Encounters In A Chinese Sweatshop Transnational Movement Of South Korean Enterprises And The Creation Of Borderland Factory Regime

Author : Jaesok Kim
ISBN : 054903756X
Genre : Business anthropology
File Size : 67.62 MB
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This dissertation focuses on the creation of a factory regime in a South Korean transnational corporation (TNC) located in Qingdao, Shandong Province, China, and especially on the power dynamics between foreign management, Chinese migrant workers, local-level Chinese government officials, and Chinese local gangs. In my research, I define the shop floor of the TNC as a "borderland," not only because the multiple presences of different 'cultures' exist in its space but also because its characteristics are not wholly compatible with the classic definitions of national territory. To attract TNCs, governments politically relinquish their legal rights (such as taxation) over these regions. TNCs also give up portions of their rights as proxies of global capitalism by complying with local government guidelines, to the extent that they require the ability of the government to provide infrastructure and cheap labor. My study demonstrates how a particular TNC becomes a locus for the government's desire to develop the "national economy," meeting the demands of global capitalism for economic profits, while sacrificing the interests of migrant workers. Through this approach, I show how relocating global capitalism brings about particular local consequences, complicated by the non-western origin of the TNC (South Korea) and the deepening social malaise of China as a neoliberal, post-socialist country. I pay particular attention to common features of post-socialist countries, namely, the growing infiltration of criminal networks into government organizations and the crisis of state governance as the result of the infiltration. By analyzing the emerging collaboration between foreign management, local-level officials, and local gangs, which works against the interest of Chinese migrant workers, this study contributes not only to the research on the politics of resistance of underprivileged people but also to the research on the power dynamics between the global and the local, articulated in the complex relations between transnational corporations, local officials, and migrant women workers. This dissertation is based on twelve months of archival research and ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Beijing and Qingdao from June 2002 through May 2003.
Category: Business anthropology

The Sweatshop Quandary

Author : Investor Responsibility Research Center
ISBN : UCSD:31822033576323
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.22 MB
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This report addresses the difficult, messy & thoroughly modern dilemma about how much responsibility U.S. corporations can & should take for wages & working conditions in factories in developing countries that make their merchandise for sale around the world. This study is a crucial aid to understanding the debate over the extent-& limits-of corporate responsibility for the conditions of their third world factories & supplier factories. The study examines how concern over global sweatshops has emerged as a major public policy issue & how mulitnational firms are responding, with special focus on the impact & implementation of corporate codes of conduct.
Category: Political Science

Sweatshop Usa

Author : Daniel E. Bender
ISBN : 9781136064029
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 51.50 MB
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First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Business & Economics

Making Sweatshops

Author : Ellen Rosen
ISBN : 0520928571
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84.84 MB
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The only comprehensive historical analysis of the globalization of the U.S. apparel industry, this book focuses on the reemergence of sweatshops in the United States and the growth of new ones abroad. Ellen Israel Rosen, who has spent more than a decade investigating the problems of America's domestic apparel workers, now probes the shifts in trade policy and global economics that have spawned momentous changes in the international apparel and textile trade. Making Sweatshops asks whether the process of globalization can be promoted in ways that blend industrialization and economic development in both poor and rich countries with concerns for social and economic justice—especially for the women who toil in the industry's low-wage sites around the world. Rosen looks closely at the role trade policy has played in globalization in this industry. She traces the history of current policies toward the textile and apparel trade to cold war politics and the reconstruction of the Pacific Rim economies after World War II. Her narrative takes us through the rise of protectionism and the subsequent dismantling of trade protection during the Reagan era to the passage of NAFTA and the continued push for trade accords through the WTO. Going beyond purely economic factors, this valuable study elaborates the full historical and political context in which the globalization of textiles and apparel has taken place. Rosen takes a critical look at the promises of prosperity, both in the U.S. and in developing countries, made by advocates for the global expansion of these industries. She offers evidence to suggest that this process may inevitably create new and more extreme forms of poverty.
Category: Political Science

Sweatshops At Sea

Author : Leon Fink
ISBN : 9780807877807
Genre : History
File Size : 61.54 MB
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As the main artery of international commerce, merchant shipping was the world's first globalized industry, often serving as a vanguard for issues touching on labor recruiting, the employment relationship, and regulatory enforcement that crossed national borders. In Sweatshops at Sea, historian Leon Fink examines the evolution of laws and labor relations governing ordinary seamen over the past two centuries. The merchant marine offers an ideal setting for examining the changing regulatory regimes applied to workers by the United States, Great Britain, and, ultimately, an organized world community. Fink explores both how political and economic ends are reflected in maritime labor regulations and how agents of reform--including governments, trade unions, and global standard-setting authorities--grappled with the problems of applying land-based, national principles and regulations of labor discipline and management to the sea-going labor force. With the rise of powerful nation-states in a global marketplace in the nineteenth century, recruitment and regulation of a mercantile labor force emerged as a high priority and as a vexing problem for Western powers. The history of exploitation, reform, and the evolving international governance of sea labor offers a compelling precedent in an age of more universal globalization of production and services.
Category: History

Acts Of Faith

Author : Erich Segal
ISBN : 9780804153201
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 52.54 MB
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They met as children, innocents from two different worlds. And from that moment their lives were fated to be forever entwined. Timothy : Abandoned at birth, he finds a home--and a dazzling career--within the Catholic Church. But the vows he takes cannot protect him from one soul-igniting passion. Daniel : The scholarly son of a great rabbi, he is destined to follow in his father's footsteps. And destined to break his father's heart. Deborah : She was raised to be docile and dutiful--the perfect rabbi's wife--but love will lead her to rebellion. And into world's the patriarch would never dare imagine. Reaching across more than a quarter of a century, from the tough streets of Brooklyn to ultramodern Brasilia to an Israeli kibbutz, and radiating the splendor of two holy cities, Rome and Jerusalem, here is Erich Segal's most provocative and ambitious novel to date--the unforgettable story of three extraordinary lives...and one forbidden love.
Category: Fiction

Scapegoat Of Revolution

Author : Judd L. Teller
ISBN : MINN:319510022789764
Genre : Antisemitism
File Size : 39.13 MB
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Category: Antisemitism

Proceedings Biennial Convention

Author : Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America
ISBN : NYPL:33433008861852
Genre : Clothing workers
File Size : 32.45 MB
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Category: Clothing workers