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The Selfish Gene

Author : Richard Dawkins
ISBN : 0192860925
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 52.14 MB
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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit
Category: Literary Criticism

Selfish Dna

Author : Eloi Rylan Koios
ISBN : 6138593995
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.39 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Selfish DNA refers to those sequences of DNA which, in their purest form, have two distinct properties: (1) the DNA sequence spreads by forming additional copies of itself within the genome; and (2) it makes no specific contribution to the reproductive success of its host organism. This idea was sketched briefly by Richard Dawkins in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene and was explicitly exposed in two 1980 articles in Nature magazine. Deoxyribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms (with the exception of RNA viruses).
Category: Science

Science Studies

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230618279
Genre :
File Size : 86.23 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 105. Chapters: Scientific method, Dewey Decimal Classification, Philosophy of science, The Selfish Gene, Sociobiology, Encyclopedie, The Third Culture, Consilience, History of science, Memex, Tree of Knowledge System, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Leviathan and the Air-Pump, Vienna Circle, Patronage in Astronomy, Demarcation problem, Bruno Latour, Actor-network theory, Unweaving the Rainbow, Sociology of scientific knowledge, Science and technology studies, Scientific community metaphor, Expertise finding, The Two Cultures, Performativity, The Tao of Physics, Design Science, Funding bias, The Oxford Book of Modern Science Writing, Science and Civilisation in China, Technoscience, Sal Restivo, Mundaneum, Harry Collins, Unity of science, Wiebe Bijker, Boundary-work, Proofs and Refutations, Richard Dawkins: How a Scientist Changed the Way We Think, Scientific freedom, Michel Callon, Social shaping of technology, Unified Science, Mental Models, Conjectures and Refutations, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Coproduction, John Law, Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science.
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The Accidental Homo Sapiens Genetics Behavior And Free Will

Author : Ian Tattersall
ISBN : 9781643131108
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.53 MB
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What happens now that human population has outpaced biological natural selection? Two leading scientists reveal how we became who we are—and what we might become. When you think of evolution, the picture that most likely comes to mind is a straight-forward progression, the iconic illustration of a primate morphing into a proud, upright human being. But in reality, random events have played huge roles in determining the evolutionary histories of everything from lions to lobsters to humans. However, random genetic novelties are most likely to become fixed in small populations. It is mathematically unlikely that this will happen in large ones. With our enormous, close-packed, and seemingly inexorably expanding population, humanity has fallen under the influence of the famous (or infamous) “bell curve.” Ian Tattersall and Rob DeSalle’s revelatory new book explores what the future of our species could hold, while simultaneously revealing what we didn’t become—and what we won’t become. A cognitively unique species, and our actions fall on a bell curve as well. Individual people may be saintly or evil; generous or grasping; narrow-minded or visionary. But any attempt to characterize our species must embrace all of its members and so all of these antitheses. It is possible not just for the species, but for a single individual to be all of these things—even in the same day. We all fall somewhere within the giant hyperspace of the human condition that these curves describe. The Accidental Homo Sapiens shows readers that though humanity now exists on this bell curve, we are far from a stagnant species. Tattersall and DeSalle reveal how biological evolution in modern humans has given way to a cultural dynamic that is unlike anything else the Earth has ever witnessed, and that will keep life interesting—perhaps sometimes too interesting—for as long as we exist on this planet.
Category: Science

