The Philosopher Of Auschwitz

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The Philosopher Of Auschwitz

Author : Irène Heidelberger-Leonard
ISBN : 1848851502
Genre : History
File Size : 77.45 MB
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Who was Jean Améry? Victim or survivor? Agnostic or Jew? Austrian or exile? Philosopher or journalist? Jean Améry is not easy to classify but what this biography (the first in any language) demonstrates is that he is more -- far more -- than some enigmatic cult figure: he is one of the most influential of Holocaust survivors and one of the most provocative writers and thinkers of the 20th century. Jean Améry -- born Hans Maier -- is perhaps best known for At the Mind’s Limits. Heidelberger-Leonard illuminates the turbulent life of this complex figure, from his origins in pre-war Austria; his flight to join the Resistance; his imprisonment in Auschwitz and Belsen; to his eventual suicide in 1978. This definitive biography examines how Améry grappled with being both a victim and survivor of the concentration camps and what his experiences there reveal about the tension between human dignity and the reality of horror.
Category: History

Religion And Revelation After Auschwitz

Author : Balázs M. Mezei
ISBN : 9781441198822
Genre : Religion
File Size : 41.7 MB
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Religion After Auschwitz is a philosophical approach to the notion of revelation. Following such authors as A. Dulles, R. Swinburne, or K. Ward, Balazs Mezei investigates some of the main problems of revelation and connects them to the general problem of religion today. Religion is considered in the perspective of the age "after Auschwitz", an expression coined by Hans Jonas and further elaborated by J. B. Metz. Mezei develops the insights of these philosophers and investigates various aspects of religion and revelation "after Auschwitz": contemporary theistic philosophy, phenomenology, art, mysticism, and the question of university education today. A fascinating amalgam of subjects and approaches, Religion and Revelation After Auschwitz is an important contribution to contemporary discussions on the possibility of Catholic philosophy.
Category: Religion

Philosopher As Witness The

Author : Michael L. Morgan
ISBN : 9780791478295
Genre : History
File Size : 29.30 MB
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Responses to Fackenheim’s reflections on the centrality of the Holocaust to philosophy, Jewish thought, and contemporary experience.
Category: History

Before Auschwitz

Author : Paul R. Hinlicky
ISBN : 9781621897286
Genre : Religion
File Size : 90.16 MB
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What can Christian theology in North America learn from the rise of Nazism in Germany in the 1920s and 1930s? This book explores an explosion of scholarship in recent decades that has reopened questions once thought to be settled about the relationships between Nazism, Liberalism, and Christianity. In the process of criticizing the retrospective fallacy and urging a properly hermeneutical historiography, its method in historical theology causes us to reflect back upon our tacit commitments, suggesting that we are closer to fascism than we are aware and that, although the devil never shows its face twice in exactly the same way, the particular hubris of grasping after final solutions along biopolitical lines--that is, the racially scientific version of fascism that was Nazism--is and remains near at hand today, within our horizon of possibilities unrecognized in just the ways that it was unrecognized by Germans before Auschwitz. The book takes a fresh look at the theology of Adolf Hitler and finds themes that are disturbingly familiar. It summons to the renewal of Christian theology after Christendom in the form of critical dogmatics, where the motif of the Beloved Community replaces the fallen idol descended from Charlemagne.
Category: Religion

Autonomy After Auschwitz

Author : Martin Shuster
ISBN : 9780226155517
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89.10 MB
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Ever since Kant and Hegel, the notion of autonomy—the idea that we are beholden to no law except one we impose upon ourselves—has been considered the truest philosophical expression of human freedom. But could our commitment to autonomy, as Theodor Adorno asked, be related to the extreme evils that we have witnessed in modernity? In Autonomy after Auschwitz, Martin Shuster explores this difficult question with astonishing theoretical acumen, examining the precise ways autonomy can lead us down a path of evil and how it might be prevented from doing so. Shuster uncovers dangers in the notion of autonomy as it was originally conceived by Kant. Putting Adorno into dialogue with a range of European philosophers, notably Kant, Hegel, Horkheimer, and Habermas—as well as with a variety of contemporary Anglo-American thinkers such as Richard Rorty, Stanley Cavell, John McDowell, and Robert Pippin—he illuminates Adorno’s important revisions to this fraught concept and how his different understanding of autonomous agency, fully articulated, might open up new and positive social and political possibilities. Altogether, Autonomy after Auschwitz is a meditation on modern evil and human agency, one that demonstrates the tremendous ethical stakes at the heart of philosophy.
Category: Philosophy

Between Auschwitz And Tradition

Author : James R. Watson
ISBN : 9051835671
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29.23 MB
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Argues that the Holocaust has caused a mutation of the world. Our new world is Planet Auschwitz, an unworld with satellites separate and incommunicable. In this new world, the forces of nihilism are at work - e.g. terrorism, mass murder. Face-to-face with this destruction process, its administrators, and its survivors, we mutations must rewrite everything that has been projectively written about us in the old world. The tendency to repression keeps us from thinking, binding us to cynicism and nostalgia. The response to this new world condition must be to remember the Holocaust - repression leads to indifference and destruction.
Category: Philosophy

