The Origins Of Meaning

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The Origins Of Meaning

Author : James R. Hurford
ISBN : 9780191607233
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43.88 MB
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In this, the first of two ground-breaking volumes on the nature of language in the light of the way it evolved, James Hurford looks at how the world first came to have a meaning in the minds of animals and how in humans this meaning eventually came to be expressed as language. He reviews a mass of evidence to show how close some animals, especially primates and more especially apes, are to the brink of human language. Apes may not talk to us but they construct rich cognitive representations of the world around them, and here, he shows, are the evolutionary seeds of abstract thought - the means of referring to objects, the memory of events, even elements of the propositional thinking philosophers have hitherto reserved for humans. What then, he asks, is the evolutionary path between the non-speaking minds of apes and our own speaking minds? Why don't apes communicate the richness of their thoughts to each other? Why do humans alone have a unique disposition to reveal their thoughts in complex detail? Professor Hurford searches a wide range of evidence for the answers to these central questions, including degrees of trust, the role of hormones, the ability to read minds, and the willingness to cooperate. Expressing himself congenially in consistently colloquial language the author builds up a vivid picture of how mind, language, and meaning evolved over millions of years. His book is a landmark contribution to the understanding of linguistic and thinking processes, and the fullest account yet published of the evolution of language and communication. "A wonderful read - lucid, informative, and entertaining, while at the same time never talking down to the reader by sacrificing argumentation for the sake of 'simplicity'. Likely to be heralded as the major publication dealing with language evolution to date. Frederick J. Newmeyer, University of Washington
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Origins Of Meaning

Author : D. Welton
ISBN : 9789400967786
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 36.35 MB
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Whenever one attempts to write about a philosopher whose native tongue is not English the problem of translations is inevitable. For the sake of simplicity and accuracy we have translated all of our quotations from the German unless otherwise noted. But for the sake of easy reference we have included the page numbers of the English translations as well as the German texts. Because there is a new translation forthcoming, we have not included references to the English translation of Ideen I. Since the German texts are readily available, we did not reproduce them in the footnotes. All quotations translated from Husserl's unpublished manuscripts, however, do include the German text in the footnotes. This work is greatly indebted to the criticism and help of Professor Ludwig Landgrebe, whose support made possible two years at the UniversiHit Koln. Garth Gillan and Lothar Eley also have contributed much to the basic direction ofthis work. Others such as Edward Casey, Claude Evans, Irene Grypari, Don Ihde, Grant Johnson, Martin Lang, J. N. Mohanty, Robert Ray and Susan Wood have been more than helpful in their discussions with me on these topics and in their criticisms of some of the ambiguities of an earlier draft. Likewise a special word of thanks to Reto Parpan whose insightful corrections were most valuable and to Nancy Gifford for her discussions on matters epistemolo gical and for her help in the final preparation of the book.
Category: Philosophy

Philosophy Psychoanalysis And The Origins Of Meaning

Author : David Snelling
ISBN : 9781351738972
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81.84 MB
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This title was first published in 2001. Drawing on recent work in the philosophy of psychoanalysis, and on considerations of the nature of psychoanalytic theory itself, this book reveals new possibilities which psychoanalysis offers for an understanding of the mind - more broadly, the subject of mental states - and its relation to the world. Entailing a re-examination of an approach embedded in the work of certain Continental thinkers, notably Heidegger and Hegel, the connections between philosophy and psychoanalysis presented in this book represent a fresh departure. Linking Kleinian notions of an "inner world" of unconscious phantasy, to philosophical conceptions of non-linguistic meaning whose significance for the psychoanalytic understanding of subjectivity has been hitherto overlooked, Snelling argues that psychoanalysis demands a significant place in our philosophical understanding of ourselves.
Category: Philosophy

