The Perception Of Risk

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The Perception Of Risk

Author : Paul Slovic
ISBN : 9781317341116
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40.78 MB
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The concept of risk is an outgrowth of our society's great concern about coping with the dangers of modern life. The Perception of Risk brings together the work of Paul Slovic, one of the world's leading analysts of risk, risk perception and risk management, to examine the gap between expert views of risk and public perceptions. Ordered chronologically, it allows the reader to see the evolution of our understanding of such perceptions, from early studies identifying public misconceptions of risk to recent work that recognizes the importance and legitimacy of equity, trust, power and other value-laden issues underlying public concern.
Category: Business & Economics

The Analysis Communication And Perception Of Risk

Author : B.John Garrick
ISBN : 9781489923707
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.17 MB
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The 1989 Annual Meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis dramatically demonstrated one of the most important reasons for having the Society - to bring together people with highly diverse backgrounds and disciplines to assess the common problems of societal and individual risks. The physical scientists emphasized the analytical tools for assessing environmental effects and for modeling risks from engineered systems and other human activities. The health scientists presented numerous methods of analyzing health effects, including the subject of dose-response relationships, especially at low exposure levels - never an easy analysis. The social and political scientists concentrated on issues of risk perception, communication, acceptability, and human touch. Others discussed such issues as cost-benefit analysis and the risk-based approach to decision analysis. Use of risk assessment methods for risk management continued to be a matter of strong opinion and debate. The impacts of state and federal regulations, existing and planned, were assessed in sessions and in luncheon speeches. These impacts show that risk analysis practitioners will have an increasingly important role in the future. They will be challenged to provide clear, easily understood evaluations of risk that are responsive to society's concern for risk, as evidenced in laws and regulations. Of course, the various risk analysis specialties overlapped in domains of interest.
Category: Medical

The Feeling Of Risk

Author : Paul Slovic
ISBN : 9781136530470
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.72 MB
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The Feeling of Risk brings together the work of Paul Slovic, one of the world's leading analysts of risk, to describe the extension of risk perception research into the first decade of this new century. In this collection of important works, Paul Slovic explores the conception of 'risk as feelings' and examines the interaction of feeling and cognition in the perception of risk. He also examines the elements of knowledge, cognitive skill, and communication necessary for good decisions in the face of risk. The first section of the book looks at the difficulty of understanding risk without an emotional component, for example that disaster statistics lack emotion and thus fail to convey the true meaning of disasters and fail to motivate proper action to prevent them. The book also highlights other important perspectives on risk arising from cultural worldviews and concerns about specific hazards pertaining to blood transfusion, biotechnology, prescription drugs, smoking, terrorism, and nanotechnology. Following on from The Perception of Risk (2000), this book presents some of the most significant research on risk perception in recent years, providing essential lessons for all those involved in risk perception and communication.
Category: Business & Economics

The Risk Perception Of Artificial Intelligence

Author : Hugo Neri
ISBN : 9781793602060
Genre :
File Size : 66.6 MB
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In The Risk Perception of Artificial Intelligence, Hugo Neri examines how society has come to understand artificial intelligence by studying how cultural productions, intellectuals, and the media have shaped society's views, understandings, and fears of artificial intelligence. As an abstract term, artificial intelligence has been understood both as a discipline and a "robot's mind." In the twenty and twenty-first centuries, cultural representations in comics, television shows, and movies converged with public lectures about the risks of A.I. by prominent public figures such as Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk. Neri analyzes how this cultural and intellectual miscellany shapes the way we perceive artificial intelligence and whether this perception is universal or restricted to the Western world.
Category:

Ecology Of Predator Prey Interactions

Author : Pedro Barbosa
ISBN : 0195171209
Genre : Science
File Size : 87.5 MB
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This book addresses the fundamental issues of predator-prey interactions, with an emphasis on predation among arthropods, which have been better studied, and for which the database is more extensive than for the large and rare vertebrate predators. The book should appeal to ecologists interested in the broad issue of predation effects on communities.
Category: Science

