The Superorganism

Download The Superorganism ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to The Superorganism book pdf for free now.

The Superorganism

Author : Bert Hölldobler
ISBN : 0393067041
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58.62 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 261
Read : 961

The Pulitzer Prize-winning authors of Ants present a lavishly detailed account of the extraordinary lives of social insects that draws on more than two decades of research and offers insight into how bees, termites, and other insect societies thrive in systems of altruistic cooperation, complex communication, and labor division. 50,000 first printing.
Category: Nature

Unified Fields

Author : Janine Rogers
ISBN : 9780773596504
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 55.51 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 852
Read : 665

Literary form presents an important opportunity for understanding the relationship between literature and science. Through a series of close readings of poetry and prose, Unified Fields demonstrates that formal structures in literature can relate to scientific concepts through their essential interpretive functions. Janine Rogers engages with a wide range of writing from Canadian, British, and American authors, including the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop and Robyn Sarah as well as prose by Margaret Atwood, Ian McEwan, and Stephen Hawking. She employs an interdisciplinary approach combining formalist, historical, and theoretical literary practice, informed by interpretive frameworks developed in the philosophy of science. Although dedicated to contemporary texts, Rogers's analysis is frequently rooted in historical contexts of form, including Euclidean geometry and medieval romance, developed when the distinction between literature and science was not so drastic. These historical connections demonstrate that continuities of form resonate in both contemporary literature and science. Through critical analysis and engaging prose, Unified Fields bridges an important disciplinary gap by revealing how literary practice informs scientific understanding.
Category: Literary Criticism

Big Brains And The Human Superorganism

Author : Niccolo Leo Caldararo
ISBN : 9781498540889
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 54.30 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 325
Read : 1330

This book examines why humans have big brains and how brains are associated with complex society and behavior in other animals. It compares brain evolution in social animals and examines the evolution of the human brain in social and historical contexts.
Category: Psychology

The Human Superorganism

Author : Rodney Dietert, PhD
ISBN : 9781101983911
Genre : Science
File Size : 30.20 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 840
Read : 1195

"Eyeopening... Fascinating... may presage a paradigm shift in medicine.” —Kirkus Reviews (starred review) "Teeming with information and big ideas... Outstanding.” —Booklist (starred review) The origin of asthma, autism, Alzheimer's, allergies, cancer, heart disease, obesity, and even some kinds of depression is now clear. Award-winning researcher on the microbiome, professor Rodney Dietert presents a new paradigm in human biology that has emerged in the midst of the ongoing global epidemic of noncommunicable diseases. The Human Superorganism makes a sweeping, paradigm-shifting argument. It demolishes two fundamental beliefs that have blinkered all medical thinking until very recently: 1) Humans are better off as pure organisms free of foreign microbes; and 2) the human genome is the key to future medical advances. The microorganisms that we have sought to eliminate have been there for centuries supporting our ancestors. They comprise as much as 90 percent of the cells in and on our bodies—a staggering percentage! More than a thousand species of them live inside us, on our skin, and on our very eyelashes. Yet we have now significantly reduced their power and in doing so have sparked an epidemic of noncommunicable diseases—which now account for 63 percent of all human deaths. Ultimately, this book is not just about microbes; it is about a different way to view humans. The story that Dietert tells of where the new biology comes from, how it works, and the ways in which it affects your life is fascinating, authoritative, and revolutionary. Dietert identifies foods that best serve you, the superorganism; not new fad foods but ancient foods that have made sense for millennia. He explains protective measures against unsafe chemicals and drugs. He offers an empowering self-care guide and the blueprint for a revolution in public health. We are not what we have been taught. Each of us is a superorganism. The best path to a healthy life is through recognizing that profound truth.
Category: Science

The Viral Network

Author : Theresa MacPhail
ISBN : 9780801454882
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63.36 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 637
Read : 708

