THE RADIO SIGNAL

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Gaussian Processes For Positioning Using Radio Signal Strength Measurements

Author : Yuxin Zhao
ISBN : 9789176851623
Genre :
File Size : 81.68 MB
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Estimation of unknown parameters is considered as one of the major research areas in statistical signal processing. In the most recent decades, approaches in estimation theory have become more and more attractive in practical applications. Examples of such applications may include, but are not limited to, positioning using various measurable radio signals in indoor environments, self-navigation for autonomous cars, image processing, radar tracking and so on. One issue that is usually encountered when solving an estimation problem is to identify a good system model, which may have great impacts on the estimation performance. In this thesis, we are interested in studying estimation problems particularly in inferring the unknown positions from noisy radio signal measurements. In addition, the modeling of the system is studied by investigating the relationship between positions and radio signal strength measurements. One of the main contributions of this thesis is to propose a novel indoor positioning framework based on proximity measurements, which are obtained by quantizing the received signal strength measurements. Sequential Monte Carlo methods, to be more specific particle filter and smoother, are utilized for estimating unknown positions from proximity measurements. The Cramér-Rao bounds for proximity-based positioning are further derived as a benchmark for the positioning accuracy in this framework. Secondly, to improve the estimation performance, Bayesian non-parametric modeling, namely Gaussian processes, have been adopted to provide more accurate and flexible models for both dynamic motions and radio signal strength measurements. Then, the Cramér-Rao bounds for Gaussian process based system models are derived and evaluated in an indoor positioning scenario. In addition, we estimate the positions of stationary devices by comparing the individual signal strength measurements with a pre-constructed fingerprinting database. The positioning accuracy is further compared to the case where a moving device is positioned using a time series of radio signal strength measurements. Moreover, Gaussian processes have been applied to sports analytics, where trajectory modeling for athletes is studied. The proposed framework can be further utilized to carry out, for instance, performance prediction and analysis, health condition monitoring, etc. Finally, a grey-box modeling is proposed to analyze the forces, particularly in cross-country skiing races, by combining a deterministic kinetic model with Gaussian process.
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Signal Processing For Cognitive Radios

Author : Sudharman K. Jayaweera
ISBN : 9781118986769
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.76 MB
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This book examines signal processing techniques for cognitive radios. The book is divided into three parts: Part I, is an introduction to cognitive radios and presents a history of the cognitive radio (CR), and introduce their architecture, functionalities, ideal aspects, hardware platforms, and state-of-the-art developments. Dr. Jayaweera also introduces the specific type of CR that has gained the most research attention in recent years: the CR for Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). Part II of the book, Theoretical Foundations, guides the reader from classical to modern theories on statistical signal processing and inference. The author addresses detection and estimation theory, power spectrum estimation, classification, adaptive algorithms (machine learning), and inference and decision processes. Applications to the signal processing, inference and learning problems encountered in cognitive radios are interspersed throughout with concrete and accessible examples. Part III of the book, Signal Processing in Radios, identifies the key signal processing, inference, and learning tasks to be performed by wideband autonomous cognitive radios. The author provides signal processing solutions to each task by relating the tasks to materials covered in Part II. Specialized chapters then discuss specific signal processing algorithms required for DSA and DSS cognitive radios.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Understanding Of Electrodynamics Radio Wave Propagation And Antennas