Fairy Tales

Author : John Thackray Bunce
ISBN : 1616407468
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 90.84 MB
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Author John Thackray Bunce was a senior vice president at the Birmingham and Midland Institute, a pioneer in technical and scientific education for adults, when he attended a Christmas lecture series on fairy tales and mythology in 1877. Bunce enjoyed the series so much, noting that the subject was particularly fascinating to children, that he expanded on the content and turned it into a book, Fairy Tales: Their Origin and Meaning. In Bunce's words, the "aim [of the book] is a very modest one: to furnish an inducement rather than a formal introduction to the study of Folk Lore." Readers will find chapters on the origin of fairy tales as well as stories and characters originating around the world, including Asia, Scandinavia, Ireland, and the Middle East. JOHN THACKRAY BUNCE (1828-1899) was a British author and a senior vice president of the Birmingham and Midland Institute. He was the author of Cloudland and Shadowland (1868), Fairy Tales: Their Origin and Meaning (1878), and Josiah Mason: A Biography (1882), among others.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

1500 California Place Names

Author : William Bright
ISBN : 0520212711
Genre : History
File Size : 34.40 MB
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This handbook focuses on two sorts of names: those that are well-known as destinations or as geographical features of the state, and those that demand attention because of their problematic origins, whether Spanish, such as Bodega and Chamisal, or Native American, like Aguanga and Siskiyou. Map.
Category: History

The Origins Of English Words

Author : Joseph Twadell Shipley
ISBN : 0801867843
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 65.68 MB
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There are no direct records of the original Indo-European speech. By comparing the vocabularies of its various descendants, however, it is possible to reconstruct the basic Indo-European roots with considerable confidence. In The Origins of English Words, Shipley catalogues these proposed roots and follows the often devious, always fascinating, process by which some of their offshoots have grown. Anecdotal, eclectic, and always enthusiastic, The Origins of English Words is a diverting expedition beyond linguistics into literature, history, folklore, anthropology, philosophy, and science.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Origins And Meaning Of Section 92a

Author : J. Peter Meekison
ISBN : 0886450136
Genre : Canada
File Size : 63.87 MB
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This book is an attempt to answer, to the extent that they can be answered without judicial decisions to clarify some doubtful issues, questions concerning section 92A of the Constitution. Critical questions for the people of Western Canada and the petroleum industry, they include queries concerning the shift in provincial versus federal powers.
Category: Canada

The Tarot

Author : Alfred Douglas
ISBN : 0140037373
Genre : Tarot
File Size : 55.23 MB
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Category: Tarot

Interpreting Archaeology

Author : Ian Hodder
ISBN : 0415157447
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.69 MB
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There has been a profound shift in the direction of archaeological activity in the last fifteen years, a change reflected in this volume. While excavation remains a professional priority, the interpretation of archaeological evidence is now attracting increasing critical study. In part this is stemmed from the public demand for explanation of archaeological evidence, which moves beyond the more restricted academic debate among archaeologists. But it also follows from a desire among archaeologists to come to terms with their own subjective approaches to the material they study, and a recognition of how past researchers have also imposed their own value systems on the evidence which they presented. This volume provides a forum for debate between varied approaches to the past from leading archaeologists in Europe, North America, Asia and Australasia. It addresses the philosophical issues involved in interpretation, and the origins of meaning in the evolution and emergence of 'mind' in early hominids. It covers the ways in which material culture is understood and presented in museums, and how the nature of history is itself in flux.
Category: Social Science

Encyclopedia Of Phenomenology

Author : Lester Embree
ISBN : 9789401588812
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 86.54 MB
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This encyclopedia presents phenomenological thought and the phenomenological movement within philosophy and within more than a score of other disciplines on a level accessible to professional colleagues of other orientations as well as to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Entries average 3,000 words. In practically all cases, they include lists of works "For Further Study." The Introduction briefly chronicles the changing phenomenological agenda and compares phenomenology with other 20th Century movements. The 166 entries are a baut matters of seven sorts: ( 1) the faur broad tendencies and periods within the phenomenological movement; (2) twenty-three national traditions ofphenomenology; (3) twenty-two philosophical sub-disciplines, including those referred to with the formula "the philosophy of x"; (4) phenomenological tendencies within twenty-one non-philosophical dis ciplines; (5) forty major phenomenological topics; (6) twenty-eight leading phenomenological figures; and (7) twenty-seven non-phenomenological figures and movements ofinteresting sim ilarities and differences with phenomenology. Conventions Concern ing persons, years ofbirth and death are given upon first mention in an entry ofthe names of deceased non-phenomenologists. The names of persons believed tobe phenomenologists and also, for cross-referencing purposes, the titles of other entries are printed entirely in SMALL CAPITAL letters, also upon first mention. In addition, all words thus occurring in all small capital letters are listed in the index with the numbers of all pages on which they occur. To facilitate indexing, Chinese, Hungarian, and Japanese names have been re-arranged so that the personal name precedes the family name.
Category: Philosophy