Approaches To Auschwitz

Author : Richard L. Rubenstein
ISBN : 0664223532
Genre : History
File Size : 37.17 MB
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Distinctively coauthored by a Christian scholar and a Jewish scholar, this monumental, interdisciplinary study explores the various ways in which the Holocaust has been studied and assesses its continuing significance. The authors develop an analysis of the Holocaust's historical roots, its shattering impact on human civilization, and its decisive importance in determining the fate of the world. This revised edition takes into account developments in Holocaust studies since the first edition was published.
Category: History

At The Mind S Limits

Author : Jean Améry
ISBN : 9780253013682
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64.92 MB
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This searing memoir of the author’s concentration camp experience “is the autobiography of an extraordinarily acute conscience” (Newsweek). “Whoever has succumbed to torture can no longer feel at home in the world.” At the Mind’s Limits is the story of one man’s incredible struggle to understand the reality of horror. In five autobiographical essays, Amery describes his survival—mental, moral, and physical—through the enormity of the Holocaust. Above all, this masterful record of introspection tells of a young Viennese intellectual’s fervent vision of human nature and the betrayal of that vision. “These are pages that one reads with almost physical pain . . . all the way to its stoic conclusion.” —Primo Levi “The testimony of a profoundly serious man. . . . In its every turn and crease, it bears the marks of the true.” —Irving Howe, The New Republic
Category: Religion

Fackenheim S Jewish Philosophy

Author : Michael L. Morgan
ISBN : 9781442660502
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.71 MB
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Emil L. Fackenheim, one of the most significant Jewish thinkers of the twentieth century, is best known for his deep and rich engagement with the implications of the Nazi Holocaust on Jewish thought, Christian theology, and philosophy. However, his career as a philosopher and theologian began two decades prior to his first efforts to confront that horrific event. In this book, renowned Fackenheim expert Michael L. Morgan offers the first examination of the full scope of Fackenheim’s 60-year career, beyond simply his work on the Holocaust. Fackenheim’s Jewish Philosophy explores the most important themes of Fackenheim’s philosophical and religious thought and how these remained central, if not always in immutable ways, over his entire career. Morgan also provides insight into Fackenheim’s indebtedness to Kant, Hegel, and rabbinic midrash, as well as the changing character of his philosophical “voice.” The work concludes with a chapter evaluating Fackenheim’s legacy for present and future Jewish philosophy and philosophy more generally.
Category: Philosophy

God After Auschwitz

Author : Zachary Braiterman
ISBN : 1400822769
Genre : History
File Size : 37.17 MB
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The impact of technology-enhanced mass death in the twentieth century, argues Zachary Braiterman, has profoundly affected the future shape of religious thought. In his provocative book, the author shows how key Jewish theologians faced the memory of Auschwitz by rejecting traditional theodicy, abandoning any attempt to justify and vindicate the relationship between God and catastrophic suffering. The author terms this rejection "Antitheodicy," the refusal to accept that relationship. It finds voice in the writings of three particular theologians: Richard Rubenstein, Eliezer Berkovits, and Emil Fackenheim. This book is the first to bring postmodern philosophical and literary approaches into conversation with post-Holocaust Jewish thought. Drawing on the work of Mieke Bal, Harold Bloom, Jacques Derrida, Umberto Eco, Michel Foucault, and others, Braiterman assesses how Jewish intellectuals reinterpret Bible and Midrash to re-create religious thought for the age after Auschwitz. In this process, he provides a model for reconstructing Jewish life and philosophy in the wake of the Holocaust. His work contributes to the postmodern turn in contemporary Jewish studies and today's creative theology.
Category: History

Diasporas Of The Mind

Author : Bryan Cheyette
ISBN : 9780300199376
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 47.58 MB
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In this fascinating and erudite book, Bryan Cheyette throws new light on a wide range of modern and contemporary writers—some at the heart of the canon, others more marginal—to explore the power and limitations of the diasporic imagination after the Second World War. Moving from early responses to the death camps and decolonization, through internationally prominent literature after the Second World War, the book culminates in fresh engagements with contemporary Jewish, post-ethnic, and postcolonial writers.div /DIVdivCheyette regards many of the twentieth- and twenty-first-century luminaries he examines—among them Hannah Arendt, Anita Desai, Frantz Fanon, Albert Memmi, Primo Levi, Caryl Phillips, Philip Roth, Salman Rushdie, Edward Said, Zadie Smith, and Muriel Spark—as critical exemplars of the diasporic imagination. Against the discrete disciplinary thinking of the academy, he elaborates and argues for a new comparative approach across Jewish and postcolonial histories and literatures. And in so doing, Cheyette illuminates the ways in which histories and cultures can be imagined across national and communal boundaries./DIV
Category: Literary Criticism

