The Science And Archaeology Of Materials

Download The Science And Archaeology Of Materials ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to The Science And Archaeology Of Materials book pdf for free now.

The Science And Archaeology Of Materials

Author : Julian Henderson
ISBN : 9781135953171
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.64 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 649
Read : 330

The Science and Archaeology of Materials is set to become the definitive work in the archaeology of materials. Henderson's highly illustrated work is an accessible and fascinating textbook which will be essential reading for all practical archaeologists. With clear sections on a wide range of materials including ceramics, glass, metals and stone, this work examines the very foundations of archaeological study. Anyone interested in ancient technologies, especially those involving high temperatures, kilns and furnaces will be able to follow in each chapter how raw materials are refined, transformed and shaped into objects. This description is then followed by appropriate case studies which provide a new chronological and geographical example of how scientific and archaeological aspects can and do interact. They include: *Roman pale green and highly decorated glass *17th Century glass in Britain and Europe *the effect of the introduction of the wheel on pottery technology *the technology of Celadon ceramics *early copper metallurgy in the Middle East *chemical analysis and lead isotope analysis of British Bronzes *early copper alloy metallurgy in Thailand *the chemical analysis of obsidian and its distribution *the origins of the Stonehenge bluestones This book shows how archaeology and science intersect and fe ed off each other. Modern scientific techniques have provided data which, when set within a fully integrated archaeological context, have the potential of contributing to mainstream archaeology. This holistic approach generates a range of connections which benefits both areas and will enrich archaeological study in the future.
Category: Social Science

Archaeology History And Science

Author : Marcos Martinon-Torres
ISBN : 9781315433554
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.81 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 850
Read : 968

Using a combination of historical, archaeological, and scientific data is not an uncommon research practice. Rarely found, however, is a more overt critical consideration of how these sources of information relate to each other, or explicit attempts at developing successful strategies for interdisciplinary work. The authors in this volume provide such critical perspectives, examining materials from a wide range of cultures and time periods to demonstrate the added value of combining in their research seemingly incompatible or even contradictory sources. Case studies include explorations of the symbolism of flint knives in ancient Egypt, the meaning of cuneiform glass texts, medieval metallurgical traditions, and urban archaeology at industrial sites. This volume is noteworthy, as it offers novel contributions to specific topics, as well as fundamental reflections on the problems and potentials of the interdisciplinary study of the human past.
Category: Social Science

Materials Issues In Art And Archaeology Vi

Author : Pamela B. Vandiver
ISBN : UCSD:31822032189326
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.68 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 141
Read : 902

This volume, the sixth in a continuing series, presents cutting edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Preserving cultural heritage extends beyond artifact preservation to developing a critical understanding of how ancient people used technology and craft to solve problems of survival and organization and to make symbols or representations of what was important in their world, especially for its maintenance, longevity and beautification. Of particular interest in this volume are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: conservation and preservation science; preservation-design, characterization and assessment; characterization-new methods and improved techniques; archaeological science and archaeometry; site formation, site analysis, resource survey and organization of technology; weathering, dating, technology and authentication; archaeomaterials, technology and society; replicative experiments, synthesis of materials and model systems; historic technologies; and ancient technology and modern craft.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Materials Issues In Art And Archaeology V

Author : Pamela B. Vandiver
ISBN : UCSD:31822025649898
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89.87 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 125
Read : 546

The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Materials Issues In Art And Archaeology X

Author : Pamela B. Vandiver
ISBN : 1605116335
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.55 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 436
Read : 330

This book presents cutting-edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Of particular interest are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: analytical chemistry and spectroscopy; ancient and historical metallurgy; natural and artificial glass; characterization, sources and production of ceramics; organic materials technologies; architectural conservation and materials characterization; conservation of archaeological and historical materials; and other studies of ceramics and metals.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Archaeological Science

Author : Michael Richards
ISBN : 9780521195225
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.28 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 451
Read : 743

An accessible and wide-ranging introduction to the exciting and expanding field of archaeological science, for students, professionals and academics.
Category: Social Science

