THE MYTH OF OWNERSHIP TAXES AND JUSTICE

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The Myth Of Ownership

Author : Liam B. Murphy
ISBN : 9780195176568
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 37.74 MB
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In a capitalist economy, taxes are the most important instrument by which the political system puts into practice a conception of economic or distributive justice. This book unites philosophical discussion of justice with debates on tax policy.
Category: Business & Economics

The Myth Of Ownership

Author : Liam Murphy
ISBN : 9780195150162
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.26 MB
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The book discusses prominent issues like the estate tax, redistribution, progressive versus "flat" taxes, and whether the tax base should be consumption or income. It explains the most important theories of justice and their implications for tax policy.
Category: Business & Economics

What Makes Law

Author : Liam Murphy
ISBN : 9781139991612
Genre : Law
File Size : 76.89 MB
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This book offers an advanced introduction to central questions in legal philosophy. What factors determine the content of the law in force? What makes a normative system a legal system? How does law beyond the state differ from domestic law? What kind of moral force does law have? The most important existing views are introduced, but the aim is not to survey the existing literature. Rather, this book introduces the subject by stepping back from the fray to sketch the big picture, to show just what is at stake in these old debates. Legal philosophy has become somewhat arid and inward looking. In part this is because the disagreement between the main camps on the important questions is apparently intractable. The main aim of the book is to suggest both a diagnosis and a proper practical response to this situation of intractable disagreement about questions that do matter.
Category: Law

The Rule Of Law And The Measure Of Property

Author : Jeremy Waldron
ISBN : 9781139576987
Genre : Law
File Size : 90.73 MB
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When property rights and environmental legislation clash, what side should the Rule of Law weigh in on? It is from this point that Jeremy Waldron explores the Rule of Law both from an historical perspective - considering the property theory of John Locke - and from the perspective of modern legal controversies. This critical and direct account of the relation between the Rule of Law and the protection of private property criticizes the view - associated with the 'World Bank model' of investor expectations - that a society which fails to protect property rights against legislative restriction is failing to support the Rule of Law. In this book, developed from the 2011 Hamlyn Lectures, Waldron rejects the idea that the Rule of Law privileges property rights over other forms of law and argues instead that the Rule of Law should endorse and applaud the use of legislation to achieve valid social objectives.
Category: Law

Multistate And Multinational Estate Planning

Author : Jeffrey A. Schoenblum
ISBN : 0808092286
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 60.3 MB
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Multistate and Multinational Guide to Estate Planning analyzes the legal aspects of individual wealth transfers across state and national boundaries. In addition, the Guide seeks to develop workable strategies for the attorney involved with a multijurisdictional client.
Category: Business & Economics

The Delicate Balance

Author : Chris Evans
ISBN : 9789087221034
Genre : Income tax
File Size : 48.37 MB
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Few aspects of revenue law generate stronger feelings than the exercise of discretionary power by tax administrations. A delicate balance often needs to be struck between the legitimate needs of revenue authorities and the equally legitimate interests and rights of taxpayers. On the one hand, the executive and administration need to have sufficient capacity to apply the law; on the other, there is a need to maintain the principle of the rule of law that it is the elected legislature, and not the executive or tax administration, that establishes tax burdens. The chapters in this volume explore that delicate balance. The Delicate Balance - Tax, Discretion and the Rule of Law considers the critical questions that arise from the intersections of tax, discretion and the rule of law in modern common and civil law jurisdictions: What do we mean by tax discretion and how does it vary in conceptual and practical terms in different tax regimes? -What role should discretion play in tax systems that operate under the rule of law and how large should that role be? -What are the legal, political, institutional and other constraints that can prevent abuse of discretion? -To what extent can, and should, the legislature safely delegate discretionary powers to tax administrations?
Category: Income tax

The Problem Of Political Authority

Author : Michael Huemer
ISBN : 9781137281661
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37.33 MB
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The state is often ascribed a special sort of authority, one that obliges citizens to obey its commands and entitles the state to enforce those commands through threats of violence. This book argues that this notion is a moral illusion: no one has ever possessed that sort of authority.
Category: Philosophy

Liberty Desert And The Market

Author : Serena Olsaretti
ISBN : 1139456105
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 87.47 MB
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Are inequalities of income created by the free market just? In this book Serena Olsaretti examines two main arguments that justify those inequalities: the first claims that they are just because they are deserved, and the second claims that they are just because they are what free individuals are entitled to. Both these arguments purport to show, in different ways, that giving responsible individuals their due requires that free market inequalities in incomes be allowed. Olsaretti argues, however, that neither argument is successful, and shows that when we examine closely the principle of desert and the notions of liberty and choice invoked by defenders of the free market, it appears that a conception of justice that would accommodate these notions, far from supporting free market inequalities, calls for their elimination. Her book will be of interest to a wide range of readers in political philosophy, political theory and normative economics.
Category: Philosophy

Property Owning Democracy

Author : Martin O'Neill
ISBN : 9781444355178
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 58.78 MB
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Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond features a collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy. Offers new and essential insights into Rawls's idea of "property-owning democracy" Addresses the proposed political and economic institutions and policies which Rawls's theory would require Considers radical alternatives to existing forms of capitalism Provides a major contribution to debates among progressive policymakers and activists about the programmatic direction progressive politics should take in the near future
Category: Philosophy

Confucian Reflections

Author : Philip J Ivanhoe
ISBN : 9781135012373
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62.60 MB
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Confucian Reflections: Ancient Wisdom for Modern Times is about the early Chinese Confucian classic the "Analects" Lunyu, attributed to the founder of the Confucian tradition, Kongzi (551-479 bce) and who is more commonly referred to as "Confucius" in the West. Philip J. Ivanhoe argues that the Analects is as relevant and important today as it has proven to be over the course of its more than 2000 year history, not only for the people who live in East Asian societies but for all human beings. The fact that this text has inspired so many talented people for so long, across a range of complex, creative, rich, and fascinating cultures offers a strong prima facie reason for thinking that the insights the Analects contains are not bound by either the particular time or cultural context in which the text took shape.
Category: Philosophy