The Tolerability Of Risk

Author : Frederic Bouder
ISBN : 9781136551826
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35.91 MB
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There is an increasing dissatisfaction about how risk is regulated, leading to vivid debates about the use of 'risk assessment' and 'precaution'. As a result, academics, government officials and industry leaders are calling for new approaches and fresh ideas. This book provides a historical and topical perspective on the alternative concept of 'Tolerability of Risk' and its concrete regulatory applications. In the UK, Tolerability of Risk has been developed into a sophisticated framework, particularly within the health and safety sectors. It is expected to guide decision-makers when applying their legal obligation of keeping risks as low as practically reasonable. Could Tolerability of Risk become a wider source of inspiration across the full scope of risk analysis and management? Written by leading academics and risk practitioners from industry and government, The Tolerability of Risk presents a summary of theoretical perspectives on risk approaches, providing a detailed elicitation of the methods and approaches used to build the Tolerability of Risk framework and examining the prospect of universal application of that framework. From nuclear power to environmental pollution, climate change and drug testing, the Tolerability of Risk framework may offer a workable, pragmatic solution for balancing risks against the costs involved in controlling them, as well as developing the institutional capacity to make effective decisions in all jurisdictions worldwide.
Category: Business & Economics

Changing Values In Medical And Healthcare Decision Making

Author : Uffe Juul Jensen
ISBN : 0471926345
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69.78 MB
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This work charts the progress of changing values in medical and healthcare decision-making, particularly as a result of economic pressures, and the role of clinical ethics in determining what courses of action and treatment medical and healthcare professionals should pursue. It evaluates the concepts involved in ethical decision-making, such as risk and need, and whose values are relevant to which decisions and looks at the changing emphasis of medicine and the relevance of value judgments in clinical decisions. This stimulating work incorporates a number of different perspectives, disciplines, cultures and nationalities to provide a multi-disciplinary, international approach. In addition to medical and economic issues, the book also discusses philosophical and legal aspects.
Category: Medical

Risk Management

Author : Emmanuel Fragnière
ISBN : 9781423918004
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61.57 MB
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This book is about managing business risks by examining worst-case scenarios and putting safeguards into place to mitigate loss of revenue, market share, customers, and other assets. As with all Crisp Fifty-Minute books, it includes exercises and forms to help readers put the principles into use in their own organization. RISK MANAGEMENT shows business managers how to ask the right questions to protect the assets of the company and, by following a realistic case study, how to develop a risk management strategy and ensure its success.
Category: Business & Economics

Smoking

Author : Paul Slovic
ISBN : 0761923810
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73.59 MB
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This book presents a counter-view, based on a survey of several thousand young persons and adults, probing attitudes, beliefs, feelings, and perceptions of risk associated with smoking. The authors agree that young smokers give little or no thought to health risks or the problems of addiction. The survey data contradicts the model of informed, rational choice and underscores the need for aggressive policies to counter tobacco firms' marketing and promotional efforts and to restrict youth access to tobacco.
Category: Psychology

Risk Perception

Author : Theodore Spencer
ISBN : 1634846230
Genre : Risk
File Size : 43.90 MB
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Category: Risk

Risk Evaluation And Management

Author : V.T. Covello
ISBN : 9781461321033
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.84 MB
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Public attention has focused in recent years on an array of technological risks to health, safety, and the environment. At the same time, responsibilities for technological risk as sessment, evaluation, and management have grown in both the public and private sectors because of a perceived need to anticipate, prevent, or reduce the risks inherent in modem society. In attempting to meet these responsibilities, legislative, judicial, regulatory, and private sector institutions have had to deal with the extraordinarily complex problems of assessing and balancing risks, costs, and benefits. The need to help society cope with technological risks has given rise to a new intellectual endeavor: the social and behavioral study of issues in risk evaluation and risk management. The scope and complexity of these analyses require a high degree of cooperative effort on the part of specialists from many fields. Analyzing social and behavioral issues requires the efforts of political scientists, sociologists, decision analysts, management scientists, econ omists, psychologists, philosophers, and policy analysts, among others.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Women S Perceptions Of Environmental Change In Egypt