In The Viral Network, Theresa MacPhail examines our collective fascination with and fear of viruses through the lens of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. In April 2009, a novel strain of H1N1 influenza virus resulting from a combination of bird, swine, and human flu viruses emerged in Veracruz, Mexico. The Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) announced an official end to the pandemic in August 2010. Experts agree that the global death toll reached 284,500. The public health response to the pandemic was complicated by the simultaneous economic crisis and by the public scrutiny of official response in an atmosphere of widespread connectivity. MacPhail follows the H1N1 influenza virus’s trajectory through time and space in order to construct a three-dimensional picture of what happens when global public health comes down with a case of the flu. The Viral Network affords a rare look inside the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, as well as Hong Kong’s virology labs and Centre for Health Protection, during a pandemic. MacPhail looks at the day-to-day practices of virologists and epidemiologists to ask questions about the production of scientific knowledge, the construction of expertise, disease narratives, and the different "cultures" of public health in the United States, Europe, Hong Kong, and China. The chapters of the book move from the micro to the macro, from Hong Kong to Atlanta, from the lab to the WHO, from the pandemic past in 1918 to the future. The various historical, scientific, and cultural narratives about flu recounted in this book show how biological genes and cultural memes become interwoven in the stories we tell during a pandemic. Ultimately, MacPhail argues that the institution of global public health is as viral as the viruses it tracks, studies, and helps to contain or eradicate. The "global" is itself viral in nature.
Category: Medical

Environmental Ethics Ecological Theology And Natural Selection

Author : Lisa Sideris
ISBN : 9780231529495
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 33.32 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 984
Read : 549

In the last few decades, religious and secular thinkers have tackled the world's escalating environmental crisis by attempting to develop an ecological ethic that is both scientifically accurate and free of human-centered preconceptions. This groundbreaking study shows that many of these environmental ethicists continue to model their positions on romantic, pre-Darwinian concepts that disregard the predatory and cruelly competitive realities of the natural world. Examining the work of such influential thinkers as James Gustafson, Sallie McFague, Rosemary Radford Ruether, John Cobb, Peter Singer, and Holmes Rolston, Sideris proposes a more realistic ethic that combines evolutionary theory with theological insight, advocates a minimally interventionist stance toward nature, and values the processes over the products of the natural world.
Category: Philosophy

The Buzz About Bees

Author : Jürgen Tautz
ISBN : 9783540787297
Genre : Nature
File Size : 68.44 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 769
Read : 693

Tis book, already translated into ten languages, may at frst sight appear to be just about honeybees and their biology. It c- tains, however, a number of deeper messages related to some of the most basic and important principles of modern biology. Te bees are merely the actors that take us into the realm of phys- ology, genetics, reproduction, biophysics and learning, and that introduce us to the principles of natural selection underlying the evolution of simple to complex life forms. Te book destroys the cute notion of bees as anthropomorphic icons of busy self-sacr -i fcing individuals and presents us with the reality of the colony as an integrated and independent being—a “superorganism”—with its own, almost eerie, emergent group intelligence. We are s- prised to learn that no single bee, from queen through drone to sterile worker, has the oversight or control over the colony. - stead, through a network of integrated control systems and fee- backs, and communication between individuals, the colony - rives at consensus decisions from the bottom up through a type of “swarm intelligence”. Indeed, there are remarkable parallels between the functional organization of a swarming honeybee colony and vertebrate brains.
Category: Nature

The Social Biology Of Wasps

Author : Kenneth G. Ross
ISBN : 0801499062
Genre : Nature
File Size : 85.46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 636
Read : 1171

Phylogenetic relationships and the origin of social behavior in the Vespidae. The solitary and presocial Vespidae. The Stenogastrinae. Polistes. Belonogaster, Mischocyttarus, Parapolybia, and independent-founding Ropalidia. The swarm-founding Polistinae. Vespa and Provespa. Dolichovespula and Vespula. Reproductive competition during colony establishment. Evolution of queen number and queen control. Polyethism. Nourishment and the evolution of the social vespidae. Population genetic structure, relatedness, and breeding systems. Evolution of nest architecture. The nest as the locus of social life. The function and evolution of exocrine glands. Evolution of social behavior in sphecid wasps.
Category: Nature

