The Origins Of Alliances

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The Origins Of Alliance

Author : Stephen M. Walt
ISBN : 9780801469992
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.61 MB
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How are alliances made? In this book, Stephen M. Walt makes a significant contribution to this topic, surveying theories of the origins of international alliances and identifying the most important causes of security cooperation between states. In addition, he proposes a fundamental change in the present conceptions of alliance systems. Contrary to traditional balance-of-power theories, Walt shows that states form alliances not simply to balance power but in order to balance threats. Walt begins by outlining five general hypotheses about the causes of alliances. Drawing upon diplomatic history and a detailed study of alliance formation in the Middle East between 1955 and 1979, he demonstrates that states are more likely to join together against threats than they are to ally themselves with threatening powers. Walt also examines the impact of ideology on alliance preferences and the role of foreign aid and transnational penetration. His analysis show, however, that these motives for alignment are relatively less important. In his conclusion, he examines the implications of "balance of threat" for U.S. foreign policy.
Category: Political Science

The Origins Of Alliances

Author : Stephen Martin Walt
ISBN : UCAL:C2933350
Genre : Alliances
File Size : 84.77 MB
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Category: Alliances


Author : Victor D. Cha
ISBN : 9780691180946
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79.42 MB
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While the American alliance system in Asia has been fundamental to the region's security and prosperity for seven decades, today it encounters challenges from the growth of China-based regional organizations. How was the American alliance system originally established in Asia, and is it currently under threat? How are competing security designs being influenced by the United States and China? In Powerplay, Victor Cha draws from theories about alliances, unipolarity, and regime complexity to examine the evolution of the U.S. alliance system and the reasons for its continued importance in Asia and the world. Cha delves into the fears, motivations, and aspirations of the Truman and Eisenhower presidencies as they contemplated alliances with the Republic of China, Republic of Korea, and Japan at the outset of the Cold War. Their choice of a bilateral "hub and spokes" security design for Asia was entirely different from the system created in Europe, but it was essential for its time. Cha argues that the alliance system’s innovations in the twenty-first century contribute to its resiliency in the face of China’s increasing prominence, and that the task for the world is not to choose between American and Chinese institutions, but to maximize stability and economic progress amid Asia’s increasingly complex political landscape. Exploring U.S. bilateral relations in Asia after World War II, Powerplay takes an original look at how global alliances are achieved and maintained.
Category: Political Science

Warring Friends

Author : Jeremy Pressman
ISBN : 9780801464942
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.78 MB
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Allied nations often stop each other from going to war. Some countries even form alliances with the specific intent of restraining another power and thereby preventing war. Furthermore, restraint often becomes an issue in existing alliances as one ally wants to start a war, launch a military intervention, or pursue some other risky military policy while the other ally balks. In Warring Friends, Jeremy Pressman draws on and critiques realist, normative, and institutionalist understandings of how alliance decisions are made. Alliance restraint often has a role to play both in the genesis of alliances and in their continuation. As this book demonstrates, an external power can apply the brakes to an incipient conflict, and even unheeded advice can aid in clarifying national goals. The power differentials between allies in these partnerships are influenced by leadership unity, deception, policy substitutes, and national security priorities. Recent controversy over the complicated relationship between the U.S. and Israeli governments—especially in regard to military and security concerns—is a reminder that the alliance has never been easy or straightforward. Pressman highlights multiple episodes during which the United States attempted to restrain Israel's military policies: Israeli nuclear proliferation during the Kennedy Administration; the 1967 Arab-Israeli War; preventing an Israeli preemptive attack in 1973; a small Israeli operation in Lebanon in 1977; the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982; and Israeli action during the Gulf War of 1991. As Pressman shows, U.S. initiatives were successful only in 1973, 1977, and 1991, and tensions have flared up again recently as a result of Israeli arms sales to China. Pressman also illuminates aspects of the Anglo-American special relationship as revealed in several cases: British nonintervention in Iran in 1951; U.S. nonintervention in Indochina in 1954; U.S. commitments to Taiwan that Britain opposed, 1954-1955; and British intervention and then withdrawal during the Suez War of 1956. These historical examples go far to explain the context within which the Blair administration failed to prevent the U.S. government from pursuing war in Iraq at a time of unprecedented American power.
Category: Political Science

