THE NATURAL

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The Natural

Author : Bernard Malamud
ISBN : 9781446419120
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 75.69 MB
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This is a book about heroism - of sorts. Roy Hobbs has an immense natural gift for playing baseball. He could become one of the great ones of the game, a player unmatched in his time - a hero. But his first hard-won big chance ends violently, at the hands of a crazy girl, and then it is years before he gets another shot. At last, in a few short seasons, or never, he must achieve the towering reputation that he feels is his right.
Category: Fiction

The Normativity Of The Natural

Author : Mark J. Cherry
ISBN : 9789048123018
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22.4 MB
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Western philosophy has long nurtured the hope to resolve moral controversies through reason; thereby to secure moral direction and human meaning without the need for a defining encounter with God or the transcendent. The expectation is for a moral rationality that is universal and able adequately to frame and guide the moral life. Moral and cultural unity was sought though philosophical reflection on human nature and the basic goods of a properly nurtured and virtuous life—that is, through appeal to what has come to be called the natural law. The natural law addresses permissible moral choice through objective understandings of human nature and human goods. Persons are obligated to act in ways that are compatible with creating and integrating the basic human goods into their lives and the lives of others. Such goods provide the basis for practical reasoning about virtuous choices and immediate reasons for action. The goal is the making of rational choices in the pursuit of a virtuous, flourishing, human life. Natural law theorists have argued extensively against human cloning, abortion, and same-gender marriage. Yet, whose assumptions regarding human nature should guide our understanding of the basic goods that mark the full flourishing human life? Moreover, why should nature, even human nature, be thought of as a moral boundary beyond which one must not trespass? Persons may wish actively to direct human evolution, utilizing the tools of both imagination and biotechnology. Perhaps nature is simply a challenge to be addressed, overcome, and set aside. This volume is a critical exploration of natural law theory.
Category: Philosophy

The Changing Profile Of The Natural Law

Author : Michael Bertram Crowe
ISBN : 9024719925
Genre : Law
File Size : 47.24 MB
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This work approaches international law as more than merely information contained in international legal norms, & does not view international law as a body of objective & binding normative commands. As 'legal knowledge', international law encompasses rules, practices & the expectations actors derive through legal reasoning from conventional legal rules, customary norms, international adjudication, & international legal theory. The study is in three parts. Part I constructs a framework to analyze the effectiveness of international law to influence decision-making within conflict resolution processes. Drawing on the contending approaches of the New Haven School of International Law & its rivals & applying various devices of linkage theory, the analysis isolates variables & indicators of the impact of legal expectations on actors' decision-making style. These variables & indicators also reveal the ways international legal rules are affected by the actors' perceptions about the normative contents of such rules in a particular bargaining process. Parts II & III apply the framework of Part I to explain the role of international law in the Central American peace negotiations of the 1980s. Using the framework, Parts II & III identify sources of uncertainty & diverging expectations in the Western Hemisphere that aggravated rather than assuaged the Central American crisis. Parts II & III also explain the normative constraints that affected Central American decision-makers & provided the basis for most of the regional consensus within the Esquipulas meeting. With the help of heuristic devices from the behavioral sciences, this study of international law proposes an alternative to the traditional views of international legal effectiveness in the modern world. Joaquín Tacsan , Lic. en Der. & M.A. International Law (University of Costa Rica); L.L.M. J.S.D. (Boalt Hall, University of California, Berkeley). Mr Tacsan currently serves as Executive Advisor to former President of Costa Rica & 1987 Nobel Laureate Oscar Arias & as program Advisor of the Arias Foundation's Centre for Peace & Reconciliation. He is professor of Public International Law at the University of San Jose, Costa Rica.
Category: Law

The Natural City

Author : Ingrid Leman-Stefanovic
ISBN : 9781442611023
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 71.87 MB
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Urban and natural environments are often viewed as entirely separate entities — human settlements as the domain of architects and planners, and natural areas as untouched wilderness. This dichotomy continues to drive decision-making in subtle ways, but with the mounting pressures of global climate change and declining biodiversity, it is no longer viable. New technologies are promising to provide renewable energy sources and greener designs, but real change will require a deeper shift in values, attitudes, and perceptions. A timely and important collection, The Natural City explores how to integrate the natural environment into healthy urban centres from philosophical, religious, socio-political, and planning perspectives. Recognizing the need to better link the humanities with public policy, The Natural City offers unique insights for the development of an alternative vision of urban life.
Category: Philosophy

The Natural Rate Of Unemployment

Author : Rod Cross
ISBN : 0521483301
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24.80 MB
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A challenge to the conventional theory of the natural rate of unemployment hypothesis.
Category: Business & Economics

Measuring The Natural Environment

Author : Ian Strangeways
ISBN : 0521529522
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.35 MB
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Cosiderably expanded new edition of a comprehensive survey of environmental measurement techniques.
Category: Science

The Natural And The Artefactual

Author : Keekok Lee
ISBN : 0739100610
Genre : Nature
File Size : 70.42 MB
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In this book, philosopher Keekok Lee challenges one of the central assumptions of contemporary environmentalism: that if we could reduce or eliminate pollution we could 'save' the planet without unduly disrupting our modern, industrialized societies. Lee argues instead that the process of modernization, with its attendant emphasis on technological innovation, has fundamentally transformed 'nature' into just another manmade 'artefact.' Ultimately, what needs to be determined is if nature has value above and beyond human considerations, whether aesthetic, spiritual, or biological. This provocative book attempts to reconfigure environmental ethics, positing the existence of two separate ontological categories--the 'natural' and the 'artefactual.' Natural entities, be they organisms or inert matter, are 'morally considerable' because they possess the ontological value of independence, whereas artefacts are created by humans expressly to serve their own interests and ends.
Category: Nature

The Natural And The Normative

Author : Gary Carl Hatfield
ISBN : 0262080869
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.70 MB
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Gary Hatfield examines theories of spatial perception from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century and provides a detailed analysis of the works of Kant and Helmholtz, who adopted opposing stances on whether central questions about spatial perception were amenable to natural-scientific treatment. At stake were the proper understanding of the relationships among sensation, perception, and experience, and the proper methodological framework for investigating the mental activities of judgment, understanding, and reason issues which remain at the core of philosophical psychology and cognitive science. Hatfield presents these important issues as living philosophies of science that shape and are shaped by actual research programs, creating a complex and fascinating picture of the entire nineteenth-century battle between nativism and empiricism. His examination of Helmholtz's work in physiological optics and epistemology is a tour de force. Gary Hatfield is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania.
Category: Science

The Artificial And The Natural

Author : Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent
ISBN : 9780262026208
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.5 MB
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Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture,from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry andtwenty-first century biomimetics.
Category: Science