The Response Of Western Forests To Air Pollution

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Oxidant Air Pollution Impacts In The Montane Forests Of Southern California

Author : Paul R. Miller
ISBN : 9781461214366
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.16 MB
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This volume presents a body of research conducted over more than thirty years, including an intensive interdisciplinary five-year study begun in 1991. Chapters include studies of the relationships of biogeography and climate to the region's air pollution, the chemical and physiological mechanisms of ozone injury, as well as the impacts of nitrogen-containing pollutants and natural stresses on polluted forests.
Category: Science

Forest Growth Responses To The Pollution Climate Of The 21st Century

Author : Lucy J. Sheppard
ISBN : 9789401715782
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.63 MB
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This Special Issue of Water, Air and Soil Pollution offers contributions from the th 18 IUFRO workshop on Air Pollution Stress, Forest Responses to the Pollution st Climate of the 21 Century held in Edinburgh, Scotland, from September 21 to 23,1998. The meeting was held under the auspices of IUFRO, Research Group 7.04.00 chaired by Dr Kevin Percy of Canada. A new session structure was adopted to stimulate activity within the six working parties and a brief resume of these is presented at the front of this volume. The two, one-day plenary sessions were devoted to the two important air pollution issues, nitrogen deposition and ozone. Invited papers were augmented by a large and excellent contribution of poster papers. The final day comprised parallel Working Party Sessions with pre arranged speakers to stimulate discussions. One hundred and thirty one scientists attended, representing 20 countries and 7 IUFRO regions: Northern Europe, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Mediterranean, North America, Asia and the Western Pacific. Lucy Sheppard David Fowler Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 116: 1, 1999.
Category: Science

Something New Under The Sun An Environmental History Of The Twentieth Century World The Global Century Series

Author : J. R. McNeill
ISBN : 0393075893
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.92 MB
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"Refreshingly unpolemical and at times even witty, McNeill's book brims with carefully sifted statistics and brilliant details."—Washington Post Book World The history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, or its economic upheavals. In his startling new book, J. R. McNeill gives us our first general account of what may prove to be the most significant dimension of the twentieth century: its environmental history. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water, and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part. Based on exhaustive research, McNeill's story—a compelling blend of anecdotes, data, and shrewd analysis—never preaches: it is our definitive account. This is a volume in The Global Century Series (general editor, Paul Kennedy).
Category: Science

Forest Health Indicators

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D022486009
Genre : Forest health
File Size : 82.73 MB
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"Forest Inventory and Analysis. The Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) Program is the Nations continuous forest census. Since 1930, we have collected, analyzed, and reported information on the status and trends of Americas forests: how much forest exists, where it exists, who owns it, and how it is changing growing, dying, or being harvested. In response to widening customer interests, the FIA Program is developing a core program that will be implemented in the same manner on all U.S. forest lands. It includes sampling an extended suite of forest health indicators. The purpose of this brochure is to describe these health indicators: what we are measuring, why we believe these measurements are important, how we collect and interpret the data, and examples of what we have found to date. The FIA indicators discussed in this brochure are: crown condition, ozone injury, tree damage, tree mortality, lichen communities, down woody debris, vegetation diversity and structure, soil condition.
Category: Forest health


Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924063050821
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 68.38 MB
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Category: Agriculture

Research Accomplishments

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951D029420995
Genre : Forests and forestry
File Size : 23.93 MB
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Category: Forests and forestry

Forest Decline And Ozone

Author : Heinrich Sandermann
ISBN : 3540613218
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.59 MB
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The idea for this book arose in 1993, after the Free State of Bavaria through its Bayrisches Staatsministerium rur Landesentwicklung und Umweltfragen (Bavarian Ministry of Regional Development and the Environment) decided to discontinue both the Bavarian project management (PBWU) for forest decline research and the multidisciplinary field research on the Wank Mountain in the Alps near Garmisch. Forest decline through the action of ozone and other photooxidants was a main topic of the supported re search in the Alps and will be a topic of new investigations in the Bavarian Forest. Many interesting results were obtained, but the researchers involved have not had sufficient time to allow reliable conclusions to be drawn. It was therefore decided to ask inter national experts for contributions in order to summarize the best available evidence of a possible link between ozone and forest decline - a topic which has been studied in the USA since the late 1950s and in Europe since the early 1980s. The original idea of Waldsterben as an irreversible large-scale dieback of forests in Germany was soon recognized to be wrong (Forschungsbeirat 1989). However, the new criteria used for the official German and European damage inventories (loss or yel lowing of needles or leaves, tree morphology) indicate that per sistently high percentages of damaged spruce and pine remain, and there is an increasing percentage of damaged beech and oak, with a high proportion of biotic disease (Forschungsbeirat 1989; UN-ECE 1995).
Category: Science

Monitoring With Lichens Monitoring Lichens

Author : Pier Luigi Nimis
ISBN : 9789401004237
Genre : Science
File Size : 55.33 MB
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A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.
Category: Science

Air Pollution

Author : DIANE Publishing Company
ISBN : 0788140833
Genre :
File Size : 60.79 MB
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To determine the costs & benefits of the Clean Air Act (CAA) enacted before the 1990 amendments, EPA is undertaking a retrospective study, using a sequential, six step methodology. This study will compare the economic, health & environmental conditions that have resulted from the CAA amend. enacted before 1990 with projections of what these conditions would have been without the amend. For the second study EPA will contrast the effects of air quality standards imposed by legislation enacted before 1990 with the effects of all potential post-1990 standards.