An Archaeology Of Materials

Author : Chantal Conneller
ISBN : 9781136845338
Genre : Art
File Size : 35.30 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 940
Read : 856

An Archaeology of Materials sets out a new approach to the study of raw materials. Traditional understandings of materials in archaeology (and in western thought more widely) have failed to acknowledge both the complexity and, moreover, the benefits of an analysis of materials. Here Conneller argues that materials cannot be understood independently of the practices through which they are constituted. Drawing on a number of different thinkers, and using case studies from the European early Prehistoric period, she investigates how we can rethink the properties of matter and the relationship of material and form. What emerges from this book is the variability and the specificity of human-material interactions and the rather more active role that matter plays in these than traditionally conceived. Rather than being insignificant, a formless substrate or simply a constraint to human action, it is argued that materials are more fundamental. Tracing the processes by which the properties of past materials emerge reveals the working of past worlds, particularly articulations of the cultural, the natural and the supernatural. This book will establish a new perspective on the meaning and significance of materials, particularly those involved in mundane, daily usage, and will be a timely addition to the literature on technologies and materials.
Category: Art

Ancient Technologies And Archaeological Materials

Author : Sarah U. Wisseman
ISBN : 9781134303267
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.19 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 387
Read : 773

First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Social Science

Archaeological Artefacts As Material Culture

Author : Linda Hurcombe
ISBN : 9781136802003
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.33 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 863
Read : 719

This book is an introduction to the study of artefacts, setting them in a social context rather than using a purely scientific approach. Drawing on a range of different cultures and extensively illustrated, Archaeological Artefacts and Material Culture covers everything from recovery strategies and recording procedures to interpretation through typology, ethnography and experiment, and every type of material including wood, fibers, bones, hides and adhesives, stone, clay, and metals. With over seventy illustrations with almost fifty in full colour, this book not only provides the tools an archaeologist will need to interpret past societies from their artefacts, but also a keen appreciation of the beauty and tactility involved in working with these fascinating objects. This is a book no archaeologist should be without, but it will also appeal to anybody interested in the interaction between people and objects.
Category: Social Science

Discovering The Past Through Archaeology

Author : Christopher Catling
ISBN : 184476995X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.39 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 137
Read : 871

This illustrated guide is ideal for anyone with a passion for delving into the past. It is a fascinating read for new enthusiasts, students, volunteers and professionals who wish to learn all about what happens to the finds once they are recovered and how experts collate and link all the information together. You will learn all about the many and varied specialist methods employed such as building matrices, dating finds, analyzing human remains and deciphering ancient languages. A chronological section guides you through the major archaeological periods and explains how the study of ancient bones and stone tools has given new insights into the origins and evolution of the human species and our interaction with the environment. Witness the human migrations that began in the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic eras, and progressed towards the great technologies of the later stone and metal ages, and culminating in later complex civilizations. There are sections on the key techniques associated with different types of archaeological sites, from churches and burial chambers to industrial buildings and shipwrecks. With advice on how to get involved with volunteer digs, re-enactments and local conservation and research, there?s plenty to inspire the amateur and potentially develop into a field of study or a fully-fledged career. With over 300 colour photographs and illustrative artworks, this is a fantastic hands-on reference book for new and experienced archaeologists alike.
Category: Social Science

Art Archaeology And Science

Author : Meili Yang
ISBN : 184519733X
Genre : Archaeology
File Size : 59.21 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 438
Read : 1061

