The Permanent Revolution

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The Permanent Revolution Results And Prospects

Author : Leon Trotsky
ISBN : 9780932323293
Genre : Political Science
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Originally published: Moscow; New York: Progress Publishers/ Militant Publishing Association, 1931.
Category: Political Science

The Permanent Revolution Results And Prospects

Author : Leon Trotsky
ISBN :
Genre : Political Science
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Trotsky's theory of the permanent revolution is one of the most important additions to the arsenal of Marxism. It was first developed by Trotsky in 1904, on the eve of the first Russian Revolution. At that time, all the tendencies of the Russian Social Democracy had the perspective of a bourgeois democratic revolution. Trotsky alone in 1905 put forward the idea that the Russian working class could come to power before the workers of Western Europe. The correctness of Trotsky's theory was brilliantly demonstrated in 1917, when the Bolshevik Party under Lenin and Trotsky led the Russian proletariat to power in the first workers state in the world. However, after the death of Lenin in 1924, the theory of the permanent revolution was subject to a vitriolic onslaught by the stalinist bureaucracy, which had in effect renounced world revolution in favour of "socialism in one country". The attack on the theory came to epitomise the struggle against "Trotskyism". Today, however, with the collapse of Stalinism (and with it "socialism in one country"), Trotsky's theory of the permanent revolution has become more relevant than ever.
Category: Political Science

Lenin Trotsky And The Theory Of The Permanent Revolution

Author : John Peter Roberte
ISBN : 9781900007528
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40.17 MB
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Today, yet again, from Latin America to Nepal, in India and the Middle East, the question of which strategy the masses should adopt to take control of their own lives is being posed. Without exception the leaders of the mass workers’ parties urge class-collaboration as the way forward. Actively supported by the national Communist Parties and even Maoist guerrilla groups a petty-bourgeois amalgam proposes collaboration with the so-called national bourgeoisie as the only path to national independence and democracy. In the century since the Russian Revolution, the first modern, popular revolution to succeed in throwing out the imperialists, much time and effort has been spent, especially by the former Soviet bureaucracy, in neutering Lenin – praising him while tearing out the revolutionary heart of his theories. This book demonstrates that the Russian Revolution, a model for a victorious, popular revolution in a semi-colonial country in the era of imperialism, required not a bourgeois-democratic, but a socialist revolution for the people to take power. The old regime had to be destroyed and the state and governmental power seized by the working classes before it was possible to achieve national independence and carry though any meaningful agrarian reform for the benefit of the peasantry. Lenin’s close collaborator in October 1917 was Leon Trotsky and the success of that revolution was due to the combination of the discipline and organisation of Lenin’s Bolshevik Party and Trotsky’s political theory of the permanent revolution. This book goes back to basics, critically analysing and comparing Lenin’s and Trotsky’s own writings, which are sited in their source and inspiration - the Russian Revolution of 1905. It is shown that Lenin, in October 1917, adopted the perspectives of Permanent Revolution: that to finally rid Russia of autocracy, and legitimise the peasants’ seizure of the land, the Russian Revolution required the introduction of the dictatorship of the proletariat, and the first steps towards the collectivisation of the means of production. Those who attack the theory of Permanent Revolution never challenge the correctness of its basic concept, that the international socialist revolution could begin in semi-feudal Russia. Instead, in the guise of anti-Trotskyism, they deny the validity of Lenin’s struggle for a socialist revolution in October 1917.
Category: Political Science

Permanent Revolution

Author : Leon Trotsky
ISBN : 9781443726757
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.54 MB
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PERMANENT REVOLUTION PREFACE AMERICAN EDITION As THIS book goes to press in the English language, the whole thinking part of the international working class, and in a sense, the whole of civilized humanity, listens with particularly keen interest to the reverberations of the economic turn taking place on the part of the former czarist empire. The greatest attention in this connection is aroused by the problem of collectivizing the peasant hold ings. And no wonder in this sphere the break with the past assumes a particularly clear-cut character. But a correct evaluation of collectivization is unthinkable without a general conception of the socialist revolution. And here on an even higher plane, we are again convinced that everything in the field of Marxian theory is bound up with practical activity. The most remote, and it would seem, abstract disagreements, if they are thought out to the end, will sooner or later be expressed in practise, and the latter allows not a single theoretical mistake to be made with impunity. The collectivization of peasant holdings is, it is under stood, the most necessary and fundamental part of the socialist transformation of society. The volume and tempo of collectivization, however, are not only determined by the governments will but, in the final analysis, by the economic factors by the height of the countrys economic level, the relationship between industry and agriculture PERMANENT REVOLUTION and consequently by the technical resources of agriculture itself. Industrialization is the motive force of the whole newer culture and, by that, the only conceivable basis of socialism. In the conditions of the Soviet Union, indus trialization means first of allthe strengthening of the base of the proletariat as a ruling class. Simultaneously, it creates the material and technical premises for the collec tivization of agriculture. The tempos of both these pro cesses are interdependent. The proletariat is interested in the highest tempos for these processes, in so far as the new society that is to be created is thus best protected from external danger, and at the same time creates a source for systematically improving the material level of the toiling masses. However, the tempo that can be accomplished is limited by the whole material and cultural position of the country, by the mutual relationship between the city and village and by the most urgent needs of the masses, who can sacri fice their today for the sake of tomorrow only up to a certain point. The best and most advantageous tempos are those which not only produce the most rapid develop ment of industry and collectivization at the given moment, but secure the necessary resistance - of the social regime, that is, first of all the strengthening of the alliance of the workers and peasants, which alone prepares the possibility of further successes. From this point of view, the general historical criterion by which the party and state leadership directs the development of industry as planned economy assumes decisive significance. Here two principal variants are possible a the course described above towards the economic entrenchment of the proletarian dictatorship in one country until further victories of the international proletariat revolution the viewpoint of the Left Opposi tion b the course towards the construction of an isolated national socialist society and at that in the shortestPREFACE, historical time the present official viewpoint. These are two distinct, and in the final analysis, directly opposed theoretical conceptions of socialism. Out of these flow basically different strategy and tactics. In the limits of this foreword we cannot consider anew the question of the cofcstruction of socialism in one country, Other of our works are devoted to this, particularly The Criticism of the Draft Program of the Comintern. Here we limit ourselves to the fundamental elements of the question...
Category: Philosophy

