THE SOCIALIST CAR

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The Socialist Car

Author : Lewis H. Siegelbaum
ISBN : 9780801463228
Genre : History
File Size : 45.37 MB
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Across the Soviet Bloc, from the 1960s until the collapse of communism, the automobile exemplified the tension between the ideological imperatives of political authorities and the aspirations of ordinary citizens. For the latter, the automobile was the ticket to personal freedom and a piece of the imagined consumer paradise of the West. For the authorities, the personal car was a private, mobile space that challenged the most basic assumptions of the collectivity. The "socialist car"-and the car culture that built up around it-was the result of an always unstable compromise between official ideology, available resources, and the desires of an increasingly restless citizenry. In The Socialist Car, eleven scholars from Europe and North America explore in vivid detail the interface between the motorcar and the state socialist countries of Eastern Europe, including the USSR. In addition to the metal, glass, upholstery, and plastic from which the Ladas, Dacias, Trabants, and other still extant but aging models were fabricated, the socialist car embodied East Europeans' longings and compromises, hopes and disappointments. The socialist car represented both aspirations of overcoming the technological gap between the capitalist first and socialist second worlds and dreams of enhancing personal mobility and status. Certain features of automobility-shortages and privileges, waiting lists and lack of readily available credit, the inadequacy of streets and highways-prevailed across the Soviet Bloc. In this collective history, the authors put aside both ridicule and nostalgia in the interest of trying to understand the socialist car in its own context.
Category: History

Socialist Escapes

Author : Cathleen M. Giustino
ISBN : 9780857456700
Genre : History
File Size : 66.38 MB
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During much of the Cold War, physical escape from countries in the Eastern Bloc was a nearly impossible act. There remained, however, possibilities for other socialist escapes, particularly time spent free from party ideology and the mundane routines of everyday life. The essays in this volume examine sites of socialist escapes, such as beaches, campgrounds, nightclubs, concerts, castles, cars, and soccer matches. The chapters explore the effectiveness of state efforts to engineer society through leisure, entertainment, and related forms of cultural programming and consumption. They lead to a deeper understanding of state–society relations in the Soviet sphere, where the state did not simply "dictate from above" and inhabitants had some opportunities to shape solidarities, identities, and meaning.
Category: History

Cultural Histories Of Sociabilities Spaces And Mobilities

Author : Colin Divall
ISBN : 9781317317258
Genre : History
File Size : 25.10 MB
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For the majority of us the opportunity to travel has never been greater, yet differences in mobility highlight inequalities that have wider social implications. Exploring how and why attitudes towards movement have evolved across generations, the case studies in this essay collection range from medieval to modern times and cover several continents.
Category: History

Adolf Hitler European Tour

Author : Ian Tinny
ISBN :
Genre : History
File Size : 63.71 MB
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Adolf Hitler's European tour started with small gigs in German beer halls. It grew to sold-out crowds of worshipful fans raising their arms and chanting in adulation. They came for his hypnotic voice and signature mustache, outrageous costumes, rituals, and symbols. From there Hitler's band took Europe by storm with a swift series of top hits! This book exposes the dark side of Hitler: His plagiarism from earlier inspirations far beyond Germany; some deep inside the USA. The USA was the origin of Nazi salutes and Fascist behavior through the work of an American socialist: Francis Bellamy, author of the USA's Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag. The American Nazi salute was often performed by public officials in the USA from 1892 through 1942. What happened to old photographs and films of the American Nazi salute performed by federal, state, county, and local officials? Those photos and films are rare because people don't want to know the truth about the government’s past. American youth groups (Scouting) adopted Bellamy's American Nazi salute AND saluted swastika badges worn by fellow scouts. Many Americans were accustomed to “Nazi salutes for swastikas” long before German socialism adopted similar behavior under Hitler. That helps to explain another shocking revelation: swastikas were worn by American soldiers before Hitler did it. There are photos in the book! The military salute was the origin of Nazi salutes, via the USA's flag pledge in government schools. Public officials in the USA who preceded the German socialist (Hitler) and the Italian socialist (Mussolini) were sources for the stiff-armed salute (and brainwashed chanting) in those countries and other foreign countries influencing the worst reprobates, including these other socialists: Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Lenin, Mao Zedong, Adolf Hitler, Pol Pot, Kim Il-sung, Ho Chi Minh, Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky, Kim Jong-il, Benito Mussolini, Kim Jong-un, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and more! They showed that Killing socialists is trademark socialism. Millions died. Yet, the world's worst killers escaped justice and many continue to be glorified as "great leaders." Bernie Sanders self-identifies the same as Hitler: SOCIALIST; Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez self-identifIes the same as Hitler: SOCIALIST; So do their fans. (Hitler and his supporters did not call themselves "Nazi" nor "Fascist"). "Socialism" was touted by the very word in voluminous speeches & writings by the socialists Hitler, Stalin, Mao, Pol Pot, the Kim thugs, etc. Soviet socialism joined German socialism to launch the socialist war (WWII) invading Poland etc. It led to socialism's many genocides. Who was worst: Stalin, Mao, or Hitler? Stalin shares guilt for genocides of Mao, Hitler & himself, and Pol Pot, and the Kim thugs and other socialists. German socialism and Soviet socialism joined to launch the socialist war (WWII), invading Poland and going onward. Stalin assisted Mao. It led to genocide under many other socialists. The importance of this book cannot be overstated. It is a microcosm of the amorality of what remains of world socialism. It shines a floodlight on the ethical vacuum that is collectivism and its overlords. America is following them into that hell. Author Ian Tinny provides eye-popping revelations from the historian Dr. Rex Curry's decades of work that are undisputed by the New York Times • The Washington Post • Los Angeles Times • San Francisco Chronicle • Tampa Bay Times • Weekly Standard • Vogue • Chicago Tribune • Newsday • The New York Times Book Review • Tampa Tribune • Library Journal • Publishers Weekly • Saint Petersburg Times • History Journal.
Category: History