Alliance Politics

Author : Glenn Herald Snyder
ISBN : 0801484286
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 25.89 MB
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Glenn H. Snyder creates a theory of alliances by deductive reasoning about the international system, by integrating ideas from neorealism, coalition formation, bargaining, and game theory, and by empirical generalization from international history. Using cases from 1879 to 1914 to present a theory of alliance formation and management in a multipolar international system, he focuses particularly on three cases--Austria-Germany, Austria-Germany-Russia, and France-Russia--and examines twenty-two episodes of intra-alliance bargaining. Snyder develops the concept of the alliance security dilemma as a vehicle for examining influence relations between allies. He draws parallels between alliance and adversary bargaining and shows how the two intersect. He assesses the role of alliance norms and the interplay of concerts and alliances.His great achievement in Alliance Politics is to have crafted definitive scholarly insights in a way that is useful and interesting not only to the specialist in security affairs but also to any reasonably informed person trying to understand world affairs.
Category: Political Science

Die Zukunft Der Nato

Author : Reinhard Meier-Walser
ISBN : STANFORD:36105112391599
Genre : National security
File Size : 75.84 MB
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Category: National security

Governing An Alliance

Author : Courtney Allen Purrington
ISBN : UCSD:31822018896183
Genre : Alliances
File Size : 80.42 MB
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Category: Alliances

American Aid To Nato Allies In The 1950s

Author : Ine Megens
ISBN : UOM:39015032603980
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.52 MB
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The Marshall Plan was not the only aid program to Western Europe set up by the United States after the Second World War. In addition to the economic assistance, the United States supplied the European countried with military equipment under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program. American Aid to NATO Allies in the 1950s examines the impact of this aid program on the multilateral cooperation w within the alliance. Military assistance provided the Americans with a leverage to enforce assent from her partners. The focal point of this book is the bilateral relationship between the United States and the Netherlands. On the basis of archive investigations in the Netherlands, the United States, and Great Britain, the study analyzes the consequences of the introduction of American equipment in the Dutch armed forces. The author deals with the political and military as well as the technical and organizational aspects of thie Americanization.
Category: Political Science

Recalibrating The U S Republic Of Korea Alliance

Author : Donald W. Boose
ISBN : UCSD:31822032984833
Genre : Asia
File Size : 64.49 MB
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On October 18-20, 2001, the 16th Annual Conference of the Council on U.S.-Korean Security Studies was held in Washington, DC. Created in 1985 by retired generals Richard Stilwell of the United States and Sun Yup Paik of the Republic of Korea, the Council's aim was to initiate a conference that would bring together top scholars and practitioners on the most important issues facing the two countries and their important bilateral alliance. Since then, the Council has successfully hosted an annual conference, alternating every other year between meetings in Seoul and Washington. Because of the unexpected attacks on the World Trade Center in New York just 1 month prior to the conference, the papers did not capture adequately an assessment of the actual and potential impact of the terrorist attack on U.S. foreign policy, its implications for the two Koreas, and its probable effects on China and Russia. There were suggestions that the attack would have major effects, but few details about what those would be, which was understandable with so little time having elapsed since the attack. On the other hand, several authors stressed that in important ways much had not changed: U.S. commitments had not been shifted or weakened; the U.S. ability to militarily uphold its commitments had not been affected; and the solidarity of the ROK-U.S. alliance again had been demonstrated through South Korea's strong support for the war on terrorism.
Category: Asia

American Alliance Policy In The Middle East 1945 1992

Author : John P. Miglietta
ISBN : 0739103040
Genre : History
File Size : 74.30 MB
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Taking the friendly relations, at various times, between the United States and Iran, Israel, and Saudi Arabia as case studies, Miglietta (political science, Tennessee State U.) examines and critiques the development of U.S. alliance strategy during the Cold War and beyond. American alliance policy was forged in the crucible of the rivalry with the Soviet Union and it is suggested that the collection of alliances was considered a zero- sum game with the communist enemy. Too often, appeasing the needs of the ally was viewed as crucial for maintaining American credibility, argues Miglietta. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Category: History

Origins Of The First World War

Author : Gordon Martel
ISBN : 1405874317
Genre : History
File Size : 80.9 MB
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A concise, reliable, readable and up-to-date account for students of the origins of the First World War. The study of the First World War is key to all courses in Modern European History. Written to be a clear, concise introduction, without being simplistic.
Category: History