Author : Eman El-Ramly
ISBN : 9774246306
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.31 MB
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This research focuses on exploring and explaining women's perceptions of and social responses to environmental change. Viewing risk selection and perception as 'dynamic processes' that are continuously changing and being reinterpreted through people's 'worldviews, ' it examines how pollution and decline of environmental conditions come to be regarded by Egyptian women as 'risky.' The research was conducted in three structurally different urban settings with different levels of exposure to pollution and different socio-economic levels of their residents. Data were generated by means of in-depth interviews with forty-four women from different walks of life. The research is gender specific, given the primary role of women as health care managers of their families. Thus, for women, environmental issues and health issues are closely related. Vol. 23 No. 4
Category: Science

Risk Methodologies For Technological Legacies

Author : Dennis Bley
ISBN : 1402012586
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.25 MB
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The Cold War Era left the major participants, the United States and the former Soviet Union (FSU), with large legacies in terms of both contamination and potential accidents. Facility contamination and environmental degradation, as well as the accident vulnerable facilities and equipment, are a result of weapons development, testing, and production. Although the countries face similar issues from similar activities, important differences in waste management practices make the potential environmental and health risks of more immediate concern in the FSU and Eastern Europe. In the West, most nuclear and chemical waste is stored in known contained locations, while in the East, much of the equivalent material is unconfined, contaminating the environment. In the past decade, the U.S. started to address and remediate these Cold War legacies. Costs have been very high, and the projected cost estimates for total cleanup are still increasing. Currently in Russia, the resources for starting such major activities continue to be unavailable.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Perceptions Of Environmental Risks In Mozambique Implications For The Success Of Adaption And Coping Strategies

Author : Anthony G. Patt
ISBN :
Genre : Assistance in emergencies
File Size : 41.78 MB
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Policies to promote adaptation climate risks often rely on the willing cooperation of the intended beneficiaries. If these beneficiaries disagree with policy makers and programme managers about the need for adaptation, or the effectiveness of the measures they are being asked to undertake, then implementation of the policies will fail. A case study of a resettlement programme in Mozambique shows this to be the case. Farmers and policy-maker disagreed about the seriousness of climate risks, and the potential negative consequences of proposed adaptive measures. A project to provide more information about climate change to farmers did not change their beliefs. The results highlight the need for active dialog across stakeholder groups, as a necessary condition for formulating policies that can then be successfully implemented.
Category: Assistance in emergencies

Misconceptions Of Risk

Author : Terje Aven
ISBN : 9781119964285
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 79.23 MB
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We all face risks in a variety of ways, as individuals, businesses and societies. The discipline of risk assessment and risk management is growing rapidly and there is an enormous drive for the implementation of risk assessment methods and risk management in organizations. There are great expectations that these tools provide suitable frameworks for obtaining high levels of performance and balance different concerns such as safety and costs. The analysis and management of risk are not straightforward. There are many challenges. The risk discipline is young and there area a number of ideas, perspectives and conceptions of risk out there. For example many analysts and researchers consider it appropriate to base their risk management policies on the use of expected values, which basically means that potential losses are multiplied with their associated consequences. However, the rationale for such a policy is questionable. A number of such common conceptions of risk are examined in the book, related to the risk concept, risk assessments, uncertainty analyses, risk perception, the precautionary principle, risk management and decision making under uncertainty. The Author discusses these concepts, their strenghts and weaknesses, and concludes that they are often better judged as misconceptions of risk than conceptions of risk. Key Features: Discusses common conceptions of risk with supporting examples. Provides recommendations and guidance to risk analysis and risk management. Relevant for all types of applications, including engineering and business. Presents the Author’s overall conclusions on the issues addressed throughout the book. All those working with risk-related problems need to understand the fundamental ideas and concepts of risk. Professionals in the field of risk, as well as researchers and graduate sutdents will benefit from this book. Policy makers and business people will also find this book of interest.
Category: Mathematics

