The Paradigmatic Structure Of Person Marking

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The Paradigmatic Structure Of Person Marking

Author : Michael Cysouw
ISBN : 9780199254125
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 55.14 MB
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This book investigates paradigms of person - both independent pronouns as well as bound person marking. Based on empirical and theoretical grounds, the author argues that the notion 'number' has to be redefined to deal with the cross-linguistic variation of person marking. Equipped with a new definition, a typology of the paradigmatic structure of person marking is presented, incorporating data from around 400 languages. Nothing appears to be impossible for the paradigmatic structure, although some patterns are clearly more probable than others are. Starting from the more commonly occurring patterns, the diachronic dynamics of paradigmatic structure are investigated by comparing close relatives that differ slightly in the structure of their person paradigms.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Pronouns

Author : Horst J. Simon
ISBN : 902722773X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 26.51 MB
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The contributions of this thematic collection center around the typology of pronominal paradigms, the generation of syntactic and semantic representations for constructions containing pronouns, and the neurological underpinnings for linguistic distinctions that are relevant for the production and interpretation of these constructions. They come from different theoretical approaches and methodological backgrounds and take into account data from a wide range of Indoeuropean and non-Indoeuropean languages. Bringing together a cross-section of recent research on the grammar and representation of pronouns, the volume offers a kaleidoscope of studies united by the common topic of pronouns as a domain of language that exemplarily shows the interaction of different components responsible for computational (syntactic and semantic), lexical, and discourse-pragmatic processes.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

New Challenges In Typology

Author : Matti Miestamo
ISBN : 9783110198904
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.38 MB
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The sixteen chapters in this volume are written by typologists and typologically oriented field linguists who have completed their Ph.D. theses in the first four years of this millennium. The authors address selected theoretical questions of general linguistic relevance drawing from a wealth of data hitherto unfamiliar to the general linguistic audience. The general aim is to broaden the horizons of typology by revisiting existing typologies with larger language samples, exploring domains not considered in typology before, taking linguistic diversity more seriously, strengthening the connection between typology and areal linguistics, and bridging the gap to other fields, such as historical linguistics and sociolinguistics. The papers cover grammatical phenomena from phonology, morphology up to the syntax of complex sentences. The linguistic phenomena scrutinized include the following: foot and stress, tone, infixation, inflection vs. derivation, word formation, polysynthesis, suppletion, person marking, reflexives, alignment, transitivity, tense-aspect-mood systems, negation, interrogation, converb systems, and complex sentences. More general methodological and theoretical issues, such as reconstruction, markedness, semantic maps, templates, and use of parallel corpora, are also addressed. The contributions in this volume draw from many traditional fields of linguistics simultaneously, and show that it is becoming harder and maybe also less desirable to keep them separate, especially when taking a broadly cross-linguistic approach to language. The book is of interest to typologists and field linguists, as well as to any linguists interested in theoretical issues in different subfields of linguistics.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Diversity And Language Theories

Author : Zygmunt Frajzyngier
ISBN : 9789027294623
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83.72 MB
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From the refinement of general methodology, to new insights of synchronic and diachronic universals, to studies of specific phenomena, this collection demonstrates the crucial role that language data play in the evolution of useful, accurate linguistic theories. Issues addressed include the determination of meaning in typological studies; a refined understanding of diachronic processes by including intentional, social, statistical, and level-determined phenomena; the reconsideration of categories such as sentence, evidential or adposition, and structures such as compounds or polysynthesis; the tension between formal simplicity and functional clarity; the inclusion of unusual systems in theoretical debates; and fresh approaches to Chinese classifiers, possession in Oceanic languages, and English aspect. This is a careful selection of papers presented at the International Symposium on Linguistic Diversity and Language Theories in Boulder, Colorado. The purpose of the Symposium was to confront fundamental issues in language structure and change with the rich variation of forms and functions observed across languages.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sprachliche Motivation