Author : Eugene I. Nefyodov
ISBN : 9781618960603
Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
File Size : 22.45 MB
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In the offered book the fundamentals of electromagnetic fields and waves are discussed based on the great Maxwell equations. The book is conceived as a textbook for serious technical and classical universities in the considered themes. Nevertheless, it can be used, of course, as the reference book for wide group of engineers, researches and practical experts. Material of this book is divided into four main parts connected between them. The first part (Fundamental of Electrodynamics) is devoted to explanation of Maxwell equations and methods of its solutions. Besides classical interpretation the generalized equations are discussed, which take into consideration the scalar magnetic fields. New approaches allow description of so-called longitudinal electromagnetic waves, which have the absolutely non-standard propagation properties, and permit to explain various electrodynamics paradoxes, which cannot be explained in another way. The main characteristics of wave processes in the free space and in transmission lines (feeders) are described. The second part (Radio Wave Propagation) investigates the obvious patterns of diffraction and interference phenomena at radio wave propagation for the obstacle presence in the propagation track, which is typical for all practical situations. Radio wave propagation of various frequency ranges is fulfilled separately taking into consideration the specific features of reflections from the atmosphere parts, attenuation in different media, types of propagating waves, multipath effects, diffraction and non-standard conditions of obstacle overcoming including non-usual ways of atmosphere ducts. The third part is devoted to description of various types and antennas, beginning from simplest (vibrators) and ending by complicate adaptive antenna arrays. Description is fulfilled on the reviewing level with many obvious figures, not to rely on strict mathematical methods, but rather on the concept level. Fourth part includes description of UHF devices, which are the elements’ base of UHF devices including surface and bulk integrated UHF circuits. These results have in many aspects the pioneer character and they are not widely known to experts. Distinctive feature of the offered book is sufficiently simplifies description of the very complicated electrodynamics problems available for the modern students and for young engineers. Of course, it is impossible to deal without mathematics in theses areas but required mathematics can be replaced by the many patterns, which give the chance to understand problems and to determine the complex questions. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter1: GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND RELATIONS OF ELECTRODYNAMICS (498 KB)Contents:FRONT MATTERCHAPTER 1. GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND RELATIONS OF ELECTRODYNAMICSCHAPTER 2. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND WAVESCHAPTER 3. MAIN PHYSICAL PHENOMENA AT RADIO WAVES PROPAGATIONCHAPTER 4. PROPAGATION OF RADIO WAVES OF DIFFERENT RANGES AND ITS APPLICATION AREASCHAPTER 5. PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ANTENNASCHAPTER 6. ANTENNAS OF DECIMILLIMETER, MILLIMETER AND CENTIMETER WAVESCHAPTER 7. ANTENNAS OD DECIMETER, METER AND DECAMETER WAVESCHAPTER 8. ANTENNAS OF HECTOMETER, KILOMETER MYRIAMETER WAVESCHAPTER 9. ANTENNAS FOR TV, RADIO RELAY AND SPACE COMMUNICATION LINESCHAPTER 10. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY OF RADIO ENGINEERING SYSTEMS. ANTENNAS AND THE PROBLEM OF ITS MINIATURIZATIONCHAPTER 11. MAIN COMPONENTS OF THE ELEMENT BASE OF ANTENNA-FEEDER ENGINEERINGCHAPTER 12. BASE ELEMENTS AND FUNCTIONAL UNITS OF ANTENNA- FEEDER ENGINEERINGBACK MATTERReadership: The book is conceived as a textbook for serious technical and classical universities in the considered themes. Nevertheless, it can be used, of course, as the reference book for wide group of engineers, researches and practical experts.
Category: Antiques & Collectibles

The Radio Spectrum

Author : Jean-Marc Chaduc
ISBN : 9780470393529
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56.19 MB
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Radio frequencies have become a basic resource for the development of the information society. In fact, radio waves are a mandatory vehicle in order to carry the message to customers and a truly worldwide communication needs their properties. Given the market demands for more and more frequencies, means have to be found to share this limited resource most effectively and to continuously improve its efficiency. Radio spectrum management is thus a major objective for our modern world. This book describes the current tools for spectrum management with their fundamental technical and legal basis. It outlines the global evolution of radio services in their different application domains and introduces the actors who contribute to the collective management of the spectrum. It also discusses the main questions these actors have to deal with and answer in order to design for the future.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Rf And Digital Signal Processing For Software Defined Radio

Author : Tony J. Rouphael
ISBN : 9780080941738
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.5 MB
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Understand the RF and Digital Signal Processing Principles Driving Software-defined Radios! Software-defined radio (SDR) technology is a configurable, low cost, and power efficient solution for multimode and multistandard wireless designs. This book describes software-defined radio concepts and design principles from the perspective of RF and digital signal processing as performed within this system. After an introductory overview of essential SDR concepts, this book examines signal modulation techniques, RF and digital system analysis and requirements, Nyquist and oversampled data conversion techniques, and multirate digital signal processing.. KEY TOPICS •Modulation techniques Master analog and digital modulation schemes •RF system-design parameters Examine noise and link budget analysis and Non-linear signal analysis and design methodology •Essentials of baseband and bandpass sampling and gain control IF sampling architecture compared to traditional quadrature sampling, Nyquist zones, automatic gain control, and filtering •Nyquist sampling converter architectures Analysis and design of various Nyquist data converters •Oversampled data converter architectures Analysis and design of continuous-time and discrete-time Delta-Sigma converters •Multirate signal processing Gain knowledge of interpolation, decimation, and fractional data rate conversion *Offers readers a powerful set of analytical and design tools *Details real world designs *Comprehensive coverage makes this a must have in the RF/Wireless industry
Category: Technology & Engineering

Radio Monitoring

Author : Anatoly Rembovsky
ISBN : 0387981004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.44 MB
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Radio Monitoring: Problems, Methods, and Equipment offers a unified approach to fundamental aspects of Automated Radio Monitoring (ARM). The authors discuss the development, modeling, design, and manufacture of ARM systems. Data from established and recent research are presented and recommendations are made on methods and approaches for solving common problems in ARM. The authors also provide classification and detailed descriptions of modern high-efficient hardware-software ARM equipment, including the equipment for detection, radio direction-finding, parameters measurement and their analysis, and the identification and localization of the electromagnetic field sources. Examples of ARM equipment structure, applications, and software are provided to manage a variety of complicated interference environment in the industrial centers, inside of the buildings, and in the open terrain. This book provides a reference for professionals and researchers interested in deploying ARM technology as a tool for solving problems from radio frequency spectrum usage control.
Category: Technology & Engineering