Science has played a crucial role in the initial stages of westerners' collecting and studying ancient Chinese artworks and archaeological materials. The relevant scientific data were quickly generated using progressively sophisticated examination techniques. But the task of integrating scientific data with archaeological and art historical resources, and developing a workable interdisciplinary study method, has lagged behind scientific endeavor. Part One of this book explores the modes and functions of the scientific resources available and their integration into interdisciplinary study methods and models; pre-war researchers particularly emphasized that their studies of Chinese artistic/archaeological materials were scientific. Improvements in precision and advanced specialization of examining instruments and techniques resulted in substantively more detailed scientific data, particularly in the post-war period. This brought with it new research dimensions and increased knowledge of targeted samples, and also greater challenges to the integration of interdisciplinary study. In Part Two, Meili Yang establishes a feasible method of interdisciplinary study in terms of five case studies related to Chinese Song ceramics. Relevant data are provided and professionally explained, resulting in critical new information related to contemporary ceramic technologies. This technology information leads us to the recognition of the uniqueness of each single artwork and the artisan's individual intention - and critically, recognition of the close association with contemporary society and culture at the time of manufacture. Utilizing this new method of interdisciplinary study, modern science, ancient technology, and art and society are seen to have explicit connections. The author not only broadens scholars' and readers' perspectives regarding ancient ceramic craft, but provides a rigorous methodology applicable to interdisciplinary studies across other disciplines.
Category: Archaeology

An Archaeology Of Colonial Identity

Author : Gavin Lucas
ISBN : 0306485370
Genre : History
File Size : 61.79 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 268
Read : 150

This book examines how colonial identities were constructed in the Cape Colony of South Africa since its establishment in the 17th century up to the 20th century. It is an explicitly archaeological approach but which also draws more widely on documentary material to examine how different people in the colony – from settler to slave – constructed identities through material culture. The book explores three key groups: The Dutch East India Company, the free settlers and the slaves, through a number of archaeological sites and contexts. With the archaeological evidence, the book examines how these different groups were enmeshed within racial, sexual, and class ideologies in the broader context of capitalism and colonialism, and draws extensively on current social theory, in particular post-colonialism, feminism and Marxism. This book is aimed primarily at archaeologists, but will also attract historians and those interested in cultural theory and material culture studies. Specifically, historical archaeologists and students of historical archaeology will be the primary readership and buyers.
Category: History

Metallography In Archaeology And Art

Author : David A. Scott
ISBN : 9783030112653
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.18 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 701
Read : 744

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the metallographic study of ancient metals. Metallography is important both conceptually as a microstructural science and in terms of its application to the study of ancient and historic metals. Metallography is a well-established methodology for the characterization of the microstructure of metals, which continues to be significant today in quality control and characterization of metallic properties. Not only does the metallographic examination of ancient metals present its own challenges in terms of sample size and interpretation of evidence, but it must be integrated with archaeological data and cultural research in order to obtain the most meaningful results. Issues of authentication and the establishment of fakes and forgeries of metallic artefacts often involve metallographic evidence of both metal and patina or corrosion interface, as an essential component of such a study. The present volume sets out the basic features of relevant metallic systems, enhanced with a series of examples of typical microstructural types, with illustrative case studies and examples throughout the text derived from studies undertaken by the two authors. This book provides a comprehensive presentation of metallography for archaeologists, archaeometallurgists, conservators, conservation scientists and metallurgists of modern materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Archaeology Of Science

Author : Michael Brian Schiffer
ISBN : 9783319000770
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74.99 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 145
Read : 1105

This manual pulls together—and illustrates with interesting case studies—the variety of specialized and generalized archaeological research strategies that yield new insights into science. Throughout the book there are templates, consisting of questions, to help readers visualize and design their own projects. The manual seeks to be as general as possible, applicable to any society, and so science is defined as the creation of useful knowledge—the kinds of knowledge that enable people to make predictions. The chapters in Part I discuss the scope of the archaeology of science and furnish a conceptual foundation for the remainder of the book. Next, Part II presents several specialized, but widely practiced, research strategies that contribute to the archaeology of science. In order to thoroughly ground the manual in real-life applications, Part III presents lengthy case studies that feature the use of historical and archaeological evidence in the study of scientific activities.
Category: Social Science

Investigating Archaeological Cultures

Author : Benjamin W. Roberts
ISBN : 1441969705
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.75 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 993
Read : 1061