Author : Peter Gallmann
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123570645
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 36.94 MB
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Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Language

Author : George Melville Bolling
ISBN : STANFORD:36105133704994
Genre : Comparative linguistics
File Size : 46.80 MB
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Category: Comparative linguistics

Linguistische Berichte

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015064843108
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 89.52 MB
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Category: Linguistics

Handbuch Der Eurolinguistik

Author : Uwe Hinrichs
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132456323
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 42.4 MB
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Das Handbuch der Eurolinguistik stellt die neue Disziplin kompakt, umfassend und in all ihren Verzweigungen von 1991 bis 2008 dar. Es besteht aus 45 thematischen Artikeln, die von 41 Spezialisten verfasst wurden. Block I Raum Europa behandelt die Besonderheit Europas und seiner kulturellen Identitat, seine Binnenraume und das Grenzproblem im Osten und Sudosten. Block II Die Sprachen in Europa stellt die gesamte Sprachenlandschaft Europas und ihre externe Linguistik dar, die einzelnen Sprachfamilien, die Bedeutung des Lateins fur Europa und in einem Exkurs das Baskische. Block III Areal Europa beschreibt die linguistic area Europe, prasentiert die Ergebnisse der Kontakt- und Sprachtypologie (Projekt Eurotyp) und beschreibt den vorherrschenden Sprachtypus in den vier grossen Arealen Westeuropa, Zentraleuropa, Balkan und Russland. Block IV Die linguistischen Ebenen fasst die Eigenschaften und Gemeinsamkeiten der europaischen Sprachen zusammen, von der phonetischen uber die lexikalische Ebene (Internationalismen; Anglizismen) bis hin zu einem pragmatisch-interaktiven Code der Europaer. Block V Sprachpolitik und Mehrsprachigkeit behandelt Sprache und Politik in Europa und stellt die wichtigsten Mehrsprachigkeitskonzepte und -projekte vor. Block VI Hintergrund zeigt die Wurzeln der Eurolinguistik in Geschichte und Vorgeschichte der Linguistik, ihre moderne theoretische Grundlegung und den sprachphilosophischen Hintergrund eines europaischen Sprachdenkens, schliesslich die Vision des kunftigen Vergleichs der Eurolinguistik mit Sprachwissenschaften aus anderen Kulturkreisen.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Bibliographic Index

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025908224
Genre : Bibliographical literature
File Size : 70.24 MB
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Category: Bibliographical literature

Lingua Posnaniensis

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822037550183
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 88.87 MB
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Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

The Semitic Languages

Author : Stefan Weninger
ISBN : 9783110251586
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90.97 MB
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The handbook The Semitic Languages offers a comprehensive reference tool for Semitic Linguistics in its broad sense. It is not restricted to comparative Grammar, although it covers also comparative aspects, including classification. By comprising a chapter on typology and sections with sociolinguistic focus and language contact, the conception of the book aims at a rather complete, unbiased description of the state of the art in Semitics. Articles on individual languages and dialects give basic facts as location, numbers of speakers, scripts, numbers of extant texts and their nature, attestation where appropriate, and salient features of the grammar and lexicon of the respective variety. The handbook is the most comprehensive treatment of the Semitic language family since many decades.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Arbeiten Zur Reflexivierung

Author : Lutz Gunkel
ISBN : UOM:39015060038430
Genre : German language
File Size : 65.31 MB
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Der Sammelband behandelt Morphologie und Syntax der Reflexiva unter unterschiedlichen theoretischen Perspektiven (z.B. Minimalismus, Optimalitätstheorie) im Hinblick auf eine Reihe von Sprachen und unter Fokussierung verschiedener syntaktischer Domänen (wie Satz, NP, AcI). Er repräsentiert somit einen Querschnitt der aktuellen Forschung zum Phänomenbereich.
Category: German language