The Socialist People S Car

Author : Valentina Fava
ISBN : STANFORD:36105212549062
Genre : History
File Size : 69.50 MB
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From 1918 to 1968, Czechoslovak auto manufacturing was marked by the growing influence of the American model of mass production and by the Sovietization of Czechoslovak society and industry. In this book, Valentina Fava examines how the stratification of foreign technical and organizational knowledge shaped Czechoslovak car production practices, contributing to the formation of a specific technical and organizational culture. This book studies and raises questions typical of company cases in business history and relative to Skoda corporate structure, performance, production processes, and product quality.
Category: History

Strategies Of German Car Companies In China

Author : Patrick Schrott
ISBN : 9783954895861
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 32.28 MB
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In 2009, the PRC overtook the USA as the biggest automotive market in the world in production as well as in sales. With economic problems like stagnating real income, rising raw material prices and credit-driven consumerism in the industrial countries the importance of the Chinese market for car companies will even grow. Saturated passenger car markets in the USA and Western Europe and low rates of motorization in new automotive markets like China focus the attention of the market participants on these new, growing markets. The focus of this study is on the passenger vehicle market and lines out why the Chinese market is profitable and attractive for international manufacturers. Moreover, it shows how to deal with the problems and how to use the opportunities regarding the dimensions of internationalization. Firstly, the PEST-Analysis of the Chinese automobile market lines out the political-legal, economic, socio-cultural and technological factors. In such a rapidly changing and growing as well as culturally completely different country like the PRC, the framework conditions and circumstances are of big importance for foreign enterprises willing to do business there. The third chapter deals with possible internationalization strategies for China by showing possibilities of timing and market development strategies plus options for locating business markets. This is also further established in the fourth chapter, in which the internationalization strategies of two German enterprises are analyzed. Furthermore the fourth chapter analyses the internationalization strategies of VW and BMW. At the end of this thesis, the results are summarized in two SWOT-analyses of both firms including measures on how to deal with threats in the PRC and on how to benefit from strengths and opportunities.
Category: Business & Economics

Towards A Socialist Australia

Author : Socialist Workers Party (Australia)
ISBN : UOM:39015020171990
Genre : Labor movement
File Size : 84.83 MB
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Category: Labor movement

The Socialist Review

Author :
ISBN : PRNC:32101067578615
Genre : Industrial relations
File Size : 30.32 MB
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Category: Industrial relations

Autopia

Author : Peter Wollen
ISBN : 1861891326
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.52 MB
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The reach of the car today is almost universal, and its effect on landscapes, cityscapes, cultures – indeed, on the very fabric of the modern world – is profound. Cars have brought benefits to individuals in terms of mobility and expanded horizons, but the cost has been very high in terms of damage to the environment and the consumption of precious resources. Despite the growing belief that a Faustian price is now being paid for the freedom cars have bestowed on us, we are none the less manufacturing them in ever greater numbers. Autopia is the first book to explore the culture of the motor car in the widest possible sense. Featuring newly commissioned essays by writers, critics, historians, artists and film-makers, as well as reprinting key texts, it examines the effect of the car throughout the world, including the USA, Western and Eastern Europe, Japan, China, Cuba, India and South Africa. In this book the car is treated neither as a technological fetish object nor as an instrument of danger. Instead, it is examined as a hugely important determinant of 20th-century culture, neither wholly good nor an unmitigated disaster, and certainly endlessly fascinating. Contributors include Michael Bracewell, Ziauddin Sardar, Al Rees, Martin Pawley, Donald Richie and Peter Hamilton. Key texts by Marshall Berman, Jane Jacobs, Roland Barthes, Marc Aug� and others.
Category: Social Science