Dna Replication The Selfish Gene Primer Semiconservative Replication Nucleic Acid Nomenclature Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1156436826
Genre :
File Size : 87.44 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 51. Chapters: The Selfish Gene, Primer, Semiconservative replication, Nucleic acid nomenclature, Proliferating cell nuclear antigen, Retinoblastoma protein, Telomerase, Okazaki fragment, 29 DNA polymerase, DNA clamp, Control of chromosome duplication, XPB, Replication timing, Helicase, DNA-binding protein, Topoisomerase, DNA replication factor CDT1, Cdc6, DNA ligase, Taq polymerase, Prokaryotic DNA replication, Origin of replication, Eukaryotic DNA replication, Replication fork, DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, Loop-mediated isothermal amplification, Primase, Processivity, Pfu DNA polymerase, Eukaryotic DNA polymerase, Licensing factor, Klenow fragment, Minichromosome maintenance, PcrA, Repressor lexA, T7 DNA Helicase, Rolling circle replication, DnaN, Slipped strand mispairing, Tus, DnaA, T7 DNA polymerase, Single-strand binding protein, Proofreading, DnaC, DnaB helicase, Pre-replication complex, OriDB, Replicon, DnaQ, Theta structure, DnaG, DnaH, Prokaryotic DNA polymerase, Microcosm: E. coli and the New Science of Life, S-phase-promoting factor, DnaS, DnaX, DNA polymerase eta, DnaE, DnaI. Excerpt: Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen, commonly known as PCNA, is a protein that acts as a processivity factor for DNA polymerase in eukaryotic cells. It achieves this processivity by encircling the DNA, thus creating a topological link to the genome. It is an example of a DNA clamp. The protein encoded by this gene is found in the nucleus and is a cofactor of DNA polymerase delta. The encoded protein acts as a homotrimer and helps increase the processivity of leading strand synthesis during DNA replication. In response to DNA damage, this protein is ubiquitinated and is involved in the RAD6-dependent DNA repair pathway. Two transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene. Pseudogenes of this gene have been ...
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Popular Science Books

Author : Books, LLC
ISBN : 1156571073
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 41.8 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Commentary (books not included). Pages: 43. Chapters: The Selfish Gene, Guns, Germs, and Steel, The Blind Watchmaker, A Brief History of Time, The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?, Up from Dragons, The Grand Design, Freakonomics, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Tree: A Life Story, A Child Is Born, The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution, Bad Science, SuperFreakonomics, 13 Things That Don't Make Sense, Cosmos, The Canon: A Whirligig Tour of the Beautiful Basics of Science, A Short History of Nearly Everything, Sally Ride Science, List of popular science books on evolution, Mathematics and the Imagination, The Five Ages of the Universe, Conscious Robots, The Brain That Changes Itself, ReAction! Chemistry in the Movies, Big Bang, Why Darwin Matters, Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds, Science Friction: Where the Known Meets the Unknown, Survival of the Sickest, A Briefer History of Time, The Code Book, The Red Queen: Sex and the Evolution of Human Nature, Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life, George's Secret Key to the Universe, Why Is Sex Fun?, Chaos: Making a New Science, Seeds of Change: Five Plants That Transformed Mankind, Infinite Worlds: An Illustrated Voyage to Planets Beyond Our Sun, Quantum, Becoming Batman: The Possibility of a Superhero, The G Spot and Other Recent Discoveries About Human Sexuality, Understanding Physics, Fermat's Last Theorem, Six Feet Over: Adventures in the Afterlife, Dynamical Theory of Crystal Lattices, Microcosm: E. coli and the New Science of Life. Excerpt: The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What is the Question? is a 1993 popular science book by Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon M. Lederman and science writer Dick Teresi. The book provides a brief history of particle physics, starting with the P...
Category: Health & Fitness

The Biological Mind

Author : Justin Garson
ISBN : 9781317676690
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20.36 MB
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For some, biology explains all there is to know about the mind. Yet many big questions remain: is the mind shaped by genes or the environment? If mental traits are the result of adaptations built up over thousands of years, as evolutionary psychologists claim, how can such claims be tested? If the mind is a machine, as biologists argue, how does it allow for something as complex as human consciousness? The Biological Mind: A Philosophical Introduction explores these questions and more, using the philosophy of biology to introduce and assess the nature of the mind. Drawing on the four key themes of evolutionary biology; molecular biology and genetics; neuroscience; and biomedicine and psychiatry Justin Garson addresses the following key topics: moral psychology, altruism and levels of selection evolutionary psychology and modularity genes, environment and the nature-nurture debate neuroscience, reductionism and the relation between biology and free will function, selection and mental representation psychiatric classification and the maladapted mind. Extensive use of examples and case studies is made throughout the book, and additional features such as chapter summaries, annotated further reading and a glossary make this an indispensable introduction to those teaching philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology. It will also be an excellent resource for those in related fields such as biology.
Category: Philosophy