Defining "culture" is an important step in undertaking archaeological research. Any thorough study of a particular culture first has to determine what that culture contains-- what particular time period, geographic region, and group of people make up that culture. The study of archaeology has many accepted definitions of particular cultures, but recently these accepted definitions have come into question. As archaeologists struggle to define cultures, they also seek to define the components of culture. This volume brings together 21 international case studies to explore the meaning of "culture" for regions around the globe and periods from the Paleolithic to the Bronze Age and beyond. Taking lessons and overarching themes from these studies, the contributors draw important conclusions about cultural transmission, technology development, and cultural development. The result is a comprehensive model for approaching the study of culture, broken down into regions (Russia, Continental Europe, North America, Britain, and Africa), materials (Lithics, Ceramics, Metals) and time periods. This work will be valuable to all archaeologists and cultural anthropologists, particularly those studying material culture.
Category: Social Science

Handbook Of Research On Recent Developments In Materials Science And Corrosion Engineering Education

Author : Lim, Hwee Ling
ISBN : 9781466681842
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.15 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 401
Read : 1214

The latest research innovations and enhanced technologies have altered the discipline of materials science and engineering. As a direct result of these developments, new trends in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) pedagogy have emerged that require attention. The Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education brings together innovative and current advances in the curriculum design and course content of MSE education programs. Focusing on the application of instructional strategies, pedagogical frameworks, and career preparation techniques, this book is an essential reference source for academicians, engineering practitioners, researchers, and industry professionals interested in emerging and future trends in MSE training and education.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Archaeological Chemistry

Author : Zvi Goffer
ISBN : 0471915157
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.82 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 671
Read : 334

The chemical study of archaeological materials Archaeological Chemistry, Second Edition is about the applicationof the chemical sciences to the study of ancient man and hismaterial activities. The text of the book centers on the use ofchemical methods, but also refers to the contributions of physics,biology, and genetics to archaeological research. Subjects discussed in the book include the determination of thenature of ancient materials, their provenance and age, thetechnologies used for the production of man-made materials, and theanalysis of ancient human and animal remains (such as bone, driedblood, and coprolites), which yields information on ancient diets,kinship, habitancy, and migratory patterns. New developments in analytical chemistry and in relateddisciplines, which have contributed to archaeological researchsince the first edition of the book was published, are dealt within this edition, which also includes: * Updated information on the study of the nature, age, and provenanceof ancient materials * New sections on organic, biological and genetic studies * Glossary * Extensive bibliography The book is intended primarily for archaeologists, physicalanthropologists and students of archaeology and physicalanthropology, but will also be of use to conservators, curators,and art historians. Natural scientists reading it will becomeacquainted with advances in archaeological research which were madepossible only by the application of chemical, physical, andbiological methods and techniques.
Category: Science

The Encyclopedia Of Archaeological Sciences

Author : Sandra L. López Varela
ISBN : 047067461X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.30 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 850
Read : 1295

An advanced resource on the emerging trends and foundational theories of archaeological science, offering students and scholars a reliable reference on the most current techniques and practices The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the scientific concepts and techniques that have shaped the contemporary discipline of archaeology. Sponsored by the Society for Archaeological Sciences, this is an essential resource on core topics in the integration of scientific methods into archaeological practice with extensive coverage on subjects of interdisciplinary interest, describing both the latest in technological and scientific developments as well as the foundational theoretical approaches that connect archaeology to broader topics in the social sciences and humanities. In a four-volume set comprised of over 480 entries as selected by leading researchers in the field, this encyclopedic reference work represents the contributions of scholars working all over the world, making this a truly international resource, suitable to support the work of archaeologists engaged with global questions on both the past and future of the discipline. Designed to provide detailed information on theoretical and applied topics, The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences covers the foundations of archaeological science, modern field methods in archaeology, scientific techniques for the analysis of the characteristics and properties of materials, applications of mathematics and computer sciences, conservation studies, and theoretical approaches to the study of material culture and the applications of archaeological science. Working to support the integration of scientific methods and technologies into the standard practice and study of archaeology, The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences is built upon the most important advances in recent scholarship and offers informed insight into the future of archaeology as a scientific discipline. This work is also available as an online resource: www.archaeologicalsciencesencyclopedia.com
Category: Social Science