Political Psychology

Author : John T. Jost
ISBN : 1841690694
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81.36 MB
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The articles in this volume have been carefully chosen to illustrate the way the field has developed historically as well as current issues and research directions.
Category: Psychology

The Quest For Meaning

Author : Tariq Ramadan
ISBN : 9780141919577
Genre : Religion
File Size : 43.10 MB
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In The Quest for Meaning, Tariq Ramadan, philosopher and Islamic scholar, invites the reader to join him on a journey to the deep ocean of religious, secular, and indigenous spiritual traditions to explore the most pressing contemporary issues. Along the way, Ramadan interrogates the concepts that frame current debates including: faith and reason, emotions and spirituality, tradition and modernity, freedom, equality, universality, and civilization. He acknowledges the greatest flashpoints and attempts to bridge divergent paths to a common ground between these religious and intellectual traditions. He calls urgently for a deep and meaningful dialogue that leads us to go beyond tolerant co-existence to mutual respect and enrichment. Written in a both direct and meditative style this is an important, timely and intelligent book that aims to direct and shape debate around the most important questions of our time.
Category: Religion

African American English

Author : Lisa J. Green
ISBN : 0521891388
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 31.34 MB
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This authoritative introduction to African American English (AAE) is the first textbook to look at the grammar as a whole. Clearly organised, it describes patterns in the sentence structure, sound system, word formation and word use in AAE. The textbook examines topics such as education, speech events in the secular and religious world, and the use of language in literature and the media to create black images. It includes exercises to accompany each chapter and will be essential reading for students in linguistics, education, anthropology, African American studies and literature.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Origins Of Om Manipadme Hum The

Author : Alexander Studholme
ISBN : 9780791488485
Genre : Religion
File Size : 62.72 MB
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Sets out a history of the famous Buddhist mantra, Om Manipadme Hum, and offers new insights on its meaning.
Category: Religion

Metarepresentation Self Organization And Art

Author : Wolfgang Wildgen
ISBN : 3039116843
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 25.16 MB
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This book is about the interrelationship between nature, semiosis, metarepresentation and (self-)consciousness, and the role played by metarepresentation in evolution. Representations must have emerged via self-organization from non-representational systems (found in physics, chemistry and biology). Major steps have been the evolution of molecules, macromolecules, life, and finally cultural and symbolic systems. Representations and signs are therefore parts of a huge, possibly branching «ladder of beings». Metarepresentations - images representing images, language about language and language-use, thoughts about thoughts - constitute a fascinating theme within such diverse areas of research as philosophy, literature, theology, anthropology and history, neuroscience, psychology and linguistics. The contributions to this book reflect this variety of different, but often interrelated perspectives on metarepresentation. They also exemplify the difficulties of a truly interdisciplinary discourse and show how one may start such a discourse in the field of semiotics, understood as a meta-discipline which brings together all scientific enterprises dealing with human mind and human culture.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Origins Of Development Economics

Author : Jomo K.S.
ISBN : 1842776479
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79.49 MB
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A history of the emergence of development economics as a distinct sub-discipline.
Category: Business & Economics

George Grant And The Theology Of The Cross

Author : Harris Athanasiadis
ISBN : 0802048757
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 75.55 MB
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Beneath the philosophical, social, political, ethical, national, and moral issues that Grant tackled throughout his career was a fundamental concern with theodicy - the problem of faith in God in a world of conflict, suffering, and tragedy.
Category: Philosophy