The Speech Of The Birds

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The Speech Of The Birds

Author : Farīd al-Dīn ʻAṭṭār
ISBN : 0946621691
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.69 MB
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Mantiqu't-Tair is one of the masterpieces of Persian literature of which a complete and annotated translation into English is here presented for the first time as The Speech of the Birds. The text revolves around the decision of the birds of the world to seek out a king. Their debilitating doubts and fears, the knowing counsel of their leader Hoopoe, and their choice of the Simurgh as a king, is in reality an allegory of the spiritual path of Sufism with its demands, its hazards and its infinite rewards. The poem contains many admonitory anecdotes and exemplary stories, including numerous references to some of the early Muslim mystics such as Rabi'a al-'Adawiyya, Abu Sa'id ibn Abi'l-Khair, Mansur al-Hallaj and Shibli, among others. In The Speech of the Birds, Peter Avery has not only given us a precise and moving translation, but also ample annotation providing much information to fill in what Attar would have expected his readers to know. The result is a fascinating insight into a remarkable aspect of Islam: the world of ecstatic love of the Persian mystics. The Speech of the Birds will be of interest to everyone who values great literature, as well as to all students of Persian and Sufism.
Category: Social Science

The Speech Of The Grail

Author : Linda Sussman
ISBN : 094026269X
Genre : Religion
File Size : 79.52 MB
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Storyteller and ceremonialist Linda Sussman explores how to speak in a new way that is one that heals and transforms. She takes the epic story of the grail, as told by Wolfram von Eschenbach in "Parzival", as her guide. This tale weaves together Celtic, Oriental, Christian, Arthurian and alchemical sources. Linda Sussman sees "Parzival" as depicting the path of initiation to healing speech, to doing the truth in word and deed. First, she tells the story in a beautiful way, allowing the reader to reproduce within themselves the potent inner pictures of the text. Then she shows that it is not so much a path toward perfection, as the recovery of a right relationship to our imperfections. She shows, too that it is a path in which male and female aspects work together in the overcoming of evil.
Category: Religion

The Speech Of Monkeys

Author : Richard Lynch Garner
ISBN : NYPL:33433011493818
Genre : Monkeys
File Size : 45.51 MB
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Text intended as a record of the the author's work and his progress, in the hope that others will pursue like investigations. Part I presents a few of the author's experiments and serve to show the scope of his work. Part II presents the author's definition of the word "speech" and the deductions which he has made from his experiments.
Category: Monkeys

Among The Birds

Author : Florence Anna Fulcher
ISBN : CHI:086860462
Genre : Birds
File Size : 44.92 MB
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Category: Birds

The Birds

Author : Aristophanes
ISBN : HARVARD:HN5W52
Genre :
File Size : 77.83 MB
Format : PDF
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The Infancy Of Speech And The Speech Of Infancy

Author : Leopold Stein
ISBN : 9780429788789
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32.11 MB
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For many centuries scientists and philosophers have endeavoured to solve the baffling problem of human language. Originally published in 1949, Dr Stein had been fascinated by this problem and collected an enormous amount of data from past and present ages which, when viewed together, shed light upon the origin, evolution and meaning of human speech. He adheres to the broad concept that the development of the individual is a brief recapitulation of the evolution of the race, and has attempted to apply this principle to the solution of the problem of language. For this purpose, he has delved into the realms of prehistory, history, comparative philology, anatomy, physiology and psychology and has made conjectures from his data as to the prehistoric patterns of human speech. Where direct evidence is lacking he has resorted boldly to analogy and fantasy. The result is an intriguing mosaic which should prove interesting to all those concerned with the promotion of human relations which are, to a great extent, dependent on communication through speech. The work is crowned by the fact that his assumptions were being verified by the promising results obtained in the treatment of speech disorders based upon them at the time.
Category: Psychology

A Dictionary Of Birds

Author : Alfred Newton
ISBN : UOM:39015061986207
Genre : Birds
File Size : 42.38 MB
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Category: Birds

Works

Author : Francis Bacon
ISBN : HARVARD:HNDGWS
Genre : Philosophy, English
File Size : 48.19 MB
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Category: Philosophy, English

Philosophical Works

Author : Francis Bacon
ISBN : UOM:39015001525677
Genre :
File Size : 76.54 MB
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The Alex Studies

Author : Irene M. PEPPERBERG
ISBN : 9780674041998
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.1 MB
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Can a parrot understand complex concepts and mean what it says? Since the early 1900s, most studies on animal-human communication have focused on great apes and a few cetacean species. Birds were rarely used in similar studies on the grounds that they were merely talented mimics--that they were, after all, birdbrains. Experiments performed primarily on pigeons in Skinner boxes demonstrated capacities inferior to those of mammals; these results were thought to reflect the capacities of all birds, despite evidence suggesting that species such as jays, crows, and parrots might be capable of more impressive cognitive feats. Twenty years ago Irene Pepperberg set out to discover whether the results of the pigeon studies necessarily meant that other birds--particularly the large-brained, highly social parrots--were incapable of mastering complex cognitive concepts and the rudiments of referential speech. Her investigation and the bird at its center--a male Grey parrot named Alex--have since become almost as well known as their primate equivalents and no less a subject of fierce debate in the field of animal cognition. This book represents the long-awaited synthesis of the studies constituting one of the landmark experiments in modern comparative psychology.
Category: Science