The Moon In The Nautilus Shell

Author : Daniel B. Botkin
ISBN : 9780199976973
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.11 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 214
Read : 861

Why do we keep talking about so many environmental problems and rarely solve any? If these are scientific issues, then why can't scientists solve them or at least agree on what to do? In his new book, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell, ecologist Daniel Botkin explains why. For one thing, although we live in a world of constantly changing environments and talk a lot about climate change, most of our environmental laws, policies, and scientific premises are based on the idea that the environment is constant, never changing, except when people affect it. For another, we have lost contact with nature in personal ways. Disconnected from our surroundings, we lack the deep understanding and feelings about the environment to make meaningful judgments. The environment has become just another one of those special interests that interferes with our lives. Poised to be a core text of the twenty-first century environmental movement, The Moon in the Nautilus Shell challenges us to think critically about our role in nature.
Category: Science

Honeybee Neurobiology And Behavior

Author : C. Giovanni Galizia
ISBN : 9400720998
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.37 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 288
Read : 844

The book is a sequel of a similar book, edited by Randolf Menzel and Alison Mercer, “Neurobiology and Behavior of Honeybees”, published in 1987. It is a “Festschrift” for the 70th birthday of Randolf Menzel, who devoted his life to the topic of the book. The book will include an open commentary for each section written by Randolf Menzel, and discussed with the authors. The written contributions take their inspiration from a symposium on the topic, with all the authors, that was held in Berlin in summer 2010
Category: Science

Earth Days

Author : William Dritschilo
ISBN : 9780595338207
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.75 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 314
Read : 470

Earth Days details the events of the revolution in ecology initiated by the publication of Silent Spring from the perspective of someone involved in its events. It is a book having to do with ideas and the people who held them. Earth Days starts with Rachel Carson and the other writers and scientists whose words caught the attention of the public on Earth Day. It tells about the Odum brothers from the corn pone South, champions of the ecosystem idea, Robert MacArthur, the "James Dean" of ecology, and Jared Diamond, who tried to be his successor and in the effort set off a war in ecology. It tells about Dan Simberloff, who rebelled against the science inspired by his own mentors in that war. It tells about Paul Ehrlich and David Pimentel, for whom no environmental issue was beyond their expertise. It also tells about Gene Likens, who looked and acted more like an insurance salesman, yet found a way through the swirling controversies in his science to put it to good practical use. There are, of course, many others, each trying to find their own personal way in the broad, important science that is ecology. Earth Days details that revolution from the perspective of someone involved in its events. It also gives the reader the necessary background to follow the most technical material. Difficult material becomes easy, lively reading. -Howard V. Cornell (University of Delaware): "Fantastic! It kept me up all night. I couldn't put it down." -Nicholas Gotelli (University of Vermont): "It is very lively and fun to read." -Daniel Simberloff (University of Tennessee): " an excellent and engaging writer appears to be a really major and interesting book." -David Pimentel (Cornell University): " fantastic job of writing to capture the views of numerous ecologists!" -Gene Likens (New York Botanical Garden): "I learned some things about myself."
Category: Science

The Sustainability Of Rural Systems

Author : I.R. Bowler
ISBN : 9789401734714
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.35 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 906
Read : 1117

This book examines the interaction of the dimensions of economy, society, and environment in the context of rural systems. It embraces a wide range of topics, including globalization and reregulation in sustainable food production, conservation and sustainability, the development of sustainable rural communities, and sustainable rural-urban interaction. It is relevant to advanced-level students, teachers, researchers, policymakers and agency workers.
Category: Science

The Origins Of Life

Author : John Maynard Smith
ISBN : 9780191647321
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 202
Read : 766

In this fascinating book, John Maynard Smith and Eors Szathmary present an original picture of evolution. They propose that during evolution there have been a number of major transitions in the way in which information is passed between generations. These transitions include the appearance of the first replicating molecules, the emergence of co-operative animal societies, and the unique language ability of humans. Containing many new ideas, this book is contemporary biology on the grandest scale, from the birth of life to the origin of language.
Category: Science

