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The Sciences Of The Artificial

Author : Herbert A. Simon
ISBN : 9780262537537
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.28 MB
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Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence in the expanded and updated third edition from 1996, with a new introduction by John E. Laird. Herbert Simon's classic and influential The Sciences of the Artificial declares definitively that there can be a science not only of natural phenomena but also of what is artificial. Exploring the commonalities of artificial systems, including economic systems, the business firm, artificial intelligence, complex engineering projects, and social plans, Simon argues that designed systems are a valid field of study, and he proposes a science of design. For this third edition, originally published in 1996, Simon added new material that takes into account advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. Simon won the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1978 for his research into the decision-making process within economic organizations and the Turing Award (considered by some the computer science equivalent to the Nobel) with Allen Newell in 1975 for contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing. The Sciences of the Artificial distills the essence of Simon's thought accessibly and coherently. This reissue of the third edition makes a pioneering work available to a new audience.
Category: Computers

The Sciences Of The Artificial

Author : Herbert Alexander Simon
ISBN : WISC:89033938416
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.94 MB
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Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.
Category: Science

The Idea Of Design

Author : Victor Margolin
ISBN : 0262631660
Genre : Design
File Size : 59.41 MB
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An anthology of essays addressing the nature and practice of contemporary product and graphic design, selected from volumes four through nine of the international journal Design Issues. Themes include reflection on the nature of design, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. Includes b & w photos and illustrations. c. Book News Inc.
Category: Design

Understanding The Artificial On The Future Shape Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Massimo Negrotti
ISBN : 9781447117766
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.29 MB
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In recent years a vast literature has been produced on the feasibility of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The topic most frequently discussed is the concept of intelligence, with efforts to demonstrate that it is or is not transferable to the computer. Only rarely has attention been focused on the concept of the artificial per se in order to clarify what kind, depth and scope of performance (including intelligence) it could support. Apart from the classic book by H.A. Simon, The Sciences of the Artificial, published in 1969, no serious attempt has been made to define a conceptual frame for understanding the intimate nature of intelligent machines independently of its claimed or denied human-like features. The general aim of this book is to discuss, from different points of view, what we are losing and what we are gaining from the artificial, particularly from AI, when we abandon the original anthropomorphic pretension. There is necessarily a need for analysis of the history of AI and the limits of its plausibility in reproducing the human mind. In addition, the papers presented here aim at redefining the epistemology and the possible targets of the AI discipline, raising problems, and proposing solutions, which should be understood as typical of the artificial rather than of an information-based conception of man.
Category: Computers

The Science Of Computing

Author : Matti Tedre
ISBN : 9781482217698
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.21 MB
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The identity of computing has been fiercely debated throughout its short history. Why is it still so hard to define computing as an academic discipline? Is computing a scientific, mathematical, or engineering discipline? By describing the mathematical, engineering, and scientific traditions of computing, The Science of Computing: Shaping a Discipline presents a rich picture of computing from the viewpoints of the field’s champions. The book helps readers understand the debates about computing as a discipline. It explains the context of computing’s central debates and portrays a broad perspective of the discipline. The book first looks at computing as a formal, theoretical discipline that is in many ways similar to mathematics, yet different in crucial ways. It traces a number of discussions about the theoretical nature of computing from the field’s intellectual origins in mathematical logic to modern views of the role of theory in computing. The book then explores the debates about computing as an engineering discipline, from the central technical innovations to the birth of the modern technical paradigm of computing to computing’s arrival as a new technical profession to software engineering gradually becoming an academic discipline. It presents arguments for and against the view of computing as engineering within the context of software production and analyzes the clash between the theoretical and practical mindsets. The book concludes with the view of computing as a science in its own right—not just as a tool for other sciences. It covers the early identity debates of computing, various views of computing as a science, and some famous characterizations of the discipline. It also addresses the experimental computer science debate, the view of computing as a natural science, and the algorithmization of sciences.
Category: Computers

Artificial Life Ii

Author : Christopher G. Langton
ISBN : 0201525704
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.43 MB
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Category: Computers

The Politics Of The Artificial

Author : Victor Margolin
ISBN : 0226505049
Genre : Art
File Size : 74.47 MB
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Emerging from the world of commercial art and product styling, design has now become completely integrated into human life. Its marks are all around us, from the chairs we sit on to the Web sites on our computer screens. One of the pioneers of design studies and still one of its most distinguished practitioners, Victor Margolin here offers a timely meditation on design and its study at the turn of the millennium and charts new directions for the future development of both fields. Divided into sections on the practice and study of design, the essays in The Politics of the Artificial cover such topics as design history, design research, design as a political tool, sustainable design, and the problems of design's relation to advanced technologies. Margolin also examines the work of key practitioners such as the matrix designer Ken Isaacs. Throughout the book Margolin demonstrates the underlying connections between the many ways of reflecting on and practicing design. He argues for the creation of an international, interdisciplinary field of design research and proposes a new ethical agenda for designers and researchers that encompasses the responsibility to users, the problems of sustainability, and the complicated questions of how to set boundaries for applying advanced technology to solve the problems of human life. Opinionated and erudite, Victor Margolin's The Politics of the Artificial breaks fresh ground in its call for a new approach to design research and practice. Designers, engineers, architects, anthropologists, sociologists, and historians will all benefit from its insights.
Category: Art

Theory Of The Artificial

Author : Massimo Negrotti
ISBN : 1871516552
Genre : Computers
File Size : 72.48 MB
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The Theory of the Artificial aims at what happens when people try to reproduce a natural object or process in the scientific fields, from artificial intelligence to bio-engineering, and also in art and communication where the reproduction process is itself a central issue. What does it mean to create the artificial? What are its limits? What are the features of an object built to reproduce natural objects or processes? As observations are linked to the generation of both mental and cultural representations, these pages allow the reader to discover common features between artificial objects or processes - like the general selective character of each attempt to reproduce reality. This book is enriched by many illustrations, ranging from technological objects to the more artistic, helping the reader to understand the common lines that define the artificial.
Category: Computers

Contemplating Minds

Author : William J. Clancey
ISBN : 0262531194
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88.23 MB
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One place where the scientific debate has been written for a broad audience is in the book review column of the international journal Artificial Intelligence, which has evolved from simple reviews to a multidisciplinary forum where reviewers and authors debate the latest, often competing, theories of human and artificial intelligence.
Category: Computers

Ki 2009 Advances In Artificial Intelligence

Author : Bärbel Mertsching
ISBN : 9783642046162
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.90 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2009, held in Paderborn, Germany, in September 2009. The 76 revised full papers presented together with 15 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 126 submissions. The papers are divided in topical sections on planning and scheduling; vision and perception; machine learning and data mining; evolutionary computing; natural language processing; knowledge representation and reasoning; cognition; history and philosophical foundations; AI and engineering; automated reasoning; spatial and temporal reasoning; agents and intelligent virtual environments; experience adn knowledge management; and robotics.
Category: Computers