Witnesses To Permanent Revolution

Author : Richard B. Day
ISBN : 9789004167704
Genre : Social Science
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The theory of Permanent Revolution has been associated with Leon Trotsky for more than a century since the first Russian Revolution in 1905. Trotsky was the most brilliant proponent of Permanent Revolution but by no means its sole author. The documents in this volume, most of them translated into English for the first time, demonstrate that Trotsky was one of several participants in a debate from 1903-7 that involved numerous leading figures of Russian and European Marxism, including Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, Franz Mehring, Parvus and David Ryazanov. This volume reassembles that debate, assesses it with reference to Marx and Engels, and provides new evidence for interpreting the formative years of Russian revolutionary Marxism.
Category: Social Science

Permanent Revolution

Author : Sigmund Neumann
ISBN : UOM:39015063032158
Genre : Dictators
File Size : 67.35 MB
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Category: Dictators

The Permanent Revolution

Author : John McIlroy
ISBN : UOM:39015024802624
Genre : Great Britain
File Size : 33.45 MB
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Category: Great Britain

Trotsky

Author : Michael Lynch
ISBN : 034060283X
Genre : Communists
File Size : 43.87 MB
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Bolshevism and Menshevism - 1905 revolution - Revolution of 1917 - Trotsky and Lenin - Trotsky with Stalin - In exile 1920-40 - Trotskyism.
Category: Communists

Permanent Revolution

Author : James Simpson
ISBN : 9780674240544
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 70.11 MB
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How did the English Reformation, with its illiberal, intolerant beginnings, lay the groundwork for the Enlightenment—free will, liberty of conscience, religious toleration, constitutionalism, and all the rest? In his provocative rewriting of the history of liberalism, James Simpson uncovers its unexpected debt to Protestant evangelicalism.
Category: Literary Criticism

The Permanent Revolution

Author : Alan Hirsch
ISBN : 9781118173589
Genre : Religion
File Size : 51.93 MB
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A new brand of apostolic ministry for today's world The Permanent Revolution is a work of theologicalre-imagination and re-construction that draws from biblicalstudies, theology, organizational theory, leadership studies, andkey social sciences. The book elaborates on the apostolic rolerooted in the five-fold ministry from Ephesians 4 (apostles,prophets, evangelists, shepherds, and teacher), and itssignificance for the missional movement. It explores how theapostolic ministry facilitates ongoing renewal in the life of thechurch and focuses on leadership in relation to missionalinnovation and entrepreneurship.The authors examine the nature oforganization as reframed through the lens of apostolicministry. Shows how to view the world through a biblical perspective andcontinue the "permanent revolution" that Jesus started Outlines the essential characteristics of apostolic movementand how to restructure the church and ministry to be moreconsistent with them Alan Hirsch is a leading voice in the missional movement of theChristian West This groundbreaking book integrates theology, sociology, andleadership to further define the apostolic movement.
Category: Religion

Permanent Revolution In Latin America

Author : John Peter Roberts
ISBN : 9781913026011
Genre : History
File Size : 87.13 MB
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This book presents the histories of the revolutions in Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela as the latest demonstrations of the price the popular masses pay for the absence of a correct revolutionary strategy. The goal of the leaders of the revolutionary movements in all three countries was to create a progressive, independent bourgeois-democratic state but contrary to expectations, the national bourgeoisie did not welcome a national democratic revolution. Instead, faced with a mass movement, it fought hard to re-assert its own and US imperialism’s economic and political stranglehold, opposing increased democratic rights, greater social equality, agrarian reform and the redistribution of wealth. We trace how, in all three countries, the national bourgeoisie joined forces with imperialism and used violent methods to reverse the progressive measures made, and when these attempts failed carried on a campaign of economic sabotage to starve the masses into submission. In Cuba the revolution was propelled forward by abolishing capitalism and enormous conquests were made. In Nicaragua and Venezuela, the revolution was stopped half way, leading to disaster and defeat. As the world enters a decisive revolutionary epoch, reformists, just as they did in Nicaragua and Venezuela, attempt to hold that revolution back. In the face of all experience, their solution to social crises is one which stubbornly remains within the narrow limits of capitalism. This book is a contribution to the debate about revolutionary strategy. It highlights the lessons to be learned from the recent past, argues against the failed reformist approach and draws the conclusion that only through the workers coming to power and expropriating the oligarchy can we begin to overcome the exploitation and oppression of the masses.
Category: History