Biophilia

Author : Edward O. WILSON
ISBN : 9780674045231
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.60 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 753
Read : 1309

Category: Science

Insect Lives

Author : Erich Hoyt
ISBN : 0674009525
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.36 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 702
Read : 548

Contains over seventy essays in which various authors from throughout history discuss insects.
Category: Science

Takers Economy An Inquiry Into Illegal File Sharing

Author : Christopher Stewart
ISBN :
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20.96 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 845
Read : 393

Over the last decade or so, file sharing has become a widespread phenomenon. As much as having the possibility of exchanging information almost instantaneously can represent a blessing in terms of communication and progress, it obviously opens the door to pursuits that enjoy a far less angelic reputation. Still, the overall picture suggests that a significant number of internet users participate in such ill-famed activities. Considering this state of affairs, could illegal file sharing actually be a positive process for those downloaders, and for the collectivity alike ? The question is generally approached from the angle of its economic impacts, but there is evidently more to the issue than its pecuniary dimension. Takers Economy proposes an alternative look at illegal file sharing in light of the role of art in society, and in the context of the oneness of all beings and things. In addition, the inquiry explores the global picture from which the circumstances emerge, and attempts to characterize the underlying culture that gives rise to them. Finally, the essay introduces a philosophy of endosymbiotism that aims to foster attitudes and behaviours that accord with the ethics of the inherent unseparateness of being.
Category: Philosophy

Veterinary Immunology E Book

Author : Ian R. Tizard
ISBN : 9780323291699
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.55 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 502
Read : 991

The only complete resource on immunology for veterinary students and practitioners, Veterinary Immunology: An Introduction features a straightforward presentation of basic immunologic principles with comprehensive information on the most significant immunological diseases and responses seen in domestic animals. This meticulously updated new edition explores the latest advances in the field and provides a wealth of clinical examples that illustrate and clarify important concepts. Comprehensive coverage of vaccines and vaccine usage, allergies and allergic diseases, and autoimmunity and immunodeficiencies, prepare you for the multiple immunologic issues you will encounter in practice. A wealth of clinical examples clearly illustrate key concepts and offer practical strategies for diagnosing and treating immunologic disorders in the clinical setting. More than 500 full-color diagrams and illustrations visually demonstrate and clarify complex issues. Completely updated section on innate immunity includes new chapters on natural killer (NK) cells and systemic responses to infection to ensure you have the most up-to-date information. New information on genomics and molecular diagnostic techniques explores how the emerging field of genomics impacts disease resistance and immunology in general, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of immunological and infectious diseases. Updated content provides new information on well-recognized older diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, and inflammatory bowel disease, as well as current information on new diseases such as devil facial tumor disease and bovine neonatal pancytopenia. Expanded coverage brings you the latest knowledge on resistance to infection, such as vaccine usage, especially with respect to duration of immunity, the effects of key vitamins and lipids on immune responses, the effects of old age on immunity, and both antiviral and parasitic immunity. Diagnostic tests described throughout the text include a new section on the analysis of ELISA test data, as well as a brief summary of molecular diagnostic techniques. Coverage reflecting a significant change in the overall view of immunology provides you with the foundational knowledge needed to grasp the broad pattern of immunologic reactions and understand how the immune system functions as an interconnected network, rather than a series of independent pathways. New discussions of the critical importance of commensal bacteria and intestinal flora explain help you understand the importance of this normal flora with respect to antibacterial immunity, allergies, and autoimmunity, while at the same time providing a broader view of the animal body and its microflora as a "superorganism." A discussion of the importance of adipose tissue in immunity and inflammation addresses the epidemic of obesity in domestic pets and the extraordinary growth rates expected of domestic livestock. The section on inflammatory mechanisms has been divided into separate chapters focusing on the detection of invaders and the mediators of inflammation to incorporate the vast amount of new information on pattern recognition receptors and the ways in which they warn the body of microbial invasion.
Category: Medical