Yearbook Of Morphology 2000

Author : Geert Booij
ISBN : 0792370821
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.97 MB
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A revival of interest in morphology has occurred during recent years. The Yearbook of Morphology series, published since 1988, has proven to be an eminent support for this upswing of morphological research, since it contains articles on topics which are central in the current theoretical debates which are frequently referred to. The Yearbook of Morphology 2000 focuses on the relation between morphology and syntax. First, a number of articles is devoted to the ways in which morphological features can be expressed in the grammar of natural languages, both by morphological and syntactic devices. This also raises the more general issue of how we have to conceive of the relation between form and (grammatical) meaning. Several formalisms for inflectional paradigms are proposed. In addition, this volume deals with the demarcation between morphology and syntax: to which extent can syntactic principles and generalizations be used for a proper account of the morphology of a language? The languages discussed are Potawatomi, Latin, Greek, Romanian, West-Greenlandic, and German. A special feature of this volume is a section devoted to the analysis of the morphosyntax of a number of Austronesian languages, which are also relevant for deepening our insights into the relation between our morphology and syntax. Audience: Theoretical, descriptive, and historical linguists, morphologists, phonologists, computational linguists, and psycholinguists will find this book of interest.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Formal Notes On Coeur D Alene Clause Structure

Author : Shannon Bischoff
ISBN : 9781443824590
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 48.74 MB
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Coeur d’Alene, also known as Snchitsu’umshtsn, is a Southern Interior (Idaho, USA) Salish language. This work presents a formal account of the basic clause structure of this polysynthetic language within the tradition of Minimalism and Distributed Morphology. The work arrives at an account of the basic clause structure and an articulation of the left periphery of Coeur d’Alene. In addition, an account of lexical affixation is presented. Thus providing the first formal account of the language and adding to our understanding of Coeur d’Alene, Salish languages, and languages of the world more generally. In addition, the work draws attention to the excellent scholarship of Gladys Reichard, whose work has been crucial in any study of the Coeur d’Alene language in the last ninety years. Using Reichard’s unpublished manuscripts and field notes, as well as consultation with the Coeur d’Alene Language Program, the work draws on a corpus of data that demonstrates the value of legacy material and illustrates the importance of language documentation, maintenance, and preservation to linguistic inquiry.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Scales And Hierarchies

Author : Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky
ISBN : 9783110395006
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90.86 MB
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The volume advances our understanding of the role of scales and hierarchies across the linguistic sciences. Although scales and hierarchies are widely assumed to play a role in the modelling of linguistic phenomena, their status remains controversial, and it is these controversies that the present volume tackles head-on.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Grammar Of Urarina

Author : Knut J. Olawsky
ISBN : 9783110892932
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.85 MB
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Urarina is an endangered isolate spoken by less than 3,000 people in the rainforests of North-western Peru. This book aims at providing a comprehensive description of Urarina grammar covering all areas of the language. From a linguistic point of view, Urarina is particularly interesting because of a range of unusual grammatical characteristics that are rarely or not at all found in other languages. One remarkable property is the constituent order OVA/VS, which was classified as "non-existing" by Greenberg (1966). However, this atypical syntactic structure is a surprisingly consistent feature of Urarina, which discerns it from the majority of languages which are assumed to follow this syntactic pattern. Another feature probably unique to Urarina is the existence of a three-way distinction for person marking on all verbs. The choice of the respective paradigm depends on a complex set of syntactic and pragmatic conditions, which are investigated in detail. Scholars whose main interest is in morphology will also be intrigued by the polysynthetic verbal morphology of Urarina, which fits well into the Amazonian context. A Grammar of Urarina is based on the framework of basic linguistic theory, which will be accessible to scholars from a wide range of backgrounds. The straightforward presentation of linguistic structures is accompanied by in-depth discussion of the most interesting and unusual features, illustrated by examples for all grammatical phenomena and often summarised by tables or diagrams. This book fills a gap not only for studies in Amazonian languages but also from a typological perspective.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines