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Author : Neil A. Gershenfeld
ISBN : 0521570956
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 66.10 MB
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Major text/reference work on computer modeling for students and researchers in any quantitative or semi-quantitative discipline, first published in 1998.

Author : John A. Adam
ISBN : 9781400841011
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84.75 MB
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From rainbows, river meanders, and shadows to spider webs, honeycombs, and the markings on animal coats, the visible world is full of patterns that can be described mathematically. Examining such readily observable phenomena, this book introduces readers to the beauty of nature as revealed by mathematics and the beauty of mathematics as revealed in nature. Generously illustrated, written in an informal style, and replete with examples from everyday life, Mathematics in Nature is an excellent and undaunting introduction to the ideas and methods of mathematical modeling. It illustrates how mathematics can be used to formulate and solve puzzles observed in nature and to interpret the solutions. In the process, it teaches such topics as the art of estimation and the effects of scale, particularly what happens as things get bigger. Readers will develop an understanding of the symbiosis that exists between basic scientific principles and their mathematical expressions as well as a deeper appreciation for such natural phenomena as cloud formations, halos and glories, tree heights and leaf patterns, butterfly and moth wings, and even puddles and mud cracks. Developed out of a university course, this book makes an ideal supplemental text for courses in applied mathematics and mathematical modeling. It will also appeal to mathematics educators and enthusiasts at all levels, and is designed so that it can be dipped into at leisure.

Updated to textbook form by popular demand, this second edition discusses diverse mathematical models used in economics, ecology, and the environmental sciences with emphasis on control and optimization. It is intended for graduate and upper-undergraduate course use, however, applied mathematicians, industry practitioners, and a vast number of interdisciplinary academics will find the presentation highly useful. Core topics of this text are: · Economic growth and technological development · Population dynamics and human impact on the environment · Resource extraction and scarcity · Air and water contamination · Rational management of the economy and environment · Climate change and global dynamics The step-by-step approach taken is problem-based and easy to follow. The authors aptly demonstrate that the same models may be used to describe different economic and environmental processes and that similar investigation techniques are applicable to analyze various models. Instructors will appreciate the substantial flexibility that this text allows while designing their own syllabus. Chapters are essentially self-contained and may be covered in full, in part, and in any order. Appropriate one- and two-semester courses include, but are not limited to, Applied Mathematical Modeling, Mathematical Methods in Economics and Environment, Models of Biological Systems, Applied Optimization Models, and Environmental Models. Prerequisites for the courses are Calculus and, preferably, Differential Equations.

Author : Fred Brauer
ISBN : 0387989021
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.51 MB
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The goal of this book is to search for a balance between simple and analyzable models and unsolvable models which are capable of addressing important questions on population biology. Part I focusses on single species simple models including those which have been used to predict the growth of human and animal population in the past. Single population models are, in some sense, the building blocks of more realistic models -- the subject of Part II. Their role is fundamental to the study of ecological and demographic processes including the role of population structure and spatial heterogeneity -- the subject of Part III. This book, which will include both examples and exercises, is of use to practitioners, graduate students, and scientists working in the field.

Author : Rubem P. Mondaini
ISBN : 9783030234331
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26.72 MB
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This volume offers a collection of carefully selected, peer-reviewed papers presented at the BIOMAT 2018 International Symposium, which was held at the University Hassan II, Morocco, from October 29th to November 2nd, 2018. The topics covered include applications of mathematical modeling in hepatitis B, HIV and Chikungunya infections; tumor cell dynamics; inflammatory processes; chemotherapeutic drug effects; and population dynamics. Also discussing the application of techniques like the generalized stochastic Milevsky-Promislov model, numerical simulations and convergence of discrete and continuous models, it is an invaluable resource on interdisciplinary research in mathematical biology for students, researchers, and professionals. Held every year since 2001, the BIOMAT International Symposium gathers together, in a single conference, researchers from Mathematics, Physics, Biology, and affine fields to promote the interdisciplinary exchange of results, ideas and techniques, promoting truly international cooperation for problem discussion. The 2018 edition of BIOMAT International Symposium received contributions by authors from seventeen countries: Algeria, Brazil, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Colombia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Poland, Portugal, Russia, and Senegal. Selected papers presented at the 2017 edition of this Symposium were also published by Springer, in the volume “Trends in Biomathematics: Modeling, Optimization and Computational Problems” (978-3-319-91091-8).

Author : Seyed M. Moghadas
ISBN : 9781119483991
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77.17 MB
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An important resource that provides an overview of mathematical modelling Mathematical Modelling offers a comprehensive guide to both analytical and computational aspects of mathematical modelling that encompasses a wide range of subjects. The authors provide an overview of the basic concepts of mathematical modelling and review the relevant topics from differential equations and linear algebra. The text explores the various types of mathematical models, and includes a range of examples that help to describe a variety of techniques from dynamical systems theory. The book’s analytical techniques examine compartmental modelling, stability, bifurcation, discretization, and fixed-point analysis. The theoretical analyses involve systems of ordinary differential equations for deterministic models. The text also contains information on concepts of probability and random variables as the requirements of stochastic processes. In addition, the authors describe algorithms for computer simulation of both deterministic and stochastic models, and review a number of well-known models that illustrate their application in different fields of study. This important resource: Includes a broad spectrum of models that fall under deterministic and stochastic classes and discusses them in both continuous and discrete forms Demonstrates the wide spectrum of problems that can be addressed through mathematical modelling based on fundamental tools and techniques in applied mathematics and statistics Contains an appendix that reveals the overall approach that can be taken to solve exercises in different chapters Offers many exercises to help better understand the modelling process Written for graduate students in applied mathematics, instructors, and professionals using mathematical modelling for research and training purposes, Mathematical Modelling: A Graduate Textbook covers a broad range of analytical and computational aspects of mathematical modelling.

Author : Xin-She Yang
ISBN : 9781118462690
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 81.30 MB
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Features mathematical modeling techniques and real-world processes with applications in diverse fields Mathematical Modeling with Multidisciplinary Applications details the interdisciplinary nature of mathematical modeling and numerical algorithms. The book combines a variety of applications from diverse fields to illustrate how the methods can be used to model physical processes, design new products, find solutions to challenging problems, and increase competitiveness in international markets. Written by leading scholars and international experts in the field, the book presents new and emerging topics in areas including finance and economics, theoretical and applied mathematics, engineering and machine learning, physics, chemistry, ecology, and social science. In addition, the book thoroughly summarizes widely used mathematical and numerical methods in mathematical modeling and features: Diverse topics such as partial differential equations (PDEs), fractional calculus, inverse problems by ordinary differential equations (ODEs), semigroups, decision theory, risk analysis, Bayesian estimation, nonlinear PDEs in financial engineering, perturbation analysis, and dynamic system modeling Case studies and real-world applications that are widely used for current mathematical modeling courses, such as the green house effect and Stokes flow estimation Comprehensive coverage of a wide range of contemporary topics, such as game theory, statistical models, and analytical solutions to numerical methods Examples, exercises with select solutions, and detailed references to the latest literature to solidify comprehensive learning New techniques and applications with balanced coverage of PDEs, discrete models, statistics, fractional calculus, and more Mathematical Modeling with Multidisciplinary Applications is an excellent book for courses on mathematical modeling and applied mathematics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for research scientists, mathematicians, and engineers who would like to develop further insights into essential mathematical tools.

People often learn about various crises leading to catastrophes in nature, in social and economic life, or in living organisms (including humans). The book offers a popular account of the causative mechanisms of critical and catastrophic states in a broad range of natural and cultural systems -- which obey the same laws -- and thus makes the reader aware of the reasons and ways to avoid and mitigate the negative consequences of catastrophic events. The authors apply a single mathematical approach to investigate the revolt of cancer cells that destroy organisms and population outbreaks that destroy the natural ecosystems. The approach is also applied to the interference of industry with the environment that often leads to ecology and economic collapses, global catastrophes, and economic and social crises.

Author : Douglas R. Shier
ISBN : 1420050044
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 42.17 MB
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The practice of modeling is best learned by those armed with fundamental methodologies and exposed to a wide variety of modeling experience. Ideally, this experience could be obtained by working on actual modeling problems. But time constraints often make this difficult. Applied Mathematical Modeling provides a collection of models illustrating the power and richness of the mathematical sciences in supplying insight into the operation of important real-world systems. It fills a gap within modeling texts, focusing on applications across a broad range of disciplines. The first part of the book discusses the general components of the modeling process and highlights the potential of modeling in practice. These chapters discuss the general components of the modeling process, and the evolutionary nature of successful model building. The second part provides a rich compendium of case studies, each one complete with examples, exercises, and projects. In keeping with the multidimensional nature of the models presented, the chapters in the second part are listed in alphabetical order by the contributor's last name. Unlike most mathematical books, in which you must master the concepts of early chapters to prepare for subsequent material, you may start with any chapter. Begin with cryptology, if that catches your fancy, or go directly to bursty traffic if that is your cup of tea. Applied Mathematical Modeling serves as a handbook of in-depth case studies that span the mathematical sciences, building upon a modest mathematical background. Readers in other applied disciplines will benefit from seeing how selected mathematical modeling philosophies and techniques can be brought to bear on problems in their disciplines. The models address actual situations studied in chemistry, physics, demography, economics, civil engineering, environmental engineering, industrial engineering, telecommunications, and other areas.

Author : Roderick Melnik
ISBN : 9781118853986
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35.18 MB
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Illustrates the application of mathematical and computational modeling in a variety of disciplines With an emphasis on the interdisciplinary nature of mathematical and computational modeling, Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts features chapters written by well-known, international experts in these fields and presents readers with a host of state-of-the-art achievements in the development of mathematical modeling and computational experiment methodology. The book is a valuable guide to the methods, ideas, and tools of applied and computational mathematics as they apply to other disciplines such as the natural and social sciences, engineering, and technology. Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts also features: Rigorous mathematical procedures and applications as the driving force behind mathematical innovation and discovery Numerous examples from a wide range of disciplines to emphasize the multidisciplinary application and universality of applied mathematics and mathematical modeling Original results on both fundamental theoretical and applied developments in diverse areas of human knowledge Discussions that promote interdisciplinary interactions between mathematicians, scientists, and engineers Mathematical and Computational Modeling: With Applications in the Natural and Social Sciences, Engineering, and the Arts is an ideal resource for professionals in various areas of mathematical and statistical sciences, modeling and simulation, physics, computer science, engineering, biology and chemistry, industrial, and computational engineering. The book also serves as an excellent textbook for graduate courses in mathematical modeling, applied mathematics, numerical methods, operations research, and optimization. Roderick Melnik, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada, where he is also Tier I Canada Research Chair in Mathematical Modeling. He is internationally known for his research in computational and applied mathematics, numerical analysis, and mathematical modeling for scientific and engineering applications. Dr. Melnik is the recipient of many awards, including a number of prestigious fellowships in Italy, Denmark, England and Spain. He has published over 300 refereed research papers and has served on editorial boards of numerous international journals and book series. Currently, Dr. Melnik is Director of the MS2Discovery Interdisciplinary Research Institute in Waterloo, Canada.

Author : Fred Brauer
ISBN : 9781493998289
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29.95 MB
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The book is a comprehensive, self-contained introduction to the mathematical modeling and analysis of disease transmission models. It includes (i) an introduction to the main concepts of compartmental models including models with heterogeneous mixing of individuals and models for vector-transmitted diseases, (ii) a detailed analysis of models for important specific diseases, including tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, influenza, Ebola virus disease, malaria, dengue fever and the Zika virus, (iii) an introduction to more advanced mathematical topics, including age structure, spatial structure, and mobility, and (iv) some challenges and opportunities for the future. There are exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, and projects leading to new research directions. For the benefit of public health professionals whose contact with mathematics may not be recent, there is an appendix covering the necessary mathematical background. There are indications which sections require a strong mathematical background so that the book can be useful for both mathematical modelers and public health professionals.

Author : Richard Lesh
ISBN : 9789400762718
Genre : Education
File Size : 47.41 MB
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Modeling Students’ Mathematical Modeling Competencies offers welcome clarity and focus to the international research and professional community in mathematics, science, and engineering education, as well as those involved in the sciences of teaching and learning these subjects.

Author : S. A. MirHassani
ISBN : 9783030270452
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39.74 MB
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This book focuses on mathematical modeling, describes the process of constructing and evaluating models, discusses the challenges and delicacies of the modeling process, and explicitly outlines the required rules and regulations so that the reader will be able to generalize and reuse concepts in other problems by relying on mathematical logic.Undergraduate and postgraduate students of different academic disciplines would find this book a suitable option preparing them for jobs and research fields requiring modeling techniques. Furthermore, this book can be used as a reference book for experts and practitioners requiring advanced skills of model building in their jobs.

Author : C. Jeffries
ISBN : 0817634215
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67.65 MB
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Mathematical ecology is the application of mathematics to describe and understand ecosystems. There are two main approaches. One is to describe natural communities and induce statistical patterns or relationships which should generally occur. However, this book is devoted entirely to introducing the student to the second approach: to study deterministic mathematical models and, on the basis of mathematical results on the models, to look for the same patterns or relationships in nature. This book is a compromise between three competing desiderata. It seeks to: maximize the generality of the models; constrain the models to "behave" realistically, that is, to exhibit stability and other features; and minimize the difficulty of presentations of the models. The ultimate goal of the book is to introduce the reader to the general mathematical tools used in building realistic ecosystem models. Just such a model is presented in Chapter Nine. The book should also serve as a stepping-stone both to advanced mathematical works like Stability of Biological Communities by Yu. M. Svirezhev and D. O. Logofet (Mir, Moscow, 1983) and to advanced modeling texts like Freshwater Ecosystems by M. Straskraba and A. H. Gnauch (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1985).