Cognitive Science Literature

Author : Books, LLC
ISBN : 1156829542
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 61.5 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 271. Chapters: The Selfish Gene, G del, Escher, Bach, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Moral Politics, Conceptual metaphor, The Doors of Perception, The Sound Pattern of English, Enchiridion of Epictetus, An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, Consciousness Explained, Le Ton beau de Marot, The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Metamagical Themas, Charles Sanders Peirce bibliography, Critique of Pure Reason, The Secret, The Republic, The God Delusion, Verbal Behavior, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, Phaedrus, A Guide for the Perplexed, Gettier problem, Leviathan, Syntactic Structures, What Computers Can't Do, Up from Dragons, The Will to Believe, Bicameralism, The Examined Life, Being and Nothingness, Symposium, Implicate and explicate order according to David Bohm, Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibbon, The World as Will and Representation, The Phenomenology of Spirit, On the Genealogy of Morality, The Grand Design, Novum Organum, A Treatise of Human Nature, Critique of Practical Reason, Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals, Viable System Model, Computing Machinery and Intelligence, The Missing Shade of Blue, The Message in the Bottle, Sense and reference, The Theory of Communicative Action, A Theory of Justice, Emile: or, On Education, Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies, The Work of J.G.A. Pocock, The Grammar of Science, Bardo Thodol, De rerum natura, Two Dogmas of Empiricism, The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution, Discourse on the Method, On Denoting, Enneads, Language of thought, Great chain of being, On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, Naming and Necessity, Meditations, After Virtue, Monadology, Elbow Room, Sex, Ecology, Spirituality, Language, Truth, and Logic, Categories, The Poverty of His...
Category: Philosophy

Free

Author : Chris Anderson
ISBN : 9781446409558
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.87 MB
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What happens when advances in technology allow many things to be produced for more or less nothing? And what happens when those things are then made available to the consumer for free? In his groundbreaking new book, The Long Tail author Chris Anderson considers a brave new world where the old economic certainties are being undermined by a growing flood of free goods - newspapers, DVDs, T shirts, phones, even holiday flights. He explains why this has become possible - why new technologies, particularly the Internet, have caused production and distribution costs in many sectors to plummet to an extent unthinkable even a decade ago. He shows how the flexibility provided by the online world allows producers to trade ever more creatively, offering items for free to make real or perceived gains elsewhere. He pinpoints the winners and the losers in the Free universe. And he demonstrates the ways in which, as an increasing number of things become available for free, our decisions to make use of them will be determined by two resources far more valuable than money: the popular reputation of what is on offer and the time we have available for it. In the future, he argues, when we talk of the 'money economy' we will talk of the 'reputation economy' and the 'time economy' in the same breath, and our world will never be the same again.
Category: Business & Economics

Are We Free Psychology And Free Will

Author : John Baer
ISBN : 9780190293475
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71.61 MB
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Do people have free will, or this universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be studied, verified, and understood scientifically? How and why might a sense of free will have evolved? These are a few of the questions this book attempts to answer. People generally act as though they believe in their own free will: they don't feel like automatons, and they don't treat one another as they might treat robots. While acknowledging many constraints and influences on behavior, people nonetheless act as if they (and their neighbors) are largely in control of many if not most of the decisions they make. Belief in free will also underpins the sense that people are responsible for their actions. Psychological explanations of behavior rarely mention free will as a factor, however. Can psychological science find room for free will? How do leading psychologists conceptualize free will, and what role do they believe free will plays in shaping behavior? In recent years a number of psychologists have tried to solve one or more of the puzzles surrounding free will. This book looks both at recent experimental and theoretical work directly related to free will and at ways leading psychologists from all branches of psychology deal with the philosophical problems long associated with the question of free will, such as the relationship between determinism and free will and the importance of consciousness in free will. It also includes commentaries by leading philosophers on what psychologists can contribute to long-running philosophical struggles with this most distinctly human belief. These essays should be of interest not only to social scientists, but to intelligent and thoughtful readers everywhere.
Category: Psychology