Ethical Challenge Of Auschwitz And Hiroshima The

Author : Darrell J. Fasching
ISBN : 9781438402369
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74.75 MB
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This book addresses the problem of religion, ethics, and public policy in a global technological civilization. It attempts to do what narrative ethicists have said cannot be done—to construct a cross-cultural ethic of human dignity, human rights, and human liberation which respects the diversity of narrative traditions. It seeks to do this without succumbing to either ethical relativism or ethical absolutism. The author confronts directly the dominant narrative of our technological civilization: the Janus-faced myths of “Apocalypse or Utopia.” Through this myth, we view technology ambivalently, as both the object of our dread and the source of our hope. The myth thus renders us ethically impotent: the very strength of our literal utopian euphoria sends us careening toward some literal apocalyptic “final solution.” The demonic narrative that dominated Auschwitz (“killing in order to heal”) is part of this Janus-faced technological mythos that emerged out of Hiroshima. And it is this mythic narrative which underlies and structures much of public policy in our nuclear age. This book proposes a coalition of members of holy communities and secular groups, organized to prevent any future eruptions of the demonic. Its goal is to construct a bridge not only over the abyss between religions, East and West, but also between religious and secular ethics.
Category: Philosophy

People In Auschwitz

Author : Hermann Langbein
ISBN : 9780807863633
Genre : History
File Size : 87.95 MB
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Hermann Langbein was allowed to know and see extraordinary things forbidden to other Auschwitz inmates. Interned at Auschwitz in 1942 and classified as a non-Jewish political prisoner, he was assigned as clerk to the chief SS physician of the extermination camp complex, which gave him access to documents, conversations, and actions that would have remained unknown to history were it not for his witness and his subsequent research. Also a member of the Auschwitz resistance, Langbein sometimes found himself in a position to influence events, though at his peril. People in Auschwitz is very different from other works on the most infamous of Nazi annihilation centers. Langbein's account is a scrupulously scholarly achievement intertwining his own experiences with quotations from other inmates, SS guards and administrators, civilian industry and military personnel, and official documents. Whether his recounting deals with captors or inmates, Langbein analyzes the events and their context objectively, in an unemotional style, rendering a narrative that is unique in the history of the Holocaust. This monumental book helps us comprehend what has so tenaciously challenged understanding.
Category: History

Remnants Of Auschwitz

Author : Giorgio Agamben
ISBN : UOM:39015048866571
Genre : History
File Size : 24.29 MB
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Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben looks closely at the literature of the survivors of Auschwitz, probing the philosophical and ethical questions raised by their testimony.
Category: History

A Centaur In Auschwitz

Author : Massimo Giuliani
ISBN : 0739107429
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 53.66 MB
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The author has developed a "star of salvaction"--A diagram in the shape of a Star of David, in which each of the six points leads to a strategy Levi learned for seeking meaning, and thereby salvation, in the misery of Auschwitz. With its concise overview of Levi's expression and development as a writer, A Centaur in Auschwitz reveals Primo Levi for what he was - scientist, intellectual, Jew, and dedicated seeker of the roots of human dignity."--Jacket.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Drama Of The Assimilated Jew

Author : Lucienne Kroha
ISBN : 9781442665064
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.18 MB
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Giorgio Bassani (1916–2000) was a Jewish Italian novelist, poet, essayist, editor, and intellectual. A cosmopolitan writer concerned with the problems of Jewish identity and history, Bassani was deeply affected by the persecution and deportation of Italian Jews under Mussolini. His personal experience of this period and its aftermath was fundamental to the creation of his masterwork, the Romanzo di Ferrara (Romance of Ferrara). In The Drama of the Assimilated Jew, Lucienne Kroha makes Bassani’s personal and literary journey accessible to English-language readers. Kroha’s close, intertextual reading of Bassani’s novels and short stories reveals Bassani’s focus on the issue of Jewish masculinity and his profound engagement with the work of Freud, Nietzsche, and Thomas Mann, whose ideas he appropriated and re-cast to construct the fictional story of his own personal struggle.
Category: Social Science

Beyond Auschwitz

Author : Michael L. Morgan
ISBN : 0195148622
Genre : History
File Size : 54.1 MB
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Focuses on the reactions to the Holocaust in the 1960s-80s of five American Jewish thinkers and theologians: Eliezer Berkovits, Arthur A. Cohen, and Emil L. Fackenheim, Irving Greenberg, and Richard L. Rubenstein. Concludes with discussion of the reception of their thinking and of postmodernism as they have affected or might yet affect the American Jewish community.
Category: History

Smothered Words

Author : Sarah Kofman
ISBN : 0810115050
Genre : History
File Size : 78.35 MB
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The internationally recognized philosopher, who committed suicide in 1995, presents a profound, deeply personal meditation on the thought of Maurice Blanchot, her father's death in the Auschwitz concentration camp, and the ethics of writing about the Holocaust. UP.
Category: History

Mortality And Morality

Author : Hans Jonas
ISBN : 9780810112865
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23.80 MB
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Hans Jonas (1903-93) was a German Jew, pupil of Heidegger and Bultmann, lifelong friend and colleague of Hannah Arendt at the New School for Social Research, and one of the most prominent thinkers of his generation. The range of his topics never obscures their unifying thread: that our mortality is at the root of our moral responsibility to safeguard humanity's future. Mortality and Morality both consummates and demonstrates the basic thrust of Jonas's thought: the inseparability of ethics and metaphysics, the reality of values at the center of being.
Category: Philosophy