Author : S. Andersson
ISBN : 0080537340
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90.61 MB
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Chemistry, physics and biology are by their nature genuinely difficult. Mathematics, however, is man-made, and therefore not as complicated. Two ideas form the basis for this book: 1) to use ordinary mathematics to describe the simplicity in the structure of mathematics and 2) to develop new branches of mathematics to describe natural sciences. Mathematics can be described as the addition, subtraction or multiplication of planes. Using the exponential scale the authors show that the addition of planes gives the polyhedra, or any solid. The substraction of planes gives saddles. The multiplication of planes gives the general saddle equations and the multispirals. The equation of symmetry is derived, which contains the exponential scale with its functions for solids, the complex exponentials with the nodal surfaces, and the GD (Gauss Distribution) mathematics with finite periodicity. Piece by piece, the authors have found mathematical functions for the geometrical descriptions of chemical structures and the structure building operations. Using the mathematics for dilatation; twins, trillings, fourlings and sixlings are made, and using GD mathematics these are made periodic. This description of a structure is the nature of mathematics itself. Crystal structures and 3D mathematics are synonyms. Mathematics are used to describe rod packings, Olympic rings and defects in solids. Giant molecules such as cubosomes, the DNA double helix, and certain building blocks in protein structures are also described mathematically.

Author : Daniel P. Maki
ISBN : UOM:39015068293284
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35.56 MB
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"This book began as lecture notes developed in connection with a course of the same name given since 1968 at Indiana University. The audience can be loosely grouped as follows: junior and senior mathematics majors, many of whom contemplate graduate work in other fields; undergraduate and graduate students majoring in the social and life sciences and in business; and prospective secondary teachers of mathematics. In addition, portions of the material have been used in NSF institutes for mathematics teachers. The goal of the course has been to provide the student with an appreciation for, an understanding of, and a facility in the use of mathematics in other fields. The role of mathematical models in explaining and predicting phenomena arising in the real world is the central theme."--Preface.

Author : IWA Task Group on Biofilm Modeling
ISBN : 9781843390879
Genre : Science
File Size : 74.3 MB
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Over 90% of bacterial biomass exists in the form of biofilms. The ability of bacteria to attach to surfaces and to form biofilms often is an important competitive advantage for them over bacteria growing in suspension. Some biofilms are "good" in natural and engineered systems; they are responsible for nutrient cycling in nature and are used to purify waters in engineering processes. Other biofilms are "bad" when they cause fouling and infections of humans and plants. Whether we want to promote good biofilms or eliminate bad biofilms, we need to understand how they work and what works to control them. Mathematical Modeling of Biofilms provides guidelines for the selection and use of mathematical models of biofilms. The whole range of existing models - from simple analytical expressions to complex numerical models - is covered. The application of the models for the solution of typical problems is demonstrated, and the performance of the models is tested in comparative studies. With the dramatic evolution of the computational capacity still going on, modeling tools for research and practice will become more and more significant in the next few years. This report provides the foundation to understand the models and to select the most appropriate one for a given use. Mathematical Modeling of Biofilms gives a state-of-the-art overview that is especially valuable for educating students, new biofilm researchers, and design engineers. Through a series of three benchmark problems, the report demonstrates how to use the different models and indicates when simple or highly complex models are most appropriate. This is the first report to give a quantitative comparison of existing biofilm models. The report supports model-based design of biofilm reactors. The report can be used as basis for teaching biofilm-system modeling. The report provides the foundation for researchers seeking to use biofilm modeling or to develop new biofilm models. Scientific and Technical Report No.18

Author : J. A. Tenreiro Machado
ISBN : 9783030370626
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44.14 MB
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This book presents recent developments in modelling and optimization of engineering systems and the use of advanced mathematical methods for solving complex real-world problems. It provides recent theoretical developments and new techniques based on control, optimization theory, mathematical modeling and fractional calculus that can be used to model and understand complex behavior in natural phenomena including latest technologies such as additive manufacturing. Specific topics covered in detail include combinatorial optimization, flow and heat transfer, mathematical modelling, energy storage and management policy, artificial intelligence, optimal control, modelling and optimization of manufacturing systems.