Handbook Of Health Behavior Research Iv

Author : David S. Gochman
ISBN : 9781489904843
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 39.44 MB
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Volume 4 considers the importance of health behavior research in practical settings. Particularly notable are treatments of the "narrative approach", the taxonomy of health behavior, and the organization of health behavior knowledge. Each volume features extensive supplementary and integrative material prepared by the editor, the detailed index to the entire four-volume set, and a glossary of health behavior terminology.
Category: Psychology

Risk Assessment And Management In Pervasive Computing Operational Legal Ethical And Financial Perspectives

Author : Godara, Varuna
ISBN : 9781605662213
Genre : Computers
File Size : 23.8 MB
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Provides extensive information about pervasive computing and its implications from various perspectives so that current and future pervasive service providers can make responsible decisions about where, when and how to use this technology.
Category: Computers

Impact Of E Commerce On Consumers And Small Firms

Author : Salvatore Zappalà
ISBN : 0754644162
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89.78 MB
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This publication deals with the impact of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) on small businesses and consumers. Its coverage includes the adoption of ICT by small firms; the use of ICT applications to support marketing and sales transactions; and the factors that influence consumers' online purchasing decisions.
Category: Business & Economics

Engineering Geology For Society And Territory Volume 7

Author : Giorgio Lollino
ISBN : 9783319093031
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.59 MB
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This book is one out of 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes and deals with education and the professional ethics, which scientists, regulators and practitioners of engineering geology inevitably have to face through the purposes, methods, limitations and findings of their works. This volume presents contributions on the professional responsibilities of engineering geologists; the interaction of engineering geologists with other professionals; recognition of the engineering geological profession and its particular contribution to society, culture, and economy and implications for the education of engineering geologists at tertiary level and in further education schemes. Issues treated in this volume are: the position of engineering geology within the geo-engineering profession; professional ethics and communication; resource use and re-use; managing risk in a litigious world; engineering and geological responsibility and engineering geology at tertiary level. The Engineering Geology for Society and Territory volumes of the IAEG XII Congress held in Torino from September 15-19, 2014, analyze the dynamic role of engineering geology in our changing world and build on the four main themes of the congress: Environment, processes, issues and approaches. The congress topics and subject areas of the 8 IAEG XII Congress volumes are: Climate Change and Engineering Geology. Landslide Processes. River Basins, Reservoir Sedimentation and Water Resources. Marine and Coastal Processes. Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation. Applied Geology for Major Engineering Projects. Education, Professional Ethics and Public Recognition of Engineering Geology. Preservation of Cultural Heritage.
Category: Science

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Author : Pascal James Imperato
ISBN : 9781461308072
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.56 MB
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When Pascal James Imperato, MD, assumed the edi • Exclusion by the New York State Departm~nt of Health of qualified laboratories from HIV testmg torship of the New York State Journal of Medicine in 198~, the acquired immunodeficiency syndro. me (AIDS) epI • Protection of health care workers • Responsibilities of physicians and other health care demic in the United States was already SIX years old. Dur ing the time of his editorship, two thematic issues of the workers Journal have been devoted to AIDS. In addition, a large • Public education number of original communications have been regularly • AIDS confidentiality published on the subje~t. This volume ?rings together The Symposium on AIDS in Washington, DC, had important articles published on AIDS m the Journal been so successful that the MSSNY, under the auspices of during 1987 and 1988. . . the task force and the Division of Governmental Affairs, In the early years of the epidemic the Medical Society of held two informational symposia for state senators and the State of New York (MSSNY) was aware that it had a assemblymen and their staffs in Albany, New York. Thes. e responsibility to both the professi?~ an~ the public to add were presented in February 1988 and. March. 1989. ,!,hIS its efforts to those already mobIlized m the attempt to effort has convinced the MSSNY that It has given legisla understand and control this tragic disease. Early on, the tors a better understanding of the overall AIDS problem.
Category: Medical